Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ See Lanuginose
.] (Anat.) The soft woolly hair which covers most parts of the mammal fetus, and in man is shed before or soon after birth.
[ French lanière
thong, strap, Old French lasniere
, from lasne
strap, thong, Latin lacinia
lappet. flap, edge of a garment. Confer Lanier
.] [ Written also laniard
.] 1. (Nautical) A short piece of rope or line for fastening something in ships; as, the lanyards of the gun ports, of the buoy, and the like; esp., pieces passing through the dead-eyes, and used to extend shrouds, stays, etc. 2. (Mil.) A strong cord, about twelve feet long, with an iron hook at one end a handle at the other, used in firing cannon with a friction tube.
Laocoön noun [ Latin , from Greek ... ]
1. (Class. Myth.) A priest of Apollo, during the Trojan war. (See 2.) 2. (Sculp.) A marble group in the Vatican at Rome, representing the priest Laocoön, with his sons, infolded in the coils of two serpents, as described by Virgil.
Laodicean adjective Of or pertaining to Laodicea , a city in Phrygia Major; like the Christians of Laodicea; lukewarm in religion. Rev. iii. 14- 16.
[ Middle English lappe
, Anglo-Saxon læppa
; akin to Dutch lap
patch, piece, German lappen
, Old High German lappa
, Danish lap
, Swedish lapp
.] 1. The loose part of a coat; the lower part of a garment that plays loosely; a skirt; an apron. Chaucer. 2. An edge; a border; a hem, as of cloth. Chaucer.
If he cuts off but a lap of truth's garment, his heart smites him. Fuller. 3. The part of the clothing that lies on the knees or thighs when one sits down; that part of the person thus covered; figuratively, a place of rearing and fostering; as, to be reared in the lap of luxury.
Men expect that happiness should drop into their laps . Tillotson. 4. That part of any substance or fixture which extends over, or lies upon, or by the side of, a part of another; as, the lap of a board; also, the measure of such extension over or upon another thing.
» The lap
of shingles or slates in roofing is the distance one course extends over the second course below, the distance over the course immediately below being called the cover
. 5. (Steam Engine) The amount by which a slide valve at its half stroke overlaps a port in the seat, being equal to the distance the valve must move from its mid stroke position in order to begin to open the port. Used alone, lap refers to outside lap. See Outside lap (below). 6. The state or condition of being in part extended over or by the side of something else; or the extent of the overlapping; as, the second boat got a lap of half its length on the leader. 7. One circuit around a race track, esp. when the distance is a small fraction of a mile; as, to run twenty laps ; to win by three laps . See Lap , to fold, 2. 8. In card playing and other games, the points won in excess of the number necessary to complete a game; -- so called when they are counted in the score of the following game. 9. (Cotton Manuf.) A sheet, layer, or bat, of cotton fiber prepared for the carding machine. 10. (Machinery) A piece of brass, lead, or other soft metal, used to hold a cutting or polishing powder in cutting glass, gems, and the like, or in polishing cutlery, etc. It is usually in the form of wheel or disk, which revolves on a vertical axis. Lap joint
, a joint made by one layer, part, or piece, overlapping another, as in the scarfing of timbers.
-- Lap weld
, a lap joint made by welding together overlapping edges or ends.
-- Inside lap (Steam Engine)
, lap of the valve with respect to the exhaust port.
-- Outside lap
, lap with respect to the admission, or steam, port.
Lap transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lapped
; present participle & verbal noun Lapping
.] 1. To rest or recline in a lap, or as in a lap.
To lap his head on lady's breast. Praed. 2. To cut or polish with a lap, as glass, gems, cutlery, etc. See 1st Lap , 10.
Lap transitive verb
[ Middle English lappen
to fold (see Lap
); confer also Middle English wlappen
, perhaps another form of wrappen
, E, wrap
.] 1. To fold; to bend and lay over or on something; as, to lap a piece of cloth. 2. To wrap or wind around something.
About the paper . . . I lapped several times a slender thread of very black silk. Sir I. Newton. 3. To infold; to hold as in one's lap; to cherish.
Her garment spreads, and laps him in the folds. Dryden. 4. To lay or place over anything so as to partly or wholly cover it; as, to lap one shingle over another; to lay together one partly over another; as, to lap weather-boards; also, to be partly over, or by the side of (something); as, the hinder boat lapped the foremost one. 5. (Carding & Spinning) To lay together one over another, as fleeces or slivers for further working. To lap boards
, etc., to lay one partly over another.
-- To lap timbers
, to unite them in such a way as to preserve the same breadth and depth throughout, as by scarfing. Weale.
Lap intransitive verb To be turned or folded; to lie partly upon or by the side of something, or of one another; as, the cloth laps back; the boats lap ; the edges lap .
The upper wings are opacous; at their hinder ends, where they lap over, transparent, like the wing of a flay. Grew.
Lap intransitive verb
[ Middle English lappen
, Anglo-Saxon lapian
; akin to LG. lappen
, Old High German laffan
, Icelandic lepja
, Danish lade
, Swedish läppja
, Latin lambere
; confer Greek ..., W. llepio
. Confer Lambent
.] 1. To take up drink or food with the tongue; to drink or feed by licking up something.
The dogs by the River Nilus's side, being thirsty, lap hastily as they run along the shore. Sir K. Digby. 2. To make a sound like that produced by taking up drink with the tongue.
I heard the ripple washing in the reeds, Tennyson.
And the wild water lapping on the crag.
