Webster's Dictionary, 1913
1. (Machinery) The clothing (esp., an outer, wooden covering), as of a steam cylinder, applied to prevent the radiation of heat; a covering of lags; -- called also deading and cleading . 2. Lags, collectively; narrow planks extending from one rib to another in the centering of arches.
Laggingly adverb In a lagging manner; loiteringly.
Lagly adverb Laggingly. [ Prov. Eng.]
Lagniappe, Lagnappe noun
[ Etym. uncertain.] In Louisiana, a trifling present given to customers by tradesmen; a gratuity.
Lagniappe . . .is something thrown in, gratis, for good measure. Mark Twain.
Lagomorph noun (Zoology) One of the Lagomorpha.
Lagomorpha noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a hare + ... form.] (Zoology) A group of rodents, including the hares. They have four incisors in the upper jaw. Called also Duplicidentata .
[ Italian or Spanish laguna
, Latin lacuna
ditch, pool, pond, lacus
lake. See Lake
, and confer Lacuna
.] [ Written also lagune
.] 1. A shallow sound, channel, pond, or lake, especially one into which the sea flows; as, the lagoons of Venice. 2. A lake in a coral island, often occupying a large portion of its area, and usually communicating with the sea. See Atoll . Lagoon island
, a coral island consisting of a narrow reef encircling a lagoon.
Lagophthalmia Lag`oph*thal"mos noun [ New Latin lagophtalmia , from Greek lagw`s hare + 'ofqalmo`s eye; -- so called from the notion that a hare sleeps with his eyes open.] (Medicine) A morbid condition in which the eye stands wide open, giving a peculiar staring appearance.
Lagopous adjective [ Greek ... a hare + ..., ..., foot.] (Botany) Having a dense covering of long hair, like the foot of a hare.
[ Norw. lagting
company, society (akin to English law
) + ting
, parliament. See Thing
.] See Legislatature , below.
Laic noun A layman. Bp. Morton.
Laic, Laical adjective
[ Latin laicus
: confer French laïque
. See Lay
laic.] Of or pertaining to a layman or the laity.
An unprincipled, unedified, and laic rabble. Milton.
Laicality noun The state or quality of being laic; the state or condition of a layman.
Laically adverb As a layman; after the manner of a layman; as, to treat a matter laically .
Laid imperfect & past participle of Lay . Laid paper
, paper marked with parallel lines or water marks, as if ribbed, from parallel wires in the mold. It is called blue laid , cream laid , etc., according to its color.
Laidly adjective Ugly; loathsome.
[ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
This laidly and loathsome worm. W. Howitt.
Lain past participle of Lie , intransitive verb
Lainere noun See Lanier .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Middle English leir
, Anglo-Saxon leger
; akin to Dutch leger
, German lager
couch, lair, Old High German legar
, Goth. ligrs
, and to English lie
. See Lie
to be prostrate, and confer Layer
.] 1. A place in which to lie or rest; especially, the bed or couch of a wild beast. 2. A burying place.
[ Scot.] Jamieson. 3. A pasture; sometimes, food.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ See Lord
.] A lord; a landholder, esp. one who holds land directly of the crown.
Lairdship noun The state of being a laird; an estate; landed property. [ Scot.] Ramsay.
Laissez faire [ French, let alone.] Noninterference; -- an axiom of some political economists, deprecating interference of government by attempts to foster or regulate commerce, manufactures, etc., by bounty or by restriction; as, the doctrine of laissez faire ; the laissez faire system of government.
[ See Lay
] 1. The people, as distinguished from the clergy; the body of the people not in orders.
A rising up of the laity against the sacerdotal caste. Macaulay. 2. The state of a layman.
[ Obsolete] Ayliffe. 3. Those who are not of a certain profession, as law or medicine, in distinction from those belonging to it.
Lakao noun Sap green. [ China]
[ French laque
, from Persian See Lac
.] A pigment formed by combining some coloring matter, usually by precipitation, with a metallic oxide or earth, esp. with aluminium hydrate; as, madder lake ; Florentine lake ; yellow lake , etc.
Lake noun [ Confer German laken .] A kind of fine white linen, formerly in use. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
(lāk) intransitive verb
[ Anglo-Saxon lācan
, to spring, jump, lāc
play, sport, or from Icelandic leika
to play, sport; both akin to Goth. laikan
to dance. √120. Confer Knowledge
.] To play; to sport.
[ Prov. Eng.]
