Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Lap-welded adjective Having edges or ends united by a lap weld; as, a lap-welded pipe.
Lappish adjective Of or pertaining to the Lapps; Laplandish. -- noun The language spoken by the Lapps in Lapland. It is related to the Finnish and Hungarian, and is not an Aryan language.
Lapponian, Lapponic adjective Laplandish; Lappish.
Lapps noun plural ; sing. Lapp (Ethnol.) A branch of the Mongolian race, now living in the northern parts of Norway, Sweden, and the adjacent parts of Russia.
Lapsable adjective Lapsible. Cudworth.
[ Latin lapsus
, from labi
, past participle lapsus
, to slide, to fall: confer French laps
. See Sleep
.] 1. A gliding, slipping, or gradual falling; an unobserved or imperceptible progress or passing away,; -- restricted usually to immaterial things, or to figurative uses.
The lapse to indolence is soft and imperceptible. Rambler.
Bacon was content to wait the lapse of long centuries for his expected revenue of fame. I. Taylor. 2. A slip; an error; a fault; a failing in duty; a slight deviation from truth or rectitude.
To guard against those lapses and failings to which our infirmities daily expose us. Rogers. 3. (Law) The termination of a right or privilege through neglect to exercise it within the limited time, or through failure of some contingency; hence, the devolution of a right or privilege. 4. (Theol.) A fall or apostasy.
Lapse intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lapsed
; present participle & verbal noun Lapsing
.] 1. To pass slowly and smoothly downward, backward, or away; to slip downward, backward, or away; to glide; -- mostly restricted to figurative uses.
A tendency to lapse into the barbarity of those northern nations from whom we are descended. Swift.
Homer, in his characters of Vulcan and Thersites, has lapsed into the burlesque character. Addison. 2. To slide or slip in moral conduct; to fail in duty; to fall from virtue; to deviate from rectitude; to commit a fault by inadvertence or mistake.
To lapse in fullness Shak. 3. (Law) (a) To fall or pass from one proprietor to another, or from the original destination, by the omission, negligence, or failure of some one, as a patron, a legatee, etc. (b) To become ineffectual or void; to fall.
Is sorer than to lie for need.
If the archbishop shall not fill it up within six months ensuing, it lapses to the king. Ayliffe.
Lapse transitive verb 1. To let slip; to permit to devolve on another; to allow to pass.
An appeal may be deserted by the appellant's lapsing the term of law. Ayliffe. 2. To surprise in a fault or error; hence, to surprise or catch, as an offender.
For which, if be lapsed in this place, Shak.
I shall pay dear.
Lapsed adjective 1. Having slipped downward, backward, or away; having lost position, privilege, etc., by neglect; -- restricted to figurative uses.
Once more I will renew Milton. 2. Ineffectual, void, or forfeited; as, a lapsed policy of insurance; a lapsed legacy. Lapsed devise
His lapsed powers, though forfeit.
, Lapsed legacy (Law)
, a devise, or legacy, which fails to take effect in consequence of the death of the devisee, or legatee, before that of the testator, or for other cause. Wharton (Law Dict.).
Lapsible adjective Liable to lapse.
Lapstone noun A stone for the lap, on which shoemakers beat leather.
Lapstreak, Lapstrake adjective Made with boards whose edges lap one over another; clinker-built; -- said of boats.
Laputan adjective Of or pertaining to Laputa, an imaginary flying island described in Gulliver's Travels as the home of chimerical philosophers. Hence, fanciful; preposterous; absurd in science or philosophy. " Laputan ideas." G. Eliot.
[ Middle English lapwynke
, Anglo-Saxon hleápewince
to leap, jump + (prob.) a word akin to Anglo-Saxon wincian
to wink, English wink
, Anglo-Saxon wancol
wavering; confer German wanken
to stagger, waver. See Leap
, and Wink
.] (Zoology) A small European bird of the Plover family ( Vanellus cristatus , or V. vanellus ). It has long and broad wings, and is noted for its rapid, irregular fight, upwards, downwards, and in circles. Its back is coppery or greenish bronze. Its eggs are the "plover's eggs" of the London market, esteemed a delicacy. It is called also peewit , dastard plover , and wype . The gray lapwing is the Squatarola cinerea .
