Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Lithochromics (-krō"mĭks) noun [ Litho- + Greek chrw^ma color.] The art of printing colored pictures on canvas from oil paintings on stone.

Lithoclast (lĭth"o*klăst) noun [ Litho- + Greek kla^n to break.] (Surg.) An instrument for crushing stones in the bladder.

Lithocyst (lĭth"o*sĭst) noun [ Litho- + cyst .] (Zoology) A sac containing small, calcareous concretions ( otoliths ). They are found in many Medusæ, and other invertebrates, and are supposed to be auditory organs.

Lithodome (-dōm) noun [ Litho- + Greek do`mos house: confer French lithodome .] (Zoology) Any one of several species of bivalves, which form holes in limestone, in which they live; esp., any species of the genus Lithodomus .

Lithodomous adjective (Zoology) Like, or pertaining to, Lithodomus; lithophagous.

Lithodomus noun [ New Latin See Lithodome .] (Zoology) A genus of elongated bivalve shells, allied to the mussels, and remarkable for their ability to bore holes for shelter, in solid limestone, shells, etc. Called also Lithophagus .

» These holes are at first very small and shallow, but are enlarged with the growth of the shell, sometimes becoming two or three inches deep and nearly an inch diameter.

Lithofellic adjective [ Litho- + Latin fel , fellis , gall.] (Physiol. Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a crystalline, organic acid, resembling cholic acid, found in the biliary intestinal concretions (bezoar stones) common in certain species of antelope.

Lithofracteur noun [ French, from li`qos stone + Latin frangere , fractum , to break.] An explosive compound of nitroglycerin. See Nitroglycerin .

Lithogenesy noun [ Litho- Greek ge`nesis origin, generation: confer French lithogénésie . See Genesis .] The doctrine or science of the origin of the minerals composing the globe.

Lithogenous (lĭ*thŏj"e*nŭs) adjective [ Litho- + -genous .] Stone- producing; -- said of polyps which form coral.

Lithoglyph (lĭth"o*glĭf) noun [ Greek liqoglyfi`a ; li`qos stone + gly`fein to engrave.] An engraving on a gem.

Lithoglypher (lĭ*thŏg"lĭ*fẽr) noun One who curs or engraves precious stones.

Lithoglyphic (lĭth`o*glĭf"ĭk) adjective Of or pertaining to the art of cutting and engraving precious stones.

Lithoglyptics (-glĭp"tĭks) noun The art of cutting and engraving gems.

Lithograph transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lithographed ; present participle & verbal noun Lithographing .] [ Litho- + - graph : confer French lithographier .] To trace on stone by the process of lithography so as to transfer the design to paper by printing; as, to lithograph a design; to lithograph a painting. See Lithography .

Lithograph noun A print made by lithography.

Lithographer (lĭ*thŏg"rȧ*fẽr) noun One who lithographs; one who practices lithography.

Lithographic, Lithographical adjective [ Confer French lithographique .] Of or pertaining to lithography; made by lithography; as, the lithographic art; a lithographic picture.

Lithographic limestone (Min.) , a compact, fine-grained limestone, obtained largely from the Lias and Oölite, esp. of Bavaria, and extensively used in lithography.

-- Lith`o*graph"ic*al*ly , adverb

Lithography noun [ Confer French lithographie .] The art or process of putting designs or writing, with a greasy material, on stone, and of producing printed impressions therefrom. The process depends, in the main, upon the antipathy between grease and water, which prevents a printing ink containing oil from adhering to wetted parts of the stone not covered by the design. See Lithographic limestone , under Lithographic .

Lithoid, Lithoidal adjective [ Litho- + -oid : confer French lithoïde .] Like a stone; having a stony structure.

Litholatry noun [ Litho- + Greek ... worship.] The worship of a stone or stones.

Lithologic, Lithological adjective [ Confer French lithologique .]
1. (Geol.) Of or pertaining to the character of a rock, as derived from the nature and mode of aggregation of its mineral contents.

2. Of or pertaining to lithology.

Lithologically adverb From a lithological point of view; as, to consider a stratum lithologically .

Lithologist noun One who is skilled in lithology.

Lithology noun [ Litho- + -logy : confer French lithologie .]
1. The science which treats of rocks, as regards their mineral constitution and classification, and their mode of occurrence in nature.

