Webster's Dictionary, 1913
(- bŭs) noun
[ Latin limbus
border, edge, in limbo
on the border. Confer Limb
border.] 1. (Scholastic Theol.) An extramundane region where certain classes of souls were supposed to await the judgment.
As far from help as Limbo is from bliss. Shak.
A Limbo large and broad, since called Milton.
The Paradise of fools.
» The limbus patrum
was considered as a place for the souls of good men who lived before the coming of our Savior. The limbus infantium
was said to be a similar place for the souls of unbaptized infants. To these was added, in the popular belief, the limbus fatuorum
, or fool's paradise, regarded as a receptacle of all vanity and nonsense. 2. Hence: Any real or imaginary place of restraint or confinement; a prison; as, to put a man in limbo . 3. (Anat.) A border or margin; as, the limbus of the cornea.
[ See Limbus
.] (Anat.) With slightly overlapping borders; -- said of a suture.
Limburg cheese, Limburger noun , Lim"burg*er cheese A soft cheese made in the Belgian province of Limburg (Limbourg), and usually not eaten until the curing has developed a peculiar and, to most people, unpleasant odor.
[ See Leam
a string.] A thong by which a dog is led; a leash. Halliwell.
[ Formerly line
, for earlier lind
. See Linden
.] (Botany) The linden tree. See Linden .
[ French lime
; of Persian origin. See Lemon
.] (Botany) A fruit allied to the lemon, but much smaller; also, the tree which bears it. There are two kinds; Citrus Medica , var. acida which is intensely sour, and the sweet lime ( C. Medica , var. Limetta ) which is only slightly sour.
[ Anglo-Saxon līm
; akin to Dutch lijm
, German leim
, Old High German līm
, Icelandic līm
, Swedish lim
, Danish liim
, Latin limus
to smear, and English loam
. √126. Confer Loam
.] 1. Birdlime.
Like the lime Wordsworth. 2. (Chemistry) Oxide of calcium; the white or gray, caustic substance, usually called quicklime , obtained by calcining limestone or shells, the heat driving off carbon dioxide and leaving lime. It develops great heat when treated with water, forming slacked lime, and is an essential ingredient of cement, plastering, mortar, etc.
That foolish birds are caught with.
» Lime is the principal constituent of limestone, marble, chalk, bones, shells, etc. Caustic lime
, calcium hydrate or slacked lime; also, in a less technical sense, calcium oxide or quicklime.
-- Lime burner
, one who burns limestone, shells, etc., to make lime.
-- Lime light
. See Calcium light , under Calcium .
-- Lime pit
, a limestone quarry.
-- Lime rod
, Lime twig
, a twig smeared with birdlime; hence, that which catches; a snare. Chaucer.
Lime transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Limed
(līmd); present participle & verbal noun Liming
.] [ Confer Anglo-Saxon gelīman
to glue or join together. See Lime
a viscous substance.] 1. To smear with a viscous substance, as birdlime.
These twigs, in time, will come to be limed . L'Estrange. 2. To entangle; to insnare.
We had limed ourselves Tennyson. 3. To treat with lime, or oxide or hydrate of calcium; to manure with lime; as, to lime hides for removing the hair; to lime sails in order to whiten them.
With open eyes, and we must take the chance.
Land may be improved by draining, marling, and liming . Sir J. Child. 4. To cement.
"Who gave his blood to lime
the stones together." Shak.
Lime twig See under 4th Lime .
Lime-twigged (-twĭgd`) adjective Beset with snares; insnared, as with birdlime. Latin Addison.
Limehound (līm"hound`) noun [ Lime a leash + hound .] A dog used in hunting the wild boar; a leamer. Spenser.
Limekiln (līm"kĭln`) noun A kiln or furnace in which limestone or shells are burned and reduced to lime.
Limelight noun (Theat.) That part of the stage upon which the limelight as cast, usually where the most important action is progressing or where the leading player or players are placed and upon which the attention of the spectators is therefore concentrated. Hence, consspicuous position before the public; as, politicians who are never happy except in the limelight .
Limenean (le*mĕn"e* a n) adjective Of or pertaining to Lima, or to the inhabitants of Lima, in Peru. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Lima.
Limer (līm"ẽr) noun A limehound; a limmer. Chaucer.
