Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Carolina pink (Botany) See Pinkboot .

Caroline noun A coin. See Carline .

Caroling noun A song of joy or devotion; a singing, as of carols. Coleridge.

Such heavenly notes and carolings .
Spenser.

Carolinian noun A native or inhabitant of north or South Carolina.

Carolitic adjective (Architecture) Adorned with sculptured leaves and branches.

Carolus noun ; plural English Caroluses , Latin Caroli . [ Latin , Charles.] An English gold coin of the value of twenty or twenty-three shillings. It was first struck in the reign of Charles I.

Told down the crowns and Caroluses .
Macawlay.

Carom noun [ Prob. corrupted from French carumboler to carom, carambolage a carom, carambole the red ball in billiards.] (Billiards) A shot in which the ball struck with the cue comes in contact with two or more balls on the table; a hitting of two or more balls with the player's ball. In England it is called cannon .

Carom intransitive verb (Billiards) To make a carom.

Caromel noun See Caramel .

Caroteel noun (Com.) A tierce or cask for dried fruits, etc., usually about 700 lbs. Simmonds.

Carotic adjective [ Greek ... stupefying. See Carotid .]
1. Of or pertaining to stupor; as, a carotic state.

2. (Anat.) Carotid; as, the carotic arteries.

Carotid noun [ Greek ..., plural, from ... heavy sleep: confer French carotide . The early Greeks believed that these arteries in some way caused drowsiness.] (Anat.) One of the two main arteries of the neck, by which blood is conveyed from the aorta to the head. [ See Illust. of Aorta .]

Carotid, Carotidal adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to, or near, the carotids or one of them; as, the carotid gland.

Carotin noun (Chemistry) A red crystallizable tasteless substance, extracted from the carrot.

Carotte noun [ French, prop., carrot.] A cylindrical roll of tobacco; as, a carotte of perique.

Carousal noun [ See Carouse , but also confer French carrousel tilt.] A jovial feast or festival; a drunken revel; a carouse.

The swains were preparing for a carousal .
Sterne.

Syn. -- Banquet; revel; orgie; carouse. See Feast .

Carouse (kȧ*rouz") noun [ French carrousse , earlier carous , from German garaus finishing stroke, the entire emptying of the cup in drinking a health; gar entirely + aus out. See Yare , and Out .]
1. A large draught of liquor. [ Obsolete] "A full carouse of sack." Sir J. Davies.

Drink carouses to the next day's fate.
Shak.

2. A drinking match; a carousal.

The early feast and late carouse .
Pope.

Carouse intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Caroused ; present participle & verbal noun Carousing .] To drink deeply or freely in compliment; to take part in a carousal; to engage in drunken revels.

He had been aboard, carousing to his mates.
Shak.

Carouse transitive verb To drink up; to drain; to drink freely or jovially. [ Archaic]

Guests carouse the sparkling tears of the rich grape.
Denham.

Egypt's wanton queen,
Carousing gems, herself dissolved in love.
Young.

Carouser noun One who carouses; a reveler.

Carousing adjective That carouses; relating to a carouse.

Carousingly adverb In the manner of a carouser.

Carp (kärp) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Carped (kärpt); present participle & verbal noun Carping .] [ Middle English carpen to say, speak; from Scand. (cf. Icelandic karpa to boast), but influenced later by Latin carpere to pluck, calumniate.]
1. To talk; to speak; to prattle. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. To find fault; to cavil; to censure words or actions without reason or ill-naturedly; -- usually followed by at .

Carping and caviling at faults of manner.
Blackw. Mag.

And at my actions carp or catch.
Herbert.

Carp transitive verb
1. To say; to tell. [ Obsolete]

2. To find fault with; to censure. [ Obsolete] Dryden.

Carp noun ; plural Carp , formerly Carps . [ Confer Icelandic karfi , Danish karpe , Swedish karp , Old High German charpho , German karpfen , French carpe , Late Latin carpa .] (Zoology) A fresh-water herbivorous fish ( Cyprinus carpio .). Several other species of Cyprinus , Catla , and Carassius are called carp . See Cruclan carp .

» The carp was originally from Asia, whence it was early introduced into Europe, where it is extensively reared in artificial ponds. Within a few years it has been introduced into America, and widely distributed by the government. Domestication has produced several varieties, as the leather carp , which is nearly or quite destitute of scales, and the mirror carp , which has only a few large scales. Intermediate varieties occur.

Carp louse (Zoology) , a small crustacean, of the genus Argulus , parasitic on carp and allied fishes. See Branchiura . -- Carp mullet (Zoology) , a fish ( Moxostoma carpio ) of the Ohio River and Great Lakes, allied to the suckers. -- Carp sucker (Zoology) , a name given to several species of fresh-water fishes of the genus Carpiodes in the United States; - - called also quillback.

Carpal adjective [ From Carpus .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the carpus, or wrist. -- noun One of the bones or cartilages of the carpus; a carpale.

Carpal angle (Zoology) , the angle at the last joint of the folded wing of a bird.

Carpale noun ; plural Carpalia . [ New Latin , from English carpus .] (Anat.) One of the bones or cartilages of the carpus; esp. one of the series articulating with the metacarpals.

Carpathian adjective Of or pertaining to a range of mountains in Austro-Hungary, called the Carpathians, which partially inclose Hungary on the north, east, and south.

