Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Lionship (lī"ŭn*shĭp) noun The state of being a lion.

Lip (lĭp) noun [ Middle English lippe , Anglo-Saxon lippa ; akin to Dutch lip , German lippe , lefze , Old High German lefs , Danish læbe , Swedish läpp , Latin labium , labrum . Confer Labial .]
1. One of the two fleshy folds which surround the orifice of the mouth in man and many other animals. In man the lips are organs of speech essential to certain articulations. Hence, by a figure they denote the mouth, or all the organs of speech, and sometimes speech itself.

Thine own lips testify against thee.
Job xv. 6.

2. An edge of an opening; a thin projecting part of anything; a kind of short open spout; as, the lip of a vessel.

3. The sharp cutting edge on the end of an auger.

4. (Botany) (a) One of the two opposite divisions of a labiate corolla. (b) The odd and peculiar petal in the Orchis family. See Orchidaceous .

5. (Zoology) One of the edges of the aperture of a univalve shell.

Lip bit , a pod auger. See Auger . -- Lip comfort , comfort that is given with words only. -- Lip comforter , one who comforts with words only. -- Lip labor , unfelt or insincere speech; hypocrisy. Bale. -- Lip reading , the catching of the words or meaning of one speaking by watching the motion of his lips without hearing his voice. Carpenter. -- Lip salve , a salve for sore lips. -- Lip service , expression by the lips of obedience and devotion without the performance of acts suitable to such sentiments. -- Lip wisdom , wise talk without practice, or unsupported by experience. -- Lip work . (a) Talk . (b) Kissing . [ Humorous] B. Jonson. -- To make a lip , to drop the under lip in sullenness or contempt. Shak. -- To shoot out the lip (Script.) , to show contempt by protruding the lip.

Lip transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lipped (lĭpt); present participle & verbal noun Lipping (-pĭng).]
1. To touch with the lips; to put the lips to; hence, to kiss.

The bubble on the wine which breaks
Before you lip the glass.
Praed.

A hand that kings
Have lipped and trembled kissing.
Shak.

2. To utter; to speak. [ R.] Keats.

Lip transitive verb To clip; to trim. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Lipans (le*pänz") noun plural ; sing. Lipan (-pän"). (Ethnol.) A tribe of North American Indians, inhabiting the northern part of Mexico. They belong to the Tinneh stock, and are closely related to the Apaches.

Liparian (lĭ*pā"rĭ* a n) noun (Zoology) Any species of a family ( Liparidæ ) of destructive bombycid moths, as the tussock moths.

Liparite (lĭp"ȧ*rīt) noun [ So called from Lipari , the island.] (Min.) A quartzose trachyte; rhyolite.

Lipic (lĭp"ĭk) adjective [ Greek li`pos fat.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, fat. The word was formerly used specifically to designate a supposed acid obtained by the oxidation of oleic acid, tallow, wax, etc.

Lipinic (lĭ*pĭn"ĭk) adjective (Chemistry) Lipic.

Lipless (lĭp"lĕs) adjective Having no lips.

Liplet (-lĕt) noun A little lip.

Lipocephala (lĭp`o*sĕf"ȧ*lȧ) noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek lei`pesqai to be lacking + kefalh` head.] (Zoology) Same as Lamellibranchia .

Lipochrin (lĭp"o*krĭn) noun [ Greek li`pos fat + chro`a color.] (Physiol. Chem.) A yellow coloring matter, soluble in ether, contained in the small round fat drops in the retinal epithelium cells. It is best obtained from the eyes of frogs.

Lipogram (lĭp"o*grăm; 277) noun [ Greek lei`pein , lipei^n , to leave, omit + -gram .] A writing composed of words not having a certain letter or letters; -- as in the Odyssey of Tryphiodorus there was no A in the first book, no B in the second, and so on.

Lipogrammatic (-măt"ĭk) adjective [ Greek lipogra`mmatos : confer French lipogrammatique .] Omitting a letter; composed of words not having a certain letter or letters; as, lipogrammatic writings.

Lipogrammatist (-grăm"mȧ*tĭst) noun [ Confer French lipogrammatiste .] One who makes a lipogram.

