Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Lamarckianism noun (Biol.) Lamarckism.
Lamarckism noun [ From Lamarck , a distinguished French naturalist.] (Biol.) The theory that structural variations, characteristic of species and genera, are produced in animals and plants by the direct influence of physical environments, and esp., in the case of animals, by effort, or by use or disuse of certain organs.
[ See 2d Lama
.] A monastery or convent of lamas, in Thibet, Mongolia, etc.
[ Anglo-Saxon lamb
; akin to D. & Danish lam
, G. & Swedish lamm
, Old Saxon , Goth., & Icelandic lamb
.] 1. (Zoology) The young of the sheep. 2. Any person who is as innocent or gentle as a lamb. 3. A simple, unsophisticated person; in the cant of the Stock Exchange, one who ignorantly speculates and is victimized. Lamb of God
, The Lamb (Script.)
, the Jesus Christ, in allusion to the paschal lamb.
The twelve apostles of the Lamb . Rev. xxi. 14.
Behold the Lamb of God , which taketh away the sin of the world. John i. 29.
-- Lamb's lettuce (Botany)
, an annual plant with small obovate leaves ( Valerianella olitoria ), often used as a salad; corn salad.
[ Written also lamb lettuce
.] -- Lamb's tongue
, a carpenter's plane with a deep narrow bit, for making curved grooves. Knight.
-- Lamb's wool
. (a) The wool of a lamb. (b) Ale mixed with the pulp of roasted apples; -- probably from the resemblance of the pulp of roasted apples to lamb's wool
. [ Obsolete] Goldsmith.
Lamb intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lambed
; present participle & verbal noun Lambing
.] To bring forth a lamb or lambs, as sheep.
Lamb's-quarters noun (Botany) A name given to several plants of the Goosefoot family, sometimes used as pot herbs, as Chenopodium album and Atriplex patulsa .
Lambale noun A feast at the time of shearing lambs.
Lambaste transitive verb [ Lam + baste to beat.] To beat severely. [ Low] Nares.
[ Latin lambere
to lick. See Lambent
.] Taken by licking with the tongue.
"Sirups and lambative
medicines." Sir T. Browne.
Lambative noun A medicine taken by licking with the tongue; a lincture. Wiseman.
Lambda noun [ New Latin , from Greek la`mbda .] Lambda moth (Zoology) , a moth so called from a mark on its wings, resembling the Greek letter lambda (&LAMBDA;).
1. The name of the Greek letter &LAMBDA;, λ, corresponding with the English letter L, l. 2. (Anat.) The point of junction of the sagittal and lambdoid sutures of the skull.
Lambdacism noun [ Latin lambdacismus , Greek ..., from la`mbda the letter lambda (&LAMBDA;).]
1. A fault in speaking or in composition, which consists in too frequent use of the letter l , or in doubling it erroneously. 2. A defect in pronunciation of the letter l when doubled, which consists in giving it a sound as if followed by y , similar to that of the letters lli in billion . 3. The use of the sound of l for that of r in pronunciation; lallation; as, Ame l ican for Ame r ican.
Lambdoid adjective [ Greek ..., la`mbda the letter lambda (&LAMBDA;) + e"i^dos shape.] Shaped like the Greek letter lambda (&LAMBDA;); as, the lambdoid suture between the occipital and parietal bones of the skull.
[ Latin lambens
, present participle of lambere
to lick; akin to lap
. See Lap
to drink by licking.] 1. Playing on the surface; touching lightly; gliding over.
style." Beaconsfield. 2. Twinkling or gleaming; fickering.
purity of the stars." W. Irving.
Lambert pine [ So called from Lambert , an English botanist.] (Botany) The gigantic sugar pine of California and Oregon ( Pinus Lambertiana ). It has the leaves in fives, and cones a foot long. The timber is soft, and like that of the white pine of the Eastern States.
Lambkill noun (Botany) A small American ericaceous shrub ( Kalmia angustifolia ); -- called also calfkill , sheepkill , sheep laurel , etc. It is supposed to poison sheep and other animals that eat it at times when the snow is deep and they cannot find other food.
Lambkin noun A small lamb.
Lamblike adjective Like a lamb; gentle; meek; inoffensive.
Lamboys noun plural
[ Confer French lambeau
. Confer Label
.] (Anc. Armor) Same as Base , noun , 19.
[ French Confer Lamboys
.] 1. A kind of pendent scarf or covering attached to the helmet, to protect it from wet or heat. 2. A leather flap hanging from a cuirass. Wilhelm. 3. A piece of ornament drapery or short decorative hanging, pendent from a shelf or from the casing above a window, hiding the curtain fixtures, or the like.
1. The skin of a lamb; especially, a skin dressed with the wool on, and used as a mat. Also used adjectively. 2. A kind of woolen.
Lamdoidal adjective Lambdoid. [ R.]
[ Compar. Lamer
; superl. Lamest
.] [ Middle English lame
, Anglo-Saxon lama
; akin to Dutch lam
, German lahm
,OHG., Dan., & Swedish lam
, Icelandic lami
, Russian lomate
to break, lomota
rheumatism.] 1. (a) Moving with pain or difficulty on account of injury, defect, or temporary obstruction of a function; as, a lame leg, arm, or muscle. (b) To some degree disabled by reason of the imperfect action of a limb; crippled; as, a lame man.
of one leg." Arbuthnot.
in both his feet." 2 Sam. ix. 13.
