Celestine, Celestite Cel"es·tine, Cel"es·tite , noun [ Late Latin caelestinus bine.] (Min.) Native strontium sulphate, a mineral so named from its occasional delicate blue color. It occurs crystallized, also in compact massive and fibrous forms.
Celiac Ce"li·ac adjective (Anat.) See Cœllac.
Celibacy Ce·lib"a·cy noun [ See Celibate , noun ] The state of being unmarried; single life, esp. that of a bachelor, or of one bound by vows not to marry. "The celibacy of the clergy." Hallom.
Celibate Cel"i·bate noun
[ Latin aelibatus
, from caelebs
unmarried, single.] 1. Celibate state; celibacy.
He . . . preferreth holy celibate before the estate of marriage. 2. One who is unmarried, esp. a bachelor, or one bound by vows not to marry.
Celibate Cel"i·bate adjective Unmarried; single; as, a celibate state.
Celibatist Ce·lib"a·tist noun One who lives unmarried. [ R.]
Celidography Cel`i·dog"ra·phy noun [ Greek ..., ... stain, spot + -graphy : confer French célidographie .] A description of apparent spots on the disk of the sun, or on planets.
Cell Cell noun
[ Old French celle
, from Latin cella
; akin to celare
to hide, and English hell
. Confer Hall
.] 1. A very small and close apartment, as in a prison or in a monastery or convent; the hut of a hermit.
The heroic confessor in his cell . 2. A small religious house attached to a monastery or convent.
or dependent priories." Milman. 3. Any small cavity, or hollow place. 4. (Architecture) (a) The space between the ribs of a vaulted roof. (b) Same as Cella . 5. (Electricity) A jar of vessel, or a division of a compound vessel, for holding the exciting fluid of a battery. 6. (Biol.) One of the minute elementary structures, of which the greater part of the various tissues and organs of animals and plants are composed.
» All cells have their origin in the primary cell from which the organism was developed. In the lowest animal and vegetable forms, one single cell constitutes the complete individual, such being called unicelluter orgamisms
. A typical cell is composed of a semifluid mass of protoplasm, more or less granular, generally containing in its center a nucleus which in turn frequently contains one or more nucleoli, the whole being surrounded by a thin membrane, the cell wall. In some cells, as in those of blood, in the amœba, and in embryonic cells (both vegetable and animal), there is no restricting cell wall, while in some of the unicelluliar organisms the nucleus is wholly wanting. See Illust.
. Air cell
. See Air cell .
-- Cell development (called also cell genesis , cell formation , and cytogenesis ), the multiplication, of cells by a process of reproduction under the following common forms; segmentation or fission , gemmation or budding , karyokinesis , and endogenous multiplication . See Segmentation , Gemmation , etc.
-- Cell theory
. (Biol.) See Cellular theory , under Cellular .
Cell Cell (sĕl) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Celled (sĕld).] To place or inclose in a cell. " Celled under ground." [ R.] Warner.
Cella Cel"la noun [ Latin ] (Architecture) The part inclosed within the walls of an ancient temple, as distinguished from the open porticoes.
Cellar Cel"lar noun [ Middle English celer , Old French celier , French celier , from Latin cellarium a receptacle for food, pantry, from cella storeroom. See Cell .] A room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground, where provisions and other stores are kept.
Cellarage Cel"lar·age noun 1. The space or storerooms of a cellar; a cellar. Sir W. Scott.
You hear this fellow in the cellarage . 2. Chare for storage in a cellar.
Cellarer Cel"lar·er noun [ Late Latin cellararius , equiv. to Latin cellarius steward: confer French cellérier . See Cellar .] (Eccl.) A steward or butler of a monastery or chapter; one who has charge of procuring and keeping the provisions.
Cellaret Cel`lar·et" noun [ Dim of cellar .] A receptacle, as in a dining room, for a few bottles of wine or liquor, made in the form of a chest or coffer, or a deep drawer in a sideboard, and usually lined with metal.
Cellarist Cel"lar·ist noun Same as Cellarer .
