Webster's Dictionary, 1913
(lăch) transitive verb
[ Confer French lécher
to lick (of German origin). Confer Lick
.] To smear; to anoint.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Latch noun [ Middle English lacche , from lacchen to seize, As. læccan .]
1. That which fastens or holds; a lace; a snare. [ Obsolete] Rom. of R. 2. A movable piece which holds anything in place by entering a notch or cavity; specifically, the catch which holds a door or gate when closed, though it be not bolted. 3. (Nautical) A latching. 4. A crossbow. [ Obsolete] Wright.
Latch transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Latched
(lăcht); present participle & verbal noun Latching
.] [ Middle English lacchen
. See Latch
] 1. To catch so as to hold.
Those that remained threw darts at our men, and latching our darts, sent them again at us. Golding. 2. To catch or fasten by means of a latch.
The door was only latched . Locke.
[ Middle English lachet
, from an Old French dialect form of French lacet
plaited string, lace dim. of lacs
. See Lace
.] The string that fastens a shoe; a shoestring.
Latching noun (Nautical) A loop or eye formed on the head rope of a bonnet, by which it is attached to the foot of a sail; -- called also latch and lasket . [ Usually in plural]
Latchkey noun A key used to raise, or throw back, the latch of a door, esp. a night latch.
Latchstring noun A string for raising the latch of a door by a person outside. It is fastened to the latch and passed through a hole above it in the door. To find the latchstring out , to meet with hospitality; to be welcome. (Intrusion is prevented by drawing in the latchstring.) [ Colloq. U.S.]
[ Compar. Later
(lāt"ẽr), or latter
(lăt"tẽr); superl. Latest
(lāt"ĕst) or Last
(lȧst).] [ Middle English lat
slow, slack, Anglo-Saxon læt
; akin to Old Saxon lat
, Dutch laat
late, German lass
weary, lazy, slack, Icelandic latr
, Swedish lat
, Danish lad
, Goth. lats
, and to English let
to permit, and confer Alas
.] 1. Coming after the time when due, or after the usual or proper time; not early; slow; tardy; long delayed; as, a late spring. 2. Far advanced toward the end or close; as, a late hour of the day; a late period of life. 3. Existing or holding some position not long ago, but not now; lately deceased, departed, or gone out of office; as, the late bishop of London; the late administration. 4. Not long past; happening not long ago; recent; as, the late rains; we have received late intelligence. 5. Continuing or doing until an advanced hour of the night; as, late revels; a late watcher.
[ Anglo-Saxon late
. See Late
] 1. After the usual or proper time, or the time appointed; after delay; as, he arrived late ; -- opposed to early . 2. Not long ago; lately. 3. Far in the night, day, week, or other particular period; as, to lie abed late ; to sit up late at night. Of late
, in time not long past, or near the present; lately; as, the practice is of late uncommon.
-- Too late
, after the proper or available time; when the time or opportunity is past.
Lated adjective Belated; too late. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Lateen adjective (Nautical) Of or pertaining to a peculiar rig used in the Mediterranean and adjacent waters, esp. on the northern coast of Africa. See below. Lateen sail
. [ French voile latine
a sail in the shape of a right-angled triangle; confer Italian & Spanish vela latina
; properly Latin
sail. See Latin
.] (Nautical) A triangular sail, extended by a long yard, which is slung at about one fourth of its length from the lower end, to a low mast, this end being brought down at the tack, while the other end is elevated at an angle or about forty-five degrees; -- used in small boats, feluccas, xebecs, etc., especially in the Mediterranean and adjacent waters. Some lateen sails have also a boom on the lower side.
Lately adverb Not long ago; recently; as, he has lately arrived from Italy.
Latence noun Latency. Coleridge.
[ See Latent
.] The state or quality of being latent.
To simplify the discussion, I shall distinguish three degrees of this latency . Sir W. Hamilton.
Lateness noun The state, condition, or quality, of being late; as, the lateness of his arrival; the lateness of the hour; the lateness of the season.
