Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Casing noun
1. The act or process of inclosing in, or covering with, a case or thin substance, as plaster, boards, etc.

2. An outside covering, for protection or ornament, or to precent the radiation of heat.

3. An inclosing frame; esp. the framework around a door or a window. See Case , noun , 4.

Casings noun plural Dried dung of cattle used as fuel. [ Prov. Eng.] Waterland.

Casino noun ; plural English Casinos , Italian Casini . [ Italian casino , dim. of casa house, from Latin casa cottage. Confer Cassing .]
1. A small country house.

2. A building or room used for meetings, or public amusements, for dancing, gaming, etc.

3. A game at cards. See Cassino .

Cask noun [ Spanish casco potsherd, skull, helmet, probably from cascar to break, from Latin Quassure to break. Confer Casque , Cass .]
1. Same as Casque . [ Obsolete]

2. A barrel-shaped vessel made of staves headings, and hoops, usually fitted together so as to hold liquids. It may be larger or smaller than a barrel.

3. The quantity contained in a cask.

4. A casket; a small box for jewels. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Cask transitive verb To put into a cask.

Casket noun [ Confer French casquet , dim. of casque belmet, from Spanish casco .]
1. A small chest or box, esp. of rich material or ornamental character, as for jewels, etc.

The little casket bring me hither.
Shak.

2. A kind of burial case. [ U. S.]

3. Anything containing or intended to contain something highly esteemed ; as: (a) The body. ( Shak. ) (b) The tomb. ( Milton ). (c) A book of selections. [ poetic]

They found him dead . . . an empty casket .
Shak.

Casket noun (Nautical) A gasket. See Gasket .

Casket transitive verb To put into, or preserve in, a casket. [ Poetic] "I have casketed my treasure." Shak.

Casque noun [ French casque , from Spanish casco See Cask .] A piece of defensive or ornamental armor (with or without a vizor) for the head and neck; a helmet.

His casque overshadowed with brilliant plumes.
Prescott.

Cass (kăs) transitive verb [ French casser , Late Latin cassare , from Latin cassus empty, hollow, and perhaps influenced by Latin quassare to shake, shatter, v. intens. of quatere to shake. Confer Cashier , transitive verb , Quash , Cask .] To render useless or void; to quash; to annul; to reject; to send away. [ Obsolete] Sir W. Raleigh.

Cassada (kăs"sȧ*dȧ; 277) noun See Cassava .

Cassareep (-rēp) noun A condiment made from the sap of the bitter cassava ( Manihot utilissima ) deprived of its poisonous qualities, concentrated by boiling, and flavored with aromatics. See Pepper pot .

Cassate transitive verb [ Late Latin cassare . See Cass .] To render void or useless; to vacate or annul. [ Obsolete]

Cassation noun [ French cassation . See Cass .] The act of annulling.

A general cassation of their constitutions.
Motley.

Court of cassation , the highest court of appeal in France, which has power to quash ( Casser ) or reverse the decisions of the inferior courts.

Cassava (kăs"sȧ*vȧ) noun [ French cassave , Spanish cazabe , from kasabi , in the language of Haiti.]
1. (Botany) A shrubby euphorbiaceous plant of the genus Manihot , with fleshy rootstocks yielding an edible starch; -- called also manioc .

» There are two species, bitter and sweet , from which the cassava of commerce is prepared in the West Indies, tropical America, and Africa. The bitter ( Manihot utilissima ) is the more important; this has a poisonous sap, but by grating, pressing, and baking the root the poisonous qualities are removed. The sweet ( M. Aipi ) is used as a table vegetable.

2. A nutritious starch obtained from the rootstocks of the cassava plant, used as food and in making tapioca.

Cassava wood (Botany) A West Indian tree ( Turpinia occidentalis ) of the family Staphyleaceæ .

Casse Paper [ French papier cassé . See Cass .] Broken paper; the outside quires of a ream.

Casse-tête noun [ French, from casser to breal (see 2d Quash ) + tête head.] A small war club, esp. of savages; -- so called because of its supposed use in crushing the skull.

Cassel brown, Cassel earth A brown pigment of varying permanence, consisting of impure lignite. It was found originally near Cassel (now Kassel), Germany.

Casserole noun [ French a saucepan, dim. from casse a basin.]
1. (Chemistry) A small round dish with a handle, usually of porcelain.

2. (Cookery) A mold (in the shape of a hollow vessel or incasement) of boiled rice, mashed potato or paste, baked, and afterwards filled with vegetables or meat.

