Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Liturgiologist noun One versed in liturgiology.
Liturgiology noun [ Liturgy + -logy .] The science treating of liturgical matters; a treatise on, or description of, liturgies. Shipley.
Liturgist (lĭt"ŭr*jĭst) noun One who favors or adheres strictly to a liturgy. Milton.
; plural Liturgies
(- jĭz). [ French liturgie
, Late Latin liturgia
, Greek leitoyrgi`a
a public service, the public service of God, public worship; (assumed) le`i:tos
, belonging to the people, public (fr. lao`s
, the people) + the root of 'e`rgon
work. See Lay
, and Work
.] An established formula for public worship, or the entire ritual for public worship in a church which uses prescribed forms; a formulary for public prayer or devotion. In the Roman Catholic Church it includes all forms and services in any language, in any part of the world, for the celebration of Mass.
; plural Litui
. [ Latin ] 1. (Rom. Antig.) (a) A curved staff used by the augurs in quartering the heavens. (b) An instrument of martial music; a kind of trumpet of a somewhat curved form and shrill note. 2. (Math.) A spiral whose polar equation is r 2 θ = a ; that is, a curve the square of whose radius vector varies inversely as the angle which the radius vector makes with a given line.
Livable adjective 1. Such as can be lived. 2. Such as is pleasant to live in; fit or suitable to live in.
A more delightful or livable region is not easily to be found. T. Arnold.
(lĭv) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lived
(lĭvd); present participle & verbal noun Living
.] [ Middle English liven
, Anglo-Saxon libban
; akin to Old Saxon libbian
, Dutch leven
, German leben
, Old High German lebēn
, Danish leve
, Swedish lefva
, Icelandic lifa
to live, to be left, to remain, Goth. liban
to live; akin to English leave
to forsake, and life
, Greek liparei^n
to persist, liparo`s
oily, shining, sleek, li`pos
fat, lard, Sanskrit lip
to anoint, smear; -- the first sense probably was, to cleave to, stick to; hence, to remain, stay; and hence, to live.] 1. To be alive; to have life; to have, as an animal or a plant, the capacity of assimilating matter as food, and to be dependent on such assimilation for a continuance of existence; as, animals and plants that live to a great age are long in reaching maturity.
Thus saith the Lord God unto these bones; Behold, I will . . . lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live . Ezek. xxxvii. 5, 6. 2. To pass one's time; to pass life or time in a certain manner, as to habits, conduct, or circumstances; as, to live in ease or affluence; to live happily or usefully.
O death, how bitter is the remembrance of thee to a man that liveth at rest in his possessions! Ecclus. xli. 1. 3. To make one's abiding place or home; to abide; to dwell; to reside.
Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years. Gen. xlvii. 28. 4. To be or continue in existence; to exist; to remain; to be permanent; to last; -- said of inanimate objects, ideas, etc.
Men's evil manners live in brass; their virtues Shak. 5. To enjoy or make the most of life; to be in a state of happiness.
We write in water.
What greater curse could envious fortune give Dryden. 6. To feed; to subsist; to be nourished or supported; -- with on ; as, horses live on grass and grain. 7. To have a spiritual existence; to be quickened, nourished, and actuated by divine influence or faith.
Than just to die when I began to live ?
The just shall live by faith. Gal. iii. ll. 8. To be maintained in life; to acquire a livelihood; to subsist; -- with on or by ; as, to live on spoils.
Those who live by labor. Sir W. Temple. 9. To outlast danger; to float; -- said of a ship, boat, etc.; as, no ship could live in such a storm.
A strong mast that lived upon the sea. Shak. To live out
, to be at service; to live away from home as a servant.
[ U. S.] -- To live with
. (a) To dwell or to be a lodger with
. (b) To cohabit with; to have intercourse with, as male with female.
Live transitive verb 1. To spend, as one's life; to pass; to maintain; to continue in, constantly or habitually; as, to live an idle or a useful life. 2. To act habitually in conformity with; to practice.
To live the Gospel. Foxe. To live down
, to live so as to subdue or refute; as, to live down slander.
[ Abbreviated from alive
. See Alive
.] 1. Having life; alive; living; not dead.
If one man's ox hurt another's, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it. Ex. xxi. 35. 2. Being in a state of ignition; burning; having active properties; as, a live coal; live embers.
" The live
ether." Thomson. 3. Full of earnestness; active; wide awake; glowing; as, a live man, or orator. 4. Vivid; bright.
" The live
carnation." Thomson. 5. (Engineering) Imparting power; having motion; as, the live spindle of a lathe. Live birth
, the condition of being born in such a state that acts of life are manifested after the extrusion of the whole body. Dunglison.
