Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Land-poor adjective Pecuniarily embarrassed through owning much unprofitable land. [ Colloq.]

Landlock transitive verb To inclose, or nearly inclose, as a harbor or a vessel, with land.

Landlocked adjective
1. Inclosed, or nearly inclosed, by land.

2. (Zoology) Confined to a fresh- water lake by reason of waterfalls or dams; -- said of fishes that would naturally seek the sea, after spawning; as, the landlocked salmon.

Landloper noun Same as Landlouper .

Landlord noun [ See Land , and Lord .]
1. The lord of a manor, or of land; the owner of land or houses which he leases to a tenant or tenants.

2. The master of an inn or of a lodging house.

Upon our arrival at the inn, my companion fetched out the jolly landlord .
Addison.

Landlordism noun The state of being a landlord; the characteristics of a landlord; specifically, in Great Britain, the relation of landlords to tenants, especially as regards leased agricultural lands. J. S. Mill.

Landlordry noun The state of a landlord. [ Obsolete]

Landlouper noun [ Dutch landlooper , lit., landrunner ; land land + loopen to run. See Land , and Leap .] A vagabond; a vagrant. [ Written also landleaper and landloper .] "Bands of landloupers ." Moltey.

Landlouping adjective Vagrant; wandering about.

Landlubber noun [ Prop. from land + lubber , or possibly corrupted from laudlouper .] (Nautical) One who passes his life on land; -- so called among seamen in contempt or ridicule.

Landman noun ; plural Landmen
1. A man who lives or serves on land; -- opposed to seaman .

2. (Eng.) An occupier of land. Cowell.

Landmark noun [ Anglo-Saxon landmearc . See Land , and Mark a sign.]
1. A mark to designate the boundary of land; any mark or fixed object (as a marked tree, a stone, a ditch, or a heap of stones) by which the limits of a farm, a town, or other portion of territory may be known and preserved.

2. Any conspicuous object on land that serves as a guide; some prominent object, as a hill or steeple.

Landmarks of history , important events by which eras or conditions are determined.

Landowner noun An owner of land.

Landowning noun The owning of land. -- adjective Having property in land; of or pertaining to landowners.

Landreeve noun [ Land + reeve an officer.] A subordinate officer on an extensive estate, who acts as an assistant to the steward.

Landscape noun [ Formerly written also landskip .] [ Dutch landschap ; land land + - schap , equiv. to English -schip ; akin to German landschaft , Swedish landskap , Danish landskab . See Land , and -schip .]
1. A portion of land or territory which the eye can comprehend in a single view, including all the objects it contains.

2. A picture representing a scene by land or sea, actual or fancied, the chief subject being the general aspect of nature, as fields, hills, forests, water. etc.

3. The pictorial aspect of a country.

The landscape of his native country had taken hold on his heart.
Macaulay.

Landscape gardening , The art of laying out grounds and arranging trees, shrubbery, etc., in such a manner as to produce a picturesque effect.

Landscapist noun A painter of landscapes.

Landskip noun [ See Landscape .] A landscape. [ Obsolete except in poetry.]

Straight my eye hath caught new pleasures,
Whilst the landskip round it measures.
Milton.

Landslip, Landslide noun
1. The slipping down of a mass of land from a mountain, hill, etc.

2. The land which slips down.

Landsman noun ; plural Landsmen .
1. One who lives on the land; -- opposed to seaman .

2. (Nautical) A sailor on his first voyage.

Landsthing noun [ Danish landsthing , landsting , from land land + thing , ting , parliament. See Land ; Thing .] (Denmark.) See Legislature , below.

Landstorm noun [ Swedish ] See Varnpligtige .

Landstreight noun [ See Strait .] A narrow strip of land. [ Obsolete]

Landsturm noun [ G. See Land , and Storm .] That part of the reserve force in Germany which is called out last.

Landtag noun [ G. See Land , and Day .] The diet or legislative body; as, the Landtag of Prussia.

Landwaiter noun See Landing waiter , under Landing , adjective

Landward adverb & adjective Toward the land.

Landwehr noun [ G., from land land, country + wehr defense.] That part of the army, in Germany and Austria, which has completed the usual military service and is exempt from duty in time of peace, except that it is called out occasionally for drill.

Lane adjective [ See Lone .] Alone. [ Scot.]

His lane , by himself; himself alone.