Celled Celled adjective Containing a cell or cells.
Cellepore Cel"le·pore noun [ Latin cella cell + porus , Greek ..., passage.] (Zoology) A genus of delicate branching corals, made up of minute cells, belonging to the Bryozoa.
Celliferous Cel·lif"er·ous adjective [ Cell + -ferous .] Bearing or producing cells.
(chĕl"loz), Italian Celli
(chĕl"lē). A contraction for Violoncello .
Cellular Cel"lu·lar (sĕl"ŭ*lẽr; 135) adjective [ Latin cellula a little cell: confer French cellulaire . See Cellule .] Consisting of, or containing, cells; of or pertaining to a cell or cells. Cellular plants , Cellular cryptogams (Botany) , those flowerless plants which have no ducts or fiber in their tissue, as mosses, fungi, lichens, and algæ. -- Cellular theory , or Cell theory (Biol.) , a theory, according to which the essential element of every tissue, either vegetable or animal, is a cell; the whole series of cells having been formed from the development of the germ cell and by differentiation converted into tissues and organs which, both in plants and animals, are to be considered as a mass of minute cells communicating with each other. -- Cellular tissue . (a) (Anat.) See conjunctive tissue under Conjunctive . (b) (Botany) Tissue composed entirely of parenchyma, and having no woody fiber or ducts.
Cellulated Cel"lu·la`ted adjective Cellular. Caldwell.
Cellule Cel"lule (sĕl"ūl) noun [ Latin cellula a small apartment, dim. of cella : confer French cellule . See Cell .] A small cell.
Celluliferous Cel`lu·lif"er·ous adjective [ Latin cellula + -ferous .] Bearing or producing little cells.
Cellulitis Cel`lu·li"tis noun [ New Latin , from Latin cellula + -itis .] An inflammantion of the cellular or areolar tissue, esp. of that lying immediately beneath the skin.
Celluloid Cel"lu·loid` (sĕl"u*loid) noun [ Cellul ose + -oid .] A substance composed essentially of gun cotton and camphor, and when pure resembling ivory in texture and color, but variously colored to imitate coral, tortoise shell, amber, malachite, etc. It is used in the manufacture of jewelry and many small articles, as combs, brushes, collars, and cuffs; -- originally called xylonite .
Cellulose Cel"lu·lose` (sĕl"u*lōs`) adjective Consisting of, or containing, cells.
Cellulose Cel"lu·lose` noun (Chemistry) The substance which constitutes the essential part of the solid framework of plants, of ordinary wood, linen, paper, etc. It is also found to a slight extent in certain animals, as the tunicates. It is a carbohydrate, (C 6 H 10 O 5 )n, isomeric with starch, and is convertible into starches and sugars by the action of heat and acids. When pure, it is a white amorphous mass. See Starch , Granulose , Lignin .
Unsized, well bleached linen paper is merely pure cellulose . Starch cellulose
, the delicate framework which remains when the soluble part (granulose) of starch is removed by saliva or pepsin. Goodale.
Celotomy Ce·lot"o·my noun [ Greek ...; ... hernia + ... to cut.] (Medicine) The act or operation of cutting, to relieve the structure in strangulated hernia. [ Frequently written kelotomy .]
Celsiture Cel"si·ture noun [ Latin celstudo , from celsus high: confer celsitude .] Height; altitude. [ Obsolete]
Celsius Cel"si·us noun The Celsius thermometer or scale, so called from Anders Celsius, a Swedish astronomer, who invented it. It is the same as the centigrade thermometer or scale.
Celt Celt (sĕlt) noun [ Latin Celtae , Greek Keltoi` , Ke`ltai , plural: confer W. Celtiad one that dwells in a covert, an inhabitant of the wood, a Celt, from celt covert, shelter, celu to hide.] One of an ancient race of people, who formerly inhabited a great part of Central and Western Europe, and whose descendants at the present day occupy Ireland, Wales, the Highlands of Scotland, and the northern shores of France. [ Written also Kelt . The letter C was pronounced hard in Celtic languages.]
