Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin celebratio
.] The act, process, or time of celebrating.
His memory deserving a particular celebration .
Celebration of Mass is equivalent to offering Mass
To hasten the celebration of their marriage.
Sir P. Sidney.
Celebrator noun [ Latin ] One who celebrates; a praiser. Boyle.
Celebrious adjective Famous. [ Obsolete] Speed.
; plural Celebrities
. [ Latin celebritas
: confer French célébrité
.] 1. Celebration; solemnization.
The celebrity of the marriage. 2. The state or condition of being celebrated; fame; renown; as, the celebrity of Washington.
An event of great celebrity in the history of astronomy. 3. A person of distinction or renown; -- usually in the plural; as, he is one of the celebrities of the place.
Celeriac noun (Botany) Turnip-rooted celery, a from of celery with a large globular root, which is used for food.
[ Latin celeritas
, from celer
swiftm speedy: sf. French célérité
.] Rapidity of motion; quickness; swiftness.
Time, with all its celerity , moves slowly to him whose whole employment is to watch its flight.
[ French céleri
, confer Prov. Italian seleno
; from Greek ... parsley, in Lgr. & NGr. celery
.] (Botany) A plant of the Parsley family ( Apium graveolens ), of which the blanched leafstalks are used as a salad.
[ Old French celestial
, from Latin caelestic
, from caelum
heaved. See Cell
.] 1. Belonging to the aërial regions, or visible heavens.
"The twelve celestial
signs." Shak. 2. Of or pertaining to the spiritual heaven; heavenly; divine.
spirits." " Celestial
light," Milton. Celestial city
, heaven; the heavenly Jerusalem. Bunyan.
-- Celestial empire
, China; -- so called from the Chinese words, tien chan , Heavenly Dynasty, as being the kingdom ruled over by the dynasty appointed by heaven. S. W. Williams.
1. An inhabitant of heaven. Pope. 2. A native of China.
Celestial adjective Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of, the Chinese, or Celestial, Empire, of the Chinese people.
Celestial noun A Chinaman; a Chinese. [ Colloq.]
Celestialize transitive verb To make celestial. [ R.]
Celestially adverb In a celestial manner.
Celestify transitive verb [ Latin caelestis heavenly + -fly .] To make like heaven. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Celestine, Celestinian noun (Eccl. Hist.) A monk of the austere branch of the Franciscan Order founded by Celestine V. in the 13th centry.
Celestine, Celestite , noun [ Late Latin caelestinus bine.] (Min.) Native strontium sulphate, a mineral so named from its occasional delicate blue color. It occurs crystallized, also in compact massive and fibrous forms.
Celiac adjective (Anat.) See Cœllac.
[ See Celibate
] The state of being unmarried; single life, esp. that of a bachelor, or of one bound by vows not to marry.
of the clergy." Hallom.
[ Latin aelibatus
, from caelebs
unmarried, single.] 1. Celibate state; celibacy.
He . . . preferreth holy celibate before the estate of marriage. 2. One who is unmarried, esp. a bachelor, or one bound by vows not to marry.
Celibate adjective Unmarried; single; as, a celibate state.
Celibatist noun One who lives unmarried. [ R.]
Celidography noun [ Greek ..., ... stain, spot + -graphy : confer French célidographie .] A description of apparent spots on the disk of the sun, or on planets.
[ Old French celle
, from Latin cella
; akin to celare
to hide, and English hell
. Confer Hall
.] 1. A very small and close apartment, as in a prison or in a monastery or convent; the hut of a hermit.
The heroic confessor in his cell . 2. A small religious house attached to a monastery or convent.
or dependent priories." Milman. 3. Any small cavity, or hollow place. 4. (Architecture) (a) The space between the ribs of a vaulted roof. (b) Same as Cella . 5. (Electricity) A jar of vessel, or a division of a compound vessel, for holding the exciting fluid of a battery. 6. (Biol.) One of the minute elementary structures, of which the greater part of the various tissues and organs of animals and plants are composed.
» All cells have their origin in the primary cell from which the organism was developed. In the lowest animal and vegetable forms, one single cell constitutes the complete individual, such being called unicelluter orgamisms
. A typical cell is composed of a semifluid mass of protoplasm, more or less granular, generally containing in its center a nucleus which in turn frequently contains one or more nucleoli, the whole being surrounded by a thin membrane, the cell wall. In some cells, as in those of blood, in the amœba, and in embryonic cells (both vegetable and animal), there is no restricting cell wall, while in some of the unicelluliar organisms the nucleus is wholly wanting. See Illust.
. Air cell
. See Air cell .
-- Cell development (called also cell genesis , cell formation , and cytogenesis ), the multiplication, of cells by a process of reproduction under the following common forms; segmentation or fission , gemmation or budding , karyokinesis , and endogenous multiplication . See Segmentation , Gemmation , etc.
-- Cell theory
. (Biol.) See Cellular theory , under Cellular .
(sĕl) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Celled
(sĕld).] To place or inclose in a cell.
under ground." [ R.] Warner.
Cella noun [ Latin ] (Architecture) The part inclosed within the walls of an ancient temple, as distinguished from the open porticoes.
