Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin caliculus
a small cup, dim. of calicis
, a cup. Cf Calycle
.] (Zoology) (a) One of the small cuplike cavities, often with elevated borders, covering the surface of most corals. Each is formed by a polyp. (b) One of the cuplike structures inclosing the zooids of certain hydroids. See Campanularian .
[ Written also calycle
. See Calycle
; plural Calicoes
. [ So called because first imported from Calicut
, in the East Indies: confer French calicot
.] 1. Plain white cloth made from cotton, but which receives distinctive names according to quality and use, as, super calicoes , shirting calicoes , unbleached calicoes , etc.
The importation of printed or stained colicoes appears to have been coeval with the establishment of the East India Company
. Beck (Draper's Dict. ). 2. Cotton cloth printed with a figured pattern.
» In the United States the term calico
is applied only to the printed fabric. Calico bass (Zoology)
, an edible, fresh-water fish ( Pomoxys sparaides ) of the rivers and lake of the Western United States (esp. of the Misissippi valley.), allied to the sunfishes, and so called from its variegated colors; -- called also calicoback , grass bass , strawberry bass , barfish , and bitterhead .
-- Calico printing
, the art or process of impressing the figured patterns on calico.
Calico adjective Made of, or having the appearance of, calico; -- often applied to an animal, as a horse or cat, on whose body are large patches of a color strikingly different from its main color. [ Colloq. U. S.]
Calicoback noun (Zoology) (a) The calico bass. (b) An hemipterous insect ( Murgantia histrionica ) which injures the cabbage and other garden plants; -- called also calico bug and harlequin cabbage bug .
Calicular adjective Ca*lic"u*late adjective Relating to, or resembling, a cup; also improperly used for calycular , calyculate .
Calid adjective [ Latin calidus , from calere to be hot.] Hot; burning; ardent. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Calidity noun Heat. [ Obsolete]
[ See Caloriduct
.] A pipe or duct used to convey hot air or steam.
Subterranean caliducts have been introduced.
California jack A game at cards, a modification of seven-up, or all fours.
Californian adjective Of or pertaining to California. -- noun A native or inhabitant of California.
Caligation (-gā"shŭn) noun [ Latin caligatio , from caligare to emit vapor, to be dark, from caligo mist, darkness.] Dimness; cloudiness. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
[ Latin caliginosus
dark. See Caligation
[ R.] G. Eliot.
[ Latin caliginosus
; confer French caligineux
.] Affected with darkness or dimness; dark; obscure.
[ R.] Blount.
The caliginous regions of the air.
Caligo noun [ Latin , darkness.] (Medicine) Dimness or obscurity of sight, dependent upon a speck on the cornea; also, the speck itself.
Calin noun [ French, from Malay kelany tin, or from Kala'a , a town in India, from which it came.] An alloy of lead and tin, of which the Chinese make tea canisters.
[ French carapace
, Spanish carapacho
. Cf Calarash
.] A part of a turtle which is next to the upper shell. It contains a fatty and gelatinous substance of a dull greenish tinge, much esteemed as a delicacy in preparations of turtle.
[ See Calipash
] A part of a turtle which is attached to the lower shell. It contains a fatty and gelatinous substance of a light yellowish color, much esteemed as a delicacy. Thackeray.
Calipers noun plural
[ Corrupted from caliber
.] An instrument, usually resembling a pair of dividers or compasses with curved legs, for measuring the diameter or thickness of bodies, as of work shaped in a lathe or planer, timber, masts, shot, etc.; or the bore of firearms, tubes, etc.; -- called also caliper compasses , or caliber compasses . Caliper square
, a draughtsman's or mechanic's square, having a graduated bar and adjustable jaw or jaws. Knight.
-- Vernier calipers
. See Vernier .
