Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Lithotriptic (-trĭp"tĭk) adjective & noun Same as Lithontriptic .

Lithotriptist (lĭth"o*trĭp`tĭst) noun One skilled in breaking and extracting stone in the bladder.

Lithotriptor noun (Surg.) An instrument for triturating the stone in the bladder; a lithotrite.

Lithotrite, Lithotritor [ See Lithotrity .] (Surg.) A lithotriptor.

Lithotritist noun A lithotriptist.

Lithotrity noun [ Litho- + Latin terere , tritum , to rub, grind.] (Surg.) The operation of breaking a stone in the bladder into small pieces capable of being voided.

Lithotype noun A kind of stereotype plate made by lithotypy; also, that which in printed from it. See Lithotypy .

Lithotype transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lithotyped ; present participle & verbal noun Lithotyping .] To prepare for printing with plates made by the process of lithotypy. See Lithotypy .

Lithotype noun
1. An etched stone surface for printing, having the design in relief; also, the process of printing from such a surface, or that which is printed from it.

2. A machine, with a keyboard like that of a typewriter, for making a lithographic transfer sheet. It produces a perforated strip of paper which controls the printing.

Lithotypic adjective Of, pertaining to, or produced by, lithotypy.

Lithotypy noun [ Litho- + -typy .] The art or process of making a kind of hard, stereotype plate, by pressing into a mold, taken from a page of type or other matter, a composition of gum shell-lac and sand of a fine quality, together with a little tar and linseed oil, all in a heated state.

Lithoxyl noun [ Written also lithoxyle .] [ Litho- + Greek ... wood: confer French lithoxyle .] Petrified wood. [ Obsolete]

Lithuanian adjective Of or pertaining to Lithuania (formerly a principality united with Poland, but now Russian and Prussian territory).

Lithuanian noun A native, or one of the people, of Lithuania; also, the language of the Lithuanian people.

Lithy adjective [ See Lithe .] Easily bent; pliable.

Lithy tree (Botany) , a European shrub ( Viburnum Lantana ); -- so named from its tough and flexible stem.

Litigable adjective Such as can be litigated.

Litigant adjective [ Latin litigans , -antis , present participle of litigare : confer French litigant . See Litigate .] Disposed to litigate; contending in law; engaged in a lawsuit; as, the parties litigant . Ayliffe.

Litigant noun A person engaged in a lawsuit.

Litigate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Litigated ; present participle & verbal noun Litigating .] [ See Litigation .] To make the subject of a lawsuit; to contest in law; to prosecute or defend by pleadings, exhibition of evidence, and judicial debate in a court; as, to litigate a cause.

Litigate intransitive verb To carry on a suit by judicial process.

Litigation noun [ Latin litigatio , from litigare to dispute, litigate; lis , litis , dispute, lawsuit (OL. stlis ) + agere to carry on. See Agent .] The act or process of litigating; a suit at law; a judicial contest.

Litigator noun [ Latin ] One who litigates.

Litigious adjective [ Latin litigiosus , from litigium dispute, quarrel, from litigare : confer French litigieux . See Litigation .]
1. Inclined to judicial contest; given to the practice of contending in law; quarrelsome; contentious; fond of litigation. " A pettifogging attorney or a litigious client." Macaulay.

Soldiers find wars, and lawyers find out still
Litigious men, who quarrels move.

2. Subject to contention; disputable; controvertible; debatable; doubtful; precarious. Shak.

No fences, parted fields, nor marks, nor bounds,
Distinguished acres of litigious grounds.

3. Of or pertaining to legal disputes.

Nor brothers cite to the litigious bar.

Litigiously adverb In a litigious manner.

Litigiousness noun The state of being litigious; disposition to engage in or carry on lawsuits.

Litmus noun [ Dutch lakmoes ; lak lacker + moes a thick preparation of fruit, pap, probably akin to English meat : confer German lackmus . See Lac a resinous substance.] (Chemistry) A dyestuff extracted from certain lichens ( Roccella tinctoria , Lecanora tartarea , etc.), as a blue amorphous mass which consists of a compound of the alkaline carbonates with certain coloring matters related to orcin and orcein.