Cassette noun [ French, prop., a casket, dim. of casse a case. See lst Case .] Same as Seggar .

Cassia (kăsh"ȧ) noun [ Latin cassia and casia , Greek kassi`a and kasi`a ; of Semitic origin; confer Hebrew qetsīāh , from qātsa' to cut off, to peel off.]
1. (Botany) A genus of leguminous plants (herbs, shrubs, or trees) of many species, most of which have purgative qualities. The leaves of several species furnish the senna used in medicine.

2. The bark of several species of Cinnamomum grown in China, etc.; Chinese cinnamon. It is imported as cassia , but commonly sold as cinnamon, from which it differs more or less in strength and flavor, and the amount of outer bark attached.

» The medicinal "cassia" ( Cassia pulp ) is the laxative pulp of the pods of a leguminous tree ( Cassia fistula or Pudding-pipe tree ), native in the East Indies but naturalized in various tropical countries.

Cassia bark , the bark of Cinnamomum cassia , etc. The coarser kinds are called Cassia lignea , and are often used to adulterate true cinnamon. -- Cassia buds , the dried flower buds of several species of cinnamon ( Cinnamomum cassia , atc..). -- Cassia oil , oil extracted from cassia bark and cassia buds; -- called also oil of cinnamon .

Cassican noun [ New Latin cassicus helmeted, from Latin cassis a belmet.] (Zoology) An American bird of the genus Cassicus , allied to the starlings and orioles, remarkable for its skillfully constructed and suspended nest; the crested oriole. The name is also sometimes given to the piping crow, an Australian bird.

Cassideous adjective [ Latin Cassis helmet.] (Botany) Helmet-shaped; -- applied to a corolla having a broad, helmet-shaped upper petal, as in aconite.

Cassidony noun [ Confer Late Latin cassidonium , French cassidoine . See Chalcedony .] (Botany) (a) The French lavender ( Lavandula Stœchas ) . (b) The goldilocks (Chrysocoma Linosyris) and perhaps other plants related to the genus Gnaphalium or cudweed.

Cassimere noun [ Confer French casimir , probably of the same origin as English cashmere . Confer Kerseymere .] A thin, twilled, woolen cloth, used for men's garments. [ Written also kerseymere .]

Cassinette noun [ Confer Spanish casinete , German cassinet .] A cloth with a cotton warp, and a woof of very fine wool, or wool and silk.

Cassinian ovals (Math.) See under Oval .

Cassino noun [ Italian casino a small house, a gaming house. See casino .] A game at cards, played by two or more persons, usually for twenty-one points.

Great cassino , the ten of diamonds. -- Little cassino , the two of spades.

Cassioberry noun [ New Latin cassine , from the language of the Florida Indians.] The fruit of the Viburnum obovatum , a shrub which grows from Virginia to Florida.

Cassiopeia noun [ New Latin , from Greek ....] (Astron.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere, situated between Cepheus and Perseus; -- so called in honor of the wife of Cepheus, a fabulous king of Ethiopia.

Cassiopeia's Chair , a group of six stars, in Cassiopeia, somewhat resembling a chair.

Cassiterite noun [ Greek ... tin.] (Min.) Native tin dioxide; tin stone; a mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals of reddish brown color, and brilliant adamantine luster; also massive, sometimes in compact forms with concentric fibrous structure resembling wood ( wood tin ), also in rolled fragments or pebbly ( Stream tin ). It is the chief source of metallic tin. See Black tin , under Black .

Cassius noun [ From the name of the discoverer, A. Cassius , a German physician of the 17th centry.] A brownish purple pigment, obtained by the action of some compounds of tin upon certain salts of gold. It is used in painting and staining porcelain and glass to give a beautiful purple color. Commonly called Purple of Cassius .

Cassock noun [ French casaque , from Italian casacca , perhaps from Latin casa cottage, in Italian , house; or of Slavic origin.]


1. A long outer garment formerly worn by men and women, as well as by soldiers as part of their uniform.

2. (Eccl.) A garment resembling a long frock coat worn by the clergy of certain churches when officiating, and by others as the usually outer garment.

Cassocked adjective Clothed with a cassock.

Cassolette noun [ French] a box, or vase, with a perforated cover to emit perfumes.

Cassonade noun [ French, from casson , for caisson a large chest. This sugar comes from Brazil in large chests.] Raw sugar; sugar not refined. Mc Elrath.