Caliph (kā"lĭf) noun [ Middle English caliphe , califfe , French calife (cf. Spanish califa ), from Arabic khalīfan successor, from khalafa to succed.] Successor or vicar; -- a title of the successors of Mohammed both as temporal and spiritual rulers, now used by the sultans of Turkey. [ Written also calif .]
Caliphate noun [ Confer French califat .] The office, dignity, or government of a caliph or of the caliphs.
Calippic adjective Of or pertaining to Calippus, an Athenian astronomer. Calippic period , a period of seventy-six years, proposed by Calippus, as an improvement on the Metonic cycle, since the 6940 days of the Metonic cycle exceeded 19 years by about a quarter of a day, and exceeded 235 lunations by something more.
Calisaya bark A valuable kind of Peruvian bark obtained from the Cinchona Calisaya , and other closely related species.
Calistheneum noun [ New Latin ] A gymnasium; esp. one for light physical exercise by women and children.
Calisthenic adjective [ Greek kalo`s beautiful + sqe`nos strength.] Of or pertaining to calisthenics.
Calisthenics noun The science, art, or practice of healthful exercise of the body and limbs, to promote strength and gracefulness; light gymnastics.
Caliver noun [ Corrupted from caliber .] An early form of hand gun, a variety of the arquebus; originally a gun having a regular size of bore. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Latin ] A cup. See Calyx .
(kak) transitive verb
[ imperfect &past participle Calked
; present participle & verbal noun Calking
.] [ Either corrupted from French calfater
(cf. Portuguese calafetar
, Spanish calafetear
), from Arabic qalafa
to fill up crevices with the fibers of palm tree or moss; or from Middle English cauken
to tred, through the French from Latin calcare
, from calx
heel. Confer Calk
to copy, Inculcate
.] 1. To drive tarred oakum into the seams between the planks of (a ship, boat, etc.), to prevent leaking. The calking is completed by smearing the seams with melted pitch. 2. To make an indentation in the edge of a metal plate, as along a seam in a steam boiler or an iron ship, to force the edge of the upper plate hard against the lower and so fill the crevice.
(kălk) transitive verb
[ English calquer
to trace, Italian caicare
to trace, to trample, from Latin calcare
to trample, from calx
heel. Confer Calcarate
.] To copy, as a drawing, by rubbing the back of it with red or black chalk, and then passing a blunt style or needle over the lines, so as to leave a tracing on the paper or other thing against which it is laid or held.
[ Written also calque
Calk (kak) noun [ Confer Anglo-Saxon calc shoe, hoof, Latin calx , calcis , heel, calcar , spur.]
1. A sharp-pointed piece of iron or steel projecting downward on the shoe of a horse or an ox, to prevent the animal from slipping; -- called also calker , calkin . 2. An instrument with sharp points, worn on the sole of a shoe or boot, to prevent slipping.
Calk (kak) intransitive verb
1. To furnish with calks, to prevent slipping on ice; as, to calk the shoes of a horse or an ox. 2. To wound with a calk; as when a horse injures a leg or a foot with a calk on one of the other feet.
Calker noun 1. One who calks. 2. A calk on a shoe. See Calk , noun , 1.
Calkin noun A calk on a shoe. See Calk , noun , 1.
Calking noun The act or process of making seems tight, as in ships, or of furnishing with calks, as a shoe, or copying, as a drawing. Calking iron
, a tool like a chisel, used in calking ships, tightening seams in ironwork, etc.
Their left hand does the calking iron guide.
(kal) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Called
(kald); present participle & verbal noun Calling
] [ Middle English callen
, Anglo-Saxon ceallian
; akin to Icelandic & Swedish kalla
, Danish kalde
, Dutch kallen
to talk, prate, Old High German kallōn
to call; confer Greek ghry`ein
to speak, sing, Sanskrit gar
to praise. Confer Garrulous
.] 1. To command or request to come or be present; to summon; as, to call a servant.
