Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Catchpenny adjective Made or contrived for getting small sums of money from the ignorant or unwary; as, a catchpenny book; a catchpenny show. -- noun Some worthless catchpenny thing.
Catchpoll noun [ Old French chacepol , chacipol .] A bailiff's assistant.
Catchup, Catsup noun [ Probably of East Indian origin, because it was originally a kind of East Indian pickles.] A table sauce made from mushrooms, tomatoes, walnuts, etc. [ Written also ketchup .]
Catchwater noun A ditch or drain for catching water. See Catchdrain .
Catchweight adverb (Horseracing) Without any additional weight; without being handicapped; as, to ride catchweight .
1. Among theatrical performers, the last word of the preceding speaker, which reminds one that he is to speak next; cue. 2. (Print.) The first word of any page of a book after the first, inserted at the right hand bottom corner of the preceding page for the assistance of the reader. It is seldom used in modern printing. 3. A word or phrase caught up and repeated for effect; as, the catchword of a political party, etc.
Catchwork noun A work or artificial water-course for throwing water on lands that lie on the slopes of hills; a catchdrain.
Catchy adjective 1. Apt or tending to catch the fancy or attention; catching; taking; as, catchy music. 2. Tending to catch or insnare; entangling; - - usually used fig.; as, a catchy question. 3. Consisting of, or occuring in, disconnected parts or snatches; changeable; as, a catchy wind.
It [ the fox's scent] is . . . flighty or catchy , if variable. Encyc. of Sport.
Cate noun Food. [ Obsolete] See Cates .
Catechetic, Catechetical adjective
[ Greek .... See Catechise
.] Relating to or consisting in, asking questions and receiving answers, according to the ancient manner of teaching.
Socrates introduced a catechetical method of arguing.
Catechetically adverb In a catechetical manner; by question and answer.
Catechetics noun The science or practice of instructing by questions and answers.
Catechin noun (Chemistry) One of the tannic acids, extracted from catechu as a white, crystalline substance; -- called also catechuic acid , and catechuin .
Catechisation noun [ Late Latin catechizatio .] The act of catechising.
Catechise transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Catechised
; present participle & verbal noun Catechising
.] [ Latin catechizare
, Greek ..., equiv. to ... to resound, sound a thing into one's ears, impress it upon one by word of mouth; ... + ... to sound, ... a sound.] 1. To instruct by asking questions, receiving answers, and offering explanations and corrections, -- esp. in regard to points of religious faith. 2. To question or interrogate; to examine or try by questions; -- sometimes with a view to reproof, by eliciting from a person answers which condemn his own conduct. Swift.
Catechiser (kăt"e*kī`zẽr) noun One who catechises.
[ Latin catechismus
, from Greek See Catechise
.] 1. A form of instruction by means of questions and answers. 2. A book containing a summary of principles, especially of religious doctrine, reduced to the form of questions and answers.
The Jews, even till this day, have their catechisms . The Larger Catechism
, The Shorter Catechism
. See Westminster Assembly , under Assembly .
Catechismal adjective Of or pertaining to a catechism, having the form of questions and answers; catechetical.
Catechist (kăt"e*kĭst) noun [ Latin catechista , from Greek ] One who instructs by question and answer, especially in religions matters.
Catechistic (-kĭs"tĭk), Cat`e*chis"tic*al adjective Of or pertaining to a catechist or to a catechism. Dr. H. More.
[ See Cashoo
.] (Chemistry) A dry, brown, astringent extract, obtained by decoction and evaporation from the Acacia catechu , and several other plants growing in India. It contains a large portion of tannin or tannic acid, and is used in medicine and in the arts. It is also known by the names terra japonica , cutch , gambier , etc. Ure. Dunglison.
Catechuic adjective Of or pertaining to catechu or its derivatives. See catechin .
[ Latin catechunenus, Greek ... instructed, from .... See Catechise
.] (Eccl.) One who is receiving rudimentary instruction in the doctrines of Christianity; a neophyte; in the primitive church, one officially recognized as a Christian, and admitted to instruction preliminary to admission to full membership in the church.
Catechumenate noun The state or condition of a catechumen or the time during which one is a catechumen.
