Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Carmelite noun
1. (Eccl. Hist.) A friar of a mendicant order (the Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel) established on Mount Carmel, in Syria, in the twelfth century; a White Friar.

2. A nun of the Order of Our lady of Mount Carmel.

Carmelite, Carmelin adjective Of or pertaining to the order of Carmelites.

Carminated adjective Of, relating to, or mixed with, carmine; as, carminated lake. Tomlinson.

Carminated adjective Of, relating to, or mixed with, carmine; as, carminated lake.

Carminative adjective [ New Latin carminativus (1622), from carminare to card, hence to cleanse, from carmen a card for freeing wool or flax from the coarser parts, and from extraneous matter: confer French carminatif .] Expelling wind from the body; warming; antispasmodic. " Carminative hot seeds." Dunglison.

Carminative noun A substance, esp. an aromatic, which tends to expel wind from the alimentary canal, or to relieve colic, griping, or flatulence.

Carmine noun [ French carmin (cf. Spanish carmin , Italian carminio ), contr. from Late Latin carmesinus purple color. See Crimson .]
1. A rich red or crimson color with a shade of purple.

2. A beautiful pigment, or a lake, of this color, prepared from cochineal, and used in miniature painting.

3. (Chemistry) The essential coloring principle of cochineal, extracted as a purple-red amorphous mass. It is a glucoside and possesses acid properties; -- hence called also carminic acid .

Carmine red (Chemistry) , a coloring matter obtained from carmine as a purple-red substance, and probably allied to the phthaleïns.

Carminic adjective Of or pertaining to, or derived from, carmine.

Carminic acid . Same as Carmine , 3.

Carmot noun (Alchemy) The matter of which the philosopher's stone was believed to be composed.

Carnage noun [ French carnage , Late Latin carnaticum tribute of animals, flesh of animals, from Latin caro , carnis , flesh. See Carnal .]
1. Flesh of slain animals or men.

A miltitude of dogs came to feast on the carnage .
Macaulay.

2. Great destruction of life, as in battle; bloodshed; slaughter; massacre; murder; havoc.

The more fearful carnage of the Bloody Circuit.
Macaulay.

Carnal adjective [ Latin carnalis , from caro , carnis , flesh; akin to Greek ..., Sanskrit kravya ; confer French charnel , Of. also carnel . Confer Charnel .]
1. Of or pertaining to the body or its appetites; animal; fleshly; sensual; given to sensual indulgence; lustful; human or worldly as opposed to spiritual .

For ye are yet carnal .
1 Cor. iii. 3.

Not sunk in carnal pleasure.
Milton

Carnal desires after miracles.
Trench.

2. Flesh-devouring; cruel; ravenous; bloody. [ Obsolete]

This carnal cur
Preys on the issue of his mother's body.
Shak.

Carnal knowledge , sexual intercourse; -- used especially of an unlawful act on the part of the man.

Carnal-minded adjective Worldly-minded.

Carnal-mindedness noun Grossness of mind.

Carnalism noun The state of being carnal; carnality; sensualism. [ R.]

Carnalist noun A sensualist. Burton.

Carnality noun [ Latin carnalitas .] The state of being carnal; fleshly lust, or the indulgence of lust; grossness of mind.

Because of the carnality of their hearts.
Tillotson.

Carnalize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Carnalized ; present participle & verbal noun Carnalizing .] To make carnal; to debase to carnality.

A sensual and carnalized spirit.
John Scott.

Carnallite noun [ German carnallit , from Von Carnall , a Prussian.] (Min.) A hydrous chloride of potassium and magnesium, sometimes found associated with deposits of rock salt.

Carnally adverb According to the flesh, to the world, or to human nature; in a manner to gratify animal appetites and lusts; sensually.

For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.
Rom. viii. 6.

Carnary noun [ Latin carnarium , from caro , carnis , flesh.] A vault or crypt in connection with a church, used as a repository for human bones disintered from their original burial places; a charnel house.

Carnassial adjective [ Confer French carnassier carnivorous, and Latin caro , carnis , flesh.] (Anat.) Adapted to eating flesh. -- noun A carnassial tooth; especially, the last premolar in many carnivores.

Carnate adjective [ Latin carnatus fleshy.] Invested with, or embodied in, flesh.

Carnation noun [ French carnation the flesh tints in a painting, It carnagione , from Latin carnatio fleshiness, from caro , carnis , flesh. See Carnal .]
1. The natural color of flesh; rosy pink.

Her complexion of the delicate carnation .
Ld. Lytton.

2. plural (Paint.) Those parts of a picture in which the human body or any part of it is represented in full color; the flesh tints.

The flesh tints in painting are termed carnations .
Fairholt.

3. (Botany) A species of Dianthus ( D. Caryophyllus ) or pink, having very beautiful flowers of various colors, esp. white and usually a rich, spicy scent.

Carnationed adjective Having a flesh color.

Carnauba noun (Botany) The Brazilian wax palm. See Wax palm .

Carnelian noun [ For carnelian ; influenced by Latin carneus fleshy, of flesh, because of its flesh red color. See Cornellan .] (Min.) A variety of chalcedony, of a clear, deep red, flesh red, or reddish white color. It is moderately hard, capable of a good polish, and often used for seals.

Carneous adjective [ Latin carneus , from caro , carnis , flesh.] Consisting of, or like, flesh; carnous; fleshy. " Carneous fibers." Ray.

Carney noun [ Confer Latin carneus flesh.] (Far.) A disease of horses, in which the mouth is so furred that the afflicted animal can not eat.

Carnic adjective [ Latin caro , carnis , flesh.] Of or pertaining to flesh; specif. (Physiol. Chem.) , pertaining to or designating a hydroscopic monobasic acid, C 10 H 15 O 5 N 3 , obtained as a cleavage product from an acid of muscle tissue.