Call hither Clifford; bid him come amain 2. To summon to the discharge of a particular duty; to designate for an office, or employment, especially of a religious character; -- often used of a divine summons; as, to be called to the ministry; sometimes, to invite; as, to call a minister to be the pastor of a church.
Paul . . . called to be an apostle
Rom. i. 1.
The Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. 3. To invite or command to meet; to convoke; -- often with together ; as, the President called Congress together; to appoint and summon; as, to call a meeting of the Board of Aldermen.
Acts xiii. 2.
Now call we our high court of Parliament. 4. To give name to; to name; to address, or speak of, by a specifed name.
If you would but call me Rosalind.
And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. 5. To regard or characterize as of a certain kind; to denominate; to designate.
Gen. i. 5.
What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common. 6. To state, or estimate, approximately or loosely; to characterize without strict regard to fact; as, they call the distance ten miles; he called it a full day's work.
Acts x. 15.
[ The] army is called seven hundred thousand men. 7. To show or disclose the class, character, or nationality of.
This speech calls him Spaniard. 8. To utter in a loud or distinct voice; -- often with off ; as, to call , or call off , the items of an account; to call the roll of a military company.
Beau. & Fl.
No parish clerk who calls the psalm so clear. 9. To invoke; to appeal to.
I call God for a witness. 10. To rouse from sleep; to awaken.
2 Cor. i. 23 [ Rev. Ver. ]
If thou canst awake by four o' the clock. To call a bond
I prithee call me. Sleep hath seized me wholly.
, to give notice that the amount of the bond will be paid.
-- To call a party (Law)
, to cry aloud his name in open court, and command him to come in and perform some duty requiring his presence at the time on pain of what may befall him.
-- To call back
, to revoke or retract; to recall; to summon back.
-- To call down
, to pray for, as blessing or curses.
-- To call forth
, to bring or summon to action; as, to call forth all the faculties of the mind.
-- To call in
, (a) To collect; as, to call in debts or money; ar to withdraw from cirulation; as, to call in uncurrent coin. (b) To summon to one's side; to invite to come together; as, to call in neighbors.
-- To call (any one) names
, to apply contemptuous names (to any one).
-- To call off
, to summon away; to divert; as, to call off the attention; to call off workmen from their employment.
-- To call out
. (a) To summon to fight; to challenge. (b) To summon into service; as, to call out the militia.
-- To call over
, to recite separate particulars in order, as a roll of names.
-- To call to account
, to demand explanation of.
-- To call to mind
, to recollect; to revive in memory.
-- To call to order
, to request to come to order
; as: (a) A public meeting, when opening it for business. (b) A person, when he is transgressing the rules of debate.
-- To call to the bar
, to admit to practice in courts of law.
-- To call up
. (a) To bring into view or recollection; as to call up the image of deceased friend. (b) To bring into action or discussion; to demand the consideration of; as, to call up a bill before a legislative body. Syn.
-- To name; denominate; invite; bid; summon; convoke; assemble; collect; exhort; warn; proclaim; invoke; appeal to; designate. -- To Call
is the generic term; as, to call
a public meeting. To convoke
is to require the assembling of some organized body of men by an act of authority; as, the king convoked
Parliament. To summon
is to require attendance by an act more or less stringent anthority; as, to summon
Call intransitive verb 1. To speak in loud voice; to cry out; to address by name; -- sometimes with to .
You must call to the nurse.
The angel of God called to Hagar. 2. To make a demand, requirement, or request.
Gen. xxi. 17.
They called for rooms, and he showed them one. 3. To make a brief visit; also, to stop at some place designated, as for orders.
He ordered her to call at the house once a week. To call for (a) To demand; to require; as, a crime calls for punishment; a survey, grant, or deed calls for the metes and bounds, or the quantity of land, etc., which it describes. (b) To give an order for; to request.
"Whenever the coach stopped, the sailor called for
more ale." Marryat.
