Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Cat-rigged adjective Rigged like a catboat.

Cat-salt noun A sort of salt, finely granulated, formed out of the bittern or leach brine.

Cat-silver noun Mica. [ Archaic]

Cat-tail noun (Botany) A tall rush or flag ( Typha latifolia ) growing in marshes, with long, flat leaves, and having its flowers in a close cylindrical spike at the top of the stem. The leaves are frequently used for seating chairs, making mats, etc. See Catkin .

» The lesser cat-tail is Typha angustifolia .

Cat's-eye (kăts"ī`) noun (Min.) A variety of quartz or chalcedony, exhibiting opalescent reflections from within, like the eye of a cat. The name is given to other gems affording like effects, esp. the chrysoberyl.

Cat's-foot noun (Botany) A plant ( Nepeta Glechoma ) of the same genus with catnip; ground ivy.

Cat's-paw noun
1. (Nautical) (a) A light transitory air which ruffles the surface of the water during a calm, or the ripples made by such a puff of air. (b) A particular hitch or turn in the bight of a rope, into which a tackle may be hooked.

2. A dupe; a tool; one who, or that which, is used by another as an instrument to a accomplish his purposes.

» In this sense the term refers to the fable of the monkey using the cat's paw to draw the roasting chestnuts out of the fire.

Cat's-tail noun See Timothy , Cat-tail , Cirrus .

Catholicos noun [ New Latin See Catholic .] (Eccl.) The spiritual head of the Armenian church, who resides at Etchmiadzin, Russia, and has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over, and consecrates the holy oil for, the Armenians of Russia, Turkey, and Persia, including the Patriarchs of Constantinople, Jerusalem, and Sis.

» The Patriarch of Constantinople is the civil head of the Armenians in Turkey.

Catilinarian adjective [ Latin Catilinarius .] Pertaining to Catiline, the Roman conspirator; resembling Catiline's conspiracy.

Cation noun [ Greek ... downward + ... going, present participle of ... to go.] (Chemistry) An electro-positive substance, which in electro-decomposition is evolved at the cathode; -- opposed to anion . Faraday.

Catkin noun [ Cat + - kin .] (Botany) An ament; a species of inflorescence, consisting of a slender axis with many unisexual apetalous flowers along its sides, as in the willow and poplar, and (as to the staminate flowers) in the chestnut, oak, hickory, etc. -- so called from its resemblance to a cat's tail. See Illust. of Ament .

Catlike adjective Like a cat; stealthily; noiselessly.

Catling noun [ Cat + - ing .]
1. A little cat; a kitten. "Cat nor catling ." Drummond.

2. Catgut; a catgut string. [ R.] Shak.

3. (Surg.) A double-edged, sharp- pointed dismembering knife. [ Spelt also catlin .] Crobb.

Catlinite noun [ From George Catlin , an American traveler.] A red clay from the Upper Missouri region, used by the Indians for their pipes.

Catnip, Catmint noun (Botany) A well-know plant of the genus Nepeta ( N. Cataria ), somewhat like mint, having a string scent, and sometimes used in medicine. It is so called because cats have a peculiar fondness for it.

Cato-cathartic noun [ Greek ... down + ... serving to purge. See Cathartic .] (Medicine) A remedy that purges by alvine discharges.

Catonian adjective [ Latin Catonionus .] Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the stern old Roman, Cato the Censor; severe; inflexible.

Catopter, Catoptron noun [ Greek ... mirror, from ... visible.] A reflecting optical glass or instrument; a mirror. [ Obsolete]

Catoptric, Catoptrical adjective [ Greek .... See Catopter .] Of or pertaining to catoptrics; produced by reflection.

Catoptric light , a light in which the rays are concentrated by reflectors into a beam visible at a distance.

Catoptrics noun [ Confer French catoptrique . See Catropric .] (Physics) That part of optics which explains the properties and phenomena of reflected light, and particularly that which is reflected from mirrors or polished bodies; -- formerly called anacamptics .

Catoptromancy noun [ Greek ... mirror + -mancy . See Catopter .] (Antiq.) A species of divination, which was performed by letting down a mirror into water, for a sick person to look at his face in it. If his countenance appeared distorted and ghastly, it was an ill omen; if fresh and healthy, it was favorable.

Catoptron (kȧ*tŏp"trŏn) noun [ Obsolete] See Catopter .

Catpipe (kăt"pīp`) noun See Catcall .

Catskill period (Geol.) The closing subdivision of the Devonian age in America. The rocks of this period are well developed in the Catskill mountains, and extend south and west under the Carboniferous formation. See the Diagram under Geology .

Catso noun ; plural Catsos . [ Italian cazzo .] A base fellow; a rogue; a cheat. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Catstick noun A stick or club employed in the game of ball called cat or tipcat . Massinger.

Catstitch transitive verb (Needlework) To fold and sew down the edge of with a coarse zigzag stitch.

Catsup noun Same as Catchup , and Ketchup .

Cattish (kăt"tĭsh) adjective Catlike; feline Drummond.

