Caledonian Cal`e·do"ni·an adjective Of or pertaining to Caledonia or Scotland; Scottish; Scotch. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Caledonia or Scotland.
Caledonite Ca·led"o·nite noun (Min.) A hydrous sulphate of copper and lead, found in some parts of Caledonia or Scotland.
Calefacient Cal`e·fa"cient adjective [ Latin calefaciens present participle of calefacere to make warm; calere to be warm + facere to make.] Making warm; heating. [ R.]
Calefacient Cal`e·fa"cient noun A substance that excites warmth in the parts to which it is applied, as mustard.
Calefaction Cal`e·fac"tion noun [ Latin calefactio : confer French caléfaction .] 1. The act of warming or heating; the production of heat in a body by the action of fire, or by communication of heat from other bodies. 2. The state of being heated.
Calefactive Cal`e·fac"tive adjective See Calefactory . [ R.]
Calefactor Cal`e·fac"tor noun A heater; one who, or that which, makes hot, as a stove, etc.
Calefactory Cal`e·fac"to·ry adjective [ Latin calefactorius .] Making hot; producing or communicating heat.
Calefactory Cal`e·fac"to·ry noun 1. (Eccl.) An apartment in a monastery, warmed and used as a sitting room. 2. A hollow sphere of metal, filled with hot water, or a chafing dish, placed on the altar in cold weather for the priest to warm his hands with.
Calefy Cal"e·fy intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Calefied ; present participle & verbal noun Calefying .] [ Latin calere to be warm + -fy ] To make warm or hot.
Calefy Cal"e·fy intransitive verb To grow hot or warm. Sir T. Browne.
Calembour Cal"em·bour` noun [ French] A pun.
Calendar Cal"en·dar noun [ Middle English kalender , calender , from Latin kalendarium an interest or account book (cf. French calendrier , Old French calendier ) from Latin calendue , kalendae , calends. See Calends .] 1. An orderly arrangement of the division of time, adapted to the purposes of civil life, as years, months, weeks, and days; also, a register of the year with its divisions; an almanac. 2. (Eccl.) A tabular statement of the dates of feasts, offices, saints' days, etc., esp. of those which are liable to change yearly according to the varying date of Easter. 3. An orderly list or enumeration of persons, things, or events; a schedule; as, a calendar of state papers; a calendar of bills presented in a legislative assembly; a calendar of causes arranged for trial in court; a calendar of a college or an academy. Shepherds of people had need know the calendars of tempests of state. Bacon. Calendar clock , one that shows the days of the week and month. -- Calendar month . See under Month . -- French Republican calendar . See under Vendémiaire . -- Gregorian calendar , Julian calendar , Perpetual calendar . See under Gregorian , Julian , and Perpetual .
Calendar Cal"en·dar transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Calendared ; present participle & verbal noun Calendaring .] To enter or write in a calendar; to register. Waterhouse.
Calendarial Cal`en·da"ri·al adjective Of or pertaining to the calendar or a calendar.
Calendary Cal"en·da·ry adjective Calendarial. [ Obsolete]
Calender Cal"en·der noun
[ French calandre
, Late Latin calendra
, corrupted from Latin cylindrus
a cylinder, Greek ............................ See Cylinider
.] 1. A machine, used for the purpose of giving cloth, paper, etc., a smooth, even, and glossy or glazed surface, by cold or hot pressure, or for watering them and giving them a wavy appearance. It consists of two or more cylinders revolving nearly in contact, with the necessary apparatus for moving and regulating. 2. One who pursues the business of calendering.
My good friend the calender .
Calender Cal"en·der intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Calendered ; present participle & verbal noun Calendering .] [ Confer French calandrer . See Calender , noun ] To press between rollers for the purpose of making smooth and glossy, or wavy, as woolen and silk stuffs, linens, paper, etc. Ure.
Calender Cal"en·der noun [ Persian qalender .] One of a sect or order of fantastically dressed or painted dervishes.