Lipoma (lĭ*pō"mȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Greek li`pos fat + - oma .] (Medicine) A tumor consisting of fat or adipose tissue. -- Li*pom"a*tous (- pŏm"ȧ*tŭs) adjective

Lipothymic (lī`po*thĭm"ĭk) adjective [ Greek leipoqymiko`s , lipoqymiko`s .] Tending to swoon; fainting. [ Written also leipothymic .]

Lipothymous (li*pŏth"ĭ*mŭs) adjective [ Greek lei`pein to leave, to lack + qymo`s soul, life.] Pertaining, or given, to swooning; fainting.

Lipothymy (-mȳ) noun [ Greek lipoqymi`a : confer French lipothymie .] A fainting; a swoon. Jer. Taylor.

Lipped (lĭpt) adjective
1. Having a lip or lips; having a raised or rounded edge resembling the lip; -- often used in composition; as, thick -lipped , thin -lipped , etc.

2. (Botany) Labiate.

Lippitude (lĭp"pĭ*tūd) noun [ Latin lippitudo , from lippus blear- eyed: confer French lippitude .] Soreness of eyes; the state of being blear-eyed; blearedness.

Lipse (lĭps) intransitive verb To lisp. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Lipyl (lĭp"ĭl) noun [ Greek li`pos fat + -yl .] (Chemistry) A hypothetical radical of glycerin. [ Obsolete] Berzelius.

Lipæmia (lĭ*pē"mĭ*ȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Greek li`pos fat + a"i^ma blood.] (Medicine) A condition in which fat occurs in the blood.

Liquable (lĭk"wȧ*b'l) adjective [ Latin liquabilis . See Liquate , intransitive verb ] Capable of being melted.

Liquate (lī"kwāt) intransitive verb [ Latin liquatus , past participle of liquare to melt.] To melt; to become liquid. [ Obsolete] Woodward.

Liquate transitive verb (Metal.) To separate by fusion, as a more fusible from a less fusible material.

Liquation (li*kwā"shŭn) noun [ Latin liquatio : confer French liquation .]
1. The act or operation of making or becoming liquid; also, the capacity of becoming liquid.

2. (Metal.) The process of separating, by heat, an easily fusible metal from one less fusible; eliquation.

Liquefacient (lĭk`we*fā"sh e nt) noun [ Latin liquefaciens , present participle of liquefacere . See Liquefy .]
1. That which serves to liquefy.

2. (Medicine) An agent, as mercury, iodine, etc., which promotes the liquefying processes of the system, and increases the secretions.

Liquefaction (-făk"shŭn) noun [ Latin liquefactio : confer French liquéfaction . See Liquefy .]
1. The act or operation of making or becoming liquid; especially, the conversion of a solid into a liquid by the sole agency of heat.

2. The state of being liquid.

3. (Chem. Physics) The act, process, or method, of reducing a gas or vapor to a liquid by means of cold or pressure; as, the liquefaction of oxygen or hydrogen.

Liquefiable (lĭk"we*fī`ȧ*b'l) adjective [ Confer French liquéfiable . See Liquefy .] Capable of being changed from a solid to a liquid state.

Liquefier (-ẽr) noun That which liquefies.

Liquefy (-fī) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Liquefied (-fīd); present participle & verbal noun Liquefying (- fī`ĭng).] [ French liquéfier , Latin liquere to be liquid + facere , -ficare (in comp.), to make. See Liquid , and -fy .] To convert from a solid form to that of a liquid; to melt; to dissolve; and technically, to melt by the sole agency of heat.

Liquefy intransitive verb To become liquid.

Liquescency (li*kwĕs"s e n*sȳ) noun [ See Liquescent .] The quality or state of being liquescent. Johnson.

Liquescent (-s e nt) adjective [ Latin liquescens , present participle of liquescere to become liquid, incho. from liquere to be liquid.] Tending to become liquid; inclined to melt; melting.

Liqueur (le`kẽr") noun [ French See Liquor .] An aromatic alcoholic cordial.

» Some liqueurs are prepared by infusing certain woods, fruits, or flowers, in either water or alcohol, and adding sugar, etc. Others are distilled from aromatic or flavoring agents.

Liquid (lĭk"wĭd) adjective [ Latin liquidus , from liquere to be fluid or liquid; confer Sanskrit to ooze, drop, to melt.]


1. Flowing freely like water; fluid; not solid.

Yea, though he go upon the plane and liquid water which will receive no step.
Tyndale.