Cattle (kăt"t'l) noun plural [ Middle English calet , chatel , goods, property, Old French catel , chatel , Late Latin captale , capitale , goods, property, esp. cattle, from Latin capitals relating to the head, chief; because in early ages beasts constituted the chief part of a man's property. See Capital , and confer Chattel .] Quadrupeds of the Bovine family; sometimes, also, including all domestic quadrupeds, as sheep, goats, horses, mules, asses, and swine.

Belted cattle , Black cattle . See under Belted , Black . -- Cattle guard , a trench under a railroad track and alongside a crossing (as of a public highway). It is intended to prevent cattle from getting upon the track. -- cattle louse (Zoology) , any species of louse infecting cattle. There are several species. The Hæmatatopinus eurysternus and H. vituli are common species which suck blood; Trichodectes scalaris eats the hair. -- Cattle plague , the rinderpest; called also Russian cattle plague . -- Cattle range , or Cattle run , an open space through which cattle may run or range. [ U. S.] Bartlett. -- Cattle show , an exhibition of domestic animals with prizes for the encouragement of stock breeding; -- usually accompanied with the exhibition of other agricultural and domestic products and of implements.

Catty noun [ Malay katī . See Caddy .] An East Indian Weight of 1⅓ pounds.

Caucasian adjective
1. Of or pertaining to the Caucasus, a mountainous region between the Black and Caspian seas.

2. Of or pertaining to the white races of mankind, of whom the people about Mount Caucasus were formerly taken as the type.

Caucasian noun
1. A native or inhabitant of the Caucasus, esp. a Circassian or Georgian.

2. A member of any of the white races of mankind.

Caucus noun [ Etymology uncertain. Mr. J. H. Trumbull finds the origin of caucus in the N. A. Indian word cawcawwassough or caú cau-as'u one who urges or pushes on, a promoter. See citation for an early use of the word caucus .] A meeting, especially a preliminary meeting, of persons belonging to a party, to nominate candidates for public office, or to select delegates to a nominating convention, or to confer regarding measures of party policy; a political primary meeting.

This day learned that the caucus club meets, at certain times, in the garret of Tom Dawes, the adjutant of the Boston regiment.
John Adams's Diary [ Feb. , 1763].

Caucus intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Caucused ; present participle & verbal noun Caucusing .] To hold, or meet in, a caucus or caucuses.

Cauda galli [ Latin , tail of a cock.] (Paleon.) A plume-shaped fossil, supposed to be a seaweed, characteristic of the lower Devonian rocks; as, the cauda galli grit.

Cauda galli epoch (Geol.) , an epoch at the begining of the Devonian age in eastern America, so named from the characteristic gritty sandstone marked with impressions of cauda galli . See the Diagram under Geology .

Caudad adverb [ Latin cauda tail + ad to.] (Zoology) Backwards; toward the tail or posterior part.

Caudal adjective [ Latin Cauda tail. Confer Coward .] Of the nature of, or pertaining to, a tail; having a tail-like appendage.

The male widow-bird, remarkable for his caudal plumes.

Caudal fin (Zoology) , the terminal fin (or "tail") of a fish.

Caudata noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin cauda tail.] (Zoology) See Urodela .

Caudate, Caudated adjective [ Latin cauda tail.] Having a tail; having a termination like a tail.

Caudex noun ; plural Latin Caudices , English Caudexes . [ Latin ] (Botany) The stem of a tree., esp. a stem without a branch, as of a palm or a tree fern; also, the perennial rootstock of an herbaceous plant.

Caudicle Cau*dic"u*la noun [ Dim. of Latin cauda tail, appendage.] (Botany) A slender, elastic process, to which the masses of pollen in orchidaceous plants are attached.

Caudle noun [ Old French caudel , French chaudeau , dim. of LL calidum a sweet drink, from Latin caidus warm. See Caldron .] A kind of warm drink for sick persons, being a mixture of wine with eggs, bread, sugar, and spices.

Caudle transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Caudled ; present participle & verbal noun Caudling .]
1. To make into caudle.

2. Too serve as a caudle to; to refresh. [ R.] Shak.

Cauf noun [ Perh. akin to Celtic caff , cav , cau , Latin cavus hollow, or to Latin caphinus , Greek ... basket.] A chest with holes for keeping fish alive in water. Philips.

Caufle noun A gang of slaves. Same as Coffle .

Caught (kat), imperfect & past participle of Catch .

Cauk (kak) noun , Cauk"er (-ẽr) noun See Cawk , Calker .

Caul (kal) noun [ Middle English calle , kelle , probably from French cale ; confer Ir. calla a veil.]
1. A covering of network for the head, worn by women; also, a net. Spenser.

2. (Anat.) The fold of membrane loaded with fat, which covers more or less of the intestines in mammals; the great omentum. See Omentum .

The caul serves for the warming of the lower belly.

3. A part of the amnion, one of the membranes enveloping the fetus, which sometimes is round the head of a child at its birth.

It is deemed lucky to be with a caul or membrane over the face. This caul is esteemed an infallible preservative against drowning . . . According to Chysostom, the midwives frequently sold it for magic uses.

I was born with a caul , which was advertised for sale, in the newspapers, at the low price of fifteen guineas.