Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Canvas noun [ Middle English canvas , canevas , French canevas , Late Latin canabacius hempen cloth, canvas, Latin cannabis hemp, from G. .... See Hemp .]
1. A strong cloth made of hemp, flax, or cotton; -- used for tents, sails, etc.

By glimmering lanes and walls of canvas led.
Tennyson.

2. (a) A coarse cloth so woven as to form regular meshes for working with the needle, as in tapestry, or worsted work. (b) A piece of strong cloth of which the surface has been prepared to receive painting, commonly painting in oil.

History . . . does not bring out clearly upon the canvas the details which were familiar.
J. H. Newman.

3. Something for which canvas is used: (a) A sail, or a collection of sails. (b) A tent, or a collection of tents. (c) A painting, or a picture on canvas.

To suit his canvas to the roughness of the see.
Goldsmith.

Light, rich as that which glows on the canvas of Claude.
Macaulay.

4. A rough draft or model of a song, air, or other literary or musical composition; esp. one to show a poet the measure of the verses he is to make. Grabb.

Canvas adjective Made of, pertaining to, or resembling, canvas or coarse cloth; as, a canvas tent.

Canvasback noun (Zoology) A Species of duck ( Aythya vallisneria ), esteemed for the delicacy of its flesh. It visits the United States in autumn; particularly Chesapeake Bay and adjoining waters; -- so named from the markings of the plumage on its back.

Canvass transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle canvassed ; present participle & verbal noun Canvassing .] [ Old French Canabasser to examine curiously, to search or sift out; properly, to sift through canvas. See Canvas , noun ]
1. To sift; to strain; to examine thoroughly; to scrutinize; as, to canvass the votes cast at an election; to canvass a district with reference to its probable vote.

I have made careful search on all hands, and canvassed the matter with all possible diligence.
Woodward.

2. To examine by discussion; to debate.

An opinion that we are likely soon to canvass .
Sir W. Hamilton.

3. To go through, with personal solicitation or public addresses; as, to canvass a district for votes; to canvass a city for subscriptions.

Canvass intransitive verb To search thoroughly; to engage in solicitation by traversing a district; as, to canvass for subscriptions or for votes; to canvass for a book, a publisher, or in behalf of a charity; -- commonly followed by for .

Canvass noun
1. Close inspection; careful review for verification; as, a canvass of votes. Bacon.

2. Examination in the way of discussion or debate.

3. Search; exploration; solicitation; systematic effort to obtain votes, subscribers, etc.

No previous canvass was made for me.
Burke.

Canvasser noun One who canvasses.

Cany adjective [ From Cane .] Of or pertaining to cane or canes; abounding with canes. Milton.

Canyon noun The English form of the Spanish word Cañon .

Canzone noun [ Italian , a song, from Latin cantio , from canere to sing. Confer Chanson , Chant .] (Mus.) (a) A song or air for one or more voices, of Provençal origin, resembling, though not strictly, the madrigal. (b) An instrumental piece in the madrigal style.

Canzonet noun [ Italian canzonetta , dim. of canzone .] (Mus.) A short song, in one or more parts.

Caoutchin noun (Chemistry) An inflammable, volatile, oily, liquid hydrocarbon, obtained by the destructive distillation of caoutchouc.

Caoutchouc noun [ French caoutchouc , from the South American name.] A tenacious, elastic, gummy substance obtained from the milky sap of several plants of tropical South America (esp. the euphorbiaceous tree Siphonia elastica or Hevea caoutchouc ), Asia, and Africa. Being impermeable to liquids and gases, and not readly affected by exposure to air, acids, and alkalies, it is used, especially when vulcanized, for many purposes in the arts and in manufactures. Also called India rubber (because it was first brought from India, and was formerly used chiefly for erasing pencil marks) and gum elastic . See Vulcanization .

Mineral caoutchouc . See under Mineral .

Caoutchoucin noun See Caoutchin .