"He fell, and became lame
." 2 Sam. iv. 4. 2. Hence, hobbling; limping; inefficient; imperfect.
O, most lame and impotent conclusion! Shak. Lame duck (stock Exchange)
, a person who can not fulfill his contracts.
Lame transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lamed
; present participle & verbal noun Laming
.] To make lame.
If you happen to let child fall and lame it. Swift.
, English Lamellas
. [ Latin lamella
, dim. of lamina
plate, leaf, layer: confer French lamelle
. Confer Lamina
.] a thin plate or scale of anything, as a thin scale growing from the petals of certain flowers; or one of the thin plates or scales of which certain shells are composed.
Lamellar adjective [ Confer French lamellaire .] Flat and thin; lamelliform; composed of lamellæ. -- Lam"el*lar*ly adverb In thin plates or scales.
Lamellary adjective Of or pertaining to lamella or to lamellæ; lamellar.
Lamellate, Lamellated adjective
[ See Lamella
.] Composed of, or furnished with, thin plates or scales. See Illust. of Antennæ .
Lamellibranch noun (Zoology) One of the Lamellibranchia. Also used adjectively.
Lamellibranchia La*mel`li*bran`chi*a"ta noun plural [ New Latin See lamella , and Branchia , Branchiate .] (Zoology) A class of Mollusca including all those that have bivalve shells, as the clams, oysters, mussels, etc. » They usually have two (rarely but one) flat, lamelliform gills on each side of the body. They have an imperfectly developed head, concealed within the shell, whence they are called Acephala . Called also Conchifera , and Pelecypoda . See Bivalve .
Lamellibranchiate adjective (Zoology) Having lamellar gills; belonging to the Lamellibranchia. -- noun One of the Lamellibranchia.
+ Latin cornu
a horn: confer French lamellicorne
. See Lamella
.] (Zoology) (a) Having antennæ terminating in a group of flat lamellæ; -- said of certain coleopterous insects. (b) Terminating in a group of flat lamellæ; -- said of antennæ.
-- noun A lamellicorn insect.
Lamellicornia noun plural
[ New Latin See Lamellicorn
.] (Zoology) A group of lamellicorn, plant-eating beetles; -- called also Lamellicornes .
Lamelliferous adjective [ Lamella + -ferous : confer French lamellifère .] Bearing, or composed of, lamellæ, or thin layers, plates, or scales; foliated.
Lamelliform adjective [ Lamella + -form : confer French lamelliforme .] Thin and flat; scalelike; lamellar.
Lamellirostral adjective [ Lamella + rostral : confer French lamellirostre .] (Zoology) Having a lamellate bill, as ducks and geese.
Lamellirostres noun plural
[ New Latin See Lamella
, and Rostrum
.] (Zoology) A group of birds embracing the Anseres and flamingoes, in which the bill is lamellate.
Lamellose adjective [ Confer French lamelleux .] Composed of, or having, lamellæ; lamelliform.
[ See Lame
.] In a lame, crippled, disabled, or imperfect manner; as, to walk lamely ; a figure lamely drawn.
Lameness noun The condition or quality of being lame; as, the lameness of an excuse or an argument.
Lament intransitive verb
[ French lamenter
, Latin lamentari
, from lamentum
a lament.] To express or feel sorrow; to weep or wail; to mourn.
Jeremiah lamented for Josiah. 2 Chron. xxxv. 25.
Ye shall weep and lament , but the world shall rejoice. John xvi. 20.
Lament transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lamented
; present participle & verbal noun Lamenting
.] To mourn for; to bemoan; to bewail.
One laughed at follies, one lamented crimes. Dryden. Syn.
-- To deplore; mourn; bewail. See Deplore
[ Latin lamentum
. Confer Lament
] 1. Grief or sorrow expressed in complaints or cries; lamentation; a wailing; a moaning; a weeping.
Torment, and loud lament , and furious rage. Milton. 2. An elegy or mournful ballad, or the like.
Lamentable adjective [ Latin lamentabilis : confer French lamentable .]
1. Mourning; sorrowful; expressing grief; as, a lamentable countenance. " Lamentable eye." Spenser. 2. Fitted to awaken lament; to be lamented; sorrowful; pitiable; as, a lamentable misfortune, or error. " Lamentable helplessness." Burke. 3. Miserable; pitiful; paltry; -- in a contemptuous or ridiculous sense. Bp. Stillingfleet. -- Lam"en*ta*ble*ness , noun -- Lam"en*ta*bly , adverb
[ French lamentation
, Latin lamentatio
.] 1. The act of bewailing; audible expression of sorrow; wailing; moaning.
In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation and weeping. Matt. ii. 18. 2. plural (Script.) A book of the Old Testament attributed to the prophet Jeremiah, and taking its name from the nature of its contents.
Lamented adjective Mourned for; bewailed.
This humble praise, lamented shade ! receive. Pope.
Lamenter noun One who laments.