[ Anglo-Saxon lac
, Latin lacus
; akin to Anglo-Saxon lagu
lake, sea, Icelandic lögr
; OIr. loch
; confer Greek la`kkos
pond, tank. Confer Loch
.] A large body of water contained in a depression of the earth's surface, and supplied from the drainage of a more or less extended area.
» Lakes are for the most part of fresh water; the salt lakes, like the Great Salt Lake of Utah, have usually no outlet to the ocean. Lake dwellers (Ethnol.)
, people of a prehistoric race, or races, which inhabited different parts of Europe. Their dwellings were built on piles in lakes, a short distance from the shore. Their relics are common in the lakes of Switzerland.
-- Lake dwellings (Archæol.)
, dwellings built over a lake, sometimes on piles, and sometimes on rude foundations kept in place by piles; specifically, such dwellings of prehistoric times. Lake dwellings are still used by many savage tribes. Called also lacustrine dwellings . See Crannog .
-- Lake fly (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of dipterous flies of the genus Chironomus . In form they resemble mosquitoes, but they do not bite. The larvæ live in lakes.
-- Lake herring (Zoology)
, the cisco ( Coregonus Artedii ).
-- Lake poets
, Lake school
, a collective name originally applied in contempt, but now in honor, to Southey, Coleridge, and Wordsworth, who lived in the lake country of Cumberland, England, Lamb and a few others were classed with these by hostile critics. Called also lakers and lakists .
-- Lake sturgeon (Zoology)
, a sturgeon ( Acipenser rubicundus ), of moderate size, found in the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River. It is used as food.
-- Lake trout (Zoology)
, any one of several species of trout and salmon; in Europe, esp. Salmo fario ; in the United States, esp. Salvelinus namaycush of the Great Lakes, and of various lakes in New York, Eastern Maine, and Canada. A large variety of brook trout ( S. fontinalis ), inhabiting many lakes in New England, is also called lake trout . See Namaycush .
-- Lake whitefish
. (Zoology) See Whitefish .
-- Lake whiting (Zoology)
, an American whitefish ( Coregonus Labradoricus ), found in many lakes in the Northern United States and Canada. It is more slender than the common whitefish.
Lake-dweller noun See Lake dwellers , under Lake .
Lakelet noun A little lake. Southey.
Laker noun One that is connected with a lake or lakes, as in habitation, toil, etc.: (a) One of the poets of the Lake school. See Lake poets , under Lake , noun (b) (Zoology) A fish living in, or taken from, a lake, esp. the namaycush. (c) A lake steamer or canal boat.
The bridge tender . . . thought the Cowies "a little mite" longer than that laker . The Century.
Lakeweed noun (Botany) The water pepper ( Polygonum Hydropiper ), an aquatic plant of Europe and North America.
Lakh noun Same as Lac , one hundred thousand.
Lakke noun & v. See Lack .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Laky adjective Pertaining to a lake. Sir W. Scott.
[ From Lake
the pigment.] Transparent; -- said of blood rendered transparent by the action of some solvent agent on the red blood corpuscles.
Lallation noun [ Latin lallare to sing lalla, or lullaby: confer French lallation .] An imperfect enunciation of the letter r , in which it sounds like l .
Lalo noun The powdered leaves of the baobab tree, used by the Africans to mix in their soup, as the southern negroes use powdered sassafras. Confer Couscous .
Lam transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lammed
; present participle & verbal noun Lamming
.] [ Icelandic lemja
to beat, or lama
to bruise, both from lami
, lame. See Lame
.] To beat soundly; to thrash.
[ Obsolete or Low] Beau. & Fl.
Lama noun (Zoology) See Llama .
[ Thibet. blama
(pronounced lä"ma) a chief, a high priest.] In Thibet, Mongolia, etc., a priest or monk of the belief called Lamaism. The Grand Lama
, or Dalai Lama
[ lit., Ocean Lama], the supreme pontiff in the lamaistic hierarchy. See Lamaism .
Lamaic adjective Of or pertaining to Lamaism.
Lamaism noun A modified form of Buddhism which prevails in Thibet, Mongolia, and some adjacent parts of Asia; -- so called from the name of its priests. See 2d Lama .
Lamaist, Lamaite noun One who believes in Lamaism.
Lamaistic adjective Of or pertaining to Lamaism.
[ French lamantin
, probably from the name of the animal in the Antilles. Confer Manater
.] (Zoology) The manatee.
[ Written also lamentin
, and lamantine
Lamarckian adjective Pertaining to, or involved in, the doctrines of Lamarckianism.