Cap (kăp) noun [ Middle English cappe , Anglo-Saxon cæppe , cap, cape, hood, from LL, cappa , capa ; perhaps of Iberian origin, as Isidorus of Seville mentions it first: " Capa , quia quasi totum capiat hominem; it. capitis ornamentum." See 3d Cape , and confer 1st Cope .]
1. A covering for the head ; esp. (a) One usually with a visor but without a brim, for men and boys ; (b) One of lace, muslin, etc., for women, or infants ; (c) One used as the mark or ensign of some rank, office, or dignity, as that of a cardinal.

2. The top, or uppermost part; the chief.

Thou art the cap of all the fools alive.
Shak.

3. A respectful uncovering of the head.

He that will give a cap and make a leg in thanks.
Fuller.

4. (Zoology) The whole top of the head of a bird from the base of the bill to the nape of the neck.

5. Anything resembling a cap in form, position, or use ; as: (a) (Architecture) The uppermost of any assemblage of parts; as, the cap of column, door, etc.; a capital, coping, cornice, lintel, or plate. (b) Something covering the top or end of a thing for protection or ornament. (c) (Nautical) A collar of iron or wood used in joining spars, as the mast and the topmast, the bowsprit and the jib boom; also, a covering of tarred canvas at the end of a rope. (d) A percussion cap. See under Percussion . (e) (Mech.) The removable cover of a journal box. (f) (Geom.) A portion of a spherical or other convex surface.

6. A large size of writing paper; as, flat cap ; fools cap ; legal cap .

Cap of a cannon , a piece of lead laid over the vent to keep the priming dry; -- now called an apron . -- Cap in hand , obsequiously; submissively. -- Cap of liberty . See Liberty cap , under Liberty . -- Cap of maintenance , a cap of state carried before the kings of England at the coronation. It is also carried before the mayors of some cities. -- Cap money , money collected in a cap for the huntsman at the death of the fox. -- Cap paper . (a) A kind of writing paper including flat cap, foolscap, and legal cap. (b) A coarse wrapping paper used for making caps to hold commodities. -- Cap rock (Mining) , The layer of rock next overlying ore, generally of barren vein material. -- Flat cap , cap See Foolscap . -- Forage cap , the cloth undress head covering of an officer of soldier. -- Legal cap , a kind of folio writing paper, made for the use of lawyers, in long narrow sheets which have the fold at the top or "narrow edge." -- To set one's cap , to make a fool of one. (Obsolete) Chaucer. -- To set one's cap for , to try to win the favor of a man with a view to marriage. [ Colloq.]

Cap transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Capped ; present participle & verbal noun Capping .]
1. To cover with a cap, or as with a cap; to provide with a cap or cover; to cover the top or end of; to place a cap upon the proper part of; as, to cap a post; to cap a gun.

The bones next the joint are capped with a smooth cartilaginous substance.
Derham.

2. To deprive of cap. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

3. To complete; to crown; to bring to the highest point or consummation; as, to cap the climax of absurdity.

4. To salute by removing the cap. [ Slang. Eng.]

Tom . . . capped the proctor with the profoundest of bows.
Thackeray.

5. To match; to mate in contest; to furnish a complement to; as, to cap text; to cap proverbs. Shak.

Now I have him under girdle I'll cap verses with him to the end of the chapter.
Dryden.

» In capping verses, when one quotes a verse another must cap it by quoting one beginning with the last letter of the first letter, or with the first letter of the last word, or ending with a rhyming word, or by applying any other arbitrary rule may be agreed upon.

Cap intransitive verb To uncover the head respectfully. Shak.

Capability noun ; plural Capabilities .
1. The quality of being capable; capacity; capableness; esp. intellectual power or ability.

A capability to take a thousand views of a subject.
H. Taylor.

2. Capacity of being used or improved.

Capable adjective [ French capable , Late Latin capabilis capacious, capable, from Latin caper to take, contain. See Heave .]
1. Possessing ability, qualification, or susceptibility; having capacity; of sufficient size or strength; as, a room capable of holding a large number; a castle capable of resisting a long assault.

Concious of joy and capable of pain.
Prior.

2. Possessing adequate power; qualified; able; fully competent; as, a capable instructor; a capable judge; a mind capable of nice investigations.

More capable to discourse of battles than to give them.
Motley.

