Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Cancroid adjective [ Cancer + oid .]
1. (Zoology) Resembling a crab; pertaining to the Cancroidea , one of the families of crabs, including the genus Cancer .

2. Like a cancer; as, a cancroid tumor.

Cand noun Fluor spar. See Kand .

Candelabrum noun ; plural Latin Candelabra , English Candelabrums . [ Latin , from candela candle. See candle .]
1. (Antiq.) (a) A lamp stand of any sort. (b) A highly ornamented stand of marble or other ponderous material, usually having three feet, -- frequently a votive offering to a temple.

2. A large candlestick, having several branches.

Candent adjective [ Latin candens , present participle of candëre to glitter. See Candid .] Heated to whiteness; glowing with heat. "A candent vessel." Boyle.

Canderos noun An East Indian resin, of a pellucid white color, from which small ornaments and toys are sometimes made.

Candescence noun See Incandescence .

Candescent adjective [ Latin candescens , -entis , present participle of candescere , v. incho. from candere to shine.] Glowing; luminous; incandescent.

Candicant adjective [ Latin candicans , present participle of candicare to be whitish.] Growing white. [ Obsolete]

Candid (kăn"dĭd) adjective [ French candide (cf. Italian candido ), Latin candidus white, from candēre to be of a glowing white; akin to ac cendĕre , in cendĕre , to set on fire, Sanskrit chand to shine. Confer Candle , Incense .]
1. White. [ Obsolete]

The box receives all black; but poured from thence,
The stones came candid forth, the hue of innocence.
Dryden.

2. Free from undue bias; disposed to think and judge according to truth and justice, or without partiality or prejudice; fair; just; impartial; as, a candid opinion. " Candid and dispassionate men." W. Irving.

3. Open; frank; ingenuous; outspoken.

Syn. -- Fair; open; ingenuous; impartial; just; frank; artless; unbiased; equitable. -- Candid , Fair , Open , Frank , Ingenuous . A man is fair when he puts things on a just or equitable footing; he is candid when be looks impartially on both sides of a subject, doing justice especially to the motives and conduct of an opponent; he is open and frank when he declares his sentiments without reserve; he is ingenuous when he does this from a noble regard for truth. Fair dealing; candid investigation; an open temper; a frank disposition; an ingenuous answer or declaration.

Candidacy noun The position of a candidate; state of being a candidate; candidateship.

Candidate noun [ Latin Candidatus , noun (because candidates for office in Rome were clothed in a white toga.) from candidatus clothed in white, from candidus littering, white: confer French candidat .] One who offers himself, or is put forward by others, as a suitable person or an aspirant or contestant for an office, privilege, or honor; as, a candidate for the office of governor; a candidate for holy orders; a candidate for scholastic honors.

Candidateship noun Candidacy.

Candidating noun The taking of the position of a candidate; specifically, the preaching of a clergyman with a view to settlement. [ Cant, U. S.]

Candidature noun Candidacy.

Candidly adverb In a candid manner.

Candidness noun The quality of being candid.

Candied adjective [ From 1st Candy .]
1. Preserved in or with sugar; incrusted with a candylike substance; as, candied fruits.

2. (a) Converted wholly or partially into sugar or candy; as candied sirup. (b) Conted or more or less with sugar; as, candidied raisins . (c) Figuratively; Honeyed; sweet; flattering.

Let the candied tongue lick absurd pomp.
Shak.

3. Covered or incrusted with that which resembles sugar or candy.

Will the cold brook,
Candied with ice, caudle thy morning tast?
Shak.

Candify transitive verb or intransitive verb [ Latin candificare ; candëre to be white + - facere to make.] To make or become white, or candied. [ R.]

Candiot adjective [ Confer French candiote .] Of or pertaining to Candia; Cretary.

Candite noun (Min.) A variety of spinel, of a dark color, found at Candy, in Ceylon.

Candle noun [ Middle English candel , candel , AS, candel , from Latin candela a (white) light made of wax or tallow, from candëre to be white. See Candid , and confer Chandler , Cannel , Kindle .]
1. A slender, cylindrical body of tallow, containing a wick composed of loosely twisted linen of cotton threads, and used to furnish light.

How far that little candle throws his beams!
So shines a good deed in a naughty world.
Shak.