[ Latin latens
, present participle of latere
to lie hid or concealed; confer Greek lanqa`nein
, English lethargy
: confer French latent
.] Not visible or apparent; hidden; concealed; secret; dormant; as, latent springs of action.
The evils latent in the most promising contrivances are provided for as they arise. Burke. Latent buds (Botany)
, buds which remain undeveloped or dormant for a long time, but may at length grow. Latent heat (Physics)
, that quantity of heat which disappears or becomes concealed in a body while producing some change in it other than rise of temperature, as fusion, evaporation, or expansion, the quantity being constant for each particular body and for each species of change.
-- Latent period
. (a) (Medicine) The regular time in which a disease is supposed to be existing without manifesting itself
. (b) (Physiol.) One of the phases in a simple muscular contraction, in which invisible preparatory changes are taking place in the nerve and muscle
. (c) (Biol.) One of those periods or resting stages in the development of the ovum, in which development is arrested prior to renewed activity.
Latently adverb In a secret or concealed manner; invisibly.
; plural Lateres
. [ Latin ] A brick or tile. Knight.
Later adjective Compar. of Late , adjective & adverb
Laterad adverb [ Latin latus , lateris , side + ad to.] (Anat.) Toward the side; away from the mesial plane; -- opposed to mesiad .
Lateral adjective [ Latin lateralis , from latus , lateris , side: confer French latéral .] Lateral cleavage (Crystallog.) , cleavage parallel to the lateral planes. -- Lateral equation (Math.) , an equation of the first degree. [ Obsolete] -- Lateral line (Anat.) , in fishes, a line of sensory organs along either side of the body, often marked by a distinct line of color. -- Lateral pressure or stress (Mech.) , a pressure or stress at right angles to the length, as of a beam or bridge; -- distinguished from longitudinal pressure or stress . -- Lateral strength (Mech.) , strength which resists a tendency to fracture arising from lateral pressure. -- Lateral system (Bridge Building) , the system of horizontal braces (as between two vertical trusses) by which lateral stiffness is secured.
1. Of or pertaining to the sides; as, the lateral walls of a house; the lateral branches of a tree. 2. (Anat.) Lying at, or extending toward, the side; away from the mesial plane; external; -- opposed to mesial . 3. Directed to the side; as, a lateral view of a thing.
Laterality noun The state or condition of being lateral.
Laterally adverb By the side; sidewise; toward, or from, the side.
Lateran noun The church and palace of St. John Lateran, the church being the cathedral church of Rome, and the highest in rank of all churches in the Catholic world. » The name is said to have been derived from that of the Laterani family, who possessed a palace on or near the spot where the church now stands. In this church several ecclesiastical councils, hence called Lateran councils, have been held.
Latered adjective Inclined to delay; dilatory. [ Obsolete] "When a man is too latered ." Chaucer.
Laterifolious adjective [ Latin latus , lateris , side + folium leaf: confer French latérifolié .] (Botany) Growing from the stem by the side of a leaf; as, a laterifolious flower.
Laterite noun [ Latin later brick, tile: confer French latérite .] (Geol.) An argillaceous sandstone, of a red color, and much seamed; -- found in India.
Lateritic adjective Consisting of, containing, or characterized by, laterite; as, lateritic formations.
Lateritious adjective [ Latin lateritius , from later a brick.] Like bricks; of the color of red bricks. Lateritious sediment (Medicine) , a sediment in urine resembling brick dust, observed after the crises of fevers, and at the termination of gouty paroxysms. It usually consists of uric acid or urates with some coloring matter.
Lates noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a fish of the Nile.] (Zoology) A genus of large percoid fishes, of which one species ( Lates Niloticus ) inhabits the Nile, and another ( Latin calcarifer ) is found in the Ganges and other Indian rivers. They are valued as food fishes.
Latescence noun A slight withdrawal from view or knowledge. Sir W. Hamilton.
Latescent adjective [ Latin latescens , -entis , present participle of latescere to be concealed, from latere to be hid.] Slightly withdrawn from view or knowledge; as, a latescent meaning. Sir W. Hamilton.
