Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Camass noun [ American Indian name.] (Botany) A blue-flowered liliaceous plant ( Camassia esculenta ) of northwestern America, the bulbs of which are collected for food by the Indians. [ Written also camas , cammas , and quamash .] » The Eastern cammass is Camassia Fraseri .
Camass noun [ Origin uncert.] A small prairie in a forest; a small grassy plain among hills. [ Western U. S.]
[ Of. cambre
bent, curved; akin to French cambrer
to vault, to bend, from Latin camerare
to arch over, from camera
vault, arch. See Chamber
, and confer Camerate
.] 1. (Shipbuilding) An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she has a high camber (said of a vessel having an unusual convexity of deck). 2. (Architecture) An upward concavity in the under side of a beam, girder, or lintel; also, a slight upward concavity in a straight arch. See Hogback . Camber arch (Architecture)
, an arch whose intrados, though apparently straight, has a slightly concave curve upward.
-- Camber beam (Architecture)
, a beam whose under side has a concave curve upward.
Camber transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cambered
; present participle & verbal noun Cambering
.] To cut bend to an upward curve; to construct, as a deck, with an upward curve.
Camber intransitive verb To curve upward.
Camberkeeled adjective (Nautical) Having the keel arched upwards, but not actually hogged; -- said of a ship.
[ Late Latin cambialis
, from cambiars
. See Change
.] Belonging to exchanges in commerce; of exchange.
[ French cambiste
, Italian cambista
, from Latin cambire
to exchange. See Change
.] A banker; a money changer or broker; one who deals in bills of exchange, or who is skilled in the science of exchange.
Cambistry noun The science of exchange, weight, measures, etc.
Cambium noun [ Late Latin cambium exchange, from Latin cambire to exchange. It was supposed that cambium was sap changing into wood.]
1. (Botany) A series of formative cells lying outside of the wood proper and inside of the inner bark. The growth of new wood takes place in the cambium, which is very soft. 2. (Medicine) A fancied nutritive juice, formerly supposed to originate in the blood, to repair losses of the system, and to promote its increase. Dunglison.
Camboose noun (Nautical) See Caboose .
Cambrasine noun A kind of linen cloth made in Egypt, and so named from its resemblance to cambric.
Cambrel noun See Gambrel , noun , 2. Wright.
Cambria noun The ancient Latin name of Wales. It is used by modern poets.
Cambrian adjective 1. (Geology) Of or pertaining to Cambria or Wales. 2. (Geol.) Of or pertaining to the lowest subdivision of the rocks of the Silurian or Molluscan age; -- sometimes described as inferior to the Silurian. It is named from its development in Cambria or Wales. See the Diagram under Geology .
1. A native of Cambria or Wales. 2. (Geol.) The Cambrian formation.
[ Middle English camerike
, from Cambrai
), a city of France (formerly of Flanders), where it was first made.] 1. A fine, thin, and white fabric made of flax or linen.
He hath ribbons of all the colors i' the rainbow; . . . inkles, caddises, cambrics , lawns. 2. A fabric made, in imitation of linen cambric, of fine, hardspun cotton, often with figures of various colors; -- also called cotton cambric , and cambric muslin .
Cambro-Briton noun A Welshman.
Came noun [ Confer Scot. came , caim , comb, and Middle English camet silver.] A slender rod of cast lead, with or without grooves, used, in casements and stained-glass windows, to hold together the panes or pieces of glass.
Camel (kăm"ĕl) noun [ Oe. camel , chamel , Old French camel , chamel , French chameau Latin camelus , from Greek ka`mhlos ; of Semitic origin; confer Hebrew gāmāl , Arabic jamal . Confer As. camel , from Latin camelus .] Camel bird (Zoology) , the ostrich. -- Camel locust (Zoology) , the mantis. -- Camel's thorn (Botany) , a low, leguminous shrub ( Alhagi maurorum ) of the Arabian desert, from which exudes a sweetish gum, which is one of the substances called manna .
1. (Zoology) A large ruminant used in Asia and Africa for carrying burdens and for riding. The camel is remarkable for its ability to go a long time without drinking. Its hoofs are small, and situated at the extremities of the toes, and the weight of the animal rests on the callous. The dromedary ( Camelus dromedarius ) has one bunch on the back, while the Bactrian camel ( C. Bactrianus ) has two. The llama, alpaca, and vicuña, of South America, belong to a related genus ( Auchenia ). 2. (Nautical) A water-tight structure (as a large box or boxes) used to assist a vessel in passing over a shoal or bar or in navigating shallow water. By admitting water, the camel or camels may be sunk and attached beneath or at the sides of a vessel, and when the water is pumped out the vessel is lifted.
Camel-backed adjective Having a back like a camel; humpbacked. Fuller.
Camellia noun [ New Latin ; -- named after Kamel , a Jesuit who is said to have brought it from the East.] (Botany) An Asiatic genus of small shrubs, often with shining leaves and showy flowers. Camellia Japonica is much cultivated for ornament, and C. Sassanqua and C. oleifera are grown in China for the oil which is pressed from their seeds. The tea plant is now referred to this genus under the name of Camellia Thea .
Camellia noun [ New Latin , after Georg Josef Kamel , or Camelli , a Jesuit who is said to have brought it from the East.] (Hort.) An ornamental greenhouse shrub ( Thea japonica ) with glossy evergreen leaves and roselike red or white double flowers.
kăm"ĕl*o*pärd; 277) noun
[ Late Latin camelopardus
, Latin camelopardalus
, from Greek kamhlopa`rdalis
a camel + pa`rdalis
pard, leopard: confer French camélopard
. The camelopard has a neck and head like a camel, and is spotted like a pard. See Camel
, and Pard
.] (Zoology) An African ruminant; the giraffe. See Giraffe .
