Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Prob. corrupted from lint
and this for lunt
a torch, match, Dutch lont
match; akin to German lunte
, confer Middle High German lünden
to burn. Confer Lunt
.] A torch made of tow and pitch, or the like. Shak.
[ Middle English linke
, Anglo-Saxon hlence
; akin to Swedish länk
ring of a chain, Danish lænke
chain, Icelandic hlekkr
; confer German gelenk
joint, link, ring of a chain, lenken
to bend.] 1. A single ring or division of a chain. 2. Hence: Anything, whether material or not, which binds together, or connects, separate things; a part of a connected series; a tie; a bond.
of iron." Shak.
The link of brotherhood, by which Cowper.
One common Maker bound me to the kind.
And so by double links enchained themselves in lover's life. Gascoigne. 3. Anything doubled and closed like a link; as, a link of horsehair. Mortimer. 4. (Kinematics) Any one of the several elementary pieces of a mechanism, as the fixed frame, or a rod, wheel, mass of confined liquid, etc., by which relative motion of other parts is produced and constrained. 5. (Machinery) Any intermediate rod or piece for transmitting force or motion, especially a short connecting rod with a bearing at each end; specifically (Steam Engine) , the slotted bar, or connecting piece, to the opposite ends of which the eccentric rods are jointed, and by means of which the movement of the valve is varied, in a link motion . 6. (Surveying) The length of one joint of Gunter's chain, being the hundredth part of it, or 7.92 inches, the chain being 66 feet in length. Confer Chain , noun , 4. 7. (Chemistry) A bond of affinity, or a unit of valence between atoms; -- applied to a unit of chemical force or attraction. 8. plural Sausages; -- because linked together.
(lĭnk) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Linked
(lĭnkt); present participle & verbal noun Linking
.] To connect or unite with a link or as with a link; to join; to attach; to unite; to couple.
All the tribes and nations that composed it [ the Roman Empire] were linked together, not only by the same laws and the same government, but by all the facilities of commodious intercourse, and of frequent communication. Eustace.
Link intransitive verb To be connected.
No one generation could link with the other. Burke.
[ See Linch
.] 1. A hill or ridge, as a sand hill, or a wooded or turfy bank between cultivated fields, etc.
[ Scot. & Prov. Eng.] 2. A winding of a river; also, the ground along such a winding; a meander; -- usually in plural
The windings or " links " of the Forth above and below Stirling are extremely tortuous. Encyc. Brit. 3. plural Sand hills with the surrounding level or undulating land, such as occur along the seashore, a river bank, etc.
Golf may be played on any park or common, but its original home is the " links " or common land which is found by the seashore, where the short close tuft, the sandy subsoil, and the many natural obstacles in the shape of bents, whins, sand holes, and banks, supply the conditions which are easential to the proper pursuit of the game. Encyc. of Sport. 4. plural Hence, any such piece of ground where golf is played.
Link motion (mō"shŭn). (Steam Engine) A valve gear, consisting of two eccentrics with their rods, giving motion to a slide valve by an adjustable connecting bar, called the link , in such a way that the motion of the engine can be reversed, or the cut-off varied, at will; -- used very generally in locomotives and marine engines. » The illustration shows a link motion for a vertical engine, c representing the shaft carrying two eccentrics, a and b , for making the engine run forward and backward, respectively, their rods e and d being jointed to opposite ends of the slotted link f , in the opening of which is a pin g which is attached to the valve rod h . The valve will receive the motion of the forward eccentric when the link is in the position shown, and the motion of the backward eccentric when the link is shifted so far to the right as to bring e in line with h , or a compound motion derived from both eccentrics when the link is shifted to intermediate positions, the compound motion causing the valve to cut off the steam at a point determined by the position to which the link may have been shifted.
Linkage (lĭnk"aj; 48) noun
1. The act of linking; the state of being linked; also, a system of links. 2. (Chemistry) Manner of linking or of being linked; -- said of the union of atoms or radicals in the molecule. 3. (Geom.) A system of straight lines or bars, fastened together by joints, and having certain of their points fixed in a plane. It is used to describe straight lines and curves in the plane.
[ See 1st Link
.] A boy or man that carried a link or torch to light passengers.
[ The plural form of Link
, but often construed as a sing.] A tract of ground laid out for the game of golf; a golfing green.
A second links has recently been opened at Prestwick, and another at Troon, on the same coast. P. P. Alexander.
(-wûrk`) noun 1. A fabric consisting of links made of metal or other material fastened together; also, a chain.
And thou shalt make hooks of gold, and two chains of fine gold; linkwork and wreathed. Udall. 2. Mechanism in which links, or intermediate connecting pieces, are employed to transmit motion from one part to another.
(lĭn) noun Flax. See Linen .