Latewake noun See Lich wake , under Lich .
Lateward adjective & adverb Somewhat late; backward. [ Obsolete] " Lateward lands." Holland.
Latex noun [ Latin ] (Botany) A milky or colored juice in certain plants in cavities (called latex cells or latex tubes ). It contains the peculiar principles of the plants, whether aromatic, bitter, or acid, and in many instances yields caoutchouc upon coagulation.
; plural Laths
. [ Middle English laththe
, Anglo-Saxon lætta
; akin to Dutch lat
, German latte
, Old High German latta
; confer W. llath
a rod, staff, yard. Confer Lattice
.] A thin, narrow strip of wood, nailed to the rafters, studs, or floor beams of a building, for the purpose of supporting the tiles, plastering, etc. A corrugated metallic strip or plate is sometimes used. Lath brick
, a long, slender brick, used in making the floor on which malt is placed in the drying kiln. Lath nail a slender nail for fastening laths.
Lath transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lathed
; present participle & verbal noun Lathing
.] To cover or line with laths.
Lath-shaped adjective Having a slender elongated form, like a lath; -- said of the feldspar of certain igneous rocks, as diabase, as seen in microscopic sections.
Lathe noun [ Anglo-Saxon lǣð . Of. uncertain origin.] Formerly, a part or division of a county among the Anglo-Saxons. At present it consists of four or five hundreds, and is confined to the county of Kent. [ Written also lath .] Brande & C.
[ Middle English lathe
a granary; akin to German lade
a chest, Icelandic hlaða
a storehouse, barn; but confer also Icelandic löð
a smith's lathe. Senses 2 and 3 are perhaps of the same origin as lathe
a granary, the original meaning being, a frame to hold something. If so, the word is from an older form of English lade
to load. See Lade
to load.] 1. A granary; a barn.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. (Machinery) A machine for turning, that is, for shaping articles of wood, metal, or other material, by causing them to revolve while acted upon by a cutting tool. 3. The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; -- called also lay and batten . Blanchard lathe
, a lathe for turning irregular forms after a given pattern, as lasts, gunstocks, and the like.
-- Drill lathe
, or Speed lathe
, a small lathe which, from its high speed, is adapted for drilling; a hand lathe.
-- Engine lathe
, a turning lathe in which the cutting tool has an automatic feed; -- used chiefly for turning and boring metals, cutting screws, etc.
-- Foot lathe
, a lathe which is driven by a treadle worked by the foot.
-- Geometric lathe
. See under Geometric
-- Hand lathe
, a lathe operated by hand; a power turning lathe without an automatic feed for the tool.
-- Slide lathe
, an engine lathe.
-- Throw lathe
, a small lathe worked by one hand, while the cutting tool is held in the other.
Lather (lă&thlig;"ẽr) noun [ Anglo-Saxon leáðor niter, in leáðorwyrt soapwort; confer Icelandic lauðr ; perhaps akin to English lye .]
1. Foam or froth made by soap moistened with water. 2. Foam from profuse sweating, as of a horse.
Lather transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lathered
; present participle & verbal noun Lathering
.] [ Anglo-Saxon lēðrian
to lather, anoint. See Lather
] To spread over with lather; as, to lather the face.
Lather intransitive verb To form lather, or a froth like lather; to accumulate foam from profuse sweating, as a horse.
Lather transitive verb
[ Confer Leather
.] To beat severely with a thong, strap, or the like; to flog.
Lathereeve, Lathreeve noun Formerly, the head officer of a lathe. See 1st Lathe .
Lathing noun The act or process of covering with laths; laths, collectively; a covering of laths.
Lathy adjective Like a lath; long and slender.
A lathy horse, all legs and length. R. Browning.
Latian adjective Belonging, or relating, to Latium, a country of ancient Italy. See Latin .
Latibulize intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Latibulized
; present participle & verbal noun Latibulizing
.] [ Latin latibulum
hiding place, from latere
to lie hid.] To retire into a den, or hole, and lie dormant in winter; to retreat and lie hid.
[ R.] G. Shaw.