Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Caen stone A cream-colored limestone for building, found near Caen, France.

Café noun [ French See Coffee .] A coffeehouse; a restaurant; also, a room in a hotel or restaurant where coffee and liquors are served.

Cafenet, Cafeneh noun [ Turk. qahveh khāneh coffeehouse.] A humble inn or house of rest for travelers, where coffee is sold. [ Turkey]

Cafeteria noun [ Confer French cafetière .] A restaurant or café at which the patrons serve themselves with food kept at a counter, taking the food to small tables to eat. [ U. S.]

Caffeic adjective [ See Coffee .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or obtained from, coffee.

Caffeic acid , an acid obtained from coffee tannin, as a yellow crystalline substance, C 9 H 8 O 4 .

Caffeine noun [ Confer French caféine . See Coffee .] (Chemistry) A white, bitter, crystallizable substance, obtained from coffee. It is identical with the alkaloid theine from tea leaves, and with guaranine from guarana.

Caffetannic adjective [ Caffe ic + tannic .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, the tannin of coffee.

Caffetannic acid , a variety of tannin obtained from coffee berries, regarded as a glucoside.

Caffila noun [ Arabic ] See Cafila .

Caffre noun See Kaffir .

Cafila Ca"fi*leh noun [ Arabic ] A caravan of travelers; a military supply train or government caravan; a string of pack horses.

Caftan noun [ Turk. qaftān : confer French cafetan .] A garment worn throughout the Levant, consisting of a long gown with sleeves reaching below the hands. It is generally fastened by a belt or sash.

Caftan transitive verb To clothe with a caftan. [ R.]

The turbaned and caftaned damsel.
Sir W. Scott.

Cag noun See Keg . [ Obsolete]

Cage noun [ French cage , from Latin cavea cavity, cage, from cavus hollow. Confer Cave , noun , Cajole , Gabion .]


1. A box or inclosure, wholly or partly of openwork, in wood or metal, used for confining birds or other animals.

In his cage , like parrot fine and gay.
Cowper.

2. A place of confinement for malefactors Shak.

Stone walls do not a prison make,
Nor iron bars a cage .
Lovelace.

3. (Carp.) An outer framework of timber, inclosing something within it; as, the cage of a staircase. Gwilt.

4. (Machinery) (a) A skeleton frame to limit the motion of a loose piece, as a ball valve. (b) A wirework strainer, used in connection with pumps and pipes.

5. The box, bucket, or inclosed platform of a lift or elevator; a cagelike structure moving in a shaft.

6. (Mining) The drum on which the rope is wound in a hoisting whim.

7. (Baseball) The catcher's wire mask.

Cage (kāj) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Caged (kājd); present participle & verbal noun Caging .] To confine in, or as in, a cage; to shut up or confine. " Caged and starved to death." Cowper.

Caged (kājd) adjective Confined in, or as in, a cage; like a cage or prison. "The caged cloister." Shak.

Cageling (kāj"lĭng) noun [ Cage + -ling ] A bird confined in a cage; esp. a young bird. [ Poetic] Tennyson.

Cagit (kā"jĭt) noun (Zoöl) A kind of parrot, of a beautiful green color, found in the Philippine Islands.

Cagmag (kăg"măg) noun A tough old goose; hence, coarse, bad food of any kind. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Cagot (kȧ`go") noun [ French] One of a race inhabiting the valleys of the Pyrenees, who until 1793 were political and social outcasts (Christian Pariahs). They are supposed to be a remnant of the Visigoths.

Cahenslyism noun (R. C. Ch.) A plan proposed to the Pope in 1891 by P. P. Cahensly, a member of the German parliament, to divide the foreign-born population of the United States, for ecclesiastical purposes, according to European nationalities, and to appoint bishops and priests of like race and speaking the same language as the majority of the members of a diocese or congregation. This plan was successfully opposed by the American party in the Church.

Cahier (kȧ`ya" or kȧ`hēr) noun [ French, from Old French cayer , from Late Latin quaternum . See Quire of paper. The sheets of manuscript were folded into parts.]
1. A number of sheets of paper put loosely together; esp. one of the successive portions of a work printed in numbers.