Camelot noun See Camelet .
Camelry noun Troops that are mounted on camels.
Camelshair adjective Of camel's hair. Camel's-hair pencil
, a small brush used by painters in water colors, made of camel's hair or similar materials.
-- Camel's-hair shawl
. A name often given to a cashmere shawl . See Cashmere shawl under Cashmere .
Camembert noun , or Camembert cheese A kind of soft, unpressed cream cheese made in the vicinity of Camembert, near Argentan, France; also, any cheese of the same type, wherever made.
; plural Cameos
. [ It cammeo
; akin to French camée
, Spanish camafeo
, Late Latin camaeus
; of unknown origin.] A carving in relief, esp. one on a small scale used as a jewel for personal adornment, or like.
» Most cameos are carved in a material which has layers of different colors, such stones as the onyx and sardonyx, and various kinds of shells, being used. Cameo conch (Zoology)
, a large, marine, univalve shell, esp. Cassis cameo , C. rua , and allied species, used for cutting cameos. See Quern conch .
, Latin Camerae
. [ Latin vault, arch, Late Latin , chamber. See Chamber
.] A chamber, or instrument having a chamber. Specifically: The camera obscura when used in photography. See Camera , and Camera obscura . Bellows camera
. See under Bellows .
-- In camera (Law)
, in a judge's chamber, that is, privately; as, a judge hears testimony which is not fit for the open court in camera .
, or Pantascopic
, a photographic camera in which the lens and sensitized plate revolve so as to expose adjacent parts of the plate successively to the light, which reaches it through a narrow vertical slit; -- used in photographing broad landscapes. Abney.
Camera lucida [ Latin camera chamber + Latin lucidus , lucida , lucid, light.] (Opt.) An instrument which by means of a prism of a peculiar form, or an arrangement of mirrors, causes an apparent image of an external object or objects to appear as if projected upon a plane surface, as of paper or canvas, so that the outlines may conveniently traced. It is generally used with the microscope.
Camera obscura [ Late Latin camera chamber + Latin obscurus , obscura , dark.] (Opt.)
1. An apparatus in which the images of external objects, formed by a convex lens or a concave mirror, are thrown on a paper or other white surface placed in the focus of the lens or mirror within a darkened chamber, or box, so that the outlines may be traced. 2. (Photog.) An apparatus in which the image of an external object or objects is, by means of lenses, thrown upon a sensitized plate or surface placed at the back of an extensible darkened box or chamber variously modified; -- commonly called simply the camera .
Camerade noun See Comrade .
Cameralistic adjective Of or pertaining to finance and public revenue.
Cameralistics noun [ Confer French caméralistique , German kameralistik , from Latin camera vault, Late Latin , chamber, treasury.] The science of finance or public revenue.
Camerate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Camerated
; present participle & verbal noun Camerzting
.] [ Latin cameratus
, past participle of camerare
. See Camber
.] 1. To build in the form of a vault; to arch over. 2. To divide into chambers.
Cameration noun [ Latin cameratio .] A vaulting or arching over. [ R.]
Camerlingo noun [ Italian ] The papal chamberlain; the cardinal who presides over the pope's household. He has at times possessed great power. [ Written also camerlengo and camarlengo .]
Cameronian noun A follower of the Rev. Richard Cameron , a Scotch Covenanter of the time of Charles II. Cameron and others refused to accept the "indulgence" offered the Presbyterian clergy, insisted on the Solemn league and Covenant, and in 1680 declared Charles II. deposed for tyranny, breach of faith, etc. Cameron was killed at the battle of Airdmoss, but his followers became a denomination (afterwards called Reformed Presbyterians) who refused to recognize laws or institutions which they believed contrary to the kingdom of Christ, but who now avail themselves of political rights.
[ See Chemise
.] A light, loose dress or robe.
[ Also written camus
.] [ Obsolete]
All in a camis light of purple silk.
Camisade, Camisado noun
[ French camisade
a night attack; confer Italian camiciata
. See Camis
.] [ Obsolete] (Mil.) (a) A shirt worn by soldiers over their uniform, in order to be able to recognize one another in a night attack. (b) An attack by surprise by soldiers wearing the camisado.
Give them a camisado in night season.
Camisard noun [ French] One of the French Protestant insurgents who rebelled against Louis XIV, after the revocation of the edict of Nates; -- so called from the peasant's smock ( camise ) which they wore.
Camisated adjective Dressed with a shirt over the other garments.
[ French See chemise
.] 1. A short dressing jacket for women. 2. A kind of straitjacket.
[ French camelot
(akin to Spanish camelote
, Italian cambellbito
, Late Latin camelotum
, from Arabic khamlat
camlet, from kaml
pile, plush. The word was early confused with camel
, camel's hair also being used in making it. Confer Calamanco
] A woven fabric originally made of camel's hair, now chiefly of goat's hair and silk, or of wool and cotton.
[ Sometimes written camelot
.] » They have been made plain and twilled, of single warp and weft, of double warp, and sometimes with double weft also, with thicker yarn. Beck (Draper's Dict. )
Camleted adjective Wavy or undulating like camlet; veined. Sir T. Herbert.
Cammas noun (Botany) See Camass .