Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Carbonade, Carbonado noun [ Confer French carbonnade , Italian carbonata , Spanish carbonada , from Latin carbo coal.] (Cookery) Flesh, fowl, etc., cut across, seasoned, and broiled on coals; a chop. [ Obsolete]
; plural Carbonadoes
. [ Portuguese , carbonated.] (Min.) A black variety of diamond, found in Brazil, and used for diamond drills. It occurs in irregular or rounded fragments, rarely distinctly crystallized, with a texture varying from compact to porous.
Carbonado, Carbonade transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Carbonadoed
; present participle & verbal noun Carbonadoing
.] 1. To cut (meat) across for frying or broiling; to cut or slice and broil.
A short-legged hen daintily carbonadoed . 2. To cut or hack, as in fighting.
Bean. & Fl.
I'll so carbonado your shanks.
Carbonarism noun The principles, practices, or organization of the Carbonari.
; plural Carbonari
. [ Italian , a coal man.] A member of a secret political association in Italy, organized in the early part of the nineteenth centry for the purpose of changing the government into a republic.
» The origin of the Carbonari
is uncertain, but the society is said to have first met, in 1808, among the charcoal burners of the mountains, whose phraseology they adopted.
[ From Carbonate
.] (Sugar Making) The saturation of defecated beet juice with carbonic acid gas. Knight.
Carbonate noun [ Confer French carbonate .] (Chemistry) A salt or carbonic acid, as in limestone, some forms of lead ore, etc.
Carbonated adjective Combined or impregnated with carbonic acid.
Carbone transitive verb
[ See Carbonado
.] To broil. [ Obsolete] "We had a calf's head carboned ". Pepys.
[ Confer French carbonique
. See Carbon
.] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, carbon; as, carbonic oxide. Carbonic acid (Chemistry)
, an acid H 2 CO 3 , not existing separately, which, combined with positive or basic atoms or radicals, forms carbonates. In common language the term is very generally applied to a compound of carbon and oxygen, CO 2 , more correctly called carbon dioxide . It is a colorless, heavy, irrespirable gas, extinguishing flame, and when breathed destroys life. It can be reduced to a liquid and solid form by intense pressure. It is produced in the fermentation of liquors, and by the combustion and decomposition of organic substances, or other substances containing carbon. It is formed in the explosion of fire damp in mines, and is hence called after damp ; it is also know as choke damp , and mephitic air . Water will absorb its own volume of it, and more than this under pressure, and in this state becomes the common soda water of the shops, and the carbonated water of natural springs. Combined with lime it constitutes limestone, or common marble and chalk. Plants imbibe it for their nutrition and growth, the carbon being retained and the oxygen given out.
-- Carbonic oxide (Chemistry)
, a colorless gas, CO, of a light odor, called more correctly carbon monoxide . It is almost the only definitely known compound in which carbon seems to be divalent. It is a product of the incomplete combustion of carbon, and is an abundant constituent of water gas. It is fatal to animal life, extinguishes combustion, and burns with a pale blue flame, forming carbon dioxide.
Carbonide (kär"bŏn*ĭd or -īd) noun A carbide. [ R.]
.] Producing or containing carbon or coal. Carboniferous age (Geol.)
, the age immediately following the Devonian , or Age of fishes , and characterized by the vegetation which formed the coal beds. This age embraces three periods, the Subcarboniferous , the Carboniferous , and Permian . See Age of acrogens , under Acrogen .
-- Carboniferous formation (Geol.)
, the series of rocks (including sandstones, shales, limestones, and conglomerates, with beds of coal) which make up the strata of the Carboniferous age or period . See the Diagram under Geology .
Carbonite noun [ Carbon + -ite .]
1. An explosive consisting essentially of nitroglycerin, wood meal, and some nitrate, as that of sodium. 2. An explosive composed of nitrobenzene, saltpeter, sulphur, and kieselguhr.
Carbonization noun [ Confer French carbonisation .] The act or process of carbonizing.
Carbonize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Carbonized
; present participle & verbal noun Carbonizing
.] [ Confer French carboniser
.] 1. To convert (an animal or vegetable substance) into a residue of carbon by the action of fire or some corrosive agent; to char. 2. To impregnate or combine with carbon, as in making steel by cementation.