Cassowary noun ; plural Cassowaries . [ Malay kasuāri .] (Zoology) A large bird, of the genus Casuarius , found in the east Indies. It is smaller and stouter than the ostrich. Its head is armed with a kind of helmet of horny substance, consisting of plates overlapping each other, and it has a group of long sharp spines on each wing which are used as defensive organs. It is a shy bird, and runs with great rapidity. Other species inhabit New Guinea, Australia, etc.

Cassumunar, Cassumuniar noun [ Hind.] (Medicine) A pungent, bitter, aromatic, gingerlike root, obtained from the East Indies.

Cast (kȧst) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cast ; present participle & verbal noun Casting .] [ Confer Danish kaste , Icelandic & Swedish kasta ; perhaps akin to Latin gerere to bear, carry. English jest .]
1. To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel.

Uzziah prepared . . . slings to cast stones.
2 Chron. xxvi. 14.

Cast thy garment about thee, and follow me.
Acts. xii. 8.

We must be cast upon a certain island.
Acts. xxvii. 26.

2. To direct or turn, as the eyes.

How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me!
Shak.

3. To drop; to deposit; as, to cast a ballot.

4. To throw down, as in wrestling. Shak.

5. To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.

Thine enemies shall cast a trench [ bank] about thee.
Luke xix. 48.

6. To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.

His filth within being cast .
Shak.

Neither shall your vine cast her fruit.
Mal. iii. 11

The creatures that cast the skin are the snake, the viper, etc.
Bacon.

7. To bring forth prematurely; to slink.

Thy she-goats have not cast their young.
Gen. xxi. 38.

8. To throw out or emit; to exhale. [ Obsolete]

This . . . casts a sulphureous smell.
Woodward.

9. To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject.

10. To impose; to bestow; to rest.

The government I cast upon my brother.
Shak.

Cast thy burden upon the Lord.
Ps. iv. 22.

11. To dismiss; to discard; to cashier. [ Obsolete]

The state can not with safety cast him.

12. To compute; to reckon; to calculate; as, to cast a horoscope. "Let it be cast and paid." Shak.

You cast the event of war, my noble lord.
Shak.

13. To contrive; to plan. [ Archaic]

The cloister . . . had, I doubt not, been cast for [ an orange-house].
Sir W. Temple.

14. To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, to be cast in damages.

She was cast to be hanged.
Jeffrey.

Were the case referred to any competent judge, they would inevitably be cast .
Dr. H. More.

15. To turn (the balance or scale); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, a casting voice.

How much interest casts the balance in cases dubious!
South.

16. To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, to cast bells, stoves, bullets.

17. (Print.) To stereotype or electrotype.

18. To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign (an actor) for a part.

Our parts in the other world will be new cast .
Addison.

To cast anchor (Nautical) See under Anchor . -- To cast a horoscope , to calculate it. -- To cast a horse, sheep , or other animal, to throw with the feet upwards, in such a manner as to prevent its rising again. -- To cast a shoe , to throw off or lose a shoe, said of a horse or ox. -- To cast aside , to throw or push aside; to neglect; to reject as useless or inconvenient. -- To cast away . (a) To throw away; to lavish; to waste. " Cast away a life" Addison. (b) To reject; to let perish. " Cast away his people." Rom. xi. 1. " Cast one away ." Shak. (c) To wreck. " Cast away and sunk." Shak. -- To cast by , to reject; to dismiss or discard; to throw away. -- To cast down , to throw down; to destroy; to deject or depress, as the mind. "Why art thou cast down . O my soul?" Ps. xiii. 5. -- To cast forth , to throw out, or eject, as from an inclosed place; to emit; to send out. -- To cast in one's lot with , to share the fortunes of. -- To cast in one's teeth , to upbraid or abuse one for; to twin. -- To cast lots . See under Lot . -- To cast off . (a) To discard or reject; to drive away; to put off; to free one's self from. (b) (Hunting) To leave behind, as dogs; also, to set loose, or free, as dogs. Crabb. (c) (Nautical) To untie, throw off, or let go, as a rope. -- To cast off copy , (Print.) , to estimate how much printed matter a given amount of copy will make, or how large the page must be in order that the copy may make a given number of pages. -- To cast one's self on or upon to yield or submit one's self unreservedly to, as to the mercy of another. -- To cast out , to throw out; to eject, as from a house; to cast forth; to expel; to utter. -- To cast the lead (Nautical) , to sound by dropping the lead to the bottom. -- To cast the water (Medicine) , to examine the urine for signs of disease. [ Obsolete]. -- To cast up . (a) To throw up; to raise. (b) To compute; to reckon, as the cost. (c) To vomit. (d) To twit with; to throw in one's teeth.

