Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Lixivial adjective [ Latin lixivius , from lix ashes, lye ashes, lye: confer French lixiviel .]
1. Impregnated with, or consisting of, alkaline salts extracted from wood ashes; impregnated with a salt or salts like a lixivium. Boyle.

2. Of the color of lye; resembling lye.

3. Having the qualities of alkaline salts extracted from wood ashes.

Lixivial salts (Old Chem.) , salts which are obtained by passing water through ashes, or by pouring it on them.

Lixiviate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lixiviated ; present participle & verbal noun Lixiviating .] To subject to a washing process for the purpose of separating soluble material from that which is insoluble; to leach, as ashes, for the purpose of extracting the alkaline substances.

Lixiviate, Lixivited adjective [ From Lixivium .]
1. Of or pertaining to lye or lixivium; of the quality of alkaline salts.

2. Impregnated with salts from wood ashes. Boyle.

Lixiviation noun [ Confer French lixiviation .] Lixiviating; the process of separating a soluble substance from one that is insoluble, by washing with some solvent, as water; leaching.

Lixivious adjective See Lixivial .

Lixivium noun [ Latin lixivium , lixivia . See Lixivial .] A solution of alkaline salts extracted from wood ashes; hence, any solution obtained by lixiviation.

Lixt (lĭkst), obsolete 2d pers. sing. present of Lige , to lie, to tell lies, -- contracted for ligest . Chaucer.

Liza noun (Zoology) The American white mullet ( Mugil curema ).

Lizard noun [ Middle English lesarde , Old French lesarde , French lézard , Latin lacerta , lacertus . Confer Alligator , Lacerta .]


1. (Zoology) Any one of the numerous species of reptiles belonging to the order Lacertilia; sometimes, also applied to reptiles of other orders, as the Hatteria.

» Most lizards have an elongated body, with four legs, and a long tail; but there are some without legs, and some with a short, thick tail. Most have scales, but some are naked; most have eyelids, but some do not. The tongue is varied in form and structure. In some it is forked, in others, as the chameleons, club-shaped, and very extensible. See Amphisbæna , Chameleon , Gecko , Gila monster , Horned toad , Iguana , and Dragon , 6.

2. (Nautical) A piece of rope with thimble or block spliced into one or both of the ends. R. H. Dana, Ir.

3. A piece of timber with a forked end, used in dragging a heavy stone, a log, or the like, from a field.

Lizard fish (Zoology) , a marine scopeloid fish of the genus Synodus , or Saurus , esp. S. fœtens of the Southern United States and West Indies; -- called also sand pike . -- Lizard snake (Zoology) , the garter snake ( Eutænia sirtalis ). -- Lizard stone (Min.) , a kind of serpentine from near Lizard Point, Cornwall, England, -- used for ornamental purposes.

Lizard's tail (Botany) A perennial plant of the genus Saururus ( S. cernuus ), growing in marshes, and having white flowers crowded in a slender terminal spike, somewhat resembling in form a lizard's tail; whence the name. Gray.

Llama noun [ Peruv.] (Zoology) A South American ruminant ( Auchenia llama ), allied to the camels, but much smaller and without a hump. It is supposed to be a domesticated variety of the guanaco. It was formerly much used as a beast of burden in the Andes.

Llandeilo group (Geol.) A series of strata in the lower Silurian formations of Great Britain; -- so named from Llandeilo in Southern Wales. See Chart of Geology .

Llanero noun [ Spanish Amer.] One of the inhabitants of the llanos of South America.

Llano noun ; plural Llanos . [ Spanish , plain even, level. See Plain .] An extensive plain with or without vegetation. [ Spanish America]

Lloyd's noun
1. An association of underwriters and others in London, for the collection and diffusion of marine intelligence, the insurance, classification, registration, and certifying of vessels, and the transaction of business of various kinds connected with shipping.

2. A part of the Royal Exchange, in London, appropriated to the use of underwriters and insurance brokers; -- called also Lloyd's Rooms .

» The name is derived from Lloyd's Coffee House, in Lombard Street, where there were formerly rooms for the same purpose. The name Lloyd or Lloyd's has been taken by several associations, in different parts of Europe, established for purposes similar to those of the original association.

Lloyd's agents , persons employed in various parts of the world, by the association called Lloyd's, to serve its interests. -- Lloyd's list , a publication of the latest news respecting shipping matters, with lists of vessels, etc., made under the direction of Lloyd's. Brande & C. -- Lloyd's register , a register of vessels rated according to their quality, published yearly.