[ French linot
, from Latin linum
flax; or perhaps shortened from Anglo-Saxon līnetwige
, from Anglo-Saxon līn
flax; -- so called because it feeds on the seeds of flax and hemp. See Linen
.] (Zoology) Any one of several species of fringilline birds of the genera Linota , Acanthis , and allied genera, esp. the common European species ( Latin cannabina ), which, in full summer plumage, is chestnut brown above, with the breast more or less crimson. The feathers of its head are grayish brown, tipped with crimson. Called also gray linnet , red linnet , rose linnet , brown linnet , lintie , lintwhite , gorse thatcher , linnet finch , and greater redpoll . The American redpoll linnet ( Acanthis linaria ) often has the crown and throat rosy. See Redpoll , and Twite . Green linnet (Zoology)
, the European green finch.
Linnæa borealis (lĭn*nē"ȧ bō`re*ā"lĭs). [ New Latin Linnaeus Linnæan + Latin borealis northern.] (Botany) The twin flower which grows in cold northern climates.
Linnæan, Linnean (lĭn*nē" a n) adjective Of or pertaining to Linnæus , the celebrated Swedish botanist. Linnæan system (Botany) , the system in which the classes are founded mainly upon the number of stamens, and the orders upon the pistils; the artificial or sexual system.
[ See Linnæan
.] (Min.) A mineral of pale steel- gray color and metallic luster, occurring in isometric crystals, and also massive. It is a sulphide of cobalt containing some nickel or copper.
Linoleate (lĭ*nō"le*at) noun (Chemistry) A salt of linoleic acid.
Linoleic (lĭ*nō"le*ĭk) adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, linoleum, or linseed oil; specifically (Chemistry) , designating an organic acid, a thin yellow oil, found combined as a salt of glycerin in oils of linseed, poppy, hemp, and certain nuts.
Linoleum (lĭ*nō"le*ŭm) noun [ Latin lin um flax + oleum oil.]
1. Linseed oil brought to various degrees of hardness by some oxidizing process, as by exposure to heated air, or by treatment with chloride of sulphur. In this condition it is used for many of the purposes to which India rubber has been applied. 2. A kind of floor cloth made by laying hardened linseed oil mixed with ground cork on a canvas backing.
[ See Line
.] (Print.) (a) A kind of typesetting machine which produces castings, each of which corresponds to a line of separate types. By pressing upon keys like those of a typewriter the matrices for one line are properly arranged; the stereotype, or slug, is then cast and planed, and the matrices are returned to their proper places, the whole process being automatic. (b) The slug produced by the machine, or matter composed in such lines.
-- Lin"o*typ`ist noun
Linoxin (lĭ*nŏks"ĭn) noun [ Lino leic + ox ygen.] (Chemistry) A resinous substance obtained as an oxidation product of linoleic acid. [ Written also linoxyn .]
Linsang (lĭn*säng") noun (Zoology) Any viverrine mammal of the genus Prionodon , inhabiting the East Indies and Southern Asia. The common East Indian linsang ( P. gracilis ) is white, crossed by broad, black bands. The Guinea linsang ( Porana Richardsonii ) is brown with black spots.
[ Middle English lin
flax + seed
. See Linen
.] (Botany) The seeds of flax, from which linseed oil is obtained.
[ Written also lintseed
.] Linseed cake
, the solid mass or cake which remains when oil is expressed from flaxseed.
-- Linseed meal
, linseed cake reduced to powder.
-- Linseed oil
, oil obtained by pressure from flaxseed.
[ See Linen
Linsey-woolsey (-wol"sȳ; 277) noun
1. Cloth made of linen and wool, mixed. 2. Jargon. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Linsey-woolsey adjective Made of linen and wool; hence, of different and unsuitable parts; mean. Johnson.
[ Corrupt. from luntstock
, Dutch lontstok
lunt + stok
stock, stick. See Link
a torch, Lunt
, and Stock
.] A pointed forked staff, shod with iron at the foot, to hold a lighted match for firing cannon.
[ Written also lintstock
[ Anglo-Saxon līnet
flax, hemp, from līn
flax; or, perhaps borrowed from Latin linteum
a linen cloth, linen, from linteus
linen, adjective , from linum
flax, lint. See Linen
.] 1. Flax. 2. Linen scraped or otherwise made into a soft, downy or fleecy substance for dressing wounds and sores; also, fine ravelings, down, fluff, or loose short fibers from yarn or fabrics. Lint doctor (Calico-printing Mach.)
, a scraper to remove lint from a printing cylinder.
[ Old French lintel
, French linteau
, Late Latin lintellus
, for limitellus
, a dim. from Latin limes
limit. See Limit
.] (Architecture) A horizontal member spanning an opening, and carrying the superincumbent weight by means of its strength in resisting crosswise fracture.
