Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Cat-eyed adjective Having eyes like a cat; hence, able to see in the dark.
Cat-harping noun (Nautical) One of the short ropes or iron cramps used to brace in the shrouds toward the masts so a to give freer sweep to the yards.
Cat-hole (kăt"hōl`) noun (Nautical) One of two small holes astern, above the gunroom ports, through which hawsers may be passed.
[ Confer Cater
to cut diagonally.] Diagonal.
Caterer noun One who caters.
The little fowls in the air have God for Their provider and caterer .
Cateress noun A woman who caters. Milton.
[ Middle English catyrpel
, corrupted from Old French chatepelouse
, or cate pelue
, from chate
, French chatte
, she-cat, fem. of chat
, Latin catus
+ Latin pilosus
hairy, or French pelu
hairy, from Latin pilus
hair. See Cat
, and Pile
hair.] 1. (Zoology) The larval state of a butterfly or any lepidopterous insect; sometimes, but less commonly, the larval state of other insects, as the sawflies, which are also called false caterpillars. The true caterpillars have three pairs of true legs, and several pairs of abdominal fleshy legs (prolegs) armed with hooks. Some are hairy, others naked. They usually feed on leaves, fruit, and succulent vegetables, being often very destructive, Many of them are popularly called worms, as the cutworm, cankerworm, army worm, cotton worm, silkworm. 2. (Botany) A plant of the genus Scorpiurus , with pods resembling caterpillars. Caterpillar catcher
, or Caterpillar eater (Zoology)
, a bird belonging to the family of Shrikes, which feeds on caterpillars. The name is also given to several other birds.
-- Caterpillar hunter (Zoology)
, any species of beetles of the genus Callosoma and other allied genera of the family Carabidæ which feed habitually upon caterpillars.
Caterwaul intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Caterwauled
; present participle & verbal noun Caterwauling
.] [ Cat
, to cry as a cat.] To cry as cats in rutting time; to make a harsh, offensive noise. Coleridge.
Caterwaul noun A caterwauling.
Caterwauling noun The cry of cats; a harsh, disagreeable noise or cry like the cry of cats. Shak.
[ See Cater
] The place where provisions are deposited.
Cates noun plural
[ Confer Acates
, and see Cater
] Provisions; food; viands; especially, luxurious food; delicacies; dainties. Shak.
Cates for which Apicius could not pay.
Choicest cates and the fiagon's best spilth.
Catfall noun (Nautical) A rope used in hoisting the anchor to the cathead. Totten.
Catfish noun (Zoology) A name given in the United States to various species of siluroid fishes; as, the yellow cat ( Amiurus natalis ); the bind cat ( Gronias nigrilabrus ); the mud cat ( Pilodictic oilwaris ), the stone cat ( Noturus flavus ); the sea cat ( Arius felis ), etc. This name is also sometimes applied to the wolf fish . See Bullhrad .
Catgut noun [ Cat + gut .]
1. A cord of great toughness made from the intestines of animals, esp. of sheep, used for strings of musical instruments, etc. 2. A sort of linen or canvas, with wide interstices.
[ Late Latin catharista
, from Greek ... clean, pure.] One aiming at or pretending to a greater purity of like than others about him; -- applied to persons of various sects. See Albigenses .
[ New Latin , from Greek .... See Cathartic
.] (Medicine) A natural or artificial purgation of any passage, as of the mouth, bowels, etc.
Catharsis noun (Psychotherapy) The process of relieving an abnormal excitement by reëstablishing the association of the emotion with the memory or idea of the event that first caused it, and of eliminating it by complete expression (called the abreaction ).
Cathartic noun [ Greek ....] (Medicine) A medicine that promotes alvine discharges; a purge; a purgative of moderate activity. » The cathartics are more energetic and certain in action that the laxatives , which simply increase the tendency to alvine evacuation; and less powerful and irritaint that the drastic purges, which cause profuse, repeated, and watery evacuations. -- Ca*thar"tic*al*ly , adverb -- Ca*thar"tic*al*ness , noun
Cathartic, Catharical adjective [ Greek ..., from ... to cleanse, from ... pure; akin to French chaste .]
1. (Medicine) Cleansing the bowels; promoting evacuations by stool; purgative. 2. Of or pertaining to the purgative principle of senna, as cathartic acid.
cathartin noun (Chemistry) The bitter, purgative principle of senna. It is a glucoside with the properties of a weak acid; -- called also cathartic acid , and cathartina .
Cathay noun China; -- an old name for the Celestial Empire, said have been introduced by Marco Polo and to be a corruption of the Tartar name for North China ( Khitai , the country of the Khitans.)
Better fifty years of Europe than a cycle of Cathay .
Cathead noun (Nautical) A projecting piece of timber or iron near the bow of vessel, to which the anchor is hoisted and secured.
[ Latin , from Greek ... seat. See Chair
.] The official chair or throne of a bishop, or of any person in high authority. Ex cathedra
[ Latin , from the chair], in the exercise of one's office; with authority.
The Vatican Council declares that the Pope, is infallible "when he speaks ex cathedra ."
Addis & Arnold's Cath. Dict.
[ Late Latin cathedralis
): confer French cathédrale
. See Cathedra
.] The principal church in a diocese, so called because in it the bishop has his official chair ( Cathedra ) or throne.
