Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Leaper noun [ Anglo-Saxon hleápere .] One who, or that which, leaps.
[ See 1st Leap
.] A kind of hooked instrument for untwisting old cordage.
Leapfrog noun A play among boys, in which one stoops down and another leaps over him by placing his hands on the shoulders of the former.
[ See 1st Leap
.] A basketful.
Leaping adjective & noun from Leap , to jump. Leaping house
, a brothel.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
-- Leaping pole
, a pole used in some games of leaping.
-- Leaping spider (Zoology)
, a jumping spider; one of the Saltigradæ.
Leapingly adverb By leaps.
Lear transitive verb To learn. See Lere , to learn.
Lear noun Lore; lesson. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Lear adjective See Leer , adjective
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Lear noun An annealing oven. See Leer , noun
(lẽrn) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Learned
(lẽrnd), or Learnt
(lẽrnt); present participle & verbal noun Learning
.] [ Middle English lernen
, Anglo-Saxon leornian
; akin to Old Saxon linōn
, for lirnōn
, Old High German lirnēn
, German lernen
, from the root of Anglo-Saxon l...ran
to teach, Old Saxon lērian
, Old High German lēran
, German lehren
, Goth. laisjan
, also Goth lais
I know, leis
acquainted (in comp.); all probably from a root meaning, to go, go over, and hence, to learn; confer Anglo-Saxon leoran
to go . Confer Last
a mold of the foot, lore
.] 1. To gain knowledge or information of; to ascertain by inquiry, study, or investigation; to receive instruction concerning; to fix in the mind; to acquire understanding of, or skill; as, to learn the way; to learn a lesson; to learn dancing; to learn to skate; to learn the violin; to learn the truth about something.
to do well." Is. i. 17.
Now learn a parable of the fig tree. Matt. xxiv. 32. 2. To communicate knowledge to; to teach.
Hast thou not learned me how Shak.
To make perfumes ?
formerly had also the sense of teach
, in accordance with the analogy of the French and other languages, and hence we find it with this sense in Shakespeare, Spenser, and other old writers. This usage has now passed away. To learn
is to receive instruction, and to teach
is to give instruction. He who is taught
learns, not he who teaches
Learn intransitive verb To acquire knowledge or skill; to make progress in acquiring knowledge or skill; to receive information or instruction; as, this child learns quickly.
Take my yoke upon you and learn of me. Matt. xi. 29. To learn by heart
. See By heart , under Heart .
-- To learn by rote
, to memorize by repetition without exercise of the understanding.
Learnable (lẽrn"ȧ*b'l) adjective Such as can be learned.
(lẽrn"ĕd) adjective Of or pertaining to learning; possessing, or characterized by, learning, esp. scholastic learning; erudite; well-informed; as, a learned scholar, writer, or lawyer; a learned book; a learned theory.
The learned lover lost no time. Spenser.
Men of much reading are greatly learned , but may be little knowing. Locke.
Words of learned length and thundering sound. Goldsmith. The learned
, learned men; men of erudition; scholars.
, adverb Learn"ed*ness
Every coxcomb swears as learnedly as they. Swift.
Learner noun One who learns; a scholar.
[ Anglo-Saxon leornung
.] 1. The acquisition of knowledge or skill; as, the learning of languages; the learning of telegraphy. 2. The knowledge or skill received by instruction or study; acquired knowledge or ideas in any branch of science or literature; erudition; literature; science; as, he is a man of great learning . Book learning
. See under Book . Syn.
-- Literature; erudition; lore; scholarship; science; letters. See Literature
[ From 2d Lease
.] Such as can be leased.
Lease intransitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon lesan to gather; akin to Dutch lezen to gather, read, German lesen , Goth. lisan to gather; confer Lith lesti to peck.] To gather what harvesters have left behind; to glean. [ Obsolete] Dryden.
Lease transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Leased
; present participle & verbal noun Leasing
.] [ French laisser
, Old French laissier
, to leave, transmit, Latin laxare
to loose, slacken, from laxus
loose, wide. See Lax
, and confer Lesser
.] 1. To grant to another by lease the possession of, as of lands, tenements, and hereditaments; to let; to demise; as, a landowner leases a farm to a tenant; -- sometimes with out .
There were some [ houses] that were leased out for three lives. Addison. 2. To hold under a lease; to take lease of; as, a tenant leases his land from the owner.
[ Confer Old French lais
. See Lease
, transitive verb
] 1. A demise or letting of lands, tenements, or hereditaments to another for life, for a term of years, or at will, or for any less interest than that which the lessor has in the property, usually for a specified rent or compensation. 2. The contract for such letting. 3. Any tenure by grant or permission; the time for which such a tenure holds good; allotted time.