» Candles are usually made by repeatedly dipping the wicks in the melted tallow, etc. ("dipped candles "), or by casting or running in a mold.

2. That which gives light; a luminary.

By these blessed candles of the night.
Shak.

Candle nut , the fruit of a euphorbiaceous shrub ( Aleurites triloba ), a native of some of the Pacific islands; -- socalled because, when dry, it will burn with a bright flame, and is used by the natives as a candle. The oil has many uses. -- Candle power (Photom.) , illuminating power, as of a lamp, or gas flame, reckoned in terms of the light of a standard candle. -- Electric candle , A modification of the electric arc lamp, in which the carbon rods, instead of being placed end to end, are arranged side by side, and at a distance suitable for the formation of the arc at the tip; -- called also, from the name of the inventor, Jablockoff candle . -- Excommunication by inch of candle , a form of excommunication in which the offender is allowed time to repent only while a candle burns. -- Not worth the candle , not worth the cost or trouble. -- Rush candle , a candle made of the pith of certain rushes, peeled except on one side, and dipped in grease. -- Sale by inch of candle , an auction in which persons are allowed to bid only till a small piece of candle burns out. -- Standard candle (Photom.) , a special form of candle employed as a standard in photometric measurements; usually, a candle of spermaceti so constructed as to burn at the rate of 120 grains, or 7.8 grams, per hour. -- To curse by bell, book and candle . See under Bell .

Candle coal . See Cannel coal .

Candle foot (Photom.) The illumination produced by a British standard candle at a distance of one foot; -- used as a unit of illumination.

Candle meter (Photom.) The illumination given by a standard candle at a distance of one meter; -- used as a unit of illumination, except in Great Britain.

Candle power (Photom.) Illuminating power, as of a lamp, or gas flame, reckoned in terms of the light of a standard candle.

Candleberry tree (Botany) A shrub (the Myrica cerifera , or wax-bearing myrtle), common in North America, the little nuts of which are covered with a greenish white wax, which was formerly, used for hardening candles; -- also called bayberry tree , bayberry , or candleberry .

Candlebomb noun
1. A small glass bubble, filled with water, which, if placed in the flame of a candle, bursts by expansion of steam.

2. A pasteboard shell used in signaling. It is filled with a composition which makes a brilliant light when it explodes. Farrow.

Candlefish noun (Zoology) (a) A marine fish ( Thaleichthys Pacificus ), allied to the smelt, found on the north Pacific coast; -- called also eulachon . It is so oily that, when dried, it may be used as a candle, by drawing a wick through it . (b) The beshow.

Candleholder noun One who, or that which, holds a candle; also, one who assists another, but is otherwise not of importance. Shak.

Candlelight noun The light of a candle.

Never went by candlelight to bed.
Dryden.

Candlemas noun [ Anglo-Saxon candelmæsse , candel candle + mæsse mass.] The second day of February, on which is celebrated the feast of the Purification of the Virgin Mary; -- so called because the candles for the altar or other sacred uses are blessed on that day.

Candlenut noun
1. The fruit of a euphorbiaceous tree or shrub ( Aleurites moluccana ), native of some of the Pacific islands. It is used by the natives as a candle. The oil from the nut ( candlenut, or kekune , oil ) has many uses.

2. The tree itself.

Candlepin noun (Tenpins) (a) A form of pin slender and nearly straight like a candle. (b) The game played with such pins; -- in form candlepins , used as a singular.

Candlestick noun [ Anglo-Saxon candel-sticca ; candel candle + sticca stick.] An instrument or utensil for supporting a candle.

Candlewaster noun One who consumes candles by being up late for study or dissipation.

A bookworm, a candlewaster .
B. Jonson.

Candock noun [ Prob. from can + dock (the plant). Confer German kannenkraut horsetail, lit. "canweed."] (Botany) A plant or weed that grows in rivers; a species of Equisetum ; also, the yellow frog lily ( Nuphar luteum ).

Candor noun [ Written also candour .] [ Latin candor , from candëre ; confer French candeur . See candid .]


1. Whiteness; brightness; (as applied to moral conditions) usullied purity; innocence. [ Obsolete]

Nor yor unquestioned integrity
Shall e'er be sullied with one taint or spot
That may take from your innocence and candor .
Massinger.