-- Live box
, a cell for holding living objects under microscopical examination. P. H. Gosse.
-- Live feathers
, feathers which have been plucked from the living bird, and are therefore stronger and more elastic.
-- Live gang
. (Sawing) See under Gang .
-- Live grass (Botany)
, a grass of the genus Eragrostis .
-- Live load (Engineering)
, a suddenly applied load; a varying load; a moving load; as a moving train of cars on a bridge, or wind pressure on a roof. Live oak (Botany)
, a species of oak ( Quercus virens ), growing in the Southern States, of great durability, and highly esteemed for ship timber. In California the Q. chrysolepis and some other species are also called live oaks .
-- Live ring (Engineering)
, a circular train of rollers upon which a swing bridge, or turntable, rests, and which travels around a circular track when the bridge or table turns.
-- Live steam
, steam direct from the boiler, used for any purpose, in distinction from exhaust steam .
-- Live stock
, horses, cattle, and other domestic animals kept on a farm.
Live noun Life.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. On live
, in life; alive.
[ Obsolete] See Alive
Live-forever noun (Botany) A plant ( Sedum Telephium ) with fleshy leaves, which has extreme powers of resisting drought; garden ox-pine.
Lived adjective Having life; -- used only in composition; as, long- lived ; short- lived .
[ Middle English livelode
, prop., course of life, life's support, maintenance, from Anglo-Saxon līf
life + lād
road, way, maintenance. Confused with livelihood
liveliness. See Life
, and Lode
.] Subsistence or living, as dependent on some means of support; support of life; maintenance.
The opportunities of gaining an honest livelihood . Addison.
It is their profession and livelihood to get their living by practices for which they deserve to forfeit their lives. South.
Livelihood noun [ Lively + - hood .] Liveliness; appearance of life. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Livelily adverb In a lively manner. [ Obsolete] Lamb.
[ From Lively
.] 1. The quality or state of being lively or animated; sprightliness; vivacity; animation; spirit; as, the liveliness of youth, contrasted with the gravity of age. B. Jonson. 2. An appearance of life, animation, or spirit; as, the liveliness of the eye or the countenance in a portrait. 3. Briskness; activity; effervescence, as of liquors. Syn.
-- Sprightliness; gayety; animation; vivacity; smartness; briskness; activity. -- Liveliness
is an habitual feeling of life and interest; gayety
refers more to a temporary excitement of the animal spirits; animation
implies a warmth of emotion and a corresponding vividness of expressing it, awakened by the presence of something which strongly affects the mind; vivacity
is a feeling between liveliness and animation, having the permanency of the one, and, to some extent, the warmth of the other. Liveliness
of imagination; gayety
of heart; animation
of countenance; vivacity
of gesture or conversation.
[ See 1st Livelihood
.] Course of life; means of support; livelihood.
[ For lifelong
. Confer Lifelong
.] 1. Whole; entire; long in passing; -- used of time, as day or night, in adverbial phrases, and usually with a sense of tediousness.
The obscure bird Shak.
Clamored the livelong night.
How could she sit the livelong day, Swift. 2. Lasting; durable.
Yet never ask us once to play?
Thou hast built thyself a livelong monument. Milton.
[ Compar. Livelier
; superl. Liveliest
.] [ For lifely
. Confer Lifelike
.] 1. Endowed with or manifesting life; living.
Chaplets of gold and silver resembling lively flowers and leaves. Holland. 2. Brisk; vivacious; active; as, a lively youth.
But wherefore comes old Manoa in such haste, Milton. 3. Gay; airy; animated; spirited.
With youthful steps ? Much livelier than erewhile
From grave to gay, from lively to severe. Pope. 4. Representing life; lifelike.
I spied the lively picture of my father. Massinger. 5. Bright; vivid; glowing; strong; vigorous.
The colors of the prism are manifestly more full, intense, and lively that those of natural bodies. Sir I. Newton.
His faith must be not only living, but lively too. South. Lively stones (Script.)
, saints, as being quickened by the Spirit, and active in holiness. Syn.
-- Brisk; vigorous; quick; nimble; smart; active; alert; sprightly; animated; spirited; prompt; earnest; strong; energetic; vivid; vivacious; blithe; gleeful; airy; gay; jocund.
Lively adverb 1. In a brisk, active, or animated manner; briskly; vigorously. Hayward. 2. With strong resemblance of life.
Thou counterfeitest most lively . Shak.
Liver noun 1. One who, or that which, lives.