Our high-placed Macbeth Shak. Lease and release a mode of conveyance of freehold estates, formerly common in England and in New York. its place is now supplied by a simple deed of grant. Burrill. Warren's Blackstone.
Shall live the lease of nature.
Leasehold adjective Held by lease.
Leasehold noun A tenure by lease; specifically, land held as personalty under a lease for years.
Leaseholder noun A tenant under a lease. -- Lease"hold`ing , adjective & noun
[ From 1st Lease
.] One who leases or gleans.
[ Obsolete] Swift.
Leaser noun A liar.
[ Obsolete] See Leasing
[ Middle English lese
, Old French lesse
, French laisse
, Late Latin laxa
, from Latin laxus
loose. See Lax
.] 1. A thong of leather, or a long cord, by which a falconer holds his hawk, or a courser his dog.
Even like a fawning greyhound in the leash . Shak. 2. (Sporting) A brace and a half; a tierce; three; three creatures of any kind, especially greyhounds, foxes, bucks, and hares; hence, the number three in general.
[ I] kept my chamber a leash of days. B. Jonson.
Then were I wealthier than a leash of kings. Tennyson. 3. (Weaving) A string with a loop at the end for lifting warp threads, in a loom.
Leash transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Leashed
; present participle & verbal noun Leashing
.] To tie together, or hold, with a leash.
[ Anglo-Saxon leásung
, from leás
loose, false, deceitful. See -less
] The act of lying; falsehood; a lie or lies.
[ Archaic] Spenser.
Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing . Ps. v. 6.
Blessed be the lips that such a leasing told. Fairfax. Leasing making (Scots Law)
, the uttering of lies or libels upon the personal character of the sovereign, his court, or his family. Bp. Burnet.
Leasow noun [ Anglo-Saxon lesu , læsu .] A pasture. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English last
, Anglo-Saxon lǣsast
, superl. of lǣssa
less. See Less
] [ Used as the superlative of little
.] Smallest, either in size or degree; shortest; lowest; most unimportant; as, the least insect; the least mercy; the least space.
is often used with the
, as if a noun.
I am the least of the apostles. 1 Cor. xv. 9. At least
, or At the least
, at the least estimate, consideration, chance, etc.; hence, at any rate; at all events; even. See However .
He who tempts, though in vain, at least asperses Milton.
The tempted with dishonor.
Upon the mast they saw a young man, at least if he were a man, who sat as on horseback. Sir P. Sidney.
-- In least
, or In the least
, in the least degree, manner, etc.
"He that is unjust in the least
is unjust also in much." Luke xvi. 10.
-- Least squares (Math.)
, a method of deducing from a number of carefully made yet slightly discordant observations of a phenomenon the most probable values of the unknown quantities.
It takes as its fundamental principle that the most probable values are those which make the sum of the squares of the residual errors of the observation a minimum.
Least adverb In the smallest or lowest degree; in a degree below all others; as, to reward those who least deserve it.
Least conj. See Lest , conj.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Leastways, Leastwise adverb At least; at all events. [ Colloq.] At leastways , or At leastwise , at least. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
[ Anglo-Saxon leás
void, loose, false. Confer Leasing
.] Flimsy; vague; deceptive.
[ Obsolete] Ascham.
[ Confer Lead
to conduct.] An artificial water trench, esp. one to or from a mill. C. Kingsley.
[ Middle English lether
, Anglo-Saxon leðer
; akin to Dutch leder
, German leder
, Old High German ledar
, Icelandic leðr
, Swedish läder
, Danish læder
.] 1. The skin of an animal, or some part of such skin, tanned, tawed, or otherwise dressed for use; also, dressed hides, collectively. 2. The skin.
[ Ironical or Sportive] » Leather
is much used adjectively in the sense of made of
, relating to
, or like
. Leather board
, an imitation of sole leather, made of leather scraps, rags, paper, etc.
-- Leather carp (Zoology) , a variety of carp in which the scales are all, or nearly all, absent. See Illust. under Carp .
-- Leather jacket
. (Zoology) (a) A California carangoid fish ( Oligoplites saurus ). (b) A trigger fish ( Balistes Carolinensis ).
-- Leather flower (Botany)
, a climbing plant ( Clematis Viorna ) of the Middle and Southern States having thick, leathery sepals of a purplish color.
-- Leather leaf (Botany)
, a low shrub ( Cassandra calyculata ), growing in Northern swamps, and having evergreen, coriaceous, scurfy leaves.
-- Leather plant (Botany)
, one or more New Zealand plants of the composite genus Celmisia , which have white or buff tomentose leaves.
-- Leather turtle
. (Zoology) See Leatherback .
-- Vegetable leather
. (a) An imitation of leather made of cotton waste
. (b) Linen cloth coated with India rubber. Ure.
Leather transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Leathered
; present participle & verbal noun Leathering
.] To beat, as with a thong of leather.
