Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Caulescent adjective [ Latin caulis stalk, stem: confer French caulescent .] (Botany) Having a leafy stem.
Caulicle noun (Botany) A short caulis or stem, esp. the rudimentary stem seen in the embryo of seed; -- otherwise called a radicle .
; plural Cauliculi
(- lī). [ Latin cauliculus
little stalk, dim. of caulis
.] (Architecture) In the Corinthian capital, one of the eight stalks rising out of the lower leafage and terminating in leaves which seem to support the volutes. See Illust . of Corinthian order , under Corinthian .
[ French choufleur
, modified by English Cole
. Latin caulis
, and by English flower
; French chou
cabbage is from Latin caulis
stalk, cabbage, and fleur
flower is from Latin flos
flower. See Cole
, and Flower
.] 1. (Botany) An annual variety of Brassica oleracea , or cabbage, of which the cluster of young flower stalks and buds is eaten as a vegetable. 2. The edible head or "curd" of a cauliflower plant.
Cauliform adjective [ Latin caulis + -form .] (Botany) Having the form of a caulis.
Cauline adjective (Botany) Growing immediately on a caulis; of or pertaining to a caulis.
; Latin plural Caules
. [ Latin , a stem.] (Botany) An herbaceous or woody stem which bears leaves, and may bear flowers.
Caulk transitive verb & noun See Calk .
Caulocarpous adjective [ Greek ... stem + karpo`s fruit.] (Botany) Having stems which bear flowers and fruit year after year, as most trees and shrubs.
Caulome noun [ Greek kalo`s stem + -ome as in rhi zome .] (Botany) A stem structure or stem axis of a plant, viewed as a whole. -- Cau*lom"ic adjective
Cauma noun [ Latin , from Greek ... a burning heat.] (Medicine) Great heat, as of the body in fever.
Cauponize intransitive verb [ Latin cauponari , from caupo huckster, innkeeper.] To sell wine or victuals. [ Obsolete] Warburfon.
Causable adjective Capable of being caused.
[ Latin causalis
. See Cause
.] Relating to a cause or causes; inplying or containing a cause or causes; expressing a cause; causative.
Causal propositions are where two propositions are joined by causal words.
Causal noun A causal word or form of speech.
Anglo-Saxon drencan to drench, causal of Anglo-Saxon drincan to drink.
; plural Causalities 1. The agency of a cause; the action or power of a cause, in producing its effect.
The causality of the divine mind. 2. (Phren.) The faculty of tracing effects to their causes. G. Combe.
Causally adverb According to the order or series of causes; by tracing effects to causes.
Causally noun (Mining.) The lighter, earthy parts of ore, carried off washing.
Causation noun The act of causing; also the act or agency by which an effect is produced.
The kind of causation by which vision is produced. Law of universal causation
, the theoretical or asserted law that every event or phenomenon results from, or is the sequel of, some previous event or phenomenon, which being present, the other is certain to take place.
Causationist noun One who believes in the law of universal causation.
[ Latin causativus
pertaining to a lawsuit ( causa
), but in the English sense from English cause
.] 1. Effective, as a cause or agent; causing.
Causative in nature of a number of effects. 2. Expressing a cause or reason; causal; as, the ablative is a causative case.
Causative (ka"zȧ*tĭv) noun A word which expresses or suggests a cause.
Causatively adverb In a causative manner.
[ See Cause
.] One who causes.
[ R.] Sir T. Browne.
[ French cause
, from Latin causa
. Confer Cause
.] 1. That which produces or effects a result; that from which anything proceeds, and without which it would not exist.
Cause is substance exerting its power into act, to make one thing begin to be. 2. That which is the occasion of an action or state; ground; reason; motive; as, cause for rejoicing. 3. Sake; interest; advantage.
I did it not for his cause . 4. (Law) A suit or action in court; any legal process by which a party endeavors to obtain his claim, or what he regards as his right; case; ground of action. 5. Any subject of discussion or debate; matter; question; affair in general.
2 Cor. vii. 12.
What counsel give you in this weighty cause ! 6. The side of a question, which is espoused, advocated, and upheld by a person or party; a principle which is advocated; that which a person or party seeks to attain.
God befriend us, as our cause is just.
The part they take against me is from zeal to the cause . Efficient cause
, the agent or force that produces a change or result.
-- Final cause
, the end, design, or object, for which anything is done.
-- Formal cause
, the elements of a conception which make the conception or the thing conceived to be what it is; or the idea viewed as a formative principle and coöperating with the matter.
-- Material cause
, that of which anything is made.
-- Proximate cause
. See under Proximate .
-- To make common cause with
, to join with in purposes and aims. Macaulay. Syn.