[ Said to be from a song with the same verse construction, current in Ireland, the refrain of which contains the place name Limerick
.] A nonsense poem of five anapestic lines, of which lines 1, 2, and 5 are of there feet, and rime, and lines 3 and 4 are of two feet, and rime; as --
There was a young lady, Amanda,
Whose Ballades Lyriques were quite fin de
Siècle , I deem
But her Journal Intime
Was what sent her papa to Uganda.
Limestone (līm"stōn`) noun A rock consisting chiefly of calcium carbonate or carbonate of lime. It sometimes contains also magnesium carbonate, and is then called magnesian or dolomitic limestone . Crystalline limestone is called marble .
Limewater (-wa`tẽr) noun Water impregnated with lime; esp., an artificial solution of lime for medicinal purposes.
Limicoline (-lĭn) adjective (Zoology) Shore-inhabiting; of or pertaining to the Limicolæ.
Limicolæ (li*mĭk"o*lē) noun plural [ Latin limicola a dweller in the mud; limus mud + colere to dwell.] (Zoology) A group of shore birds, embracing the plovers, sandpipers, snipe, curlew, etc.; the Grallæ.
Liminess (līm"ĭ*nĕs) noun The state or quality of being limy.
[ From Latin limes
: confer French limite
; or from English limit
, v. See Limit
, transitive verb
] 1. That which terminates, circumscribes, restrains, or confines; the bound, border, or edge; the utmost extent; as, the limit of a walk, of a town, of a country; the limits of human knowledge or endeavor.
As eager of the chase, the maid Pope. 2. The space or thing defined by limits.
Beyond the forest's verdant limits strayed.
The archdeacon hath divided it Shak. 3. That which terminates a period of time; hence, the period itself; the full time or extent.
Into three limits very equally.
The dateless limit of thy dear exile. Shak.
The limit of your lives is out. Shak. 4. A restriction; a check; a curb; a hindrance.
I prithee, give no limits to my tongue. Shak. 5. (Logic & Metaph.) A determining feature; a distinguishing characteristic; a differentia. 6. (Math.) A determinate quantity, to which a variable one continually approaches, and may differ from it by less than any given difference, but to which, under the law of variation, the variable can never become exactly equivalent. Elastic limit
. See under Elastic .
-- Prison limits
, a definite extent of space in or around a prison, within which a prisoner has liberty to go and come. Syn.
-- Boundary; border; edge; termination; restriction; bound; confine.
(lĭm"ĭt) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Limited
; present participle & verbal noun Limiting
.] [ French limiter
, Latin limitare
, from limes
, limit; probably akin to limen
threshold, English eliminate
; confer Latin limus
sidelong.] To apply a limit to, or set a limit for; to terminate, circumscribe, or restrict, by a limit or limits; as, to limit the acreage of a crop; to limit the issue of paper money; to limit one's ambitions or aspirations; to limit the meaning of a word. Limiting parallels (Astron.)
, those parallels of latitude between which only an occultation of a star or planet by the moon, in a given case, can occur.
Limit intransitive verb To beg, or to exercise functions, within a certain limited region; as, a limiting friar. [ Obsolete]
Limitable (-ȧ*b'l) adjective Capable of being limited.
[ Latin limitaneus
. See Limit
, transitive verb
] Of or pertaining to a limit.
Limitarian (-rĭ* a n) adjective Tending to limit.
[ Latin limitaris
. See Limit
, transitive verb
] 1. Placed at the limit, as a guard.
cherub." Milton. 2. Confined within limits; limited in extent, authority, power, etc.
The poor, limitary creature calling himself a man of the world. De Quincey. 3. Limiting, or tending to limit; restrictive.
Doctrines limitary , if not subversive of the papal power. Milman.
; plural - ries
(-rĭz). 1. That which serves to limit; a boundary; border land.
[ Obsolete] Fuller. 2. A limiter. See Limiter , 2.
[ Latin limitatus
, past participle of limitare
to limit. See Limit
, transitive verb
] Bounded by a distinct line.
[ Latin limitatio
: confer French limitation
. See Limit
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of limiting; the state or condition of being limited; as, the limitation of his authority was approved by the council.
They had no right to mistake the limitation . . . of their own faculties, for an inherent limitation of the possible modes of existence in the universe. J. S. Mill. 2. That which limits; a restriction; a qualification; a restraining condition, defining circumstance, or qualifying conception; as, limitations of thought.