[ Obsolete or Colloq.] G. Eliot.
Leatherback noun (Zoology) A large sea turtle ( Sphargis coriacea ), having no bony shell on its back. It is common in the warm and temperate parts of the Atlantic, and sometimes weighs over a thousand pounds; -- called also leather turtle , leathery turtle , leather-backed tortoise , etc.
Leatheret, Leatherette noun [ Leather + et , French -ette .] An imitation of leather, made of paper and cloth.
Leatherhead noun (Zoology) The friar bird.
Leathern adjective Made of leather; consisting of. leather; as, a leathern purse. "A leathern girdle about his loins." Matt. iii. 4.
Leatherneck noun (Zoology) The sordid friar bird of Australia ( Tropidorhynchus sordidus ).
Leatherwood noun (Botany) A small branching shrub ( Dirca palustris ), with a white, soft wood, and a tough, leathery bark, common in damp woods in the Northern United States; -- called also moosewood , and wicopy . Gray.
Leathery adjective Resembling leather in appearance or consistence; tough. "A leathery skin." Grew.
Leave intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Leaved
; present participle & verbal noun Leaving
] To send out leaves; to leaf; -- often with out . G. Fletcher.
Leave transitive verb
[ See Levy
.] To raise; to levy.
An army strong she leaved . Spenser.
[ Middle English leve
, Anglo-Saxon leáf
; akin to leóf
pleasing, dear, English lief
, D. oor lof
leave, G. ar laub
, and er lauben
to permit, Icelandic leyfi
. √124. See Lief
.] 1. Liberty granted by which restraint or illegality is removed; permission; allowance; license.
David earnestly asked leave of me. 1 Sam. xx. 6.
No friend has leave to bear away the dead. Dryden. 2. The act of leaving or departing; a formal parting; a leaving; farewell; adieu; -- used chiefly in the phrase, to take leave , i. e., literally, to take permission to go.
A double blessing is a'double grace; Shak.
Occasion smiles upon a second leave .
And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren. Acts xviii. 18. French leave
. See under French . Syn.
-- See Liberty
Leave transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Left
(lĕft); present participle & verbal noun Leaving
.] [ Middle English leven
, Anglo-Saxon l...fan
, from lāf
remnant, heritage; akin to lifian
, to live, orig., to remain; confer be līfan
to remain, G. b leiben
, Goth. bi leiban
. √119. See Live
] 1. To withdraw one's self from; to go away from; to depart from; as, to leave the house.
Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife. Gen. ii. 24. 2. To let remain unremoved or undone; to let stay or continue, in distinction from what is removed or changed.
If grape gatherers come to thee, would they not leave some gleaning grapes ? Jer. xlix. 9.
These ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. Matt. xxiii. 23.
Besides it leaveth a suspicion, as if more might be said than is expressed. Bacon. 3. To cease from; to desist from; to abstain from.
Now leave complaining and begin your tea. Pope. 4. To desert; to abandon; to forsake; hence, to give up; to relinquish.
Lo, we have left all, and have followed thee. Mark x. 28.
The heresies that men do leave . Shak. 5. To let be or do without interference; as, I left him to his reflections; I leave my hearers to judge.
I will leave you now to your gossiplike humor. Shak. 6. To put; to place; to deposit; to deliver; to commit; to submit -- with a sense of withdrawing one's self from; as, leave your hat in the hall; we left our cards; to leave the matter to arbitrators.
Leave there thy gift before the altar and go thy way. Matt. v. 24.
The foot Shak. 7. To have remaining at death; hence, to bequeath; as, he left a large estate; he left a good name; he left a legacy to his niece. To leave alone
That leaves the print of blood where'er it walks.
. (a) To leave in solitude
. (b) To desist or refrain from having to do with; as, to leave dangerous chemicals alone .
-- To leave off
. (a) To desist from; to forbear; to stop; as, to leave off work at six o'clock
. (b) To cease wearing or using; to omit to put in the usual position; as, to leave off a garment; to leave off the tablecloth
. (c) To forsake; as, to leave off a bad habit.
-- To leave out
, to omit; as, to leave out a word or name in writing.
-- To leave to one's self
, to let (one) be alone; to cease caring for (one).
Syn> - To quit; depart from; forsake; abandon; relinquish; deliver; bequeath; give up; forego; resign; surrender; forbear. See Quit
Leave intransitive verb 1. To depart; to set out.
By the time I left for Scotland. Carlyle. 2. To cease; to desist; to leave off.
"He . . . began at the eldest, and left
at the youngest." Gen. xliv. 12. To leave off
, to cease; to desist; to stop.
Leave off , and for another summons wait. Roscommon.
[ From Leaf
.] Bearing, or having, a leaf or leaves; having folds; -- used in combination; as, a four -leaved clover; a two- leaved gate; long -leaved .