Lo interj. [ Middle English lo , low ; perhaps akin to English look , v.] Look; see; behold; observe. " Lo , here is Christ." Matt. xxiv. 23. " Lo , we turn to the Gentiles." Acts xiii. 46.

Loach (lōch) noun [ Middle English loche , French loche .] (Zoology) Any one of several small, fresh-water, cyprinoid fishes of the genera Cobitis , Nemachilus , and allied genera, having six or more barbules around the mouth. They are found in Europe and Asia. The common European species ( N. barbatulus ) is used as a food fish.

Load noun [ Middle English lode load, way; properly the same word as lode , but confused with lade , load , v. See Lade , Lead , v. , Lode .]
1. A burden; that which is laid on or put in anything for conveyance; that which is borne or sustained; a weight; as, a heavy load .

He might such a load
To town with his ass carry.
Gower.

2. The quantity which can be carried or drawn in some specified way; the contents of a cart, barrow, or vessel; that which will constitute a cargo; lading.

3. That which burdens, oppresses, or grieves the mind or spirits; as, a load of care. " A . . . load of guilt." Ray. " Our life's a load ." Dryden.

4. A particular measure for certain articles, being as much as may be carried at one time by the conveyance commonly used for the article measured; as, a load of wood; a load of hay; specifically, five quarters.

5. The charge of a firearm; as, a load of powder.

6. Weight or violence of blows. [ Obsolete] Milton.

7. (Machinery) The work done by a steam engine or other prime mover when working.

Load line , or Load water line (Nautical) , the line on the outside of a vessel indicating the depth to which it sinks in the water when loaded.

Syn. -- Burden; lading; weight; cargo. See Burden .

Load transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Loaded ; present participle & verbal noun Loading . Loaden is obsolete, and laden belongs to lade .]
1. To lay a load or burden on or in, as on a horse or in a cart; to charge with a load, as a gun; to furnish with a lading or cargo, as a ship; hence, to add weight to, so as to oppress or embarrass; to heap upon.

I strive all in vain to load the cart.
Gascoigne.

I have loaden me with many spoils.
Shak.

Those honors deep and broad, wherewith
Your majesty loads our house.
Shak.

2. To adulterate or drug; as, to load wine. [ Cant]

3. To magnetize. [ Obsolete] Prior.

Loaded dice , dice with one side made heavier than the others, so that the number on the opposite side will come up oftenest.

Loader noun One who, or that which, loads; a mechanical contrivance for loading, as a gun.

Loading noun
1. The act of putting a load on or into.

2. A load; cargo; burden. Shak.

Loadmanage, Lodemanage noun Pilotage; skill of a pilot or loadsman. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Loadsman, Lodesman noun [ Load , lode + man. See Lode .] A pilot. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Loadstar, Lodestar noun [ Load , lode + star. See Lode .] A star that leads; a guiding star; esp., the polestar; the cynosure. Chaucer. " Your eyes are lodestars ." Shak.

The pilot can no loadstar see.
Spenser.

Loadstone, Lodestone noun [ Load , lode + stone .] (Min.) A piece of magnetic iron ore possessing polarity like a magnetic needle. See Magnetite .

Loaf noun ; plural Loaves . [ Middle English lof , laf , Anglo-Saxon hlāf ; akin to German laib , Old High German hleip , Icelandic hleifr , Goth. hlaifs , Russian khlieb' , Lithuanian klëpas . Confer Lady , Lammas , Lord .] Any thick lump, mass, or cake; especially, a large regularly shaped or molded mass, as of bread, sugar, or cake. Bacon.

Loaf sugar , refined sugar that has been formed into a conical loaf in a mold.

Loaf intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Loafed ; present participle & verbal noun Loafing .] [ German laufen to run, Prov. German loofen . See Leap .] To spend time in idleness; to lounge or loiter about. " Loafing vagabonds." W. Black.

Loaf transitive verb To spend in idleness; -- with away ; as, to loaf time away.

Loafer noun [ German läufer a runner, Prov. German laufer , lofer , from laufen to run. See Leap .] One who loafs; a lazy lounger. Lowell.

Loam noun [ Anglo-Saxon lām ; akin to Dutch leem , German lehm , and English lime . See 4th Lime .]
1. A kind of soil; an earthy mixture of clay and sand, with organic matter to which its fertility is chiefly due.

We wash a wall of loam ; we labor in vain.
Hooker.

