Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Cast-iron adjective Made of cast iron. Hence, Fig.: like cast iron; hardy; unyielding.

Cast-off adjective Cast or laid aside; as, cast-off clothes.

Castaway noun
1. One who, or that which, is cast away or shipwrecked.

2. One who is ruined; one who has made moral shipwreck; a reprobate.

Lest . . . when I have preached to others , I myself should be a castaway .
1 Cor. ix. 27.

Castaway adjective Of no value; rejected; useless.

Caste noun [ Portuguese casta race, lineage, from Latin castus pure, chaste: confer French caste , of same origin.]
1. One of the hereditary classes into which the Hindoos are divided according to the laws of Brahmanism.

» The members of the same caste are theoretically of equal rank, and same profession or occupation, and may not eat or intermarry with those not of their own caste. The original are four, viz., the Brahmans , or sacerdotal order; the Kshatriyas , or soldiers and rulers; the Vaisyas , or husbandmen and merchants; and the Sudras , or laborers and mechanics. Men of no caste are Pariahs , outcasts. Numerous mixed classes, or castes , have sprung up in the progress of time.

2. A separate and fixed order or class of persons in society who chiefly hold intercourse among themselves.

The tinkers then formed an hereditary caste .

To lose caste , to be degraded from the caste to which one has belonged; to lose social position or consideration.

Castellan noun [ Old French castelain , French châtelain , Latin castellanus pertaining to a castle, an occupant of a caste, Late Latin , a governor of a castle, from Latin castellum castle, citadel, dim. of castrum fortified place. See Castle , and confer Chatelaine .] A governor or warden of a castle.

Castellany noun ; plural Castellanies . [ Late Latin castellania .] The lordship of a castle; the extent of land and jurisdiction appertaining to a castle.

Castellated adjective [ Late Latin castellatus , from castellare . See Castle .]
1. Inclosed within a building; as, a fountain or cistern castellated . [ Obsolete] Johnson.

2. Furnished with turrets and battlements, like a castle; built in the style of a castle.

Castellation noun [ Late Latin castellation , from castellare , from Latin castellum . See Castle .] The act of making into a castle.

Caster noun
1. One who casts; as, caster of stones, etc. ; a caster of cannon; a caster of accounts.

2. A vial, cruet, or other small vessel, used to contain condiments at the table; as, a set of casters .

3. A stand to hold a set of cruets.

4. A small wheel on a swivel, on which furniture is supported and moved.

Castigate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Castigated ; present participle & verbal noun Castigating .] [ Latin castigatus , past participle of castigare to correct, punish; castus pure, chaste + agere to move, drive. See Caste , and confer Chasten .]
1. To punish by stripes; to chastise by blows; to chasten; also, to chastise verbally; to reprove; to criticise severely.

2. To emend; to correct. [ Obsolete]

Castigation noun [ Latin catigatio .]

1. Corrective punishment; chastisement; reproof; pungent criticism.

The keenest castigation of her slanderers.
W. Irving.

2. Emendation; correction. [ Obsolete]

Castigator noun [ Latin ] One who castigates or corrects.

Castigatory adjective [ Latin castigatorius .] Punitive in order to amendment; corrective.

Castigatory noun An instrument formerly used to punish and correct arrant scolds; -- called also a ducking stool , or trebucket . Blacktone.

Castile soap [ From Castile , or Castilia , a province in Spain, from which it originally came.] A kind of fine, hard, white or mottled soap, made with olive oil and soda; also, a soap made in imitation of the above-described soap.

Castilian noun [ Spanish castellano , from Castila , New Latin Castilia , Castella . Castile, which received its name from the castles erected on the frontiers as a barrier against the Moors.]
1. An inhabitant or native of Castile, in Spain.

2. The Spanish language as spoken in Castile.

Castillan adjective Of or pertaining to Castile, in Spain.

Casting noun
1. The act of one who casts or throws, as in fishing.