Carbonometer noun [ Carbon + -meter .] An instrument for detecting and measuring the amount of carbon which is present, or more esp. the amount of carbon dioxide, by its action on limewater or by other means.
Carbonyl noun [ Carbon + -yl .] (Chemistry) The radical (CO)\'b 7 \'b 7 , occuring, always combined, in many compounds, as the aldehydes, the ketones, urea, carbonyl chloride, etc. » Though denoted by a formula identical with that of carbon monoxide, it is chemically distinct, as carbon seems to be divalent in carbon monoxide, but tetravalent in carbonyl compounds. Carbonyl chloride (Chemistry) , a colorless gas, COCl 2 , of offensive odor, and easily condensable to liquid. It is formed from chlorine and carbon monoxide, under the influence of light, and hence has been called phosgene gas ; -- called also carbon oxychloride .
Carborundum [ Carbo n + corundum .] A beautiful crystalline compound, SiC, consisting of carbon and silicon in combination; carbon silicide. It is made by heating carbon and sand together in an electric furnace. The commercial article is dark-colored and iridescent. It is harder than emery, and is used as an abrasive.
Carborundum cloth, paper Cloth or paper covered with powdered carborundum.
Carbostyril noun [ Carbon + styr ene.] A white crystalline substance, C 9 H 6 N.OH, of acid properties derived from one of the amido cinnamic acids.
Carboxide noun [ Carbon + oxide .] (Chemistry) A compound of carbon and oxygen, as carbonyl, with some element or radical; as, potassium carboxide . Potassium carboxide , a grayish explosive crystalline compound, C 6 O 6 K, obtained by passing carbon monoxide over heated potassium.
Carboxyl noun [ Carbon + oxygen + -yl .] (Chemistry) The complex radical, CO.OH, regarded as the essential and characteristic constituent which all oxygen acids of carbon (as formic, acetic, benzoic acids, etc.) have in common; -- called also oxatyl .
Carboy noun [ Confer Ir. & Gael carb basket; or Pers qurābah a sort of bottle.] A large, globular glass bottle, esp. one of green glass, inclosed in basket work or in a box, for protection; -- used commonly for carrying corrosive liquids; as sulphuric acid, etc.
[ Latin carbunculus
a little coal, a bright kind of precious stone, a kind of tumor, dim. of carbo
coal: confer French carboncle
. See Carbon
.] 1. (Min.) A beautiful gem of a deep red color (with a mixture of scarlet) called by the Greeks anthrax ; found in the East Indies. When held up to the sun, it loses its deep tinge, and becomes of the color of burning coal. The name belongs for the most part to ruby sapphire, though it has been also given to red spinel and garnet. 2. (Medicine) A very painful acute local inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue, esp. of the trunk or back of the neck, characterized by brawny hardness of the affected parts, sloughing of the skin and deeper tissues, and marked constitutional depression. It differs from a boil in size, tendency to spread, and the absence of a central core, and is frequently fatal. It is also called anthrax . 3. (Her.) A charge or bearing supposed to represent the precious stone. It has eight scepters or staves radiating from a common center. Called also escarbuncle .
Carbuncled adjective 1. Set with carbuncles.
He has deserves it [ armor], were it carbuncled 2. Affected with a carbuncle or carbuncles; marked with red sores; pimpled and blotched.
Like holy Phabus' car.
Carbuncular adjective Belonging to a carbuncle; resembling a carbuncle; red; inflamed.
Carbunculation noun [ Latin carbunculatio .] The blasting of the young buds of trees or plants, by excessive heat or cold. Harris.
[ From Carbon
.] (Chemistry) A carbide. See Carbide
Carburet transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Carbureted
; present participle & verbal noun Carbureting
.] To combine or to impregnate with carbon, as by passing through or over a liquid hydrocarbon; to carbonize or carburize.
By carbureting the gas you may use poorer coal.
Carburetant noun Any volatile liquid used in charging illuminating gases.
Carbureted adjective Carbureted hydrogen gas , any one of several gaseous compounds of carbon and hydrogen, some of with make up illuminating gas. -- Light carbureted hydrogen , marsh gas, CH 4 ; fire damp.