» Litmus is used as a dye, and being turned red by acids and restored to its blue color by alkalies, is a common indicator or test for acidity and alkalinity.

Litmus paper (Chemistry) , unsized paper saturated with blue or red litmus, -- used in testing for acids or alkalies.

Litotes (lī"to*tēz) noun [ New Latin , from Greek lito`ths , from lito`s plain, simple.] (Rhet.) A diminution or softening of statement for the sake of avoiding censure or increasing the effect by contrast with the moderation shown in the form of expression; as, " a citizen of no mean city," that is, of an illustrious city.

Litraneter noun [ Greek li`tra + -meter . See Liter ] An instrument for ascertaining the specific gravity of liquids.

Litre (lē"tẽr; 277) noun [ French] Same as Liter .

Litter (lĭt"tẽr) noun [ French litière , Late Latin lectaria , from Latin lectus couch, bed. See Lie to be prostrated, and confer Coverlet .]
1. A bed or stretcher so arranged that a person, esp. a sick or wounded person, may be easily carried in or upon it.

There is a litter ready; lay him in 't.

2. Straw, hay, etc., scattered on a floor, as bedding for animals to rest on; also, a covering of straw for plants.

To crouch in litter of your stable planks.

Take off the litter from your kernel beds.

3. Things lying scattered about in a manner indicating slovenliness; scattered rubbish.

Strephon, who found the room was void.
Stole in, and took a strict survey
Of all the litter as it lay.

4. Disorder or untidiness resulting from scattered rubbish, or from thongs lying about uncared for; as, a room in a state of litter .

5. The young brought forth at one time, by a sow or other multiparous animal, taken collectively. Also Fig.

A wolf came to a sow, and very kindly offered to take care of her litter .
D. Estrange.

Reflect upon that numerous litter of strange, senseless opinions that crawl about the world.

Litter transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Littered ; present participle & verbal noun Littering .]
1. To supply with litter, as cattle; to cover with litter, as the floor of a stall.

Tell them how they litter their jades.
Bp. Hacke....

For his ease, well littered was the floor.

2. To put into a confused or disordered condition; to strew with scattered articles; as, to litter a room.

The room with volumes littered round.

3. To give birth to; to bear; -- said of brutes, esp. those which produce more than one at a birth, and also of human beings, in abhorrence or contempt.

We might conceive that dogs were created blind, because we observe they were littered so with us.
Sir T. Browne.

The son that she did litter here,
A freckled whelp hagborn.

Litter (lĭt"tẽr) intransitive verb
1. To be supplied with litter as bedding; to sleep or make one's bed in litter. [ R.]

The inn
Where he and his horse littered .

2. To produce a litter.

A desert . . . where the she-wolf still littered .

Litterateur (le`ta`rȧ`tẽr") noun [ French] One who occupies himself with literature; a literary man; a literatus. " Befriended by one kind-hearted littérateur after another." C. Kingsley.

Littery adjective Covered or encumbered with litter; consisting of or constituting litter.

Little adjective [ The regular comparative of this word is wanting, its place being supplied by less , or, rarely, lesser . See Lesser . For the superlative least is used, the regular form, littlest , occurring very rarely, except in some of the English provinces, and occasionally in colloquial language. " Where love is great, the littlest doubts are fear." Shak. ] [ Middle English litel , lutel , Anglo-Saxon l...tel , lītel , l...t ; akin to Old Saxon littil , Dutch luttel , LG. lütt , Old High German luzzil , Middle High German lützel ; and perhaps to Anglo-Saxon lytig deceitful, lot deceit, Goth. liuts deceitful, lut...n to deceive; confer also Icelandic lītill little, Swedish liten , Danish liden , lille , Goth. leitils , which appear to have a different root vowel.]
1. Small in size or extent; not big; diminutive; -- opposed to big or large ; as, a little body; a little animal; a little piece of ground; a little hill; a little distance; a little child.

He sought to see Jesus who he was; and could not for the press, because he was little of stature.
Luke xix. 3.

2. Short in duration; brief; as, a little sleep.

Best him enough: after a little time,
I'll beat him too.

3. Small in quantity or amount; not much; as, a little food; a little air or water.

Conceited of their little wisdoms, and doting upon their own fancies.