2. The act or process of making casts or impressions, or of shaping metal or plaster in a mold; the act or the process of pouring molten metal into a mold.

3. That which is cast in a mold; esp. the mass of metal so cast; as, a casting in iron; bronze casting .

4. The warping of a board. Brande & C.

5. The act of casting off, or that which is cast off, as skin, feathers, excrement, etc.

Casting of draperies , the proper distribution of the folds of garments, in painting and sculpture. -- Casting line (Fishing) , the leader; also, sometimes applied to the long reel line. -- Casting net , a net which is cast and drawn, in distinction from a net that is set and left. -- Casting voice , Casting vote , the decisive vote of a presiding officer, when the votes of the assembly or house are equally divided. "When there was an equal vote, the governor had the casting voice ." B. Trumbull. -- Casting weight , a weight that turns a balance when exactly poised.

Castle noun [ Anglo-Saxon castel , from Latin castellum , dim. of castrum a fortified place, castle.]
1. A fortified residence, especially that of a prince or nobleman; a fortress.

The house of every one is to him castle and fortress, as well for his defense againts injury and violence, as for his repose.

Our castle's strength
Will laugh a siege to scorn.

» Originally the mediæval castle was a single strong tower or keep, with a palisaded inclosure around it and inferior buidings, such as stables and the like, and surrounded by a moat; then such a keep or donjon, with courtyards or baileys and accessory buildings of greater elaboration a great hall and a chapel, all surrounded by defensive walls and a moat, with a drawbridge, etc. Afterwards the name was retained by large dwellings that had formerly been fortresses, or by those which replaced ancient fortresses.

A Donjon or Keep, an irregular building containing the dwelling of the lord and his family; B C Large round towers ferming part of the donjon and of the exterior; D Square tower, separating the two inner courts and forming part of the donjon; E Chapel, whose apse forms a half-round tower, F , on the exterior walls; G H Round towers on the exterior walls; K Postern gate, reached from outside by a removable fight of steps or inclined plane for hoisting in stores, and leading to a court, L (see small digagram) whose pavement is on a level with the sill of the postern, but below the level of the larger court, with which it communicates by a separately fortified gateway; M Turret, containing spiral stairway to all the stories of the great tower, B , and serving also as a station for signal fire, banner, etc.; N Turret with stairway for tower, C ; O Echauguettes; P P P Battlemants consisting of merlons and crenels alternately, the merlons being pierced by loopholes; Q Q Machicolations (those at Q defend the postern K ); R Outwork defending the approach, which is a road ascending the hill and passing under all four faces of the castle; S S Wall of the outer bailey. The road of approach enters the bailey at T and passes thence into the castle by the main entrance gateway (which is in the wall between, and defended by the towers, C H ) and over two drawbridges and through fortified passages to the inner court.

2. Any strong, imposing, and stately mansion.

3. A small tower, as on a ship, or an elephant's back.

4. A piece, made to represent a castle, used in the game of chess; a rook.

Castle in the air , a visionary project; a baseless scheme; an air castle; -- sometimes called a castle in Spain (F. Château en Espagne ).

Syn. -- Fortress; fortification; citadel; stronghold. See Fortress .

Castle intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Castled ; present participle & verbal noun Castling .] (Chess) To move the castle to the square next to king, and then the king around the castle to the square next beyond it, for the purpose of covering the king.

Castle-guard noun
1. The guard or defense of a castle.

2. (O. Eng. Law) A tax or imposition an a dwelling within a certain distance of a castle, for the purpose of maintaining watch and ward in it; castle- ward.

3. A feudal tenure, obliging the tenant to perform service within the realm, without limitation of time.

Castlebuilder noun Fig.: one who builds castles in the air or forms visionary schemes.

-- Cas"tle*build`ing , noun

Castled adjective Having a castle or castles; supporting a castle; as, a castled height or crag.