Calendographer Cal`en·dog"ra·pher noun [ Calendar + -graph + er .] One who makes calendars. [ R.]
Calendrer Cal"en·drer noun A person who calenders cloth; a calender.
Calendric, Calendrical Ca·len"dric, Ca·len"dric·al adjective , Of or pertaining to a calendar.
Calends Cal"ends noun plural [ Middle English kalendes month, calends, Anglo-Saxon calend month, from Latin calendae ; akin to calare to call, proclaim, Greek ................... CF. Claim .] The first day of each month in the ancient Roman calendar. [ Written also kalends .] The Greek calends , a time that will never come, as the Greeks had no calends.
Calendula Ca·len"du·la noun [ New Latin , from Latin calendae calends.] (Botany) A genus of composite herbaceous plants. One species, Calendula officinalis , is the common marigold, and was supposed to blossom on the calends of every month, whence the name.
Calendulin Ca·len"du·lin noun (Chemistry) A gummy or mucilaginous tasteless substance obtained from the marigold or calendula, and analogous to bassorin.
Calenture Cal"en·ture noun [ French calenture , from Spanish calenture heat, fever, from calentar to heat, from present participle of Latin calere to be warm .] (Medicine) A name formerly given to various fevers occuring in tropics; esp. to a form of furious delirium accompanied by fever, among sailors, which sometimes led the affected person to imagine the sea to be a green field, and to throw himself into it.
Calenture Cal"en·ture intransitive verb To see as in the delirium of one affected with calenture.
Hath fed on pageants floating through the air
Or calentures in depths of limpid flood.
Calescence Ca·les"cence noun [ Latin calescens , present participle of calescere , incho. of calere to be warm.] Growing warmth; increasing heat.
Calf Calf noun
; plural Calves
. [ Middle English calf
, Anglo-Saxon cealf
; akin to Dutch kalf
, German kalb
, Icelandic kālfr
, Swedish kalf
, Danish kalv
, Goth. kalbō
; confer Sanskrit garbha
fetus, young, Greek ..............., Skr grabh
to seize, conceive, Ir. colpa
, a calf. √222.] 1. The young of the cow, or of the Bovine family of quadrupeds. Also, the young of some other mammals, as of the elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, and whale. 2. Leather made of the skin of the calf; especially, a fine, light-colored leather used in bookbinding; as, to bind books in calf . 3. An awkward or silly boy or young man; any silly person; a dolt.
Some silly, doting, brainless calf . 4. A small island near a larger; as, the Calf of Man. 5. A small mass of ice set free from the submerged part of a glacier or berg, and rising to the surface. Kane. 6.
[ Confer Icelandic kālfi
.] The fleshy hinder part of the leg below the knee. Calf's-foot jelly
, jelly made from the feet of calves. The gelatinous matter of the feet is extracted by boiling, and is flavored with sugar, essences, etc.
Calfskin Calf"skin` noun The hide or skin of a calf; or leather made of the skin.
Cali Ca"li noun (Hindoo Myth.) The tenth avatar or incarnation of the god Vishnu. [ Written also Kali .]
Caliber, Calibre Cal"i·ber, Cal"ibre noun
[ French calibre
, perhaps from Latin qualibra
of what pound, of what weight; hence, of what size, applied first to a ball or bullet; confer also Arabic qālib
model, mold. Confer Calipers
.] 1. (Gunnery) The diameter of the bore, as a cannon or other firearm, or of any tube; or the weight or size of the projectile which a firearm will carry; as, an 8 inch gun, a 12-pounder, a 44 caliber .
The caliber of empty tubes.
A battery composed of three guns of small caliber .
» The caliber
of firearms is expressed in various ways. Cannon are often designated by the weight of a solid spherical shot that will fit the bore; as, a 12-pounder; pieces of ordnance that project shell or hollow shot are designated by the diameter of their bore; as, a 12 inch mortar or a 14 inch shell gun; small arms are designated by hundredths of an inch expressed decimally; as, a rifle of .44 inch caliber
. 2. The diameter of round or cylindrical body, as of a bullet or column. 3. Fig.: Capacity or compass of mind. Burke. Caliber compasses
. See Calipers .
