Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Loculose, Loculous adjective
[ Latin loculosus
. See Loculament
.] (Botany) Divided by internal partitions into cells, as the pith of the pokeweed.
; plural Loculi
. [ Latin , little place, a compartment.] 1. (Zoology) One of the spaces between the septa in the Anthozoa. 2. (Botany) One of the compartments of a several-celled ovary; loculament.
[ Latin , holding the place; locus
place + tenens
, present participle of tenere
to hold. Confer Lieutenant
.] A substitute or deputy; one filling an office for a time.
; plural Loci
, & Loca
. [ Latin , place. Confer Allow
.] 1. A place; a locality. 2. (Math.) The line traced by a point which varies its position according to some determinate law; the surface described by a point or line that moves according to a given law. Plane locus
, a locus that is a straight line, or a circle.
-- Solid locus
, a locus that is one of the conic sections.
[ Latin locusta
locust, grasshopper. Confer Lobster
.] 1. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of long-winged, migratory, orthopterous insects, of the family Acrididæ , allied to the grasshoppers; esp., ( Edipoda, or Pachytylus, migratoria , and Acridium perigrinum , of Southern Europe, Asia, and Africa. In the United States the related species with similar habits are usually called grasshoppers . See Grasshopper .
» These insects are at times so numerous in Africa and the south of Asia as to devour every green thing; and when they migrate, they fly in an immense cloud. In the United States the harvest flies are improperly called locusts
. See Cicada
. Locust beetle (Zoology)
, a longicorn beetle ( Cyllene robiniæ ), which, in the larval state, bores holes in the wood of the locust tree. Its color is brownish black, barred with yellow. Called also locust borer .
-- Locust bird (Zoology) the rose-colored starling or pastor of India. See Pastor .
-- Locust hunter (Zoology)
, an African bird; the beefeater. 2.
[ Etymol. uncertain.] (Botany) The locust tree. See Locust Tree (definition, note, and phrases). Locust bean (Botany)
, a commercial name for the sweet pod of the carob tree.
Locust tree [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Botany) A large North American tree of the genus Robinia ( R. Pseudacacia ), producing large slender racemes of white, fragrant, papilionaceous flowers, and often cultivated as an ornamental tree. In England it is called acacia . » The name is also applied to other trees of different genera, especially to those of the genus Hymenæa , of which H. Courbaril is a lofty, spreading tree of South America; also to the carob tree ( Ceratonia siliqua ), a tree growing in the Mediterranean region. Honey locust tree (Botany) , a tree of the genus Gleditschia ) G. triacanthus ), having pinnate leaves and strong branching thorns; -- so called from a sweet pulp found between the seeds in the pods. Called also simply honey locust . -- Water locust tree (Botany) , a small swamp tree ( Gleditschia monosperma ), of the Southern United States.
Locusta noun [ New Latin : confer locuste .] (Botany) The spikelet or flower cluster of grasses. Gray.
Locustella noun [ New Latin , from Latin locusta a locust.] (Zoology) The European cricket warbler.
Locustic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, the locust; -- formerly used to designate a supposed acid.
Locusting p. adjective Swarming and devastating like locusts. [ R.] Tennyson.
[ Latin locutio
, from loqui
to speak: confer French locution
. ] Speech or discourse; a phrase; a form or mode of expression.
" Stumbling locutions
." G. Eliot.
I hate these figures in locution , Marston.
These about phrases forced by ceremony.
Locutory (lŏk"u*to*rȳ) noun A room for conversation; especially, a room in monasteries, where the monks were allowed to converse.
Lodde (lŏd'de) noun (Zoology) The capelin.
[ Anglo-Saxon lād
way, journey, from līðan
to go. See Lead
to guide, and confer Load
a burden.] 1. A water course or way; a reach of water.
Down that long, dark lode . . . he and his brother skated home in triumph. C. Kingsley. 2. (Mining) A metallic vein; any regular vein or course, whether metallic or not.
Lode-ship noun An old name for a pilot boat.
Lodemanage noun [ Middle English lodemenage . Chaucer .] Pilotage. [ Obsolete]
Lodesman noun Same as Loadsman .
[ Middle English loge
, French loge
, Late Latin laubia
porch, gallery, from Old High German louba
, German laube
, arbor, bower, from lab
foliage. See Leaf
, and confer Lobby
.] 1. A shelter in which one may rest;
as: (a) A shed; a rude cabin; a hut; as, an Indian's lodge . Chaucer.
Their lodges and their tentis up they gan bigge [ to build]. Robert of Brunne.
O for a lodge in some vast wilderness! Cowper. (b) A small dwelling house, as for a gamekeeper or gatekeeper of an estate. Shak. (c) A den or cave. (d) The meeting room of an association; hence, the regularly constituted body of members which meets there; as, a masonic lodge . (c) The chamber of an abbot, prior, or head of a college. 2. (Mining) The space at the mouth of a level next the shaft, widened to permit wagons to pass, or ore to be deposited for hoisting; -- called also platt . Raymond. 3. A collection of objects lodged together.