2. (Founding) A mixture of sand, clay, and other materials, used in making molds for large castings, often without a pattern.

Loam mold (Founding) , a mold made with loam. See Loam , noun , 2. -- Loam molding , the process or business of making loam molds. Loam plate , an iron plate upon which a section of a loam mold rests, or from which it is suspended. -- Loam work , loam molding or loam molds.

Loam intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Loamed ; present participle & verbal noun Loaming .] To cover, smear, or fill with loam.

Loamy adjective Consisting of loam; partaking of the nature of loam; resembling loam. Bacon.

Loan (lōn) noun [ See Lawn .] A loanin. [ Scot.]
[ 1913 Webster]

Loan noun [ Middle English lone , lane , Anglo-Saxon lān , læn , from león to lend; akin to Dutch leen loan, fief, German lehen fief, Icelandic lān , German leihen to lend, Old High German līhan , Icelandic ljī , Goth. leihwan , Latin linquere to leave, Greek lei`pein , Sanskrit ric . √119. Confer Delinquent , Eclipse , Eleven , Ellipse , Lend , License , Relic .]
1. The act of lending; a lending; permission to use; as, the loan of a book, money, services.

2. That which one lends or borrows, esp. a sum of money lent at interest; as, he repaid the loan .

Loan office . (a) An office at which loans are negotiated, or at which the accounts of loans are kept, and the interest paid to the lender . (b) A pawnbroker's shop.

Loan noun t. [ imperfect & past participle Loaned ; present participle & verbal noun Loaning .] To lend; -- sometimes with out . Kent.

By way of location or loaning them out.
J. Langley (1644).

Loanable adjective Such as can be lent; available for lending; as, loanable funds; -- used mostly in financial business and writings.

Loanin, Loaning noun [ From Scotch loan , English lawn .] An open space between cultivated fields through which cattle are driven, and where the cows are sometimes milked; also, a lane. [ Scot.] Sir W. Scott.

Loanmonger noun A dealer in, or negotiator of, loans.

The millions of the loanmonger .
Beaconsfield.

Loath (lōth) adjective [ Middle English looth , loth , Anglo-Saxon lāð hostile, odious; akin to Old Saxon lāð , German leid , Icelandic leiðr , Swedish led , German leiden to suffer, Old High German līdan to suffer, go, confer Anglo-Saxon līðan to go, Goth. leipan , and English lead to guide.]
1. Hateful; odious; disliked. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. Filled with disgust or aversion; averse; unwilling; reluctant; as, loath to part.

Full loth were him to curse for his tithes.
Chaucer.

Why, then, though loath , yet must I be content.
Shak.

Loathe (lō&thlig;) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Loathed (lō&thlig;d); present participle & verbal noun Loathing .] [ Anglo-Saxon lāðian to hate. See Loath .]
1. To feel extreme disgust at, or aversion for.

Loathing the honeyed cakes, I Ionged for bread.
Cowley.

2. To dislike greatly; to abhor; to hate.

The secret which I loathe .
Waller.

She loathes the vital sir.
Dryden.

Syn. -- To hate; abhor; detest; abominate. See Hate .

Loathe intransitive verb To feel disgust or nausea. [ Obsolete]

Loather noun One who loathes.

Loathful adjective
1. Full of loathing; hating; abhorring. " Loathful eyes." Spenser.

2. Causing a feeling of loathing; disgusting.

Above the reach of loathful , sinful lust.
Spenser.

Loathing noun Extreme disgust; a feeling of aversion, nausea, abhorrence, or detestation.

The mutual fear and loathing of the hostile races.
Macaulay.

Loathingly adverb With loathing.

Loathliness noun Loathsomeness. [ Obsolete]

Loathly (lō&thlig;"lȳ) adjective [ Anglo-Saxon lāðlic .] Loathsome. [ Obsolete] " Loathly mouth." Spenser.

Loathly (lōth"lȳ) adverb
1. Unwillingly; reluctantly.

This shows that you from nature loathly stray.
Donne.

2. (lō&thlig;"lȳ) So as to cause loathing. [ Obsolete]

With dust and blood his locks were loathly dight.
Fairfax.

Loathness noun Unwillingness; reluctance.

A general silence and loathness to speak.
Bacon.

Loathsome adjective Fitted to cause loathing; exciting disgust; disgusting.

The most loathsome and deadly forms of infection.
Macaulay.

-- Loath"some*ly . adverb -- Loath"some*ness , noun