Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Litchi (lē"chē`) noun (Botany) The fruit of a tree native to China ( Nephelium Litchi ). It is nutlike, having a rough but tender shell, containing an aromatic pulp, and a single large seed. In the dried fruit which is exported the pulp somewhat resembles a raisin in color and form. [ Written also lichi , and lychee .]

Litchi noun (Botany) A genus of East Indian sapindaceous trees consisting of a single species ( Litchi Chinensis , syn. Nephelium Litchi ) which bears the litchi nut.

Lite (līt) adjective , adverb , & noun Little. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Liter, Litre (lē"tẽr; 277) noun [ French litre , Greek li`tra a silver coin.] A measure of capacity in the metric system, being a cubic decimeter, equal to 61.022 cubic inches, or 2.113 American pints, or 1.76 English pints.

Literacy (lĭt"ẽr*ȧ*sȳ) noun State of being literate.

Literal (- a l) adjective [ French litéral , littéral , Latin litteralis , literalis , from littera , litera , a letter. See Letter .]
1. According to the letter or verbal expression; real; not figurative or metaphorical; as, the literal meaning of a phrase.

It hath but one simple literal sense whose light the owls can not abide.
Tyndale.

2. Following the letter or exact words; not free.

A middle course between the rigor of literal translations and the liberty of paraphrasts.
Hooker.

3. Consisting of, or expressed by, letters.

The literal notation of numbers was known to Europeans before the ciphers.
Johnson.

4. Giving a strict or literal construction; unimaginative; matter-of-fact; -- applied to persons.

Literal contract (Law) , a contract of which the whole evidence is given in writing. Bouvier. -- Literal equation (Math.) , an equation in which known quantities are expressed either wholly or in part by means of letters; -- distinguished from a numerical equation .

Literal noun Literal meaning. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Literalism (-ĭz'm) noun
1. That which accords with the letter; a mode of interpreting literally; adherence to the letter.

2. (Fine Arts) The tendency or disposition to represent objects faithfully, without abstraction, conventionalities, or idealization.

Literalist noun One who adheres to the letter or exact word; an interpreter according to the letter.

Literality (-ăl"ĭ*tȳ) noun [ Confer French littéralité .] The state or quality of being literal. Sir T. Browne.

Literalization (lĭt`ẽr* a l*ĭ*zā"shŭn) noun The act of literalizing; reduction to a literal meaning.

Literalize (lĭt"ẽr* a l*īz) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Literalized (-īzd); present participle & verbal noun Literalizing (-ī`zĭng).] To make literal; to interpret or put in practice according to the strict meaning of the words; -- opposed to spiritualize ; as, to literalize Scripture.

Literalizer (-ī`zẽr) noun A literalist.

Literally adverb
1. According to the primary and natural import of words; not figuratively; as, a man and his wife can not be literally one flesh.

2. With close adherence to words; word by word.

So wild and ungovernable a poet can not be translated literally .
Dryden.

Literalness noun The quality or state of being literal; literal import.

Literary (lĭt"ẽr*a*rȳ) adjective [ Latin litterarius , literarius , from littera , litera , a letter: confer French littéraire . See Letter .]


1. Of or pertaining to letters or literature; pertaining to learning or learned men; as, literary fame; a literary history; literary conversation.

He has long outlived his century, the term commonly fixed as the test of literary merit.
Johnson.

2. Versed in, or acquainted with, literature; occupied with literature as a profession; connected with literature or with men of letters; as, a literary man.

In the literary as well as fashionable world.
Mason.

Literary property . (a) Property which consists in written or printed compositions . (b) The exclusive right of publication as recognized and limited by law.

Literate (-at) adjective [ Latin litteratus , literatus . See Letter .] Instructed in learning, science, or literature; learned; lettered.

The literate now chose their emperor, as the military chose theirs.
Landor.

Literate noun
1. One educated, but not having taken a university degree; especially, such a person who is prepared to take holy orders. [ Eng.]

2. A literary man.

Literati (lĭt`e*rā"tī) noun plural [ See Literatus .] Learned or literary men. See Literatus .

Shakespearean commentators, and other literati .
Craik.

Literatim (-tĭm) adverb [ Late Latin , from Latin littera , litera , letter.] Letter for letter.