4. Small in dignity, power, or importance; not great; insignificant; contemptible.

When thou wast little in thine own sight, wast thou not made the head of the tribes?
I Sam. xv. 17.

5. Small in force or efficiency; not strong; weak; slight; inconsiderable; as, little attention or exertion; little effort; little care or diligence.

By sad experiment I know
How little weight my words with thee can find.

6. Small in extent of views or sympathies; narrow; shallow; contracted; mean; illiberal; ungenerous.

The long-necked geese of the world that are ever hissing dispraise,
Because their natures are little .

Little chief . (Zoology) See Chief hare . -- Little finger , the fourth and smallest finger of the hand. -- Little go (Eng. Universities) , a public examination about the middle of the course, which is less strict and important than the final one; -- called also smalls . Confer Great go , under Great . Thackeray. -- Little hours (R. C. Ch.) , the offices of prime, tierce, sext, and nones. Vespers and compline are sometimes included. -- Little ones , young children.

The men, and the women, and the little ones .
Deut. ii. 34.

Little noun
1. That which is little; a small quantity, amount, space, or the like.

Much was in little writ.

There are many expressions, which carrying with them no clear ideas, are like to remove but little of my ignorance.

2. A small degree or scale; miniature. " His picture in little ." Shak.

A little, to or in a small degree; to a limited extent; somewhat; for a short time. " Stay a little ."

The painter flattered her a little .

-- By little and little , or Little by little , by slow degrees; piecemeal; gradually.

Little adverb In a small quantity or degree; not much; slightly; somewhat; -- often with a preceding it. " The poor sleep little ." Otway.

Little adjective -- Little Englander , an Englishman opposed to territorial expansion of the British Empire. See Antiimperialism , above. Hence: Little Englandism . -- Little-neck clam , or Little neck (Zoology) , the quahog, or round clam. -- Little peach , a disease of peaches in which the fruit is much dwarfed, and the leaves grow small and thin. The cause is not known. -- Little Rhod"y Rhode Island; -- a nickname alluding to its small size. It is the smallest State of the United States. -- Little Sisters of the Poor (R. C. Ch.) , an order of women who care for old men and women and infirm poor, for whom special houses are built. It was established at St. Servan, Britany, France, in 1840, by the Abbé Le Pailleur. -- Little slam (Bridge Whist) , the winning of 12 out of the 13 tricks. It counts 20 points on the honor score.

Little-ease noun An old slang name for the pillory, stocks, etc., of a prison. [ Eng.] Latimer.

Littleness noun The state or quality of being little; as, littleness of size, thought, duration, power, etc.

Syn. -- Smallness; slightness; inconsiderableness; narrowness; insignificance; meanness; penuriousness.

Littoral adjective [ Latin littoralis , litoralis , from littus , litus , the seashore: confer French littoral .]
1. Of or pertaining to a shore, as of the sea.

2. (Biol.) Inhabiting the seashore, esp. the zone between high-water and low-water mark.

Littorina noun [ New Latin See Littoral .] (Zoology) A genus of small pectinibranch mollusks, having thick spiral shells, abundant between tides on nearly all rocky seacoasts. They feed on seaweeds. The common periwinkle is a well-known example. See Periwinkle .

Littress (lĭt"trĕs) noun A smooth kind of cartridge paper used for making cards. Knight.

Lituate (lĭt"u*at; 135) adjective [ See Lituus .] (Botany) Forked, with the points slightly curved outward.

Lituiform adjective [ Lituus + -form .] Having the form of a lituus; like a lituite.

Lituite (lĭt"u*it; 135) noun [ See Lituus .] (Paleon.) Any species of ammonites of the genus Lituites . They are found in the Cretaceous formation.

Liturate adjective [ Latin lituratus , past participle of liturare to erase, from litura a blur.]
1. (Zoology) Having indistinct spots, paler at their margins.

2. (Botany) Spotted, as if from abrasions of the surface.

Liturgic, Liturgical [ Greek ...: confer French liturgique .] Pertaining to, of or the nature of, a liturgy; of or pertaining to public prayer and worship. T. Warton.

Liturgically adverb In the manner of a liturgy.

Liturgics noun The science of worship; history, doctrine, and interpretation of liturgies.