-- Origin; source; mainspring; motive; reason; incitement; inducement; purpose; object; suit; action.
Cause transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Caused
; present participle & v. noun Causing
.] [ French causer
, from cause
, from Latin causa
. See Cause
, and confer Acouse
.] To effect as an agent; to produce; to be the occasion of; to bring about; to bring into existence; to make; -- usually followed by an infinitive, sometimes by that with a finite verb.
I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days.
Gen. vii. 4.
Cause that it be read also in the church of the Laodiceans. Syn.
Col. iv. 16.
-- To create; produce; beget; effect; occasion; originate; induce; bring about.
Cause intransitive verb To assign or show cause; to give a reason; to make excuse. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Cause conj. Abbreviation of Because . B. Jonson.
Causeful noun Having a cause. [ Obsolete]
Causeless adjective 1. Self- originating; uncreated. 2. Without just or sufficient reason; groundless.
My fears are causeless and ungrounded.
Causeless adverb Without cause or reason.
Causelessness noun The state of being causeless.
Causer noun One who or that which causes.
Causerie noun [ French, from causer to chat.] Informal talk or discussion, as about literary matters; light conversation; chat.
Causeuse (ko`zẽz") noun [ French, from causer to talk.] A kind of sofa for two persons. A tête-Ã - tête .
[ Middle English cauci
, Old French cauchie
, French chaussée
, from Late Latin ( via
, fr calciare
to make a road, either from Latin calx
lime, hence, to pave with limestone (cf. English chalk
), or from Latin calceus
shoe, from calx
heel, hence, to shoe, pave, or wear by treading.] A way or road raised above the natural level of the ground, serving as a dry passage over wet or marshy ground.
But that broad causeway will direct your way.
The other way Satan went down
The causey to Hell-gate.
Causewayed, Causeyed adjective Having a raised way (causeway or causey); paved. Sir W. Scott. C. Bronté.
Causidical adjective [ Latin causidicakis ; causa a cause in law + dicare to say.] Pertaining to an advocate, or to the maintenance and defense of suits.
[ Latin causticum
). See Caustic
] 1. Any substance or means which, applied to animal or other organic tissue, burns, corrodes, or destroys it by chemical action; an escharotic. 2. (Optics) A caustic curve or caustic surface.
Caustic, Caustical adjective
[ Latin caustucs
, Ge. ..., from ... to burn. Confer Calm
.] 1. Capable of destroying the texture of anything or eating away its substance by chemical action; burning; corrosive; searing. 2. Severe; satirical; sharp; as, a caustic remark. Caustic curve (Optics)
, a curve to which the ray of light, reflected or refracted by another curve, are tangents, the reflecting or refracting curve and the luminous point being in one plane.
-- Caustic lime
. See under Lime .
-- Caustic potash
, Caustic soda (Chemistry)
, the solid hydroxides potash, KOH, and soda, NaOH, or solutions of the same.
-- Caustic silver
, nitrate of silver, lunar caustic.
-- Caustic surface (Optics)
, a surface to which rays reflected or refracted by another surface are tangents. Caustic curves and surfaces are called catacaustic when formed by reflection, and diacaustic when formed by refraction. Syn.
-- Stinging; cutting; pungent; searching.
Caustically adverb In a caustic manner.
1. The quality of being caustic; corrosiveness; as, the causticity of potash. 2. Severity of language; sarcasm; as, the causticity of a reply or remark.
Causticness noun The quality of being caustic; causticity.
Cautel noun [ French cautèle , Latin cautela , from cavere to be on one's guard, to take care.]
1. Caution; prudence; wariness. [ Obsolete] Fulke. 2. Craft; deceit; falseness. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ French cauteleux
, Late Latin cautelosus
. See Cautel
.] 1. Caution; prudent; wary.
[ Obsolete] " Cautelous
, though young." Drayton. 2. Crafty; deceitful; false.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
[ French cautère
, Latin cauterium
, from Greek ... a branding iron, from ... to burn. Confer Caustic
.] A hot iron for searing or cauterizing. Minsheu.
Cauterant noun A cauterizing substance.
Cauterism noun The use or application of a caustic; cautery. Ferrand.
Cauterization noun [ Confer French cautèrisation .] (Medicine) The act of searing some morbid part by the application of a cautery or caustic; also, the effect of such application.
Cauterize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cauterized
; present participle & verbal noun Cauterizing
.] [ Latin cauterizare
, Greek ..., from a branding iron: confer French cautérised
.. See cauter
.] 1. To burn or sear with a cautery or caustic. Dunglison. 2. To sear, as the conscience. Jer. Taylor.