Lap transitive verb To take into the mouth with the tongue; to lick up with a quick motion of the tongue.
They 'II take suggestion as a cat laps milk. Shak.
1. The act of lapping with, or as with, the tongue; as, to take anything into the mouth with a lap . 2. The sound of lapping.
Lap-jointed adjective Having a lap joint, or lap joints, as many kinds of woodwork and metal work.
Laparocele noun [ Greek ... loins + ... tumor.] (Medicine) A rupture or hernia in the lumbar regions.
Laparotomy noun [ Greek ... loins + te`mnein to cut.] (Surg.) A cutting through the walls of the abdomen, as in the Cæsarean section.
Lapboard noun A board used on the lap as a substitute for a table, as by tailors.
Lapdog noun A small dog fondled in the lap.
Lapel noun [ Dim. of lap a fold.] That part of a garment which is turned back; specifically, the lap, or fold, of the front of a coat in continuation of collar. [ Written also lappel and lapelle .]
Lapelled adjective Furnished with lapels.
; plural Lapfuls As much as the lap can contain.
Lapicide noun [ Latin lapicida , from lapis stone + caedere to cut.] A stonecutter. [ Obsolete]
Lapidarian adjective Of or pertaining to stone; inscribed on stone; as, a lapidarian record.
Lapidarious adjective [ Latin lapidarius , from lapis , -idis , stone.] Consisting of stones.
; plural Lapidaries
. [ Latin lapidarius
, from lapidarius
pertaining to stone: confer French lapidaire
.] 1. An artificer who cuts, polishes, and engraves precious stones; hence, a dealer in precious stones. 2. A virtuoso skilled in gems or precious stones; a connoisseur of lapidary work. Lapidary's lathe
, or wheel
, a machine consisting essentially of a revolving lap on a vertical spindle, used by a lapidary for grinding and polishing.
Lapidary adjective [ Latin lapidarius pertaining to stone: confer French lapidaire .] Lapidary style , that style which is proper for monumental and other inscriptions; terse; sententious.
1. Of or pertaining to the art of cutting stones, or engraving on stones, either gems or monuments; as, lapidary ornamentation. 2. Of or pertaining to monumental inscriptions; as, lapidary adulation.
Lapidate transitive verb [ Latin lapidatus , past participle of lapidare , from lapis stone.] To stone. [ Obsolete]
Lapidation noun [ Latin lapidatio : confer French lapidation .] The act of stoning. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Lapideous adjective [ Latin lapideus , from lapis stone.] Of the nature of stone. [ Obsolete] Ray.
1. The state or quality of being lapidescent. 2. A hardening into a stone substance. 3. A stony concretion. Sir T. Browne.
Lapidescent adjective [ Latin lapidescens , present participle of lapidescere to become stone, from lapis , -idis , stone: confer French lapidescent .] Undergoing the process of becoming stone; having the capacity of being converted into stone; having the quality of petrifying bodies.
Lapidescent noun Any substance which has the quality of petrifying other bodies, or of converting or being converted into stone.
Lapidific, Lapidifical adjective [ Latin lapis , -idis , stone + facere to make: confer French lapidifique .] Forming or converting into stone.
Lapidification noun [ Confer French lapidification .] The act or process of lapidifying; fossilization; petrifaction.
Lapidify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lapidified
; present participle & verbal noun Lapidifying
.] [ Confer f. lapidifier
. See Lapidific
, and -fy
.] To convert into stone or stony material; to petrify.
Lapidify intransitive verb To become stone or stony.
Lapidist noun [ Latin lapis , -idis , a stone.] A lapidary. Ray.
[ See Lapilli
.] The state of being, or the act of making, stony.
Lapilli noun plural [ Latin lapillus a little stone, dim. of lapis stone.] (Min.) Volcanic ashes, consisting of small, angular, stony fragments or particles.
; plural Lapides
. [ Latin ] A stone. Lapis calaminaris
[ New Latin ] (Min.) Calamine.
-- Lapis infernalis
[ Latin ] Fused nitrate of silver; lunar caustic.
Lapis lazuli (Min.) An albuminous mineral of a rich blue color. Same as Lazuli , which see.
Laplander noun A native or inhabitant of Lapland; -- called also Lapp .
Laplandish adjective Of or pertaining to Lapland.
Lapling noun [ Lap of a garment + ling .] One who has been fondled to excess; one fond of ease and sensual delights; -- a term of contempt.
Lappaceous (lăp*pā"shŭs) adjective [ Latin lappaceus burlike, from lappa a bur.] (Botany) Resembling the capitulum of burdock; covered with forked points.
[ From La
p to drink.] One who takes up food or liquid with his tongue.
Lappet noun [ Dim. of lap a fold.] A small decorative fold or flap, esp. of lace or muslin, in a garment or headdress. Swift. Lappet moth (Zoology) , one of several species of bombycid moths, which have stout, hairy caterpillars, flat beneath. Two common American species ( Gastropacha Americana , and Tolype velleda ) feed upon the apple tree.
Lappet transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lappeted
; present participle & verbal noun Lappeting
.] To decorate with, or as with, a lappet.
[ R.] Landor.
Lappic adjective Of or pertaining to Lapland, or the Lapps.
-- noun The language of the Lapps. See Lappish .
Lapping noun A kind of machine blanket or wrapping material used by calico printers. Ure. Lapping engine
, Lapping machine (Textile Manuf.)
, A machine for forming fiber info a lap. See its Lap , 9.