Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Languet noun [ French languette , dim. of langue tongue, Latin lingua .]
1. Anything resembling the tongue in form or office; specif., the slip of metal in an organ pipe which turns the current of air toward its mouth. 2. That part of the hilt, in certain kinds of swords, which overlaps the scabbard.
[ Latin languidus
, from languere
to be faint or languid: confer French languide
. See Languish
.] 1. Drooping or flagging from exhaustion; indisposed to exertion; without animation; weak; weary; heavy; dull.
, powerless limbs. " Armstrong.
Fire their languid souls with Cato's virtue. Addison. 2. Slow in progress; tardy.
" No motion so swift or languid
." Bentley. 3. Promoting or indicating weakness or heaviness; as, a languid day.
Feebly she laugheth in the languid moon. Keats.
Their idleness, aimless flirtations and languid airs. W. Black. Syn.
-- Feeble; weak; faint; sickly; pining; exhausted; weary; listless; heavy; dull; heartless. -- Lan"guid*ly
Languish intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Languished
; present participle & verbal noun Languishing
.] [ Middle English languishen
, French languir
, Latin languere
; confer Greek ... to slacken, ... slack, Icelandic lakra
to lag behind; probably akin to English lag
, and perhaps to English slack
. See -ish
.] 1. To become languid or weak; to lose strength or animation; to be or become dull, feeble or spiritless; to pine away; to wither or fade.
We . . . do languish of such diseases. 2 Esdras viii. 31.
Cease, fond nature, cease thy strife, Pope.
And let me languish into life.
For the fields of Heshbon languish . Is. xvi. 8. 2. To assume an expression of weariness or tender grief, appealing for sympathy. Tennyson. Syn.
-- To pine; wither; fade; droop; faint.
Languish intransitive verb To cause to droop or pine. [ Obsolete] Shak. Dryden.
Languish noun See Languishment .
[ Obsolete or Poetic]
What, of death, too, Shak.
That rids our dogs of languish ?
And the blue languish of soft Allia's eye. Pope.
Languisher noun One who languishes.
1. Becoming languid and weak; pining; losing health and strength. 2. Amorously pensive; as, languishing eyes, or look.
Languishingly adverb In a languishing manner.
1. The state of languishing. " Lingering languishment ." Shak. 2. Tenderness of look or mien; amorous pensiveness.
Languishness noun Languishment. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English langour
, Old French langour
, French langueur
, Latin languor
. See Languish.] 1. A state of the body or mind which is caused by exhaustion of strength and characterized by a languid feeling; feebleness; lassitude; laxity. 2. Any enfeebling disease.
Sick men with divers languors . Wyclif (Luke iv. 40). 3. Listless indolence; dreaminess. Pope.
" German dreams, Italian languors
." The Century. Syn.
-- Feebleness; weakness; faintness; weariness; dullness; heaviness; lassitude; listlessness.
[ From Languor
: confer French langoureux
.] Producing, or tending to produce, languor; characterized by languor.
[ Obsolete or Poetic]
Whom late I left in languorous constraint. Spenser.
To wile the length from languorous hours, and draw Tennyson.
The sting from pain.
Langure intransitive verb To languish. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Langya noun (Zoology) [ Native name Anglicized.] One of several species of East Indian and Asiatic fresh-water fishes of the genus Ophiocephalus , remarkable for their power of living out of water, and for their tenacity of life; -- called also walking fishes .
Laniariform adjective [ Laniary + -form .] (Anat.) Shaped like a laniary, or canine, tooth. Owen.
Laniary adjective [ Latin laniarius , from lanius butcher, laniare to tear in pieces: confer French laniaire .] (Anat.) Lacerating or tearing; as, the laniary canine teeth.
[ Latin Laniary
] 1. The shambles; a place of slaughter.
[ R.] 2. (Anat.) A laniary, or canine, tooth.
Laniate transitive verb [ Latin laniatus , past participle of laniare .] To tear in pieces. [ R.]
Laniation noun [ Latin laniatio .] A tearing in pieces. [ R.]
[ French lanière
. See Lanyard
.] [ Written also lanner
.] 1. A thong of leather; a whip lash.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. 2. A strap used to fasten together parts of armor, to hold the shield by, and the like. Fairholt.
Laniferous noun [ Latin lanifer ; lana wool + ferre to bear: confer French lanifère .] Bearing or producing wool.
Lanifical adjective [ Latin lanificus ; lana wool + facere to make.] Working in wool.
Lanifice noun [ Latin lanificium : confer Old French lanifice .] Anything made of wool. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Lanigerous adjective [ Latin laniger ; lano wool + gerere to hear.] Bearing or producing wool.
Lanioid adjective [ New Latin Lanius (fr. Latin lanius a butcher), the typical genus + -oid .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the shrikes (family Laniidæ ).
[ Compar. Lanker
; superl. Lankest
.] [ AS
; confer German lenken
to turn, gelenk
joint, Old High German hlanca
hip, side, flank, and English link
of a chain.] 1. Slender and thin; not well filled out; not plump; shrunken; lean.
Meager and lank with fasting grown. Swift.
Who would not choose . . . to have rather a lank purse than an empty brain? Barrow. 2. Languid; drooping.
Who, piteous of her woes, reared her lank head. Milton. Lank hair
, long, thin hair. Macaulay.
Lank intransitive verb & t. To become lank; to make lank. [ Obsolete] Shak. G. Fletcher.
Lankiness noun The condition or quality or being lanky.
Lankly adverb In a lank manner.
Lankness noun The state or quality of being lank.
Lanky adjective Somewhat lank. Thackeray.