Lapwork (lăp"wûrk`) noun Work in which one part laps over another. Grew.
Laquay noun A lackey. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.
; plural Laquearia
. [ Latin ] (Architecture) A lacunar.
[ Latin laqueus
a noose.] Using a noose, as a gladiator.
[ Obsolete or R.]
Retiary and laqueary combatants. Sir T. Browne.
; plural Lares
, sometimes Lars
. [ Latin ] (Rom. Myth.) A tutelary deity; a deceased ancestor regarded as a protector of the family. The domestic Lares were the tutelar deities of a house; household gods. Hence, Fig.: Hearth or dwelling house.
Nor will she her dear Lar forget, Lovelace.
Victorious by his benefit.
The Lars and Lemures moan with midnight plaint. Milton.
Looking backward in vain toward their Lares and lands. Longfellow.
Lar (lär) noun (Zoology) A species of gibbon ( Hylobates lar ), found in Burmah. Called also white-handed gibbon .
Laramie group (Geol.) An extensive series of strata, principally developed in the Rocky Mountain region, as in the Laramie Mountains, and formerly supposed to be of the Tertiary age, but now generally regarded as Cretaceous, or of intermediate and transitional character. It contains beds of lignite, often valuable for coal, and is hence also called the lignitic group . See Chart of Geology .
is of uncertain origin, possibly the same as lower
, i. e., humbler in rank, because the starboard side is considered by mariners as higher in rank; confer Dutch laag
low, akin to English low
. See Board
, 8.] (Nautical) The left- hand side of a ship to one on board facing toward the bow; port; -- opposed to starboard .
is a nearly obsolete term, having been superseded by port
to avoid liability of confusion with starboard
, owing to similarity of sound.
Larboard adjective On or pertaining to the left-hand side of a vessel; port; as, the larboard quarter.
Larcener, Larcenist noun One who commits larceny.
[ Confer Middle English larrecinos
. See Larceny
.] Having the character of larceny; as, a larcenous act; committing larceny.
and burglarious world." Sydney Smith.
; plural Larcenies
. [ French larcin
, Middle English larrecin
, Latin latrocinium
, from latro
robber, mercenary, hired servant; confer Greek hired servant. Confer Latrociny
.] (Law) The unlawful taking and carrying away of things personal with intent to deprive the right owner of the same; theft. Confer Embezzlement . Grand larceny
& Petit larceny are distinctions having reference to the nature or value of the property stolen. They are abolished in England.
, or Compound, larceny
, that which, under statute, includes in it the aggravation of a taking from a building or the person.
-- Simple larceny
, that which is not accompanied with any aggravating circumstances.
[ Confer Middle English larege
(Cotgrave), Italian larice
, Spanish larice
, German lärche
; all from Latin larix
, - icis
, Greek la`rix
.] (Botany) A genus of coniferous trees, having deciduous leaves, in fascicles (see Illust. of Fascicle ).
The European larch is Larix Europæa
. The American or black larch is Latin Americana
, the hackmatack or tamarack. The trees are generally of a drooping, graceful appearance.
Larchen adjective Of or pertaining to the larch. Keats.
Lard noun [ French, bacon, pig's fat, Latin lardum , laridum ; confer Greek fattened, fat.] Lard oil , an illuminating and lubricating oil expressed from lard. -- Leaf lard , the internal fat of the hog, separated in leaves or masses from the kidneys, etc.; also, the same melted.
1. Bacon; the flesh of swine. [ Obsolete] Dryden. 2. The fat of swine, esp. the internal fat of the abdomen; also, this fat melted and strained.
Lard transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Larded
; present participle & verbal noun Larding
.] [ French larder
. See Lard
] 1. To stuff with bacon; to dress or enrich with lard; esp., to insert lardons of bacon or pork in the surface of, before roasting; as, to lard poultry.