-- To call on
, To call upon
, (a) To make a short visit to; as, call on a friend. (b) To appeal to; to invite; to request earnestly; as, to call upon a person to make a speech. (c) To solicit payment, or make a demand, of a debt. (d) To invoke or play to; to worship; as, to call upon God.
-- To call out To call or utter loudly; to brawl.
Call noun 1. The act of calling; -- usually with the voice, but often otherwise, as by signs, the sound of some instrument, or by writing; a summons; an entreaty; an invitation; as, a call for help; the bugle's call .
of the trumpet." Shak.
I rose as at thy call , but found thee not. 2. A signal, as on a drum, bugle, trumpet, or pipe, to summon soldiers or sailors to duty. 3. (Eccl.) An invitation to take charge of or serve a church as its pastor. 4. A requirement or appeal arising from the circumstances of the case; a moral requirement or appeal.
Dependence is a perpetual call upon humanity.
Running into danger without any call of duty. 5. A divine vocation or summons.
St. Paul himself believed he did well, and that he had a call to it, when he persecuted the Christians. 6. Vocation; employment.
[ In this sense, calling
is generally used.] 7. A short visit; as, to make a call on a neighbor; also, the daily coming of a tradesman to solicit orders.
The baker's punctual call . 8. (Hunting) A note blown on the horn to encourage the hounds. 9. (Nautical) A whistle or pipe, used by the boatswain and his mate, to summon the sailors to duty. 10. (Fowling) The cry of a bird; also a noise or cry in imitation of a bird; or a pipe to call birds by imitating their note or cry. 11. (Amer. Land Law) A reference to, or statement of, an object, course, distance, or other matter of description in a survey or grant requiring or calling for a corresponding object, etc., on the land. 12. The privilege to demand the delivery of stock, grain, or any commodity, at a fixed, price, at or within a certain time agreed on.
[ Brokers' Cant] 13. See Assessment , 4. At call
, or On call
, liable to be demanded at any moment without previous notice; as money on deposit.
-- Call bird
, a bird taught to allure others into a snare.
-- Call boy (a) A boy who calls the actors in a theater; a boy who transmits the orders of the captain of a vessel to the engineer, helmsman, etc. (b) A waiting boy who answers a cal, or cames at the ringing of a bell; a bell boy.
-- Call note
, the note naturally used by the male bird to call the female. It is artificially applied by birdcatchers as a decoy. Latham.
-- Call of the house (Legislative Bodies)
, a calling over the names of members, to discover who is absent, or for other purposes; a calling of names with a view to obtaining the ayes and noes from the persons named.
-- Call to the bar
, admission to practice in the courts.
Calla (kăl"lȧ) noun [ Linnæus derived Calla from Greek ..................... a cock's wattles but confer Latin calla , calsa , name of an unknown plant, and Greek kalo`s beautiful.] (Botany) A genus of plants, of the order Araceæ . » The common Calla of cultivation is Richardia Africana , belonging to another genus of the same order. Its large spathe is pure white, surrounding a fleshy spike, which is covered with minute apetalous flowers.
Callat noun Same as Callet .
A callat of boundless tongue.
[ See Caul
.] A kind of head covering; a caul.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Caller noun One who calls.
Caller adjective [ Scot.]
1. Cool; refreshing; fresh; as, a caller day; the caller air. Jamieson. 2. Fresh; in good condition; as, caller berrings.
Callet noun [ Confer Ir. & Gael. caile a country woman, strumpet.] A trull or prostitute; a scold or gossip. [ Obsolete] [ Written also callat .]
Callet intransitive verb To rail or scold. [ Obsolete] Brathwait.
Callid adjective [ Latin callidus , from callere to be thick-skinned, to be hardened, to be practiced, from callum , callus , callous skin, callosity, callousness.] Characterized by cunning or shrewdness; crafty. [ R.]
[ Latin calliditas
.] Acuteness of discernment; cunningness; shrewdness.
Her eagly-eyed callidity .
Calligrapher noun One skilled in calligraphy; a good penman.