(lĭnt"hwīt`) }, noun
[ Anglo-Saxon līnetwige
. See Linnet
.] (Zoology) See Linnet . Tennyson.
(lĭnt"sēd`) noun See Linseed .
Linum (lī"nŭm) noun [ Latin , flax.] (Botany) A genus of herbaceous plants including the flax ( Linum usitatissimum ).
[ French lion
, Latin leo
, akin to Greek le`wn
. Confer Chameleon
.] 1. (Zoology) A large carnivorous feline mammal ( Felis leo ), found in Southern Asia and in most parts of Africa, distinct varieties occurring in the different countries. The adult male, in most varieties, has a thick mane of long shaggy hair that adds to his apparent size, which is less than that of the largest tigers. The length, however, is sometimes eleven feet to the base of the tail. The color is a tawny yellow or yellowish brown; the mane is darker, and the terminal tuft of the tail is black. In one variety, called the maneless lion , the male has only a slight mane. 2. (Astron.) A sign and a constellation; Leo. 3. An object of interest and curiosity, especially a person who is so regarded; as, he was quite a lion in London at that time.
Such society was far more enjoyable than that of Edinburgh, for here he was not a lion , but a man. Prof. Wilson. American lion (Zoology)
, the puma or cougar.
-- Lion ant (Zoology)
, the ant-lion.
-- Lion dog (Zoology)
, a fancy dog with a flowing mane, usually clipped to resemble a lion's mane.
-- Lion lizard (Zoology)
, the basilisk.
-- Lion's share
, all, or nearly all; the best or largest part; -- from Æsop's fable of the lion hunting in company with certain smaller beasts, and appropriating to himself all the prey.
Lion noun -- Lion of Lucerne , a famous sculptured lion at Lucerne, Switzerland, designed by Thorwaldsen and dedicated in 1821 as a memorial to the Swiss Guards who fell defending Louis XVI. in the attack of the mob on the Tuileries, Aug. 10, 1792. The animal, which is hewn out of the face of a rock, is represented as transfixed with a broken spear and dying, but still trying to protect with its paw a shield bearing the fleur-de-lis of France. -- Lion of St. Mark , a winged lion, the emblem of the evangelist Mark, especially that of bronze surmounting a granite column in the Piazzetta at Venice, and holding in its fore paws an open book representing St. Mark's Gospel. -- Lion of the North , Gustavus Adolphus (1594-1632), King of Sweden, the hero of the Protestant faith in the Thirty Years' War.
Lion-heart (-härt`) noun A very brave person.
Lion-hearted (-härt`ĕd) adjective Very brave; brave and magnanimous. Sir W. Scott.
Lion's ear (lī"ŭnz ēr`). (Botany) A name given in Western South America to certain plants with shaggy tomentose leaves, as species of Culcitium , and Espeletia .
Lion's foot (fot`). (Botany) (a) A composite plant of the genus Prenanthes , of which several species are found in the United States. (b) The edelweiss.
Lion's leaf (lī"ŭnz lēf`). (Botany) A South European plant of the genus Leontice ( Latin leontopetalum ), the tuberous roots of which contain so much alkali that they are sometimes used as a substitute for soap.
Lion's tail (tāl`). (Botany) A genus of labiate plants ( Leonurus ); -- so called from a fancied resemblance of its flower spikes to the tuft of a lion's tail. Latin Cardiaca is the common motherwort .
(tōth`); plural Lions' teeth
(tēth`). (Botany) See Leontodon .
Lionced (lī"ŭnst) adjective (Her.) Adorned with lions' heads; having arms terminating in lions' heads; -- said of a cross. [ Written also leonced .]
Lioncel (lī"ŭn*sĕl) noun [ Old French , French lionceau , dim. of lion .] (Her.) A small lion, especially one of several borne in the same coat of arms.
Lionel (-ĕl) noun [ Old French , dim. of lion .] (Zoology) The whelp of a lioness; a young lion.
Lioness noun [ Old French lionesse .] (Zoology) A female lion.
Lionet (-ĕt) noun [ Old French , dim. of lion .] (Zoology) A young or small lion.
Lionhood (-hod) noun State of being a lion. Carlyle.
Lionism (-ĭz'm) noun An attracting of attention, as a lion; also, the treating or regarding as a lion.
(-īz) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lionized
(-īzd) present participle & verbal noun Lionizing
(- ī`zĭng).] 1. To treat or regard as a lion or object of great interest. J. D. Forbes. 2. To show the lions or objects of interest to; to conduct about among objects of interest. Macaulay.
Lionlike (-līk`) adjective Like a lion; brave as a lion.
Lionly adjective Like a lion; fierce. [ Obsolete] Milton.