Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ From Laurus
.] (Botany) Belonging to, or resembling, a natural order ( Lauraceæ ) of trees and shrubs having aromatic bark and foliage, and including the laurel, sassafras, cinnamon tree, true camphor tree, etc.
Laurate noun (Chemistry) A salt of lauric acid.
[ Latin laureatus
, from laurea
laurel tree, from laureus
of laurel, from laurus
laurel: confer French lauréat
. Confer Laurel
.] Crowned, or decked, with laurel. Chaucer.
To strew the laureate hearse where Lycid lies. Milton.
Soft on her lap her laureate son reclines. Pope. Poet laureate
. (b) One who received an honorable degree in grammar, including poetry and rhetoric, at the English universities; -- so called as being presented with a wreath of laurel
. [ Obsolete] (b) Formerly, an officer of the king's household, whose business was to compose an ode annually for the king's birthday, and other suitable occasions; now, a poet officially distinguished by such honorary title, the office being a sinecure. It is said this title was first given in the time of Edward IV.
Laureate noun One crowned with laurel; a poet laureate. "A learned laureate ." Cleveland.
Laureate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Laureated
; present participle & verbal noun Laureating
.] To honor with a wreath of laurel, as formerly was done in bestowing a degree at the English universities.
Laureateship noun State, or office, of a laureate.
Laureation noun [ Confer French lauréation .] The act of crowning with laurel; the act of conferring an academic degree, or honorary title.
[ Middle English lorel
, Old French lorier
, French laurier
, (assumed) Late Latin Laurarius
, from Latin laurus
.] 1. (Botany) An evergreen shrub, of the genus Laurus ( Latin nobilis ), having aromatic leaves of a lanceolate shape, with clusters of small, yellowish white flowers in their axils; -- called also sweet bay .
The fruit is a purple berry. It is found about the Mediterranean, and was early used by the ancient Greeks to crown the victor in the games of Apollo. At a later period, academic honors were indicated by a crown of laurel, with the fruit. The leaves and tree yield an aromatic oil, used to flavor the bay water of commerce. » The name is extended to other plants which in some respect resemble the true laurel. See Phrases, below. 2. A crown of laurel; hence, honor; distinction; fame; -- especially in the plural; as, to win laurels . 3. An English gold coin made in 1619, and so called because the king's head on it was crowned with laurel. Laurel water
, water distilled from the fresh leaves of the cherry laurel, and containing prussic acid and other products carried over in the process. American laurel
, or Mountain laurel
, Kalmia latifolia . See under Mountain .
-- California laurel
, Umbellularia Californica .
-- Cherry laurel (in England called laurel ). See under Cherry .
-- Great laurel
, the rosebay ( Rhododendron maximum ).
-- Ground laurel
, trailing arbutus.
-- New Zealand laurel
, Laurelia Novæ Zelandiæ .
-- Portugal laurel
, the Prunus Lusitanica .
-- Rose laurel
, the oleander. See Oleander .
-- Sheep laurel
, a poisonous shrub, Kalmia angustifolia , smaller than the mountain laurel, and with smaller and redder flowers.
-- Spurge laurel
, Daphne Laureola .
-- West Indian laurel
, Prunus occidentalis .
Laureled adjective Crowned with laurel, or with a laurel wreath; laureate. [ Written also laurelled .]
Laurentian adjective Pertaining to, or near, the St. Lawrence River; as, the Laurentian hills. Laurentian period (Geol.) , the lower of the two divisions of the Archæan age; -- called also the Laurentian .
Laurer noun Laurel. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ New Latin lautus tinus
, from Latin laurus
the laurel + tinus
laurestine. See Laurel
.] (Botany) The Viburnum Tinus , an evergreen shrub or tree of the south of Europe, which flowers during the winter months.
[ Written also laurustine
Lauric adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, the European bay or laurel ( Laurus nobilis ). Lauric acid (Chemistry) , a white, crystalline substance, C 12 H 24 O 2 , resembling palmitic acid, and obtained from the fruit of the bay tree, and other sources.