Carpel (kär"pĕl), Car*pel"lum (-pĕl"lŭm) noun [ New Latin carpellum , from Greek karpo`s fruit.] (Botany) A simple pistil or single-celled ovary or seed vessel, or one of the parts of a compound pistil, ovary, or seed vessel. See Illust of Carpaphore .

Carpellary adjective (Botany) Belonging to, forming, or containing carpels.

Carpenter noun [ Old French carpentier , French charpentier , Late Latin carpentarius , from Latin carpentum wagon, carriage.] An artificer who works in timber; a framer and builder of houses, ships, etc.

Syn. -- Carpenter , Joiner . The carpenter frames and puts together roofs, partitions, floors, and other structural parts of a building. The joiner supplies stairs, doors shutters, mantelpieces, cupboards, and other parts necessary to finishing the building. In America the two trades are commonly united.

Carpenter ant (Zoology) , any species of ant which gnaws galleries in the wood of trees and constructs its nests therein. They usually select dead or somewhat decayed wood. The common large American species is Formica Pennsylvanica . -- Carpenter bee (Zoology) , a large hymenopterous insect of the genus Xylocopa ; -- so called because it constructs its nest by gnawing long galleries in sound timber. The common American species is Xylocopa Virginica .

Carpentering noun The occupation or work of a carpenter; the act of working in timber; carpentry.

Carpentry noun [ French charpenterie , Old French also carpenterie . See Carpenter .]


1. The art of cutting, framing, and joining timber, as in the construction of buildings.

2. An assemblage of pieces of timber connected by being framed together, as the pieces of a roof, floor, etc.; work done by a carpenter.

Carper noun One who carps; a caviler. Shak.

Carpet (kär"pĕt) noun [ Old French carpite rug, soft of cloth, French carpette coarse packing cloth, rug (cf. Italian carpita rug, blanket), Late Latin carpeta , carpita , woolly cloths, from Latin carpere to pluck, to card (wool); confer Greek karpo`s fruit, English Harvest .]
1. A heavy woven or felted fabric, usually of wool, but also of cotton, hemp, straw, etc.; esp. a floor covering made in breadths to be sewed together and nailed to the floor, as distinguished from a rug or mat; originally, also, a wrought cover for tables.

Tables and beds covered with copes instead of carpets and coverlets.
T. Fuller.

2. A smooth soft covering resembling or suggesting a carpet. "The grassy carpet of this plain." Shak.

Carpet beetle or Carpet bug (Zoology) , a small beetle ( Anthrenus scrophulariæ ), which, in the larval state, does great damage to carpets and other woolen goods; -- also called buffalo bug . -- Carpet knight . (a) A knight who enjoys ease and security, or luxury, and has not known the hardships of the field; a hero of the drawing room; an effeminate person. Shak. (b) One made a knight, for some other than military distinction or service. -- Carpet moth (Zoology) , the larva of an insect which feeds on carpets and other woolen goods. There are several kinds. Some are the larvæ of species of Tinea (as T. tapetzella ); others of beetles, esp. Anthrenus . -- Carpet snake (Zoology) , an Australian snake. See Diamond snake , under Diamond . -- Carpet sweeper , an apparatus or device for sweeping carpets. -- To be on the carpet , to be under consideration; to be the subject of deliberation; to be in sight; -- an expression derived from the use of carpets as table cover. -- Brussels carpet . See under Brussels .

Carpet transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Carpeted ; present participle & verbal noun Carpeting .] To cover with, or as with, a carpet; to spread with carpets; to furnish with a carpet or carpets.

Carpeted temples in fashionable squares.
E. Everett.

Carpetbag noun A portable bag for travelers; -- so called because originally made of carpet.

Carpetbagger noun An adventurer; -- a term of contempt for a Northern man seeking private gain or political advancement in the southern part of the United States after the Civil War (1865). [ U. S.]

Carpeting noun
1. The act of covering with carpets.

2. Cloth or materials for carpets; carpets, in general.

The floor was covered with rich carpeting .
Prescott.

Carpetless adjective Without a carpet.

Carpetmonger noun
1. One who deals in carpets; a buyer and seller of carpets.

2. One fond of pleasure; a gallant. Shak.

Carpetway noun (Agriculture) A border of greensward left round the margin of a plowed field. Ray.

Carphology (kär*fŏl"o*jȳ) noun [ Greek ka`rfos any small dry body + -logy : confer French carphologie .] (Medicine) See Floccillation .

Carping (kärp"ĭng) adjective Fault-finding; censorious caviling. See Captious .

-- Carp"ing*ly , adverb

Carpintero (kär`pen*ta"ro) noun [ Spanish , a carpenter, a woodpecker.] A california woodpecker ( Melanerpes formicivorus) , noted for its habit of inserting acorns in holes which it drills in trees. The acorns become infested by insect larvæ, which, when grown, are extracted for food by the bird.

Carpogenic (kär`po*jĕn"ĭk) adjective [ Greek karpo`s fruit + - gen .] (Botany) Productive of fruit, or causing fruit to be developed.

Carpolite (kär"po*līt) noun [ Greek karpo`s fruit + - lite , confer French carpolithe .] A general term for a fossil fruit, nut, or seed.

Carpological adjective Of or pertaining to carpology.

Carpologist noun One who describes fruits; one versed in carpology.

Carpology noun [ Greek karpo`s fruit + -logy .] That branch of botany which relates to the structure of seeds and fruit.