The cause of error is ignorance what restraints and limitations all principles have in regard of the matter whereunto they are applicable. Hooker. 3. A certain precinct within which friars were allowed to beg, or exercise their functions; also, the time during which they were permitted to exercise their functions in such a district. Chaucer. Latimer. 4. A limited time within or during which something is to be done.
You have stood your limitation , and the tribunes Shak. 5. (Law) (a) A certain period limited by statute after which the claimant shall not enforce his claims by suit. (b) A settling of an estate or property by specific rules. (c) A restriction of power; as, a constitutional limitation . Wharton. Bouvier. To know one's own limitations
Endue you with the people's voice.
, to know the reach and limits of one's abilities. A. R. Wallace.
Limited (lĭm"ĭt*ĕd) adjective Confined within limits; narrow; circumscribed; restricted; as, our views of nature are very limited . Limited company , a company in which the liability of each shareholder is limited by the number of shares he has taken, so that he can not be called on to contribute beyond the amount of his shares. [ Eng.] Mozley & W.
Limitedly adverb With limitation.
Limitedness noun The quality of being limited.
(-ẽr) noun 1. One who, or that which, limits. 2. A friar licensed to beg within certain bounds, or whose duty was limited to a certain district.
[ Formerly written also limitour
A limitour of the Gray Friars, in the time of his limitation, preached many times, and had but one sermon at all times. Latimer.
Limitive (-ĭv) adjective Involving a limit; as, a limitive law, one designed to limit existing powers. [ R.]
Limitless adjective Having no limits; unbounded; boundless. Davies (Wit's Pilgr.).
(-ōr) noun See Limiter , 2.
Limmer (-mẽr) adjective Limber. [ Obsolete] Holland.
[ French limier
. See Leamer
.] 1. A limehound; a leamer. 2. (Zoology) A mongrel, as a cross between the mastiff and hound. 3. A low, base fellow; also, a prostitute.
Thieves, limmers , and broken men of the Highlands. Sir W. Scott. 4. (Nautical) A man rope at the side of a ladder.
(lĭm) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Limned
(lĭmd); present participle & verbal noun Limning
(lĭm"nĭng or lĭm"ĭng).] [ Middle English limnen
, from luminen
, for enluminen
, French enluminer
to illuminate, to limn, Late Latin illuminare
to paint. √122. See Illuminate
.] 1. To draw or paint; especially, to represent in an artistic way with pencil or brush.
Let a painter carelessly limn out a million of faces, and you shall find them all different. Sir T. Browne. 2. To illumine, as books or parchments, with ornamental figures, letters, or borders.
[ French enlumineur
, Late Latin illuminator
. See Limn
, and confer Alluminor
.] A painter; an artist
; esp.: (a) One who paints portraits. (b) One who illuminates books.
[ Greek li`mh
a pool.] (Myth.) See Limoniad .
(lĭm"nĭng or lĭm"ĭng) noun The act, process, or art of one who limns; the picture or decoration so produced.
Adorned with illumination which we now call limning . Wood.
Limoges (le*mōzh") noun A city of Southern France. Limoges enamel , a kind of enamel ware in which the enamel is applied to the whole surface of a metal plaque, vase, or the like, and painted in enamel colors. The art was brought to a high degree of perfection in Limoges in the 16th century. - - Limoges ware . (a) Articles decorated with Limoges enamel . (b) Articles of porcelain, etc., manufactured at Limoges.
Limoniad (li*mō"nĭ*ăd) noun [ Latin limoniades , plural, Greek leimwnia`des , from leimw`n meadow.] (Class. Myth.) A nymph of the meadows; -- called also Limniad .
Limonin (li*mō"nĭn) noun [ From New Latin Citrus Medica, var. Limonum , the scientific name of the lemon.] (Chemistry) A bitter, white, crystalline substance found in orange and lemon seeds.
Limonite (lī"mŏn*īt) noun [ Greek leimw`n any moist grassy place, a meadow : confer French limonite , German limonit .] (Min.) Hydrous sesquioxide of iron, an important ore of iron, occurring in stalactitic, mammillary, or earthy forms, of a dark brown color, and yellowish brown powder. It includes bog iron. Also called brown hematite .
Limosis (li*mō"sĭs) noun [ New Latin , from Greek limo`s hunger.] (Medicine) A ravenous appetite caused by disease; excessive and morbid hunger.
Limous (lī"mŭs) adjective [ Latin limosus , from limus slime, mud.] Muddy; slimy; thick. Sir T. Browne.