Lane noun [ Middle English lane , lone , Anglo-Saxon lone , lone ; akin to Dutch laan , OFries. lana , lona .] A passageway between fences or hedges which is not traveled as a highroad; an alley between buildings; a narrow way among trees, rocks, and other natural obstructions; hence, in a general sense, a narrow passageway; as, a lane between lines of men, or through a field of ice.

It is become a turn-again lane unto them which they can not go through.
Tyndale.

Lang adjective & adverb Long. [ Obsolete or Scot.]

Langaha noun (Zoology) A curious colubriform snake of the genus Xyphorhynchus , from Madagascar. It is brownish red, and its nose is prolonged in the form of a sharp blade.

Langarey noun (Zoology) One of numerous species of long-winged, shrikelike birds of Australia and the East Indies, of the genus Artamus , and allied genera; called also wood swallow .

Langate noun (Surg.) A linen roller used in dressing wounds.

Langdak noun (Zoology) A wolf ( Canis pallipes ), found in India, allied to the jackal.

Langrage, Langrel noun A kind of shot formerly used at sea for tearing sails and rigging. It consisted of bolts, nails, and other pieces of iron fastened together or inclosed in a canister.

Langret noun A kind of loaded die. [ Obsolete]

Langridge noun See Langrage . [ Sometimes compounded with shot .]

Langsyne adverb & noun [ Scot. lang long + syne since.] Long since; long ago. [ Scot.]

Langteraloo noun [ See Loo .] An old game at cards. See Loo (a) . Tatler.

Language noun [ Middle English langage , French langage , from Latin lingua the tongue, hence speech, language; akin to English tongue . See Tongue , confer Lingual .]


1. Any means of conveying or communicating ideas; specifically, human speech; the expression of ideas by the voice; sounds, expressive of thought, articulated by the organs of the throat and mouth.

» Language consists in the oral utterance of sounds which usage has made the representatives of ideas. When two or more persons customarily annex the same sounds to the same ideas, the expression of these sounds by one person communicates his ideas to another. This is the primary sense of language , the use of which is to communicate the thoughts of one person to another through the organs of hearing. Articulate sounds are represented to the eye by letters, marks, or characters, which form words.

2. The expression of ideas by writing, or any other instrumentality.

3. The forms of speech, or the methods of expressing ideas, peculiar to a particular nation.

4. The characteristic mode of arranging words, peculiar to an individual speaker or writer; manner of expression; style.

Others for language all their care express.
Pope.

5. The inarticulate sounds by which animals inferior to man express their feelings or their wants.

6. The suggestion, by objects, actions, or conditions, of ideas associated therewith; as, the language of flowers.

There was . . . language in their very gesture.
Shak.

7. The vocabulary and phraseology belonging to an art or department of knowledge; as, medical language ; the language of chemistry or theology.

8. A race, as distinguished by its speech. [ R.]

All the people, the nations, and the languages , fell down and worshiped the golden image.
Dan. iii. 7.

Language master , a teacher of languages. [ Obsolete]

Syn. -- Speech; tongue; idiom; dialect; phraseology; diction; discourse; conversation; talk. -- Language , Speech , Tongue , Idiom , Dialect . Language is generic, denoting, in its most extended use, any mode of conveying ideas; speech is the language of articulate sounds; tongue is the Anglo-Saxon term for language, esp. for spoken language; as, the English tongue . Idiom denotes the forms of construction peculiar to a particular language; dialects are varieties of expression which spring up in different parts of a country among people speaking substantially the same language .

Language transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Languaged ; present participle & verbal noun Languaging .] To communicate by language; to express in language.

Others were languaged in such doubtful expressions that they have a double sense.
Fuller.

Languaged adjective Having a language; skilled in language; -- chiefly used in composition. " Many- languaged nations." Pope.

Languageless adjective Lacking or wanting language; speechless; silent. Shak.

Langue d'oc [ French, language of oc yes.] The dialect, closely akin to French, formerly spoken south of the Loire (in which the word for "yes" was oc ); Provençal.

Langue d'oïl [ French, language of oïl yes.] The dialect formerly spoken north of the Loire (in which the word for "yes" was oïl , French oui ).

Langued adjective [ French langue tongue. See Language .] (Her.) Tongued; having the tongue visible.

Lions . . . represented as armed and langued gules.
Cussans.

Languente adverb [ Italian , present participle of languire . See Languish .] (Mus.) In a languishing manner; pathetically.