The Maldives, a famous lodge of islands. De Foe. 4. A family of North American Indians, or the persons who usually occupy an Indian lodge, -- as a unit of enumeration, reckoned from four to six persons; as, the tribe consists of about two hundred lodges , that is, of about a thousand individuals. Lodge gate
, a park gate, or entrance gate, near the lodge. See Lodge , noun , 1 (b) .
Lodge intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lodged
(lŏjd); present participle & verbal noun Lodging
(lŏj"ĭng).] 1. To rest or remain a lodge house, or other shelter; to rest; to stay; to abide; esp., to sleep at night; as, to lodge in York Street. Chaucer.
Stay and lodge by me this night. Shak.
Something holy lodges in that breast. Milton. 2. To fall or lie down, as grass or grain, when overgrown or beaten down by the wind. Mortimer. 3. To come to a rest; to stop and remain; as, the bullet lodged in the bark of a tree.
Lodge transitive verb
[ Middle English loggen
, Old French logier
, French loger
. See Lodge
] 1. To give shelter or rest to; especially, to furnish a sleeping place for; to harbor; to shelter; hence, to receive; to hold.
Every house was proud to lodge a knight. Dryden.
The memory can lodge a greater store of images than all the senses can present at one time. Cheyne. 2. To drive to shelter; to track to covert.
The deer is lodged ; I have tracked her to her covert. Addison. 3. To deposit for keeping or preservation; as, the men lodged their arms in the arsenal. 4. To cause to stop or rest in; to implant.
He lodged an arrow in a tender breast. Addison. 5. To lay down; to prostrate.
Though bladed corn be lodged , and trees blown down. Shak. To lodge an information
, to enter a formal complaint.
Lodgeable adjective [ Confer French logeable .]
1. That may be or can be lodged; as, so many persons are not lodgeable in this village. 2. Capable of affording lodging; fit for lodging in. [ R.] " The lodgeable area of the earth." Jeffrey.
Lodged adjective (Her.) Lying down; -- used of beasts of the chase, as couchant is of beasts of prey.
Lodger noun One who, or that which, lodges; one who occupies a hired room in another's house.
Lodging noun 1. The act of one who, or that which, lodges. 2. A place of rest, or of temporary habitation; esp., a sleeping apartment; -- often in the plural with a singular meaning. Gower.
Wits take lodgings in the sound of Bow. Pope. 3. Abiding place; harbor; cover.
Fair bosom . . . the lodging of delight. Spenser. Lodging house
, a house where lodgings are provided and let.
-- Lodging room
, a room in which a person lodges, esp. a hired room.
[ Written also lodgement
.] [ Confer French logement
. See Lodge
] 1. The act of lodging, or the state of being lodged.
Any particle which is of size enough to make a lodgment afterwards in the small arteries. Paley. 2. A lodging place; a room.
[ Obsolete] 3. An accumulation or collection of something deposited in a place or remaining at rest. 4. (Mil.) The occupation and holding of a position, as by a besieging party; an instrument thrown up in a captured position; as, to effect a lodgment .
Lodicule noun [ Latin lodicula . dim, of lodix , lodicis , a coverlet: confer French lodicule .] (Botany) One of the two or three delicate membranous scales which are next to the stamens in grasses.
Loellingite noun [ So called from Lölling , in Austria.] (Min.) A tin-white arsenide of iron, isomorphous with arsenopyrite.
Loess noun [ German löss .] (Geol.) A quaternary deposit, usually consisting of a fine yellowish earth, on the banks of the Rhine and other large rivers.
[ Named after the Swedish zoölogist, S. French Löven
, who discovered it.] (Zoology) The peculiar larva of Polygordius. See Polygordius .
Loffe intransitive verb To laugh. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Icelandic lopt
air, heaven, loft, upper room; akin to Anglo-Saxon lyft
air, German luft
, Danish loft
loft, Goth. luftus
air. Confer Lift
] That which is lifted up; an elevation.
Hence, especially: (a) The room or space under a roof and above the ceiling of the uppermost story. (b) A gallery or raised apartment in a church, hall, etc.; as, an organ loft . (c) A floor or room placed above another; a story.
Eutychus . . . fell down from the third loft . Acts xx. 9. On loft
, aloft; on high. Confer Onloft .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Loft adjective Lofty; proud. [ R. & Obsolete] Surrey.
Loft noun (Golf) Pitch or slope of the face of a club (tending to drive the ball upward).
Loft transitive verb To make or furnish with a loft; to cause to have loft; as, a lofted house; a lofted golf-club head.
A wooden club with a lofted face. Encyc. of Sport.
Loft transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Lofted
; present participle & verbal noun Lofting
.] To raise aloft; to send into the air;
, to strike (the ball) so that it will go over an obstacle.
Lofter noun (Golf) An iron club used in lofting the ball; -- called also lofting iron .
