Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Locator noun One who locates, or is entitled to locate, land or a mining claim. [ U.S.]

Locellate adjective [ Latin locellus a compartment, dim. of locus a place.] (Botany) Divided into secondary compartments or cells, as where one cavity is separated into several smaller ones.

Loch (lŏk) noun [ Gael. & Old Irish loch . See Lake of water.] A lake; a bay or arm of the sea. [ Scot.]

Loch (lŏk) noun [ French looch , Arabic la'ūg , an electuary, or any medicine which may be licked or sucked, from la'ūq to lick.] (Medicine) A kind of medicine to be taken by licking with the tongue; a lambative; a lincture.

Lochaber ax, Lochaber axe [ So called from Lochaber , in Scotland.] A weapon of war, consisting of a pole armed with an axhead at its end, formerly used by the Scotch Highlanders.

Lochage noun [ Greek ....] (Gr. Antiq.) An officer who commanded a company; a captain. Mitford.

Lochan noun [ Gael. See 1st Loch .] A small lake; a pond. [ Scot.]

A pond or lochan rather than a lake.
H. Miller.

Loche noun (Zoology) See Loach .

Lochia noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ..., plural, from ... belonging to childbirth, ... a lying in, childbirth.] (Medicine) The discharge from the womb and vagina which follows childbirth.

Lochial adjective [ Confer French lochial .] Of or pertaining to the lochia.

Lock noun [ Anglo-Saxon locc ; akin to Dutch lok , German locke , Old High German loc, Icelandic lokkr , and perhaps to Greek ... to bend, twist.] A tuft of hair; a flock or small quantity of wool, hay, or other like substance; a tress or ringlet of hair.

These gray locks , the pursuivants of death.
Shak.

Lock noun [ Anglo-Saxon loc inclosure, an inclosed place, the fastening of a door, from lūcan to lock, fasten; akin to Old Saxon lūkan (in comp.), Dutch luiken , Old High German lūhhan , Icelandic l...ka , Goth. lūkan (in comp.); confer Sanskrit ruj to break. Confer Locket .]
1. Anything that fastens; specifically, a fastening, as for a door, a lid, a trunk, a drawer, and the like, in which a bolt is moved by a key so as to hold or to release the thing fastened.

2. A fastening together or interlacing; a closing of one thing upon another; a state of being fixed or immovable.

Albemarle Street closed by a lock of carriages.
De Quincey.

3. A place from which egress is prevented, as by a lock. Dryden.

4. The barrier or works which confine the water of a stream or canal.

5. An inclosure in a canal with gates at each end, used in raising or lowering boats as they pass from one level to another; -- called also lift lock .

6. That part or apparatus of a firearm by which the charge is exploded; as, a match lock , flint lock , percussion lock , etc.

7. A device for keeping a wheel from turning.

8. A grapple in wrestling. Milton.

Detector lock , a lock containing a contrivance for showing whether it as has been tampered with. -- Lock bay (Canals) , the body of water in a lock chamber. -- Lock chamber , the inclosed space between the gates of a canal lock. -- Lock nut . See Check nut , under Check . -- Lock plate , a plate to which the mechanism of a gunlock is attached. -- Lock rail (Architecture) , in ordinary paneled doors, the rail nearest the lock. Lock rand (Masonry) , a range of bond stone. Knight. -- Mortise lock , a door lock inserted in a mortise. -- Rim lock , a lock fastened to the face of a door, thus differing from a mortise lock .

Lock transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Locked ; present participle & verbal noun Locking .]
1. To fasten with a lock, or as with a lock; to make fast; to prevent free movement of; as, to lock a door, a carriage wheel, a river, etc.

2. To prevent ingress or access to, or exit from, by fastening the lock or locks of; -- often with up ; as, to lock or lock up , a house, jail, room, trunk. etc.

3. To fasten in or out, or to make secure by means of, or as with, locks; to confine, or to shut in or out -- often with up ; as, to lock one's self in a room; to lock up the prisoners; to lock up one's silver; to lock intruders out of the house; to lock money into a vault; to lock a child in one's arms; to lock a secret in one's breast.

4. To link together; to clasp closely; as, to lock arms. " Lock hand in hand." Shak.

5. (Canals) To furnish with locks; also, to raise or lower (a boat) in a lock.

6. (Fencing) To seize, as the sword arm of an antagonist, by turning the left arm around it, to disarm him.

Lock intransitive verb To become fast, as by means of a lock or by interlacing; as, the door locks close.

When it locked none might through it pass.
Spenser.

To lock into , to fit or slide into; as, they lock into each other. Boyle.

Lock hospital A hospital for the treatment of venereal diseases. [ Eng.]

Lock step A mode of marching by a body of men going one after another as closely as possible, in which the leg of each moves at the same time with the corresponding leg of the person before him.

Lock stitch A peculiar sort of stitch formed by the locking of two threads together, as in the work done by some sewing machines. See Stitch .

Lock-down noun A contrivance to fasten logs together in rafting; -- used by lumbermen. [ U.S.]

Lock-weir noun A waste weir for a canal, discharging into a lock chamber.

Lockage noun
1. Materials for locks in a canal, or the works forming a lock or locks.

2. Toll paid for passing the locks of a canal.

3. Amount of elevation and descent made by the locks of a canal.

The entire lock will be about fifty feet.
De Witt Clinton.

Locked-jaw noun See Lockjaw .