Carnifex noun [ Latin , from caro , carnis , flesh + facere to make.] (Antiq.) The public executioner at Rome, who executed persons of the lowest rank; hence, an executioner or hangman.

Carnification noun [ Confer French carnification .] The act or process of turning to flesh, or to a substance resembling flesh.

Carnify intransitive verb [ Late Latin carnificare , from Latin caro , carnis , flesh + facere to make: confer French carnifier .] To form flesh; to become like flesh. Sir M. Hale.

Carnin noun [ Latin caro , canis , flesh.] (Chemistry) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance, found in extract of meat, and related to xanthin.

Carnival noun [ Italian carnevale , probably for older carnelevale , prop., the putting away of meat; from Latin caro , carnis , flesh + levare to take away, lift up, from levis light.]
1. A festival celebrated with merriment and revelry in Roman Gatholic countries during the week before Lent, esp. at Rome and Naples, during a few days (three to ten) before Lent, ending with Shrove Tuesday.

The carnival at Venice is everywhere talked of.
Addison.

2. Any merrymaking, feasting, or masquerading, especially when overstepping the bounds of decorum; a time of riotous excess. Tennyson.

He saw the lean dogs beneath the wall
Hold o'er the dead their carnival
Byron.

Carnivora noun plural [ New Latin , neut. plural from Latin carnivorus . See Carnivorous .] (Zoology) An order of Mammallia including the lion, tiger, wolf bear, seal, etc. They are adapted by their structure to feed upon flesh, though some of them, as the bears, also eat vegetable food. The teeth are large and sharp, suitable for cutting flesh, and the jaws powerful.

Carnivoracity noun Greediness of appetite for flesh. [ Sportive.] Pope.

Carnivore noun [ Confer French carnivore .] (Zoology) One of the Carnivora .

Carnivorous adjective [ Latin carnivorus ; caro , carnis , flesh + varare to devour.] Eating or feeding on flesh. The term is applied: (a) to animals which naturally seek flesh for food, as the tiger, dog, etc.; (b) to plants which are supposed to absorb animal food; (c) to substances which destroy animal tissue, as caustics.

Carnose, Carnous adjective [ Latin carnosus , from caro , carnis , flesh: confer Old French carneux , French charneux .]
1. Of or pertaining to flesh; fleshy.

A distinct carnose muscle.
Ray.

2. (Botany) Of a fleshy consistence; -- applied to succulent leaves, stems, etc.

Carnosity noun [ Confer French carnosité .]


1. (Medicine) A fleshy excrescence; esp. a small excrescence or fungous growth. Wiseman.

2. Fleshy substance or quality; fleshy covering.

[ Consciences] overgrown with so hard a carnosity .
Spelman.

The olives, indeed be very small there, and bigger than capers; yet commended they are for their carnosity .
Holland.

Carnot's cycle [ After N. Latin S. Carnot , French physicist.] (Thermodynamics) An ideal heat-engine cycle in which the working fluid goes through the following four successive operations: (1) Isothermal expansion to a desired point; (2) adiabatic expansion to a desired point; (3) isothermal compression to such a point that (4) adiabatic compression brings it back to its initial state.

Carob noun [ Confer French caroube fruit of the carob tree, Spanish garrobo , al-garrobo , carob tree, from Arabic kharrūb , Persian Kharnūb . Confer Clgaroba .]
1. (Botany) An evergreen leguminous tree ( Ceratania Siliqua ) found in the countries bordering the Mediterranean; the St. John's bread; -- called also carob tree .

2. One of the long, sweet, succulent, pods of the carob tree, which are used as food for animals and sometimes eaten by man; -- called also St. John's bread , carob bean , and algaroba bean .

Caroche noun [ Old French carrache , French carrose from Italian carrocio , carrozza , from carro , Latin carus . See Car .] A kind of pleasure carriage; a coach. [ Obsolete]

To mount two-wheeled caroches .
Butler.

Caroched adjective Placed in a caroche. [ Obsolete]

Beggary rides caroched .
Massenger.

Caroigne noun [ See Carrion .] Dead body; carrion. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Carol noun [ Old French carole a kind of dance wherein many dance together, from caroler to dance; perhaps from Celtic; confer Armor. koroll , noun , korolla , korolli , v., Ir. car music, turn, circular motion, also Latin choraula a flute player, charus a dance, chorus, choir.]
1. A round dance. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. A song of joy, exultation, or mirth; a lay.

The costly feast, the carol , and the dance.
Dryden

It was the carol of a bird.
Byron.

3. A song of praise of devotion; as, a Christmas or Easter carol .

Heard a carol , mournful, holy.
Tennyson.

In the darkness sing your carol of high praise.
Keble.

4. Joyful music, as of a song.

I heard the bells on Christmans Day
Their old, familiar carol play.
Longfellow.

Carol transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Caroled , or Carolled ; present participle & verbal noun Caroling , or Carolling .]


1. To praise or celebrate in song.

The Shepherds at their festivals
Carol her goodness.
Milton.

2. To sing, especially with joyful notes.

Hovering swans . . . carol sounds harmonious.
Prior.

Carol intransitive verb To sing; esp. to sing joyfully; to warble.

And carol of love's high praise.
Spenser.

The gray linnets carol from the hill.
Beattie.

Carol, Carrol noun [ Old French carole a sort of circular space, or carol.] (Architecture) A small closet or inclosure built against a window on the inner side, to sit in for study. The word was used as late as the 16th century.

A bay window may thus be called a carol .
Parker.

Carolin noun [ Latin Carolus Charles.] A former gold coin of Germany worth nearly five dollars; also, a gold coin of Sweden worth nearly five dollars.