Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Calculated past participle & adjective
1. Worked out by calculation; as calculated tables for computing interest; ascertained or conjectured as a result of calculation; as, the calculated place of a planet; the calculated velocity of a cannon ball.

2. Adapted by calculation, contrivance. or forethought to accomplish a purpose; as, to use arts calculated to deceive the people.

3. Likely to produce a certain effect, whether intended or not; fitted; adapted; suited.

The only danger that attends multiplicity of publication is, that some of them may be calculated to injure rather than benefit society.
Goldsmith.

The minister, on the other hand, had never gone through an experience calculated to lead him beyond the scope of generally received laws
. Hawthorne.

Calculating adjective
1. Of or pertaining to mathematical calculations; performing or able to perform mathematical calculations.

2. Given to contrivance or forethought; forecasting; scheming; as, a cool calculating disposition.

Calculating machine , a machine for the mechanical performance of mathematical operations, for the most part invented by Charles Babbage and G. and E. Scheutz. It computes logarithmic and other mathematical tables of a high degree of intricacy, imprinting the results on a leaden plate, from which a stereotype plate is then directly made.

Calculating noun The act or process of making mathematical computations or of estimating results.

Calculation (-lā"shŭn) noun [ Middle English calculation , from Latin calculatio ; confer Old French calcucation .]
1. The act or process, or the result, of calculating; computation; reckoning, estimate. "The calculation of eclipses." Nichol.

The mountain is not so his calculation makes it.
Boyle.

2. An expectation based on circumstances.

The lazy gossips of the port,
Abhorrent of a calculation crost,
Began to chafe as at a personal wrong.
Tennyson.

Calculative adjective Of or pertaining to calculation; involving calculation.

Long habits of calculative dealings.
Burke.

Calculator noun [ Latin : confer French calculateur .] One who computes or reckons: one who estimates or considers the force and effect of causes, with a view to form a correct estimate of the effects.

Ambition is no exact calculator .
Burke.

Calculatory adjective [ Latin calculatorius .] Belonging to calculation. Sherwood.

Calcule noun [ French calcul , from Latin calculus . See Calculus .] Reckoning; computation. [ Obsolete] Howell.

Calcule intransitive verb To calculate [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Calculi noun plural See Calculus .

Calculous adjective [ Latin calculosus .]
1. Of the nature of a calculus; like stone; gritty; as, a calculous concretion. Sir T. Browne.

2. Caused, or characterized, by the presence of a calculus or calculi; a, a calculous disorder; affected with gravel or stone; as, a calculous person.

Calculus noun ; plural Calculi . [ L, calculus . See Calculate , and Calcule .]
1. (Medicine) Any solid concretion, formed in any part of the body, but most frequent in the organs that act as reservoirs, and in the passages connected with them; as, biliary calculi ; urinary calculi , etc.

2. (Math.) A method of computation; any process of reasoning by the use of symbols; any branch of mathematics that may involve calculation.

Barycentric calculus , a method of treating geometry by defining a point as the center of gravity of certain other points to which coëfficients or weights are ascribed. -- Calculus of functions , that branch of mathematics which treats of the forms of functions that shall satisfy given conditions. -- Calculus of operations , that branch of mathematical logic that treats of all operations that satisfy given conditions. -- Calculus of probabilities , the science that treats of the computation of the probabilities of events, or the application of numbers to chance. -- Calculus of variations , a branch of mathematics in which the laws of dependence which bind the variable quantities together are themselves subject to change. -- Differential calculus , a method of investigating mathematical questions by using the ratio of certain indefinitely small quantities called differentials . The problems are primarily of this form: to find how the change in some variable quantity alters at each instant the value of a quantity dependent upon it. -- Exponential calculus , that part of algebra which treats of exponents. -- Imaginary calculus , a method of investigating the relations of real or imaginary quantities by the use of the imaginary symbols and quantities of algebra. -- Integral calculus , a method which in the reverse of the differential, the primary object of which is to learn from the known ratio of the indefinitely small changes of two or more magnitudes, the relation of the magnitudes themselves, or, in other words, from having the differential of an algebraic expression to find the expression itself.

Caldron (kal"drŭn) noun [ Middle English caldron , caudron , caudroun , Old French caudron , chauderon , French chaudron , an aug. of French chaudière , Late Latin caldaria , from Latin caldarius suitable for warming, from caldus , calidus , warm, from calere to be warm; confer Sanskrit çrā to boil. Confer Chaldron , Calaric , Caudle .] A large kettle or boiler of copper, brass, or iron. [ Written also cauldron .] " Caldrons of boiling oil." Prescott.

Calèche (kȧ*lāsh") noun [ French calèche .] See Calash .

Caledonia noun The ancient Latin name of Scotland; -- still used in poetry.