Lauriferous adjective [ Latin laurifer ; laurus + ferre to bear.] Producing, or bringing, laurel.
Laurin noun [ Confer French laurine .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline substance extracted from the fruit of the bay ( Laurus nobilis ), and consisting of a complex mixture of glycerin ethers of several organic acids.
.] (Chemistry) Ordinary camphor; -- so called in allusion to the family name ( Lauraceæ ) of the camphor trees. See Camphor .
Lauriol noun Spurge laurel. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Laurite noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Min.) A rare sulphide of osmium and ruthenium found with platinum in Borneo and Oregon.
Laurone noun [ Lauric + - one .] (Chemistry) The ketone of lauric acid.
Laurus noun [ Latin , laurel.] (Botany) A genus of trees including, according to modern authors, only the true laurel ( Laurus nobilis ), and the larger Latin Canariensis of Madeira and the Canary Islands. Formerly the sassafras, the camphor tree, the cinnamon tree, and several other aromatic trees and shrubs, were also referred to the genus Laurus .
Laus adjective Loose. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
; plural -schiebungen
[ G.; laut
sound + verschiebung
shifting.] (Philol.) (a) The regular changes which the primitive Indo-European stops, or mute consonants, underwent in the Teutonic languages, probably as early as the 3d century b. c. , often called the first Lautverschiebung , sound shifting , or consonant shifting . (b) A somewhat similar set of changes taking place in the High German dialects (less fully in modern literary German) from the 6th to the 8th century, known as the second Lautverschiebung , the result of which form the striking differences between High German and The Low German Languages. The statement of these changes is commonly regarded as forming part of Grimm's law, because included in it as originally framed.
Lavœsium noun [ New Latin , from Lavoisier , the celebrated French chemist.] (Chemistry) A supposed new metallic element. It is said to have been discovered in pyrites, and some other minerals, and to be of a silver-white color, and malleable.
(lä"vȧ; 277) noun
[ Italian lava
lava, orig. in Naples, a torrent of rain overflowing the streets, from Italian & Latin lavare
to wash. See Lave
.] The melted rock ejected by a volcano from its top or fissured sides. It flows out in streams sometimes miles in length. It also issues from fissures in the earth's surface, and forms beds covering many square miles, as in the Northwestern United States.
» Lavas are classed, according to their structure, as scoriaceous or cellular, glassy, stony, etc., and according to the material of which they consist, as doleritic, trachytic, etc. Lava millstone
, a hard and coarse basaltic millstone from the neighborhood of the Rhine.
-- Lava ware
, a kind of cheap pottery made of iron slag cast into tiles, urns, table tops, etc., resembling lava in appearance.
Lavaret noun [ French] (Zoology) A European whitefish ( Coregonus laveretus ), found in the mountain lakes of Sweden, Germany, and Switzerland.
Lavatic (lȧ*văt"ĭk) adjective Like lava, or composed of lava; lavic.
Lavation noun [ Latin lavatio : confer Old French lavation .] A washing or cleansing. [ Obsolete or R.]
Lavatory adjective Washing, or cleansing by washing.
; plural Lavatories
. [ Latin lavatorium
: confer lavatoire
. See Lave
to wash, and confer Laver
.] 1. A place for washing. 2. A basin or other vessel for washing in. 3. A wash or lotion for a diseased part. 4. A place where gold is obtained by washing.
Lavature noun A wash or lotion. [ Obsolete]
(lāv) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Laved
(lāvd); present participle & verbal noun Laving
.] [ French laver
, Latin lavare
, akin to luere
to wash, Greek .... Confer Ablution
.] To wash; to bathe; as, to lave a bruise.
His feet the foremost breakers lave . Byron.
Lave intransitive verb To bathe; to wash one's self.
In her chaste current oft the goddess laves . Pope.