2. Fortified; turreted; as, castled walls.

Castlery noun [ Confer Old French castelerie . See Castle .] The government of a castle. Blount.

Castlet noun A small castle. Leland.

Castleward noun Same as Castleguard .

Castling noun That which is cast or brought forth prematurely; an abortion. Sir T. Browne.

Castling noun (Chess) A compound move of the king and castle. See Castle , intransitive verb

Castor noun [ Latin castor the beaver, Greek ...; of uncertain origin.]
1. (Zoology) A genus of rodents, including the beaver. See Beaver .

2. Castoreum. See Castoreum .

3. A hat, esp. one made of beaver fur; a beaver.

I have always been known for the jaunty manner in which I wear my castor .
Sir W. Scott.

4. A heavy quality of broadcloth for overcoats.

Castor noun See Caster , a small wheel.

Castor noun [ Latin ] (Astron.) the northernmost of the two bright stars in the constellation Gemini, the other being Pollux.

Castor and Pollux [ Castor and Pollux were twin sons of Jupiter and Leda.] (Nautical) See Saint Elmo's fire , under Saint .

Castor bean (Botany) The bean or seed of the castor-oil plant ( Ricinus communis , or Palma Christi .)

Castor oil (kăs"tẽr oil`). A mild cathartic oil, expressed or extracted from the seeds of the Ricinus communis , or Palma Christi . When fresh the oil is inodorous and insipid.

Castor-oil plant . Same as Palma Christi .

Castor, Castorite noun [ The minerals castor and pollux were so named because found together on the island of Elba. See Castor and Pollux .] (Min.) A variety of the mineral called petalite, from Elba.

Castoreum noun [ Latin See Castor .] A peculiar bitter orange-brown substance, with strong, penetrating odor, found in two sacs between the anus and external genitals of the beaver; castor; -- used in medicine as an antispasmodic, and by perfumers.

Castorin (kăs"to*rĭn) noun [ From 1st Castor .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline substance obtained from castoreum.

Castrametation noun [ French castramétation , from Latin castra camp + metari to measure off, from meta limit.] (Mil.) The art or act of encamping; the making or laying out of a camp.

Castrate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Castrated ; present participle & verbal noun Castrating .] [ Latin castrarus , p; p. of castrare to castrate, asin to Sanskrit çastra knife.]
1. To deprive of the testicles; to emasculate; to geld; to alter.

2. To cut or take out; esp. to remove anything erroneous, or objectionable from, as the obscene parts of a writing; to expurgate.

My . . . correspondent . . . has sent me the following letter, which I have castrated in some places.

Castration noun [ Latin castratio ; confer French castration .] The act of castrating.

Castrato noun [ Latin , properly past participle of castrare . See Castrate .] A male person castrated for the purpose of improving his voice for singing; an artificial, or male, soprano. Swift.

Castrel noun [ Confer French crécerelle , cristel , Old French crecel , cercele . Confer Kestrel .] (Zoology) See Kestrel .

Castrensial adjective [ Latin castrensis , from castra camp.] Belonging to a camp. Sir T. Browne.

Castrensian adjective Castrensial. [ R.]

Casual adjective [ Middle English casuel , French casuel , from Latin casualis , from casus fall, accident, from cadere to fall. See Case .]
1. Happening or coming to pass without design, and without being foreseen or expected; accidental; fortuitous; coming by chance.

Casual breaks, in the general system.
W. Irving.

2. Coming without regularity; occasional; incidental; as, casual expenses.

A constant habit, rather than a casual gesture.

Syn. -- Accidental; fortutious; incidental; occasional; contingent; unforeseen. See Accidental .

Casual noun One who receives relief for a night in a parish to which he does not belong; a vagrant.

Casualism noun The doctrine that all things exist or are controlled by chance.

Casualist noun One who believes in casualism.

Casually adverb Without design; accidentally; fortuitously; by chance; occasionally.

Casualness noun The quality of being casual.