1. (Chemistry) Combined with carbon in the manner of a carburet or carbide. 2. Saturated or impregnated with some volatile carbon compound; as, water gas is carbureted to increase its illuminating power. [ Written also carburetted .]
Carburetor noun (Chemistry) An apparatus in which coal gas, hydrogen, or air is passed through or over a volatile hydrocarbon, in order to confer or increase illuminating power. [ Written also carburettor .]
Carburetor, Carburettor noun One that carburets; specif., an apparatus in which air or gas is carbureted, as by passing it through a light petroleum oil. The carburetor for a gasoline engine is usually either a surface carburetor , or a float, float- feed, or spray , carburetor . In the former air is charged by being passed over the surface of gasoline. In the latter a fine spray of gasoline is drawn from an atomizing nozzle by a current of air induced by the suction of the engine piston, the supply of gasoline being regulated by a float which actuates a needle valve controlling the outlet of the feed pipe. Alcohol and other volatile inflammable liquids may be used instead of gasoline.
Carburization noun (Chemistry) The act, process, or result of carburizing.
(kär"bu*rīz) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Carburized
; present participle & verbal noun Carburizing
.] (Chemistry) To combine with carbon or a carbon compound; -- said esp. of a process for conferring a higher degree of illuminating power on combustible gases by mingling them with a vapor of volatile hydrocarbons.
[ Probably a Canadian French corruption of an Indian name of the wolverene.] (Zoology) The wolverene; -- also applied, but erroneously, to the Canada lynx, and sometimes to the American badger. See Wolverene .
Carcanet (kär"kȧ*nĕt) noun [ Dim. from French carcan the iron collar or chain of a criminal, a chain of precious stones, Late Latin carcannum , from Armor. kerchen bosom, neck, kelchen collar, from kelch circle; or Icelandic kverk troat, Old High German querca throat.] A jeweled chain, necklace, or collar. [ Also written carkanet and carcant .] Shak.
s) noun See Carcass .
; plural Carcasses
. [ Written also carcase
.] [ French carcasse
, from Italian carcassa
, from Latin caro
flesh + capsa
chest, box, case. Confer Carnal
a sheath.] 1. A dead body, whether of man or beast; a corpse; now commonly the dead body of a beast.
He turned to see the carcass of the lion.
Judges xiv. 8.
This kept thousands in the town whose carcasses went into the great pits by cartloads. 2. The living body; -- now commonly used in contempt or ridicule.
"To pamper his own carcass
Lovely her face; was ne'er so fair a creature. 3. The abandoned and decaying remains of some bulky and once comely thing, as a ship; the skeleton, or the uncovered or unfinished frame, of a thing.
For earthly carcass had a heavenly feature.
A rotten carcass of a boat. 4. (Mil.) A hollow case or shell, filled with combustibles, to be thrown from a mortar or howitzer, to set fire to buldings, ships, etc.
A discharge of carcasses and bombshells.
Carcel noun (Photom.) A light standard much used in France, being the light from a Carcel lamp of stated size and construction consuming 42 grams of colza oil per hour with a flame 40 millimeters in height. Its illuminating power is variously stated at from 8.9 to 9.6 British standard candles.
[ Named after Carcel
, the inventor.] A French mechanical lamp, for lighthouses, in which a superabundance of oil is pumped to the wick tube by clockwork.
Carcelage noun [ Late Latin carcelladium , carceragium , from Latin carcer prison.] Prison fees. [ Obsolete]
Carceral adjective [ Latin carceralis , from carcer prison.] Belonging to a prison. [ R.] Foxe.
Carcinological adjective Of or pertaining to carcinology.
Carcinology noun [ Greek ... a crab + -logy .] (Zoology) The department of zoölogy which treats of the Crustacea (lobsters, crabs, etc.); -- called also malacostracology and crustaceology .
[ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... crab, cancer. See -oma
.] (Medicine) A cancer. By some medical writers, the term is applied to an indolent tumor. See Cancer . Dunglison.
Carcinomatous adjective Of or pertaining to carcinoma.
Carcinosys noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... cancer.] The affection of the system with cancer.