Cast intransitive verb
1. To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook.

2. (Nautical) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh.

Weigh anchor, cast to starboard.
Totten.

3. To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan; as, to cast about for reasons.

She . . . cast in her mind what manner of salution this should be.
Luke. i. 29.

4. To calculate; to compute. [ R.]

Who would cast and balance at a desk.
Tennyson.

5. To receive form or shape in a mold.

It will not run thin, so as to cast and mold.
Woodward.

6. To warp; to become twisted out of shape.

Stuff is said to cast or warp when . . . it alters its flatness or straightness.
Moxon.

7. To vomit.

These verses . . . make me ready to cast .
B. Jonson.

Cast 3d present of Cast , for Casteth . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Cast noun [ Confer Icelandic , Dan., & Swedish kast .]
1. The act of casting or throwing; a throw.

2. The thing thrown.

A cast of dreadful dust.
Dryden.

3. The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown. "About a stone's cast ." Luke xxii. 41.

4. A throw of dice; hence, a chance or venture.

An even cast whether the army should march this way or that way.
Sowth.

I have set my life upon a cast ,
And I will stand the hazard of the die.
Shak.

5. That which is throw out or off, shed, or ejected; as, the skin of an insect, the refuse from a hawk's stomach, the excrement of a earthworm.

6. The act of casting in a mold.

And why such daily cast of brazen cannon.
Shak.

7. An impression or mold, taken from a thing or person; amold; a pattern.

8. That which is formed in a mild; esp. a reproduction or copy, as of a work of art, in bronze or plaster, etc.; a casting.

9. Form; appearence; mien; air; style; as, a peculiar cast of countenance. "A neat cast of verse." Pope.

An heroic poem, but in another cast and figure.
Prior.

And thus the native hue of resolution
Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought.
Shak.

10. A tendency to any color; a tinge; a shade.

Gray with a cast of green.
Woodward.

11. A chance, opportunity, privilege, or advantage; specifically, an opportunity of riding; a lift. [ Scotch]

We bargained with the driver to give us a cast to the next stage.
Smollett.

If we had the cast o' a cart to bring it.
Sir W. Scott.

12. The assignment of parts in a play to the actors.

13. (Falconary) A flight or a couple or set of hawks let go at one time from the hand. Grabb.

As when a cast of falcons make their flight.
Spenser.

14. A stoke, touch, or trick. [ Obsolete]

This was a cast of Wood's politics; for his information was wholly false.
Swift.

15. A motion or turn, as of the eye; direction; look; glance; squint.

The cast of the eye is a gesture of aversion.
Bacon.

And let you see with one cast of an eye.
Addison.

This freakish, elvish cast came into the child's eye.
Hawthorne.

16. A tube or funnel for conveying metal into a mold.

17. Four; that is, as many as are thrown into a vessel at once in counting herrings, etc; a warp.

18. Contrivance; plot, design. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

A cast of the eye , a slight squint or strabismus. -- Renal cast (Medicine) , microscopic bodies found in the urine of persons affected with disease of the kidneys; -- so called because they are formed of matter deposited in, and preserving the outline of, the renal tubes. -- The last cast , the last throw of the dice or last effort, on which every thing is ventured; the last chance.

Cast iron Highly carbonized iron, the direct product of the blast furnace; -- used for making castings, and for conversion into wrought iron and steel. It can not be welded or forged, is brittle, and sometimes very hard. Besides carbon, it contains sulphur, phosphorus, silica, etc.

Cast steel See Cast steel , under Steel .

Castalian adjective [ Latin Castalius ] Of or pertaining to Castalia, a mythical fountain of inspiration on Mt. Parnassus sacred to the Muses. Milton.

Castanea noun [ Latin , a chestnut, from Greek ....] (Botany) A genus of nut-bearing trees or shrubs including the chestnut and chinquapin.

Castanet noun See Castanets .

Castanets noun plural [ French castagnettes , Spanish castañetas , from Latin castanea (Sp. castaña ) a chestnut. So named from the resemblance to two chestnuts, or because chestnuts were first used for castanets. See Chestnut .] Two small, concave shells of ivory or hard wood, shaped like spoons, fastened to the thumb, and beaten together with the middle finger; -- used by the Spaniards and Moors as an accompaniment to their dance and guitars.

» The singular, castanet , is used of one of the pair, or, sometimes, of the pair forming the instrument.

The dancer, holding a castanet in each hand, rattles then to the motion of his feet.
Moore (Encyc. of Music).