2. (Physics) Being in such a state that the component parts move freely among themselves, but do not tend to separate from each other as the particles of gases and vapors do; neither solid nor aëriform; as, liquid mercury, in distinction from mercury solidified or in a state of vapor.

3. Flowing or sounding smoothly or without abrupt transitions or harsh tones. " Liquid melody." Crashaw.

4. Pronounced without any jar or harshness; smooth; as, l and r are liquid letters.

5. Fluid and transparent; as, the liquid air.

6. Clear; definite in terms or amount. [ Obsolete] "Though the debt should be entirely liquid ." Ayliffe.

Liquid glass . See Soluble glass , under Glass .

Liquid noun
1. A substance whose parts change their relative position on the slightest pressure, and therefore retain no definite form; any substance in the state of liquidity; a fluid that is not aëriform.

» Liquid and fluid are terms often used synonymously, but fluid has the broader signification. All liquids are fluids, but many fluids, as air and the gases, are not liquids.

2. (Phon.) A letter which has a smooth, flowing sound, or which flows smoothly after a mute; as, l and r , in bla , bra . M and n also are called liquids .

Liquid measure , a measure, or system of measuring, for liquids, by the gallon, quart, pint, gill, etc.

Liquid air (Physics) A transparent limpid liquid, slightly blue in color, consisting of a mixture of liquefied oxygen and nitrogen. It is prepared by subjecting air to great pressure and then cooling it by its own expansion to a temperature below the boiling point of its constituents (N -194° C; O - 183° C.).

Liquidambar (lĭk"wĭd*ăm`bẽr) noun [ Liquid + amber .]
1. (Botany) A genus consisting of two species of tall trees having star- shaped leaves, and woody burlike fruit. Liquidambar styraciflua is the North American sweet qum , and Latin Orientalis is found in Asia Minor.

2. The balsamic juice which is obtained from these trees by incision. The liquid balsam of the Oriental tree is liquid storax .

Liquidamber noun See Liquidambar .

Liquidate (lĭk"wĭ*dāt) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Liquidated (- dā`tĕd); present participle & verbal noun Liquidating .] [ Late Latin liquidatus , past participle of liquidare to liquidate, from Latin liquidus liquid, clear. See Liquid .]
1. (Law) To determine by agreement or by litigation the precise amount of (indebtedness); or, where there is an indebtedness to more than one person, to determine the precise amount of (each indebtedness); to make the amount of (an indebtedness) clear and certain.

A debt or demand is liquidated whenever the amount due is agreed on by the parties, or fixed by the operation of law.
15 Ga. Rep. 321.

If our epistolary accounts were fairly liquidated , I believe you would be brought in considerable debtor.
Chesterfield.

2. In an extended sense: To ascertain the amount, or the several amounts, of , and apply assets toward the discharge of (an indebtedness). Abbott.

3. To discharge; to pay off, as an indebtedness.

Friburg was ceded to Zurich by Sigismund to liquidate a debt of a thousand florins.
W. Coxe.

4. To make clear and intelligible.

Time only can liquidate the meaning of all parts of a compound system.
A. Hamilton.

5. To make liquid. [ Obsolete]

Liquidated damages (Law) , damages the amount of which is fixed or ascertained. Abbott.

Liquidation (lĭk`wĭ*dā"shŭn) noun [ Confer French liquidation .] The act or process of liquidating; the state of being liquidated.

To go into liquidation (Law) , to turn over to a trustee one's assets and accounts, in order that the several amounts of one's indebtedness may be authoritatively ascertained, and that the assets may be applied toward their discharge.

Liquidator (lĭk"wĭ*dā`tẽr) noun [ Confer French liquidateur .]


1. One who, or that which, liquidates.

2. An officer appointed to conduct the winding up of a company, to bring and defend actions and suits in its name, and to do all necessary acts on behalf of the company. [ Eng.] Mozley & W.

Liquidity (lĭ*kwĭd"ĭ*tȳ) noun [ Latin liquiditas , from liquidus liquid: confer F. liquidité .] The state or quality of being liquid.

Liquidize (lĭk"wĭd*īz) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Liquidized (- īzd); present participle & verbal noun Liquidizing (- ī`zĭng).] To render liquid.

Liquidly adverb In a liquid manner; flowingly.

Liquidness noun The quality or state of being liquid; liquidity; fluency.