2. (Medicine) A treatise on stones found in the body.

Lithomancy noun [ Litho- + -mancy : confer French lithomancie .] Divination by means of stones.

Lithomarge noun [ Litho- + Latin marga marl.] A clay of a fine smooth texture, and very sectile.

Lithonthriptic, Lithonthryptic adjective & noun [ Litho- + Greek ... to crush.] Same as Lithontriptic .

Lithontriptic adjective [ Greek li`qos , acc. ..., a stone + ... to rub, grind: confer French lithontriptique .] (Medicine) Having the quality of, or used for, dissolving or destroying stone in the bladder or kidneys; as, lithontriptic forcéps. -- noun A lithontriptic remedy or agent, as distilled water.

Lithontriptist noun Same as Lithotriptist .

Lithontriptor noun (Surg.) See Lithotriptor .

Lithophagous adjective [ Litho- + Greek ... to eat.] (Zoology) (a) Eating or swallowing stones or gravel, as the ostrich. (b) Eating or destroying stone; -- applied to various animals which make burrows in stone, as many bivalve mollusks, certain sponges, annelids, and sea urchins. See Lithodomus .

Lithophane noun [ Litho- + Greek fai`nein to show, reveal.] Porcelain impressed with figures which are made distinct by transmitted light, -- as when hung in a window, or used as a lamp shade.

Lithophane noun [ Litho- + Greek ... to show, reveal.] Porcelain impressed with figures which are made distinct by transmitted light, as in a lamp shade. -- Lith`o*phan"ic adjective -- Li*thoph"a*ny noun

Lithophosphor noun [ Litho- + phosphor .] A stone that becomes phosphoric by heat.

Lithophosphoric adjective Pertaining to lithophosphor; becoming phosphoric by heat.

Lithophotography noun [ Litho- + photography .] Same as Photolithography .

Lithophyll noun [ Greek li`qos a stone + ... a leaf: confer French lithophylle .] A fossil leaf or impression of a leaf.

Lithophyse noun [ Litho- + Greek ... a flatus, air bubble.] (Min.) A spherulitic cavity often with concentric chambers, observed in some volcanic rocks, as in rhyolitic lavas. It is supposed to be produced by expanding gas, whence the name.

Lithophyte noun [ Litho- + Greek ... plant: confer French lithophyte .] (Zoology) A hard, or stony, plantlike organism, as the gorgonians, corals, and corallines, esp. those gorgonians having a calcareous axis. All the lithophytes except the corallines are animals.

Lithophytic adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to lithophytes.

Lithophytous adjective Lithophytic.

Lithosian noun [ From New Latin Lithosia , the typical genus, from Greek li`qos a stone, a rock.] (Zoology) Any one of various species of moths belonging to the family Lithosidæ . Many of them are beautifully colored.

Lithosphere noun [ Litho- + sphere .] (Physics Geology) (a) The solid earth as distinguished from its fluid envelopes, the hydrosphere and atmosphere. (b) The outer part of the solid earth, the portion undergoing change through the gradual transfer of material by volcanic eruption, the circulation of underground water, and the process of erosion and deposition. It is, therefore, regarded as a third mobile envelope comparable with the hydrosphere and atmosphere.

Lithotint noun [ Litho- + tint .]
1. A kind of lithography by which the effect of a tinted drawing is produced, as if made with India ink.

2. A picture produced by this process.

Lithotome noun [ Greek ... cutting stones; li`qos stone + ... to cut: confer French lithotome .]
1. A stone so formed by nature as to appear as if cut by art.

2. (Surg.) An instrument used for cutting the bladder in operations for the stone.

Lithotomic, Lithotomical adjective [ Greek li`qos stone cutting: confer French lithotomique .] Pertaining to, or performed by, lithotomy.

Lithotomist noun [ Confer French lithotomiste .] One who performs the operation of cutting for stone in the bladder, or one who is skilled in the operation.

Lithotomy noun [ Latin lithotomia , Greek ...: confer French lithotomie .] (Surg.) The operation, art, or practice of cutting for stone in the bladder.

Lithotripsy (lĭth"o*trĭp`sȳ) noun [ Litho- + Greek tri`bein to rub, grind: confer French lithotripsie .] (Surg.) The operation of crushing a stone in the bladder with an instrument called lithotriptor or lithotrite ; lithotrity.