[ Middle English celer
, Old French celier
, French celier
, from Latin cellarium
a receptacle for food, pantry, from cella
storeroom. See Cell
.] A room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground, where provisions and other stores are kept.
Cellarage noun 1. The space or storerooms of a cellar; a cellar. Sir W. Scott.
You hear this fellow in the cellarage . 2. Chare for storage in a cellar.
[ Late Latin cellararius
, equiv. to Latin cellarius
steward: confer French cellérier
. See Cellar
.] (Eccl.) A steward or butler of a monastery or chapter; one who has charge of procuring and keeping the provisions.
Cellaret noun [ Dim of cellar .] A receptacle, as in a dining room, for a few bottles of wine or liquor, made in the form of a chest or coffer, or a deep drawer in a sideboard, and usually lined with metal.
Celled adjective Containing a cell or cells.
Cellepore noun [ Latin cella cell + porus , Greek ..., passage.] (Zoology) A genus of delicate branching corals, made up of minute cells, belonging to the Bryozoa.
Celliferous adjective [ Cell + -ferous .] Bearing or producing cells.
(chĕl"loz), Italian Celli
(chĕl"lē). A contraction for Violoncello .
(sĕl"ŭ*lẽr; 135) adjective
[ Latin cellula
a little cell: confer French cellulaire
. See Cellule
.] Consisting of, or containing, cells; of or pertaining to a cell or cells. Cellular plants
, Cellular cryptogams (Botany)
, those flowerless plants which have no ducts or fiber in their tissue, as mosses, fungi, lichens, and algæ.
-- Cellular theory
, or Cell theory (Biol.)
, a theory, according to which the essential element of every tissue, either vegetable or animal, is a cell; the whole series of cells having been formed from the development of the germ cell and by differentiation converted into tissues and organs which, both in plants and animals, are to be considered as a mass of minute cells communicating with each other.
-- Cellular tissue
. (a) (Anat.) See conjunctive tissue under Conjunctive . (b) (Botany) Tissue composed entirely of parenchyma, and having no woody fiber or ducts.
Cellulated adjective Cellular. Caldwell.
[ Latin cellula
a small apartment, dim. of cella
: confer French cellule
. See Cell
.] A small cell.
Celluliferous adjective [ Latin cellula + -ferous .] Bearing or producing little cells.
Cellulitis noun [ New Latin , from Latin cellula + -itis .] An inflammantion of the cellular or areolar tissue, esp. of that lying immediately beneath the skin.
Celluloid (sĕl"u*loid) noun [ Cellul ose + -oid .] A substance composed essentially of gun cotton and camphor, and when pure resembling ivory in texture and color, but variously colored to imitate coral, tortoise shell, amber, malachite, etc. It is used in the manufacture of jewelry and many small articles, as combs, brushes, collars, and cuffs; -- originally called xylonite .
Cellulose (sĕl"u*lōs`) adjective Consisting of, or containing, cells.
Cellulose noun (Chemistry) The substance which constitutes the essential part of the solid framework of plants, of ordinary wood, linen, paper, etc. It is also found to a slight extent in certain animals, as the tunicates. It is a carbohydrate, (C 6 H 10 O 5 )n, isomeric with starch, and is convertible into starches and sugars by the action of heat and acids. When pure, it is a white amorphous mass. See Starch , Granulose , Lignin .
Unsized, well bleached linen paper is merely pure cellulose . Starch cellulose
, the delicate framework which remains when the soluble part (granulose) of starch is removed by saliva or pepsin. Goodale.
Celotomy noun [ Greek ...; ... hernia + ... to cut.] (Medicine) The act or operation of cutting, to relieve the structure in strangulated hernia. [ Frequently written kelotomy .]
Celsiture noun [ Latin celstudo , from celsus high: confer celsitude .] Height; altitude. [ Obsolete]
Celsius noun The Celsius thermometer or scale, so called from Anders Celsius, a Swedish astronomer, who invented it. It is the same as the centigrade thermometer or scale.
Celt (sĕlt) noun [ Latin Celtae , Greek Keltoi` , Ke`ltai , plural: confer W. Celtiad one that dwells in a covert, an inhabitant of the wood, a Celt, from celt covert, shelter, celu to hide.] One of an ancient race of people, who formerly inhabited a great part of Central and Western Europe, and whose descendants at the present day occupy Ireland, Wales, the Highlands of Scotland, and the northern shores of France. [ Written also Kelt . The letter C was pronounced hard in Celtic languages.]
Celt noun [ Late Latin celts a chisel.] (Archæol.) A weapon or implement of stone or metal, found in the tumuli, or barrows, of the early Celtic nations.
Celtiberian adjective [ Latin Celtiber , Celtibericus .] Of or pertaining to the ancient Celtiberia (a district in Spain lying between the Ebro and the Tagus) or its inhabitants the Celtiberi (Celts of the river Iberus). -- noun An inhabitant of Celtiberia.
[ Latin Celticus
, Greek Keltiko`s
. See Celt
.] Of or pertaining to the Celts; as, Celtic people, tribes, literature, tongue.
[ Written also Keltic
Celtic noun The language of the Celts. » The remains of the old Celtic language are found in the Gaelic, the Erse or Irish the Manx, and the Welsh and its cognate dialects Cornish and Bas Breton.