The lanky Dinka, nearly seven feet in height. The Century.
Lanner noun f. Lan"ner*et noun m.
[ French lanier
, Old French also, lasnier
. Confer Lanyard
.] (Zoology) A long-tailed falcon ( Falco lanarius ), of Southern Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa, resembling the American prairie falcon.
Lanolin noun [ Latin lana wool + ole um oil.] (Physiol. Chem.) A peculiar fatlike body, made up of cholesterin and certain fatty acids, found in feathers, hair, wool, and keratin tissues generally. » Under the same name, it is prepared from wool for commercial purposes, and forms an admirable basis for ointments, being readily absorbed by the skin.
Lanseh noun The small, whitish brown fruit of an East Indian tree ( Lansium domesticum ). It has a fleshy pulp, with an agreeable subacid taste. Balfour.
[ French, from German landsknecht
a foot soldier, also a game of cards introduced by these foot soldiers; land
country + knecht
boy, servant. See Land
, and Knight
.] 1. A German foot soldier in foreign service in the 15th and 16th centuries; a soldier of fortune; -- a term used in France and Western Europe. 2. A game at cards, vulgarly called lambskinnet .
[ They play] their little game of lansquenet . Longfellow.
Lant noun Urine. [ Prov. Eng.] Nares.
[ Confer Lance
.] (Zoology) Any one of several species of small, slender, marine fishes of the genus Ammedytes . The common European species ( A. tobianus ) and the American species ( A. Americanus ) live on sandy shores, buried in the sand, and are caught in large quantities for bait. Called also launce , and sand eel .
Lant noun See Lanterloo .
[ Obsolete] Halliwell.
Lantanium, Lantanum noun (Chemistry) See Lanthanum .
Lantanuric adjective [ Formed by transposition of the letters of allantoin and -uric .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a nitrogenous organic acid of the uric acid group, obtained by the decomposition of allantoin, and usually called allanturic acid .
Lanterloo noun An old name of loo (a) .
[ French lanterne
, Latin lanterna
, from Greek lampth`r
light, torch. See Lamp
.] 1. Something inclosing a light, and protecting it from wind, rain, etc.; -- sometimes portable, as a closed vessel or case of horn, perforated tin, glass, oiled paper, or other material, having a lamp or candle within; sometimes fixed, as the glazed inclosure of a street light, or of a lighthouse light. 2. (Architecture) (a) An open structure of light material set upon a roof, to give light and air to the interior. (b) A cage or open chamber of rich architecture, open below into the building or tower which it crowns. (c) A smaller and secondary cupola crowning a larger one, for ornament, or to admit light; such as the lantern of the cupola of the Capitol at Washington, or that of the Florence cathedral. 3. (Machinery) A lantern pinion or trundle wheel. See Lantern pinion (below). 4. (Steam Engine) A kind of cage inserted in a stuffing box and surrounding a piston rod, to separate the packing into two parts and form a chamber between for the reception of steam, etc.; -- called also lantern brass . 5. (Founding) A perforated barrel to form a core upon. 6. (Zoology) See Aristotle's lantern .
» Fig. 1 represents a hand lantern
; fig. 2, an arm lantern
; fig. 3, a breast lantern
; -- so named from the positions in which they are carried. Dark lantern
, a lantern with a single opening, which may be closed so as to conceal the light; -- called also bull's-eye .
-- Lantern fly
, Lantern carrier (Zoology)
, any one of several species of large, handsome, hemipterous insects of the genera Laternaria , Fulgora , and allies, of the family Fulgoridæ . The largest species is Laternaria phosphorea of Brazil. The head of some species has been supposed to be phosphorescent.
-- Lantern jaws
, long, thin jaws; hence, a thin visage.
-- Lantern pinion
, Lantern wheel (Machinery)
, a kind of pinion or wheel having cylindrical bars or trundles, instead of teeth, inserted at their ends in two parallel disks or plates; -- so called as resembling a lantern in shape; -- called also wallower , or trundle .
-- Lantern shell (Zoology)
, any translucent, marine, bivalve shell of the genus Anatina , and allied genera.
-- Magic lantern
, an optical instrument consisting of a case inclosing a light, and having suitable lenses in a lateral tube, for throwing upon a screen, in a darkened room or the like, greatly magnified pictures from slides placed in the focus of the outer lens.
Lantern transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lanterned
; present participle & verbal noun Lanterning
.] [ Confer French lanterner
to hang at the lamp post, from lanterne
. See Lantern
.] To furnish with a lantern; as, to lantern a lighthouse.
Lantern-jawed adjective Having lantern jaws or long, thin jaws; as, a lantern-jawed person.
Lanthanite (lăn"thȧ*nīt) noun (Min.) Hydrous carbonate of lanthanum, found in tabular white crystals.
Lanthanum (-nŭm) noun [ New Latin , from Greek lanqa`nein to lie hid, to be concealed.] (Chemistry) A rare element of the group of the earth metals, allied to aluminium. It occurs in certain rare minerals, as cerite, gadolinite, orthite, etc., and was so named from the difficulty of separating it from cerium, didymium, and other rare elements with which it is usually associated. Atomic weight 138.5. Symbol La. [ Formerly written also lanthanium .]
Lanthopine noun [ Greek lanqa`nein to lie hid + English op ium.] (Chemistry) An alkaloid found in opium in small quantities, and extracted as a white crystalline substance.
Lanthorn noun See Lantern .
Lanuginose, Lanuginous adjective [ Latin lanuginosus , from lanugo , - ginis , woolly substance, down, from lana wool: confer French lanugineux .] Covered with down, or fine soft hair; downy.