[ From Lofty
.] In a lofty manner or position; haughtily.
Loftiness noun The state or quality of being lofty.
Lofting iron (Golf) Same as Lofter .
[ Compar. Loftier
; superl. Loftiest
.] [ From Loft
.] 1. Lifted high up; having great height; towering; high.
See lofty Lebanon his head advance. Pope. 2. Fig.: Elevated in character, rank, dignity, spirit, bearing, language, etc.; exalted; noble; stately; characterized by pride; haughty.
The high and lofty One, that inhabiteth eternity. Is. lvii. 15.
Lofty and sour to them that loved him not
Himself to sing, and build the lofty rhyme. Milton. Syn.
-- Tall; high; exalted; dignified; stately; majestic; sublime; proud; haughty. See Tall
Log noun [ Hebrew lōg .] A Hebrew measure of liquids, containing 2.37 gills. W. H. Ward.
[ Icelandic lāg
a felled tree, log; akin to English lie
. See Lie
to lie prostrate.] 1. A bulky piece of wood which has not been shaped by hewing or sawing. 2.
[ Prob. the same word as in sense 1; confer LG. log
, Danish log
, Swedish logg
.] (Nautical) An apparatus for measuring the rate of a ship's motion through the water.
» The common log
consists of the log-chip
, or logship
, often exclusively called the log
, and the log line
, the former being commonly a thin wooden quadrant of five or six inches radius, loaded with lead on the arc to make it float with the point up. It is attached to the log line by cords from each corner. This line is divided into equal spaces, called knots
, each bearing the same proportion to a mile that half a minute does to an hour. The line is wound on a reel which is so held as to let it run off freely. When the log is thrown, the log-chip is kept by the water from being drawn forward, and the speed of the ship is shown by the number of knots run out in half a minute. There are improved logs, consisting of a piece of mechanism which, being towed astern, shows the distance actually gone through by the ship, by means of the revolutions of a fly, which are registered on a dial plate. 3. Hence: The record of the rate of ship's speed or of her daily progress; also, the full nautical record of a ship's cruise or voyage; a log slate; a log book. 4. A record and tabulated statement of the work done by an engine, as of a steamship, of the coal consumed, and of other items relating to the performance of machinery during a given time. 5. (Mining) A weight or block near the free end of a hoisting rope to prevent it from being drawn through the sheave. Log board (Nautical)
, a board consisting of two parts shutting together like a book, with columns in which are entered the direction of the wind, course of the ship, etc., during each hour of the day and night. These entries are transferred to the log book. A folding slate is now used instead.
-- Log book
, or Logbook (Nautical)
, a book in which is entered the daily progress of a ship at sea, as indicated by the log, with notes on the weather and incidents of the voyage; the contents of the log board. Log cabin
, Log house
, a cabin or house made of logs.
-- Log canoe
, a canoe made by shaping and hollowing out a single log.
-- Log glass (Nautical)
, a small sandglass used to time the running out of the log line.
-- Log line (Nautical)
, a line or cord about a hundred and fifty fathoms long, fastened to the log-chip. See Note under 2d Log , noun , 2.
-- Log perch (Zoology)
, an ethiostomoid fish, or darter ( Percina caprodes ); -- called also hogfish and rockfish .
-- Log reel (Nautical)
, the reel on which the log line is wound.
-- Log slate
. (Nautical) See Log board (above).
-- Rough log (Nautical)
, a first draught of a record of the cruise or voyage.
-- Smooth log (Nautical)
, a clean copy of the rough log. In the case of naval vessels this copy is forwarded to the proper officer of the government.
-- To heave the log (Nautical)
, to cast the log-chip into the water; also, the whole process of ascertaining a vessel's speed by the log.
Log transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Logged
; present participle & verbal noun Logging
, To enter in a ship's log book; as, to log the miles run. J. F. Cooper.
Log intransitive verb
1. To engage in the business of cutting or transporting logs for timber; to get out logs. [ U.S.] 2. To move to and fro; to rock. [ Obsolete]
Logaœdic (lŏg`ȧ*ĕd"ĭk) adjective [ Greek logaoidiko`s ; lo`gos discourse, prose + 'aoidh` song.] (Gr. Pros.) Composed of dactyls and trochees so arranged as to produce a movement like that of ordinary speech.
Logan noun A rocking or balanced stone. Gwill.
Logarithm (lŏg"ȧ*rĭ&thlig;'m) noun [ Greek lo`gos word, account, proportion + 'ariqmo`s number: confer French logarithme .] (Math.) One of a class of auxiliary numbers, devised by John Napier, of Merchiston, Scotland (1550-1617), to abridge arithmetical calculations, by the use of addition and subtraction in place of multiplication and division. The relation of logarithms to common numbers is that of numbers in an arithmetical series to corresponding numbers in a geometrical series, so that sums and differences of the former indicate respectively products and quotients of the latter; thus,