Literation (lĭt`ẽr*ā"shŭn) noun [ Latin littera , litera , letter.] The act or process of representing by letters.

Literator (lĭt"ẽr*ā`tẽr) noun [ Latin litterator , literator . See Letter .]
1. One who teaches the letters or elements of knowledge; a petty schoolmaster. Burke.

2. A person devoted to the study of literary trifles, esp. trifles belonging to the literature of a former age.

That class of subjects which are interesting to the regular literator or black-letter " bibliomane," simply because they have once been interesting.
De Quincey.

3. A learned person; a literatus. Sir W. Hamilton.

Literature (lĭt"ẽr*ȧ*tur; 135) noun [ French littérature , Latin litteratura , literatura , learning, grammar, writing, from littera , litera , letter. See Letter .]
1. Learning; acquaintance with letters or books.

2. The collective body of literary productions, embracing the entire results of knowledge and fancy preserved in writing; also, the whole body of literary productions or writings upon a given subject, or in reference to a particular science or branch of knowledge, or of a given country or period; as, the literature of Biblical criticism; the literature of chemistry.

3. The class of writings distinguished for beauty of style or expression, as poetry, essays, or history, in distinction from scientific treatises and works which contain positive knowledge; belles-lettres.

4. The occupation, profession, or business of doing literary work. Lamb.

Syn. -- Science; learning; erudition; belles-lettres. See Science . -- Literature , Learning , Erudition . Literature , in its widest sense, embraces all compositions in writing or print which preserve the results of observation, thought, or fancy; but those upon the positive sciences (mathematics, etc.) are usually excluded. It is often confined, however, to belles-lettres , or works of taste and sentiment, as poetry, eloquence, history, etc., excluding abstract discussions and mere erudition. A man of literature (in this narrowest sense) is one who is versed in belles-lettres ; a man of learning excels in what is taught in the schools, and has a wide extent of knowledge, especially in respect to the past; a man of erudition is one who is skilled in the more recondite branches of learned inquiry.

The origin of all positive science and philosophy, as well as of all literature and art, in the forms in which they exist in civilized Europe, must be traced to the Greeks.
Sir G. C. Lewis.

Learning thy talent is, but mine is sense.
Prior.

Some gentlemen, abounding in their university erudition , fill their sermons with philosophical terms.
Swift.

Literatus (lĭt`e*rā"tŭs) noun ; plural Literati (- tī). [ Latin litteratus , literatus .] A learned man; a man acquainted with literature; -- chiefly used in the plural .

Now we are to consider that our bright ideal of a literatus may chance to be maimed.
De Quincey.

Lith (līth), obsolete 3d pers. sing. present of Lie , to recline, for lieth . Chaucer.

Lith (lĭth) noun [ Anglo-Saxon lið .] A joint or limb; a division; a member; a part formed by growth, and articulated to, or symmetrical with, other parts. Chaucer.

Lithagogue (lĭth"ȧ*gŏg) noun [ Greek li`qos stone + 'agwgo`s leading.] (Medicine) A medicine having, or supposed to have, the power of expelling calculous matter with the urine. Hooper.

Litharge (lĭth"ȧrj) noun [ Middle English litarge , French litharge , Latin lithargyrus , Greek liqa`rgyros the scum or foam of silver; li`qos stone + 'a`rgyros silver. Litharge is found in silverbearing lead ore.] (Chemistry) Lead monoxide; a yellowish red substance, obtained as an amorphous powder, or crystallized in fine scales, by heating lead moderately in a current of air or by calcining lead nitrate or carbonate. It is used in making flint glass, in glazing earthenware, in making red lead or minium, etc. Called also massicot .

Lithargyrum (lĭ*thär"jĭ*rŭm) noun [ New Latin See Litharge .] (Old Chem.) Crystallized litharge, obtained by fusion in the form of fine yellow scales.

Lithate (lĭth"at) noun (Old Med. Chem.) A salt of lithic or uric acid; a urate. [ Obsolete] [ Written also lithiate .]

Lithe (lī&thlig;) transitive verb & i. [ Icel hlȳða . See Listen .] To listen or listen to; to hearken to. [ Obsolete] P. Plowman.