And try if life be worth the liver's care. Prior. 2. A resident; a dweller; as, a liver in Brooklyn. 3. One whose course of life has some marked characteristic (expressed by an adjective); as, a free liver . Fast liver
, one who lives in an extravagant and dissipated way.
-- Free liver
, Good liver
, one given to the pleasures of the table.
-- Loose liver
, a person who lives a somewhat dissolute life.
[ Anglo-Saxon lifer
; akin to Dutch liver
, German leber
, Old High German lebara
, Icelandic lifr
, Swedish lefver
, and perhaps to Greek ... fat, English live
, v.] (Anat.) A very large glandular and vascular organ in the visceral cavity of all vertebrates.
» Most of the venous blood from the alimentary canal passes through it on its way back to the heart; and it secretes the bile, produces glycogen, and in other ways changes the blood which passes through it. In man it is situated immediately beneath the diaphragm and mainly on the right side. See Bile
, and Glycogen
. The liver of invertebrate animals is usually made up of cæcal tubes, and differs materially, in form and function, from that of vertebrates. Floating liver
. See Wandering liver , under Wandering .
-- Liver of antimony
, Liver of sulphur
. (Old Chem.) See Hepar .
-- Liver brown
, Liver color
, the color of liver, a dark, reddish brown.
-- Liver shark (Zoology)
, a very large shark ( Cetorhinus maximus ), inhabiting the northern coasts both of Europe and North America. It sometimes becomes forty feet in length, being one of the largest sharks known; but it has small simple teeth, and is not dangerous. It is captured for the sake of its liver, which often yields several barrels of oil. It has gill rakers, resembling whalebone, by means of which it separates small animals from the sea water.
Called also basking shark
, bone shark
, and sailfish
. -- Liver spots
, yellowish brown patches or spots of chloasma.
Liver (lĭv"ẽr) noun (Zoology) The glossy ibis ( Ibis falcinellus ); - - said to have given its name to the city of Liverpool.
Liver-colored (-kŭl`ẽrd) adjective Having a color like liver; dark reddish brown.
Liver-grown adjective Having an enlarged liver. Dunglison.
Livered (lĭv"ẽrd) adjective Having (such) a liver; used in composition; as, white- livered .
Liveried adjective Wearing a livery. See Livery , 3.
The liveried servants wait. Parnell.
Livering noun A kind of pudding or sausage made of liver or pork. [ Obsolete] Chapman.
Liverwort noun (Botany) 1. A ranunculaceous plant ( Anemone Hepatica ) with pretty white or bluish flowers and a three-lobed leaf; -- called also squirrel cups . 2. A flowerless plant ( Marchantia polymorpha ), having an irregularly lobed, spreading, and forking frond.
» From this plant many others of the same order ( Hepaticæ
) have been vaguely called liverworts, esp. those of the tribe Marchantiaceæ
. See Illust.
; plural Liveries
. [ Middle English livere
, French livrée
, formerly, a gift of clothes made by the master to his servants, prop., a thing delivered, from livrer
to deliver, Latin liberare
to set free, in Late Latin , to deliver up. See Liberate
.] 1. (Eng. Law) (a) The act of delivering possession of lands or tenements. (b) The writ by which possession is obtained.
» It is usual to say, livery of seizin
, which is a feudal investiture, made by the delivery of a turf, of a rod, or twig, from the feoffor to the feoffee. In the United States, and now in Great Britain, no such ceremony is necessary, the delivery of a deed being sufficient. 2. Release from wardship; deliverance.
It concerned them first to sue out their livery from the unjust wardship of his encroaching prerogative. Milton. 3. That which is delivered out statedly or formally, as clothing, food, etc.
; especially: (a) The uniform clothing issued by feudal superiors to their retainers and serving as a badge when in military service. (b) The peculiar dress by which the servants of a nobleman or gentleman are distinguished; as, a claret-colored livery . (c) Hence, also, the peculiar dress or garb appropriated by any association or body of persons to their own use; as, the livery of the London tradesmen, of a priest, of a charity school, etc.; also, the whole body or company of persons wearing such a garb, and entitled to the privileges of the association; as, the whole livery of London.
A Haberdasher and a Carpenter, Chaucer.
A Webbe, a Dyer, and a Tapicer,
And they were clothed all in one livery
Of a solempne and a gret fraternite.
From the periodical deliveries of these characteristic articles of servile costume (blue coats) came our word livery . De Quincey. (d) Hence, any characteristic dress or outward appearance.
" April's livery
." Sir P. Sidney.