2. A disposition to treat subjects with fairness; freedom from prejudice or disguise; frankness; sincerity.

Attribute superior sagacity and candor to those who held that side of the question.
Whewell.

Candroy noun A machine for spreading out cotton cloths to prepare them for printing.

Candy transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Candied ; p. pr & verbal noun Candying .] [ French candir (cf. Italian candire , Spanish azúcar cande or candi ), from Arabic & Pers. qand , from Sanskrit Khan.d.da piece, sugar in pieces or lumps, from khan.d. , khad. to break.]
1. To conserve or boil in sugar; as, to candy fruits; to candy ginger.

2. To make sugar crystals of or in; to form into a mass resembling candy; as, to candy sirup.

3. To incrust with sugar or with candy, or with that which resembles sugar or candy.

Those frosts that winter brings
Which candy every green.
Drayson.

Candy intransitive verb
1. To have sugar crystals form in or on; as, fruits preserved in sugar candy after a time.

2. To be formed into candy; to solidify in a candylike form or mass.

Candy noun [ French candi . See Candy , transitive verb ] A more or less solid article of confectionery made by boiling sugar or molasses to the desired consistency, and than crystallizing, molding, or working in the required shape. It is often flavored or colored, and sometimes contains fruit, nuts, etc.

Candy noun [ Mahratta khan.d.ī , Tamil kan.d.i .] A weight, at Madras 500 pounds, at Bombay 560 pounds.

Candytuft noun (Botany) An annual plant of the genus Iberis , cultivated in gardens. The name was originally given to the I. umbellata , first, discovered in the island of Candia.

Cane (kān) noun [ Middle English cane , canne , Old French cane , French canne , Latin canna , from Greek ka`nna , ka`nnh ; probably of Semitic origin; confer Hebrew qāneh reed. Confer Canister , canon , 1st Cannon .]


1. (Botany) (a) A name given to several peculiar palms, species of Calamus and Dæmanorops , having very long, smooth flexible stems, commonly called rattans. (b) Any plant with long, hard, elastic stems, as reeds and bamboos of many kinds; also, the sugar cane. (c) Stems of other plants are sometimes called canes; as, the canes of a raspberry.

Like light canes , that first rise big and brave.
B. Jonson.

» In the Southern United States great cane is the Arundinaria macrosperma , and small cane is. A. tecta .

2. A walking stick; a staff; -- so called because originally made of one of the species of cane.

Stir the fire with your master's cane .
Swift.

3. A lance or dart made of cane. [ R.]

Judgelike thou sitt'st, to praise or to arraign
The flying skirmish of the darted cane .
Dryden.

4. A local European measure of length. See Canna .

Cane borer (Zoö.) , A beetle (Oberea bimaculata) which, in the larval state, bores into pith and destroy the canes or stalks of the raspberry, blackberry, etc. -- Cane mill , a mill for grinding sugar canes, for the manufacture of sugar. -- Cane trash , the crushed stalks and other refuse of sugar cane, used for fuel, etc.

Cane (kān) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Caned (kānd); present participle & verbal noun Caning .]
1. To beat with a cane. Macaulay.

2. To make or furnish with cane or rattan; as, to cane chairs.

Canebrake (-brāk`) noun A thicket of canes. Ellicott.

Caned (kānd) adjective [ Confer Latin canus white.] Filled with white flakes; mothery; -- said vinegar when containing mother. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Canella (kȧ*nĕl"lȧ) noun [ Late Latin (OE. canel , canelle , cinnamon, from French cannelle ), Dim. of Latin canna a reed. Canella is so called from the shape of the rolls of prepared bark. See Cane .] (Botany) A genus of trees of the order Canellaceæ , growing in the West Indies.

» The principal species is Canella alba , and its bark is a spice and drug exported under the names of wild cinnamon and whitewood bark .

Canescent adjective [ Latin canescens , present participle of canescere , v. inchoative of canere to be white.] Growing white, or assuming a color approaching to white.

Cangue (kăng) noun [ Written also cang .] [ French cangue , from Portuguese canga yoke.] A very broad and heavy wooden collar which certain offenders in China are compelled to wear as a punishment.