Catechumenical adjective Of or pertaining to catechumens; as, catechumenical instructions.
Catechumenist noun A catechumen. Bp. Morton.
[ Greek ... predicate. See Category
.] (Logic.) Capable of being employed by itself as a term; -- said of a word.
Categorical adjective 1. Of or pertaining to a category. 2. Not hypothetical or relative; admitting no conditions or exceptions; declarative; absolute; positive; express; as, a categorical proposition, or answer.
The scriptures by a multitude of categorical and intelligible decisions . . . distinguish between the things seen and temporal and those that are unseen and eternal.
Categorically adverb Absolutely; directly; expressly; positively; as, to affirm categorically .
Categoricalness noun The quality of being categorical, positive, or absolute. A. Marvell.
Categorist noun One who inserts in a category or list; one who classifies. Emerson.
Categorize transitive verb To insert in a category or list; to class; to catalogue.
; plural Categories
. [ Latin categoria
, Greek ..., from ... to accuse, affirm, predicate; ... down, against + ... to harrangue, assert, from ... assembly.] 1. (Logic.) One of the highest classes to which the objects of knowledge or thought can be reduced, and by which they can be arranged in a system; an ultimate or undecomposable conception; a predicament.
The categories or predicaments -- the former a Greek word, the latter its literal translation in the Latin language -- were intended by Aristotle and his followers as an enumeration of all things capable of being named; an enumeration by the summa genera i.e., the most extensive classes into which things could be distributed. 2. Class; also, state, condition, or predicament; as, we are both in the same category .
J. S. Mill.
There is in modern literature a whole class of writers standing within the same category .
[ See Chattel
.] Property; -- often used by Chaucer in contrast with rent , or income .
" For loss of catel may recovered be,
But loss of tyme shendeth us," quod he.
Catelectrode noun [ Prefix cata + elecrode .] (Physics) The negative electrode or pole of a voltaic battery. Faraday.
Catelectrotonic adjective (Physics) Relating to, or characterized by, catelectrotonus.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... down + ... (see Electro-
) + ... tone.] (Physics) The condition of increased irritability of a nerve in the region of the cathode or negative electrode, on the passage of a current of electricity through it.
; plural Catene
. [ Latin , a chain.] A chain or series of things connected with each other.
I have . . . in no case sought to construct those catenæ of games, which it seems now the fashion of commentators to link together.
C. J. Ellicott.
; plural Catenaries (Geol.) The curve formed by a rope or chain of uniform density and perfect flexibility, hanging freely between two points of suspension, not in the same vertical line.
Catenary, Catenarian adjective
[ Latin catenarius
, from catena
a chain. See Chain
.] Relating to a chain; like a chain; as, a catenary curve.
Catenate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Catenated
; present participle & verbal noun Catenating
.] [ Latin catenatus
, past participle of catenare
, from catena
chain. See Chain
.] To connect, in a series of links or ties; to chain. E. Darwin.
[ Latin catenatio
.] Connection of links or union of parts, as in a chain; a regular or connected series. See Concatenation . Sir T. Browne.
Catenulate adjective [ Latin catenuia , dim. of catena chain.]
1. Consisting of little links or chains. 2. (Zoology) Chainlike; -- said both or color marks and of indentations when arranged like the links of a chain, as on shells, etc.
[ Middle English catour
purchaser, caterer, Old French acator
, from acater
, French acheter
, to buy, provide, from Late Latin accaptare
; Latin ad
+ captare to strive, to seize, intens, of capere
to take, seize. Confer Acater
.] A provider; a purveyor; a caterer.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Cater intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Catered
; present participle & verbal noun Catering
.] [ From Cater
] 1. To provide food; to buy, procure, or prepare provisions.
[ He] providently caters for the sparrow. 2. By extension: To supply what is needed or desired, at theatrical or musical entertainments; -- followed by for or to .
Cater noun [ French quatre four.] The four of cards or dice.
Cater transitive verb To cut diagonally. [ Obsolete] Halliwell.
[ Gael. ceatharnach
. Confer Kern
Irish foot soldier.] A Highland robber: a kind of irregular soldier.
[ Scot.] Sir W. Scott.