Lithe adjective [ Anglo-Saxon līðe , for linðe tender, mild, gentle; akin to German lind , gelind , Old High German lindi , Icelandic linr , Latin lenis soft, mild, lentus flexible, and Anglo-Saxon linnan to yield. Confer Lenient .]
1. Mild; calm; as, lithe weather. [ Obsolete]

2. Capable of being easily bent; pliant; flexible; limber; as, the elephant's lithe proboscis. Milton.

Lithe transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon līðian . See Lithe , adjective ] To smooth; to soften; to palliate. [ Obsolete]

Lithely adverb In a lithe, pliant, or flexible manner.

Litheness noun The quality or state of being lithe; flexibility; limberness.

Lither (lī"&thlig;ẽr) adjective [ Anglo-Saxon lȳðer bad, wicked.] Bad; wicked; false; worthless; slothful. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Not lither in business, fervent in spirit.
Bp. Woolton.

» Professor Skeat thinks " the lither sky" as found in Shakespeare's Henry VI. (Part I. IV. VII., 21) means the stagnant or pestilential sky.

-- Li"ther*ly , adverb [ Obsolete]. -- Li"ther*ness , noun [ Obsolete]

Litherly adjective Crafty; cunning; mischievous; wicked; treacherous; lazy. [ Archaic]

He [ the dwarf] was waspish, arch, and litherly .
Sir W. Scott.

Lithesome (lī&thlig;"sŭm) adjective [ See Lithe , adjective , and confer Lissom .] Pliant; limber; flexible; supple; nimble; lissom.

-- Lithe"some*ness , noun

Lithia (lĭth"ĭ*ȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Greek li`qos stone.] (Chemistry) The oxide of lithium; a strong alkaline caustic similar to potash and soda, but weaker. See Lithium .

Lithia emerald . See Hiddenite .

Lithiasis (lĭ*thī"ȧ*sĭs) noun [ New Latin , from Greek liqi`asis , from li`qos stone.] (Medicine) The formation of stony concretions or calculi in any part of the body, especially in the bladder and urinary passages. Dunglison.

Lithic (lĭth"ĭk) adjective [ Greek liqiko`s of or belonging to stones, from li`qos stone: confer French lithique .]
1. Of or pertaining to stone; as, lithic architecture.

2. (Medicine) Pertaining to the formation of uric-acid concretions (stone) in the bladder and other parts of the body; as, lithic diathesis.

Lithic acid (Old Med. Chem.) , uric acid. See Uric acid , under Uric .

lithic noun (Medicine) A medicine which tends to prevent stone in the bladder.

Lithic adjective [ From Lithium .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to or denoting lithium or some of its compounds. Frankland.

Lithiophilite (lĭth`ĭ*ŏf"ĭ*līt) noun [ Lithium + Greek fi`los friend.] (Min.) A phosphate of manganese and lithium; a variety of triphylite.

Lithium (lĭth"ĭ*ŭm) noun [ New Latin , from Greek li`qeios of stone, from li`qos stone.] (Chemistry) A metallic element of the alkaline group, occurring in several minerals, as petalite, spodumene, lepidolite, triphylite, etc., and otherwise widely disseminated, though in small quantities.

» When isolated it is a soft, silver white metal, tarnishing and oxidizing very rapidly in the air. It is the lightest solid element known, specific gravity being 0.59. Symbol Li. Atomic weight 7.0 So called from having been discovered in a mineral.

Litho (lĭth"o) A combining form from Greek li`qos , stone .

Lithobilic (-bĭl"ĭk) adjective [ Litho + bile .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to or designating an organic acid of the tartaric acid series, distinct from lithofellic acid, but, like it, obtained from certain bile products, as bezoar stones.

Lithocarp (lĭth"o*kärp) noun [ Litho- + Greek karpo`s fruit: confer French lithocarpe .] (Paleon.) Fossil fruit; a fruit petrified; a carpolite.

Lithochromatics (-kro*măt"ĭks) noun See Lithochromics .

Lithæmia (li*thē"mĭ*ȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Greek li`qos stone + a"i^ma blood.] (Medicine) A condition in which uric (lithic) acid is present in the blood.