Now came still evening on, and twilight gray Milton. (e) An allowance of food statedly given out; a ration, as to a family, to servants, to horses, etc.
Had in her sober livery all things clad.
The emperor's officers every night went through the town from house to house whereat any English gentleman did repast or lodge, and served their liveries for all night: first, the officers brought into the house a cast of fine manchet [ white bread], and of silver two great pots, and white wine, and sugar. Cavendish. (f) The feeding, stabling, and care of horses for compensation; boarding; as, to keep one's horses at livery .
What livery is, we by common use in England know well enough, namely, that is, allowance of horse meat, as to keep horses at livery , the which word, I guess, is derived of livering or delivering forth their nightly food. Spenser.
It need hardly be observed that the explanation of livery which Spenser offers is perfectly correct, but . . . it is no longer applied to the ration or stated portion of food delivered at stated periods. Trench. (g) The keeping of horses in readiness to be hired temporarily for riding or driving; the state of being so kept.
Pegasus does not stand at livery even at the largest establishment in Moorfields. Lowell. 4. A low grade of wool. Livery gown
, the gown worn by a liveryman in London.
Livery transitive verb To clothe in, or as in, livery. Shak.
Livery stable A stable where horses are kept for hire, and where stabling is provided. See Livery , noun , 3 (e) (f) & (g) .
; plural Liverymen 1. One who wears a livery, as a servant. 2. A freeman of the city, in London, who, having paid certain fees, is entitled to wear the distinguishing dress or livery of the company to which he belongs, and also to enjoy certain other privileges, as the right of voting in an election for the lord mayor, sheriffs, chamberlain, etc. 3. One who keeps a livery stable.
; plural of Life .
Lives (līvz) adjective & adverb [ Orig. a genitive sing. of life .] Alive; living; with life. [ Obsolete] " Any lives creature." Chaucer.
[ Latin lividus
, from livere
to be of a blush color, to be black and blue: confer French livide
.] Black and blue; grayish blue; of a lead color; discolored, as flesh by contusion. Cowper.
There followed no carbuncles, no purple or livid spots, the mass of the blood not being tainted. Bacon.
Lividity noun [ Confer French lividité .] The state or quality of being livid.
Lividness (lĭv"ĭd*nĕs) noun Lividity. Walpole.
[ From Live
, intransitive verb
] 1. Being alive; having life; as, a living creature. 2. Active; lively; vigorous; -- said esp. of states of the mind, and sometimes of abstract things; as, a living faith; a living principle.
hope. " Wyclif. 3. Issuing continually from the earth; running; flowing; as, a living spring; -- opposed to stagnant . 4. Producing life, action, animation, or vigor; quickening.
light." Shak. 5. Ignited; glowing with heat; burning; live.
Then on the living coals wine they pour. Dryden. Living force
. See Vis viva , under Vis .
-- Living gale (Nautical)
, a heavy gale.
-- Living rock or stone
, rock in its native or original state or location; rock not quarried.
" I now found myself on a rude and narrow stairway, the steps of which were cut out of the living rock
-- The living
, those who are alive, or one who is alive.
Living noun 1. The state of one who, or that which, lives; lives; life; existence.
"Health and living
." Shak. 2. Manner of life; as, riotous living ; penurious living ; earnest living .
" A vicious living
." Chaucer. 3. Means of subsistence; sustenance; estate.
She can spin for her living . Shak.
He divided unto them his living . Luke xv. 12. 4. Power of continuing life; the act of living, or living comfortably.
There is no living without trusting somebody or other in some cases. L' Estrange. 5. The benefice of a clergyman; an ecclesiastical charge which a minister receives.
He could not get a deanery, a prebend, or even a living Macaulay. Livng room
, the room most used by the family.
Living picture A tableau in which persons take part; also, specif., such a tableau as imitating a work of art.
Livingly adverb In a living state. Sir T. Browne.
Livingness noun The state or quality of being alive; possession of energy or vigor; animation; quickening.
Livonian adjective Of or pertaining to Livonia, a district of Russia near the Baltic Sea.
Livonian noun A native or an inhabitant of Livonia; the langua`e (alli`d to th` Finniso) of the Livonians.
Livor noun [ Latin ] Malignity. [ R.] Burton.
[ French, from Latin liberatio
a setting free, in Late Latin , a delivering up. See Liberation
.] A part of a book or literary composition printed and delivered by itself; a number; a part.
[ French, from Latin libra
a pound of twelve ounces. Confer Lira
.] A French money of account, afterward a silver coin equal to 20 sous. It is not now in use, having been superseded by the franc.