Lave transitive verb
[ Middle English laven
. See Lavish
.] To lade, dip, or pour out.
[ Obsolete] Dryden.
[ Anglo-Saxon lāf
the remainder, what is left. √119. See Leave
.] The remainder; others.
[ Scot.] Bp. Hall.
Lave-eared adjective [ Confer W. llaf that extends round, llipa flaccid, flapping, German lapp flabby, lappohr flap ear.] Having large, pendent ears. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Laveer intransitive verb [ Dutch laveren .] (Nautical) To beat against the wind; to tack. [ Obsolete] Dryden.
Lavement noun [ French lavement , from laver to wash.] A washing or bathing; also, a clyster.
[ Middle English lavendre
, French lavande
, Italian lavanda
lavender, a washing, from Latin lavare
to wash; confer Italian lsavendola
, Late Latin lavendula
. So called because it was used in bathing and washing. See Lave
. to wash, and confer Lavender
.] 1. (Botany) An aromatic plant of the genus Lavandula ( Latin vera ), common in the south of Europe. It yields and oil used in medicine and perfumery. The Spike lavender ( Latin Spica ) yields a coarser oil (oil of spike), used in the arts. 2. The pale, purplish color of lavender flowers, paler and more delicate than lilac. Lavender cotton (Botany)
, a low, twiggy, aromatic shrub ( Santolina Chamæcyparissus ) of the Mediterranean region, formerly used as a vermifuge, etc., and still used to keep moths from wardrobes. Also called ground cypress .
-- Lavender water
, a perfume composed of alcohol, essential oil of lavender, essential oil of bergamot, and essence of ambergris.
-- Sea lavender
. (Botany) See Marsh rosemary .
-- To lay in lavender
. (a) To lay away, as clothing, with sprigs of lavender. (b) To pawn.
[ Middle English lavour
, French lavoir
, Latin lavatorium
a washing place. See Lavatory
.] 1. A vessel for washing; a large basin. 2. (Script. Hist.) (a) A large brazen vessel placed in the court of the Jewish tabernacle where the officiating priests washed their hands and feet. (b) One of several vessels in Solomon's Temple in which the offerings for burnt sacrifices were washed. 3. That which washes or cleanses. J. H. Newman.
[ From Lave
to wash.] One who laves; a washer.
Laver (lā"vẽr) noun The fronds of certain marine algæ used as food, and for making a sauce called laver sauce. Green laver is the Ulva latissima ; purple laver , Porphyra laciniata and P. vulgaris . It is prepared by stewing, either alone or with other vegetables, and with various condiments; -- called also sloke , or sloakan . Mountain laver (Botany) , a reddish gelatinous alga of the genus Palmella , found on the sides of mountains
[ See Lark
the bird.] The lark.
[ Old Eng. & Scot.] [ Written also lavrock
(lä"vĭk) adjective See Lavatic .
[ Akin to English lave
to lade out; confer Anglo-Saxon gelafian
to refresh, German laben
.] 1. Expending or bestowing profusely; profuse; prodigal; as, lavish of money; lavish of praise. 2. Superabundant; excessive; as, lavish spirits.
Let her have needful, but not lavish , means. Shak. Syn.
-- Profuse; prodigal; wasteful; extravagant; exuberant; immoderate. See Profuse
Lavish transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lavished
(-ĭsht); present participle & verbal noun Lavishing
.] To expend or bestow with profusion; to use with prodigality; to squander; as, to lavish money or praise.
Lavisher (-ẽr) noun One who lavishes.
Lavishly adverb In a lavish manner.
Lavishment (-m e nt) noun The act of lavishing.
Lavishness noun The quality or state of being lavish.
Lavolt, Lavolta noun
[ Italian la volta
the turn, turning, whirl. Confer Volt
of a horse, Volta
.] An old dance, for two persons, being a kind of waltz, in which the woman made a high spring or bound. Shak.