Locken obsolete past participle of Lock . Chaucer.

Locken noun (Botany) The globeflower ( Trollius ).

Locker noun
1. One who, or that which, locks.

2. A drawer, cupboard, compartment, or chest, esp. one in a ship, that may be closed with a lock.

Chain locker (Nautical) , a compartment in the hold of a vessel, for holding the chain cables. -- Davy Jones's locker , or Davy's locker . See Davy Jones . -- Shot locker , a compartment where shot are deposited. Totten.

Locket noun [ French loquet latch, dim. of Old French loc latch, lock; of German origin. See Lock a fastening.]


1. A small lock; a catch or spring to fasten a necklace or other ornament.

2. A little case for holding a miniature or lock of hair, usually suspended from a necklace or watch chain.

Lockjaw noun (Medicine) A contraction of the muscles of the jaw by which its motion is suspended; a variety of tetanus.

Lockless adjective Destitute of a lock.

Lockman noun A public executioner. [ Scot.]

Lockout noun The closing of a factory or workshop by an employer, usually in order to bring the workmen to satisfactory terms by a suspension of wages.

Lockram noun [ French locrenan , locronan ; from Locronan , in Brittany, where it is said to have been made.] A kind of linen cloth anciently used in England, originally imported from Brittany. Shak.

Locksmith noun An artificer whose occupation is to make or mend locks.

Lockup noun A place where persons under arrest are temporarily locked up; a watchhouse.

Locky adjective Having locks or tufts. [ R.] Sherwood.

Loco adverb [ Italian ] (Mus.) A direction in written or printed music to return to the proper pitch after having played an octave higher.

Loco noun [ Spanish loco insane.] (Botany) A plant ( Astragalus Hornii ) growing in the Southwestern United States, which is said to poison horses and cattle, first making them insane. The name is also given vaguely to several other species of the same genus. Called also loco weed .

Loco noun (Botany) Any one of various leguminous plants or weeds besides Astragalus , whose herbage is poisonous to cattle, as Spiesia Lambertii , syn. Oxytropis Lambertii .

Loco transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Locoed ; present participle & verbal noun Locoing .] To poison with loco; to affect with the loco disease; hence (Colloq.), to render insane or mad. "The locoed novelist." W. D. Howells.

Loco noun A locomotive. [ Colloq.] Kipling.

Loco disease (Veter.) A chronic nervous affection of cattle, horses, and sheep, caused by eating the loco weed and characterized by a slow, measured gait, high step, glassy eyes with defective vision, delirium, and gradual emaciation.

Locofoco noun [ Of uncertain etymol.; perhaps for Latin loco foci instead of fire; or, according to Bartlett, it was called so from a self-lighting cigar, with a match composition at the end, invented in 1834 by John Marck of New York, and called by him locofoco cigar , in imitation of the word locomotive , which by the uneducated was supposed to mean, self-moving.]
1. A friction match. [ U.S.]

2. A nickname formerly given to a member of the Democratic party. [ U.S.]

» The name was first applied, in 1834, to a portion of the Democratic party, because, at a meeting in Tammany Hall, New York, in which there was great diversity of sentiment, the chairman left his seat, and the lights were extinguished, for the purpose of dissolving the meeting; when those who were opposed to an adjournment produced locofoco matches, rekindled the lights, continued the meeting, and accomplished their object.

Locomotion noun [ Latin locus place + motio motion: confer French locomotion . See Local , and Motion .]
1. The act of moving from place to place. " Animal locomotion ." Milton.

2. The power of moving from place to place, characteristic of the higher animals and some of the lower forms of plant life.

Locomotive adjective [ Confer French locomotif . See Locomotion .]
1. Moving from place to place; changing place, or able to change place; as, a locomotive animal.

2. Used in producing motion; as, the locomotive organs of an animal.

Locomotive noun A locomotive engine; a self-propelling wheel carriage, especially one which bears a steam boiler and one or more steam engines which communicate motion to the wheels and thus propel the carriage, -- used to convey goods or passengers, or to draw wagons, railroad cars, etc. See Illustration in Appendix.

Consolidation locomotive , a locomotive having four pairs of connected drivers. -- Locomotive car , a locomotive and a car combined in one vehicle; a dummy engine. [ U.S.] -- Locomotive engine . Same as Locomotive , above. -- Mogul locomotive . See Mogul .

Locomotiveness, Locomotivity noun [ Confer French locomotivité .] The power of changing place.

Locomotor adjective [ See Locomotion .] Of or pertaining to movement or locomotion.

Locomotor ataxia , or Progressive locomotor ataxy (Medicine) , a disease of the spinal cord characterized by peculiar disturbances of gait, and difficulty in coördinating voluntary movements.

Loculament noun [ Latin loculamentum case, box, from loculus a compartment, dim. of locus place.] (Botany) The cell of a pericarp in which the seed is lodged.

Locular adjective [ Latin locularis .] (Botany) Of or relating to the cell or compartment of an ovary, etc.; in composition, having cells; as tri locular . Gray.

Loculate adjective [ Latin loculatus .] (Botany) Divided into compartments.

Locule noun [ Confer French locule . See Loculus .] (Zoology) A little hollow; a loculus.

Loculicidal adjective [ Latin loculus cell + caedere to cut: confer French loculicide .] (Botany) Dehiscent through the middle of the back of each cell; -- said of capsules.