-- Caliber rule
, a gunner's calipers, an instrument having two scales arranged to determine a ball's weight from its diameter, and conversely.
-- A ship's caliber
, the weight of her armament.
Calibrate Cal"i·brate intransitive verb To ascertain the caliber of, as of a thermometer tube; also, more generally, to determine or rectify the graduation of, as of the various standards or graduated instruments.
Calibration Cal`ibra"·tion noun The process of estimating the caliber a tube, as of a thermometer tube, in order to graduate it to a scale of degrees; also, more generally, the determination of the true value of the spaces in any graduated instrument.
Calice Cal"ice noun [ See Calice .] See Chalice .
Calicle Cal"i·cle noun [ Latin caliculus a small cup, dim. of calicis , a cup. Cf Calycle .] (Zoology) (a) One of the small cuplike cavities, often with elevated borders, covering the surface of most corals. Each is formed by a polyp. (b) One of the cuplike structures inclosing the zooids of certain hydroids. See Campanularian . [ Written also calycle . See Calycle .]
Calico Cal"i·co noun
; plural Calicoes
. [ So called because first imported from Calicut
, in the East Indies: confer French calicot
.] 1. Plain white cloth made from cotton, but which receives distinctive names according to quality and use, as, super calicoes , shirting calicoes , unbleached calicoes , etc.
The importation of printed or stained colicoes appears to have been coeval with the establishment of the East India Company
. Beck (Draper's Dict. ). 2. Cotton cloth printed with a figured pattern.
» In the United States the term calico
is applied only to the printed fabric. Calico bass (Zoology)
, an edible, fresh-water fish ( Pomoxys sparaides ) of the rivers and lake of the Western United States (esp. of the Misissippi valley.), allied to the sunfishes, and so called from its variegated colors; -- called also calicoback , grass bass , strawberry bass , barfish , and bitterhead .
-- Calico printing
, the art or process of impressing the figured patterns on calico.
Calico Cal"i·co adjective Made of, or having the appearance of, calico; -- often applied to an animal, as a horse or cat, on whose body are large patches of a color strikingly different from its main color. [ Colloq. U. S.]
Calicoback Cal"i·co·back` noun (Zoology) (a) The calico bass. (b) An hemipterous insect ( Murgantia histrionica ) which injures the cabbage and other garden plants; -- called also calico bug and harlequin cabbage bug .
Calicular Ca·lic"u·lar adjective Ca*lic"u*late adjective Relating to, or resembling, a cup; also improperly used for calycular , calyculate .
Calid Cal"id adjective [ Latin calidus , from calere to be hot.] Hot; burning; ardent. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Calidity Ca·lid"i·ty noun Heat. [ Obsolete]
Caliduct Cal"i·duct noun
[ See Caloriduct
.] A pipe or duct used to convey hot air or steam.
Subterranean caliducts have been introduced.
Calif Ca"lif noun , Cal"i*fate noun , etc. Same as Caliph , Caliphate , etc.
California jack Cal`i·for"ni·a jack" A game at cards, a modification of seven-up, or all fours.
Californian Cal`i·for"ni·an adjective Of or pertaining to California. -- noun A native or inhabitant of California.
Caligation Cal`i·ga"tion (-gā"shŭn) noun [ Latin caligatio , from caligare to emit vapor, to be dark, from caligo mist, darkness.] Dimness; cloudiness. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Caliginosity Ca·lig`i·nos"ity noun [ Latin caliginosus dark. See Caligation .] Darkness. [ R.] G. Eliot.
Caliginous Ca·lig"i·nous adjective
[ Latin caliginosus
; confer French caligineux
.] Affected with darkness or dimness; dark; obscure.
[ R.] Blount.
The caliginous regions of the air.
Caligo Ca·li"go noun [ Latin , darkness.] (Medicine) Dimness or obscurity of sight, dependent upon a speck on the cornea; also, the speck itself.
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