2. A memorial of a body; a report of legislative proceedings, etc.

Cahinca root [ Written also cainca root .] [ See Cahincic .] (Botany) The root of an American shrub ( Chiococca racemosa ), found as far north as Florida Keys, from which cahincic acid is obtained; also, the root of the South American Chiococca anguifuga , a celebrated antidote for snake poison.

Cahincic adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, cahinca , the native name of a species of Brazilian Chiococca , perhaps C. racemosa ; as, cahincic acid.

Cahoot noun [ Perhaps from f. cohorte a company or band.] Partnership; as, to go in cahoot with a person. [ Slang, southwestern U. S.] Bartlett.

Caimacam noun [ Turk.] The governor of a sanjak or district in Turkey.

Caiman noun (Zoology) See Cayman .

Cainozoic adjective (Geol.) See Cenozic .

Caïque noun [ French, from Turk. qāīq boat.] (Nautical) A light skiff or rowboat used on the Bosporus; also, a Levantine vessel of larger size.

Caird noun [ Ir. ceard a tinker.] A traveling tinker; also a tramp or sturdy beggar. [ Prov. Eng.]

Cairn noun [ Gael. carn , gen. cairn , a heap: confer Ir. & W. carn .]
1. A rounded or conical heap of stones erected by early inhabitants of the British Isles, apparently as a sepulchral monument.

Now here let us place the gray stone of her cairn .
Campbell.

2. A pile of stones heaped up as a landmark, or to arrest attention, as in surveying, or in leaving traces of an exploring party, etc. C. Kingsley. Kane.

Cairngormstone [ Gael. carn a cairn + gorm azure.] (Min.) A yellow or smoky brown variety of rock crystal, or crystallized quartz, found esp, in the mountain of Cairngorm, in Scotland.

Caisson noun [ French, from caisse , case, chest. See 1st Case .]
1. (Mil.) (a) A chest to hold ammunition. (b) A four-wheeled carriage for conveying ammunition, consisting of two parts, a body and a limber. In light field batteries there is one caisson to each piece, having two ammunition boxes on the body, and one on the limber. Farrow. (c) A chest filled with explosive materials, to be laid in the way of an enemy and exploded on his approach.

2. (a) A water-tight box, of timber or iron within which work is carried on in building foundations or structures below the water level. (b) A hollow floating box, usually of iron, which serves to close the entrances of docks and basins. (c) A structure, usually with an air chamber, placed beneath a vessel to lift or float it.

3. (Architecture) A sunk panel of ceilings or soffits.

Pneumatic caisson (Engineering) , a caisson, closed at the top but open at the bottom, and resting upon the ground under water. The pressure of air forced into the caisson keeps the water out. Men and materials are admitted to the interior through an air lock. See Lock .

Caisson disease (Medicine) A disease frequently induced by remaining for some time in an atmosphere of high pressure, as in caissons, diving bells, etc. It is characterized by neuralgic pains and paralytic symptoms. It is variously explained, most probably as due to congestion of internal organs with subsequent stasis of the blood.

Caitiff adjective [ Middle English caitif , cheitif , captive, miserable, Old French caitif , chaitif , captive, mean, wretched, French chétif , from Latin captivus captive, from capere to take, akin to English heave . See Heave , and confer Captive .]
1. Captive; wretched; unfortunate. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. Base; wicked and mean; cowardly; despicable.

Arnold had sped his caitiff flight.
W. Irving.

Caitiff noun A captive; a prisoner. [ Obsolete]

Avarice doth tyrannize over her caitiff and slave.
Holland.

2. A wretched or unfortunate man. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

3. A mean, despicable person; one whose character meanness and wickedness meet.

The deep-felt conviction of men that slavery breaks down the moral character . . . speaks out with . . . distinctness in the change of meaning which caitiff has undergone signifying as it now does, one of a base, abject disposition, while there was a time when it had nothing of this in it. Trench.

Cajeput noun See Cajuput .