3. Possessing legal power or capacity; as, a man capable of making a contract, or a will.

4. Capacious; large; comprehensive. [ Obsolete] Shak.

» Capable is usually followed by of , sometimes by an infinitive.

Syn. -- Able; competent; qualified; fitted; efficient; effective; skillful.

Capableness noun The quality or state of being capable; capability; adequateness; competency.

Capacify (kȧ*păs"ĭ*fī) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Capacified (-fīd).] [ Latin capax , -acis , capacious + -fy .] To quality. [ R.]

The benefice he is capacified and designed for.
Barrow.

Capacious (kȧ*pā"shŭs) adjective [ Latin capax , -acis , from capere to take. See Heave .]
1. Having capacity; able to contain much; large; roomy; spacious; extended; broad; as, a capacious vessel, room, bay, or harbor.

In the capacious recesses of his mind.
Bancroft.

2. Able or qualified to make large views of things, as in obtaining knowledge or forming designs; comprehensive; liberal. "A capacious mind." Watts.

Capaciously adverb In a capacious manner or degree; comprehensively.

Capaciousness noun The quality of being capacious, as of a vessel, a reservoir a bay, the mind, etc.

Capacitate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Capacitated ; present participle & verbal noun Capacitating .] To render capable; to enable; to qualify.

By this instruction we may be capaciated to observe those errors.
Dryden.

Capacity noun ; plural Capacities (-tĭz). [ Latin capacitus , from capax , capacis ; from French capacité . See Capacious .]
1. The power of receiving or containing; extent of room or space; passive power; -- used in reference to physical things.

Had our great palace the capacity
To camp this host, we all would sup together.
Shak.

The capacity of the exhausted cylinder.
Boyle.

2. The power of receiving and holding ideas, knowledge, etc.; the comprehensiveness of the mind; the receptive faculty; capability of understanding or feeling.

Capacity is now properly limited to these [ the mere passive operations of the mind]; its primary signification, which is literally room for , as well as its employment, favors this; although it can not be denied that there are examples of its usage in an active sense.
Sir W. Hamilton.

3. Ability; power pertaining to, or resulting from, the possession of strength, wealth, or talent; possibility of being or of doing.

The capacity of blessing the people.
Alex. Hamilton.

A cause with such capacities endued.
Blackmore.

4. Outward condition or circumstances; occupation; profession; character; position; as, to work in the capacity of a mason or a carpenter.

5. (Law) Legal or moral qualification, as of age, residence, character, etc., necessary for certain purposes, as for holding office, for marrying, for making contracts, wills, etc.; legal power or right; competency.

Capacity for heat , the power of absorbing heat. Substances differ in the amount of heat requisite to raise them a given number of thermometric degrees, and this difference is the measure of, or depends upon, what is called their capacity for heat . See Specific heat , under Heat .

Syn. -- Ability; faculty; talent; capability; skill; efficiency; cleverness. See Ability .

Capape adverb See Cap-a-pie . Shak.

Capapie adverb [ Old French cap-a-pie , from head to foot, now de pied en cap from foot to head; Latin pes foot + caput head.] From head to foot; at all points. "He was armed cap-a-pie ." Prescott.

Caparison noun [ French caparaçon , from Spanish caparazon a cover for a saddle, coach, etc.; capa cloak, cover (fr. Late Latin capa , confer Late Latin caparo also from capa ) + the term. azon . See Cap .]
1. An ornamental covering or housing for a horse; the harness or trappings of a horse, taken collectively, esp. when decorative.

Their horses clothed with rich caparison .
Drylen.

2. Gay or rich clothing.

My heart groans beneath the gay caparison .
Smollett.

Caparison transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Caparisoned present participle & verbal noun Caparisoning .] [ Confer F caparaçonner .]


1. To cover with housings, as a horse; to harness or fit out with decorative trappings, as a horse.

The steeds, caparisoned with purple, stand.
Dryden.

2. To adorn with rich dress; to dress.

I am caparisoned like a man.
Shak.

Caparro noun [ Native Indian name.] (Zoology) A large South American monkey ( Lagothrix Humboldtii ), with prehensile tail.

Capcase noun A small traveling case or bandbox; formerly, a chest.