And larded thighs on loaded altars laid. Dryden. 2. To fatten; to enrich.
[ The oak] with his nuts larded many a swine. Spenser.
Falstaff sweats to death. Shak. 3. To smear with lard or fat.
And lards the lean earth as he walks along.
In his buff doublet larded o'er with fat Somerville. 4. To mix or garnish with something, as by way of improvement; to interlard. Shak.
Of slaughtered brutes.
Let no alien Sedley interpose Dryden.
To lard with wit thy hungry Epsom prose.
Lard intransitive verb To grow fat. [ Obsolete]
[ See Lardaceous
.] (Physiol. Chem.) A peculiar amyloid substance, colored blue by iodine and sulphuric acid, occurring mainly as an abnormal infiltration into the spleen, liver, etc.
Lardaceous adjective [ Confer French lardacé .] Consisting of, or resembling, lard.
[ Old French lardier
. See Lard
] A room or place where meat and other articles of food are kept before they are cooked. Shak.
Larderer noun One in charge of the larder.
Lardery noun [ Confer Middle English larderie .] A larder. [ Obsolete]
Lardon, Lardoon noun [ French lardon , from lard lard.] A bit of fat pork or bacon used in larding.
[ See Lardery
.] A larder.
Lardy adjective Containing, or resembling, lard; of the character or consistency of lard.
[ See Lore
.] Lore; learning.
Lare noun Pasture; feed. See Lair .
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Lare transitive verb To feed; to fatten. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Lares noun plural See 1st Lar .
[ Compar. Larger
; superl. Largest
.] [ French, from Latin largus
. Confer Largo
.] 1. Exceeding most other things of like kind in bulk, capacity, quantity, superficial dimensions, or number of constituent units; big; great; capacious; extensive; -- opposed to small ; as, a large horse; a large house or room; a large lake or pool; a large jug or spoon; a large vineyard; a large army; a large city.
» For linear dimensions, and mere extent, great
, and not large
, is used as a qualifying word; as, great
length, breadth, depth; a great
distance; a great
height. 2. Abundant; ample; as, a large supply of provisions.
We have yet large day. Milton. 3. Full in statement; diffuse; full; profuse.
I might be very large upon the importance and advantages of education. Felton. 4. Having more than usual power or capacity; having broad sympathies and generous impulses; comprehensive; -- said of the mind and heart. 5. Free; unembarrassed.
Of burdens all he set the Paynims large . Fairfax. 6. Unrestrained by decorum; -- said of language.
[ Obsolete] "Some large
jests he will make." Shak. 7. Prodigal in expending; lavish.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 8. (Nautical) Crossing the line of a ship's course in a favorable direction; -- said of the wind when it is abeam, or between the beam and the quarter. At large
. (a) Without restraint or confinement; as, to go at large ; to be left at large . (b) Diffusely; fully; in the full extent; as, to discourse on a subject at large .
-- Common at large
. See under Common , noun
-- Electors at large
, Representative at large
, electors, or a representative, as in Congress, chosen to represent the whole of a State, in distinction from those chosen to represent particular districts in a State.
[ U. S.] -- To give, go, run, or sail large (Nautical)
, to have the wind crossing the direction of a vessel's course in such a way that the sails feel its full force, and the vessel gains its highest speed. See Large , adjective , 8. Syn.
-- Big; bulky; huge; capacious; comprehensive; ample; abundant; plentiful; populous; copious; diffusive; liberal.
Large adverb Freely; licentiously. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Large noun (Mus.) A musical note, formerly in use, equal to two longs, four breves, or eight semibreves.
Large-acred adjective Possessing much land.
Large-handed adjective Having large hands. Fig.: Taking, or giving, in large quantities; rapacious or bountiful.
Large-hearted adjective Having a large or generous heart or disposition; noble; liberal. -- Large"-heart`ed*ness , noun