[ Late Latin cathedralis
: confer French cathédral
.] 1. Pertaining to the head church of a diocese; as, a cathedral church; cathedral service. 2. Emanating from the chair of office, as of a pope or bishop; official; authoritative.
Now, what solemnity can be more required for the pope to make a cathedral determination of an article! 3. Resembling the aisles of a cathedral; as, cathedral walks. Pope.
Cathedralic adjective Cathedral. [ R.]
[ From Cathedra
.] Relating to the chair or office of a teacher.
Catheretic noun [ Greek ..., from ... to bring down or raze; ... down + ... to take.] (Medicine) A mild kind caustic used to reduce warts and other excrescences. Dunglison.
[ So called from St. Catherine
of Alexandria, who is represented with a wheel
, in allusion to her martyrdom.] 1. (Geoth.Arth.) Same as Rose window and Wheel window . Called also Catherine-wheel window . 2. (Pyrotechny) A revolving piece of fireworks resembling in form the window of the same name.
[ Written also Catharine wheel
[ Latin , from Greek ... a thing let down or put in, catheter, from ... to send down, to let down; ... + ... to send.] (Medicine) The name of various instruments for passing along mucous canals, esp. applied to a tubular instrument to be introduced into the bladder through the urethra to draw off the urine. Eustachian catheter
. See under Eustachian .
-- Prostatic catheter
, one adapted for passing an enlarged prostate.
Catheterism, Catheterization noun (Medicine) The operation of introducing a catheter.
Catheterize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Catheterized
; present participle & verbal noun Catheterizing
.] (Medicine) To operate on with a catheter. Dunglison.
Cathetometer noun [ From Greek ... vertical height + -meter .] An instrument for the accurate measurement of small differences of height; esp. of the differences in the height of the upper surfaces of two columns of mercury or other fluid, or of the same column at different times. It consists of a telescopic leveling apparatus (d) , which slides up or down a perpendicular metallic standard very finely graduated ( bb ). The telescope is raised or depressed in order to sight the objects or surfaces, and the differences in vertical height are thus shown on the graduated standard. [ Written also kathetometer .]
; plural catheti
. [ Latin , from Greek ... a perpendicular line, from ... let down, from .... See Catheter
.] (Geom.) One line or radius falling perpendicularly on another; as, the catheti of a right-angled triangle, that is, the two sides that include the right angle. Barlow.
Cathode noun [ Greek ... descent; ... down + ... way.] (Physics) The part of a voltaic battery by which the electric current leaves substances through which it passes, or the surface at which the electric current passes out of the electrolyte; the negative pole; -- opposed to anode . Faraday. Cathode ray (Physics ) , a kind of ray generated at the cathode in a vacuum tube, by the electrical discharge.
Cathodic (kȧ*thŏd"ĭk) adjective (Physiol.) A term applied to the centrifugal, or efferent, course of the nervous influence. Marshall Hall.
Cathodograph noun Also Ca*thod"e*graph [ Cathode + -graph .] (Physics) A picture produced by the Röntgen rays; a radiograph.
[ Latin catholicus
, Greek kaqoliko`s
, universal, general; kata`
down, wholly + "o`los
whole, probably akin to English solid
: confer French catholique
.] 1. Universal or general; as, the catholic faith.
Men of other countries [ came] to bear their part in so great and catholic a war.
» This epithet, which is applicable to the whole Christian church, or its faith, is claimed by Roman Catholics to belong especially to their church, and in popular usage is so limited. 2. Not narrow-minded, partial, or bigoted; liberal; as, catholic tastes. 3. Of or pertaining to, or affecting the Roman Catholics; as, the Catholic emancipation act. Catholic epistles
, the epistles of the apostles which are addressed to all the faithful, and not to a particular church; being those of James, Peter, Jude, and John.
Catholic noun Old Catholic , the name assumed in 1870 by members of the Roman Catholic church, who denied the ecumenical character of the Vatican Council, and rejected its decrees, esp. that concerning the infallibility of the pope, as contrary to the ancient Catholic faith.
1. A person who accepts the creeds which are received in common by all parts of the orthodox Christian church. 2. An adherent of the Roman Catholic church; a Roman Catholic.
Catholical adjective Catholic. [ Obsolete]
Catholicism noun [ Confer French catholicisme .]
1. The state or quality of being catholic or universal; catholicity. Jer. Taylor. 2. Liberality of sentiment; breadth of view. 3. The faith of the whole orthodox Christian church, or adherence thereto. 4. The doctrines or faith of the Roman Catholic church, or adherence thereto.
1. The state or quality of being catholic; universality. 2. Liberality of sentiments; catholicism. 3. Adherence or conformity to the system of doctrine held by all parts of the orthodox Christian church; the doctrine so held; orthodoxy. 4. Adherence to the doctrines of the church of Rome, or the doctrines themselves.
Catholicize v. t. & i. To make or to become catholic or Roman Catholic.
Catholicly adverb In a catholic manner; generally; universally. Sir Latin Cary.
Catholicness noun The quality of being catholic; universality; catholicity.
[ Greek ..., neut. ..., universal. See Catholic
.] (Medicine) A remedy for all diseases; a panacea.