A capcase for your linen and your plate.
Beau. & Fl.

Cape (kāp) noun [ French cap , from Italian capo head, cape, from Latin caput heat, end, point. See Chief .] A piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; a promontory; a headland.

Cape buffalo (Zoology) a large and powerful buffalo of South Africa ( Bubalus Caffer ). It is said to be the most dangerous wild beast of Africa. See Buffalo , 2. -- Cape jasmine , Cape jessamine . See Jasmine . -- Cape pigeon (Zoology) , a petrel ( Daptium Capense ) common off the Cape of Good Hope. It is about the size of a pigeon. -- Cape wine , wine made in South Africa [ Eng.] -- The Cape , the Cape of Good Hope, in the general sense of the southern extremity of Africa. Also used of Cape Horn, and, in New England, of Cape Cod.

Cape intransitive verb (Nautical) To head or point; to keep a course; as, the ship capes southwest by south.

Cape noun [ Middle English Cape , from French cape ; confer Late Latin cappa . See Cap , and confer 1st Cope , Chape .] A sleeveless garment or part of a garment, hanging from the neck over the back, arms, and shoulders, but not reaching below the hips. See Cloak .

Cape intransitive verb [ See Gape .] To gape. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Capel (kā"pĕl), Ca"ple (- p'l) , noun [ Icelandic kapall ; confer Latin caballus .] A horse; a nag. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. Holland.

Capel (kā"pĕl) noun (Mining) A composite stone (quartz, schorl, and hornblende) in the walls of tin and copper lodes.

Capelan noun (Zoology) See Capelin .

Capelin noun [ Confer French capelan , caplan .] (Zoology) A small marine fish ( Mallotus villosus ) of the family Salmonidæ , very abundant on the coasts of Greenland, Iceland, Newfoundland, and Alaska. It is used as a bait for the cod. [ Written also capelan and caplin .]

» This fish, which is like a smelt, is called by the Spaniards anchova , and by the Portuguese capelina . Fisheries of U. S. (1884).

Capeline noun [ French, from Late Latin capella . See Chapel .] (Medicine) A hood- shaped bandage for the head, the shoulder, or the stump of an amputated limb.

Capella noun [ Latin , a little goat, dim. of caper a goat.] (Asrton.) A brilliant star in the constellation Auriga.

Capellane noun [ See Chaplain .] The curate of a chapel; a chaplain. [ Obsolete] Fuller.

Capelle noun [ G.] (Mus.) The private orchestra or band of a prince or of a church.

Capellet noun [ French capelet .] (Far.) A swelling, like a wen, on the point of the elbow (or the heel of the hock) of a horse, caused probably by bruises in lying down.

Capellmeister noun [ G., from capelle chapel, private band of a prince + meister a master.] The musical director in a royal or ducal chapel; a choir-master. [ Written also kapellmeister .]

Caper intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Capered present participle & verbal noun capering .] [ From older capreoll to caper, confer French se cabrer to prance; all ultimately from Latin caper , capra , goat. See Capriole .] To leap or jump about in a sprightly manner; to cut capers; to skip; to spring; to prance; to dance.

He capers , he dances, he has eyes of youth.
Shak.

Caper noun A frolicsome leap or spring; a skip; a jump, as in mirth or dancing; a prank.

To cut a caper , to frolic; to make a sportive spring; to play a prank. Shak.

Caper noun [ Dutch kaper .] A vessel formerly used by the Dutch, privateer. Wright.

Caper noun [ French câpre , from Latin capparis , Greek ...; confer Arabic & Persian al-kabar .]
1. The pungent grayish green flower bud of the European and Oriental caper ( Capparis spinosa ), much used for pickles.

2. (Botany) A plant of the genus Capparis ; -- called also caper bush , caper tree .

» The Capparis spinosa is a low prickly shrub of the Mediterranean coasts, with trailing branches and brilliant flowers; -- cultivated in the south of Europe for its buds. The C. sodada is an almost leafless spiny shrub of central Africa (Soudan), Arabia, and southern India, with edible berries.

Bean caper . See Bran caper , in the Vocabulary . -- Caper sauce , a kind of sauce or catchup made of capers.