Celt Celt noun [ Late Latin celts a chisel.] (Archæol.) A weapon or implement of stone or metal, found in the tumuli, or barrows, of the early Celtic nations.
Celtiberian Celt`i·be"ri·an adjective [ Latin Celtiber , Celtibericus .] Of or pertaining to the ancient Celtiberia (a district in Spain lying between the Ebro and the Tagus) or its inhabitants the Celtiberi (Celts of the river Iberus). -- noun An inhabitant of Celtiberia.
Celtic Celt"ic (sĕlt"ĭk) adjective [ Latin Celticus , Greek Keltiko`s . See Celt .] Of or pertaining to the Celts; as, Celtic people, tribes, literature, tongue. [ Written also Keltic .]
Celtic Celt"ic noun The language of the Celts. » The remains of the old Celtic language are found in the Gaelic, the Erse or Irish the Manx, and the Welsh and its cognate dialects Cornish and Bas Breton.
Celticism Celt"i·cism (sĕl"tĭ*sĭz'm) noun A custom of the Celts, or an idiom of their language. Warton.
Celticize Celt"i·cize` transitive verb To render Celtic; to assimilate to the Celts.
Celtium Cel"ti·um noun [ New Latin ] (Chemistry) A supposed new element of the rare-earth group, accompanying lutecium and scandium in the gadolinite earths. Symbol, Ct (no period).
Cembalo Cem"ba·lo noun [ Italian See Cymbal .] An old name for the harpsichord.
Cement Ce·ment" (sĕ*mĕnt" or sĕm"ĕnt) noun [ Old French cement , ciment , French ciment , from Latin caementum a rough, unhewn stone, pieces or chips of marble, from which mortar was made, contr. from caedimentum , from caedere to cut, probably akin to scindere to cleave, and to English shed , transitive verb ] 1. Any substance used for making bodies adhere to each other, as mortar, glue, etc. 2. A kind of calcined limestone, or a calcined mixture of clay and lime, for making mortar which will harden under water. 3. The powder used in cementation. See Cementation , noun , 2. 4. Bond of union; that which unites firmly, as persons in friendship, or men in society. "The cement of our love." 5. (Anat.) The layer of bone investing the root and neck of a tooth; -- called also cementum . Hydraulic cement . See under Hydraulic .
Cement Ce·ment" transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cemented ; present participle & verbal noun Cementing .] [ Confer French cimenter . See Cement , noun ] 1. To unite or cause to adhere by means of a cement. Bp. Burnet. 2. To unite firmly or closely. Shak. 3. To overlay or coat with cement; as, to cement a cellar bottom.
Cement Ce·ment" intransitive verb To become cemented or firmly united; to cohere. S. Sharp.
Cement steel Ce·ment" steel Steel produced by cementation; blister steel.
Cemental Ce·ment"al adjective Of or pertaining to cement, as of a tooth; as, cemental tubes. R. Owen.
Cementation Cem`en·ta"tion noun 1. The act or process of cementing. 2. (Chemistry) A process which consists in surrounding a solid body with the powder of other substances, and heating the whole to a degree not sufficient to cause fusion, the physical properties of the body being changed by chemical combination with powder; thus iron becomes steel by cementation with charcoal, and green glass becomes porcelain by cementation with sand.
Cementatory Ce·ment"a·to·ry adjective Having the quality of cementing or uniting firmly.
Cementer Ce·ment"er noun A person or thing that cements.
Cementitious Cem`en·ti"tious adjective [ Latin caementitius pertaining to quarry stones. See Cement , noun ] Of the nature of cement. [ R.] Forsyth.
Cemeterial Cem`e·te"ri·al adjective Of or pertaining to a cemetery. " Cemeterial cells." [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Cemetery Cem"e·ter·y noun
; plural Cemeteries
[ Latin cemeterium
, Greek ... a sleeping chamber, burial place, from ... to put to sleep.] A place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; a graveyard; a churchyard; a necropolis.
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