Caledonian adjective Of or pertaining to Caledonia or Scotland; Scottish; Scotch. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Caledonia or Scotland.

Caledonite noun (Min.) A hydrous sulphate of copper and lead, found in some parts of Caledonia or Scotland.

Calefacient adjective [ Latin calefaciens present participle of calefacere to make warm; calere to be warm + facere to make.] Making warm; heating. [ R.]

Calefacient noun A substance that excites warmth in the parts to which it is applied, as mustard.

Calefaction noun [ Latin calefactio : confer French caléfaction .]
1. The act of warming or heating; the production of heat in a body by the action of fire, or by communication of heat from other bodies.

2. The state of being heated.

Calefactive adjective See Calefactory . [ R.]

Calefactor noun A heater; one who, or that which, makes hot, as a stove, etc.

Calefactory adjective [ Latin calefactorius .] Making hot; producing or communicating heat.

Calefactory noun
1. (Eccl.) An apartment in a monastery, warmed and used as a sitting room.

2. A hollow sphere of metal, filled with hot water, or a chafing dish, placed on the altar in cold weather for the priest to warm his hands with.

Calefy intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Calefied ; present participle & verbal noun Calefying .] [ Latin calere to be warm + -fy ] To make warm or hot.

Calefy intransitive verb To grow hot or warm. Sir T. Browne.

Calembour noun [ French] A pun.

Calendar noun [ Middle English kalender , calender , from Latin kalendarium an interest or account book (cf. French calendrier , Old French calendier ) from Latin calendue , kalendae , calends. See Calends .]
1. An orderly arrangement of the division of time, adapted to the purposes of civil life, as years, months, weeks, and days; also, a register of the year with its divisions; an almanac.

2. (Eccl.) A tabular statement of the dates of feasts, offices, saints' days, etc., esp. of those which are liable to change yearly according to the varying date of Easter.

3. An orderly list or enumeration of persons, things, or events; a schedule; as, a calendar of state papers; a calendar of bills presented in a legislative assembly; a calendar of causes arranged for trial in court; a calendar of a college or an academy.

Shepherds of people had need know the calendars of tempests of state. Bacon.

Calendar clock , one that shows the days of the week and month. -- Calendar month . See under Month . -- French Republican calendar . See under Vendémiaire . -- Gregorian calendar , Julian calendar , Perpetual calendar . See under Gregorian , Julian , and Perpetual .

Calendar transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Calendared ; present participle & verbal noun Calendaring .] To enter or write in a calendar; to register. Waterhouse.

Calendarial adjective Of or pertaining to the calendar or a calendar.

Calendary adjective Calendarial. [ Obsolete]

Calender noun [ French calandre , Late Latin calendra , corrupted from Latin cylindrus a cylinder, Greek ............................ See Cylinider .]
1. A machine, used for the purpose of giving cloth, paper, etc., a smooth, even, and glossy or glazed surface, by cold or hot pressure, or for watering them and giving them a wavy appearance. It consists of two or more cylinders revolving nearly in contact, with the necessary apparatus for moving and regulating.

2. One who pursues the business of calendering.

My good friend the calender .
Cawper.

Calender intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Calendered ; present participle & verbal noun Calendering .] [ Confer French calandrer . See Calender , noun ] To press between rollers for the purpose of making smooth and glossy, or wavy, as woolen and silk stuffs, linens, paper, etc. Ure.

Calender noun [ Persian qalender .] One of a sect or order of fantastically dressed or painted dervishes.

Calendographer noun [ Calendar + -graph + er .] One who makes calendars. [ R.]

Calendrer noun A person who calenders cloth; a calender.

Calendric, Calendrical adjective , Of or pertaining to a calendar.

Calends noun plural [ Middle English kalendes month, calends, Anglo-Saxon calend month, from Latin calendae ; akin to calare to call, proclaim, Greek ................... CF. Claim .] The first day of each month in the ancient Roman calendar. [ Written also kalends .]

The Greek calends , a time that will never come, as the Greeks had no calends.

Calendula noun [ New Latin , from Latin calendae calends.] (Botany) A genus of composite herbaceous plants. One species, Calendula officinalis , is the common marigold, and was supposed to blossom on the calends of every month, whence the name.

Calendulin noun (Chemistry) A gummy or mucilaginous tasteless substance obtained from the marigold or calendula, and analogous to bassorin.

Calenture noun [ French calenture , from Spanish calenture heat, fever, from calentar to heat, from present participle of Latin calere to be warm .] (Medicine) A name formerly given to various fevers occuring in tropics; esp. to a form of furious delirium accompanied by fever, among sailors, which sometimes led the affected person to imagine the sea to be a green field, and to throw himself into it.

Calenture intransitive verb To see as in the delirium of one affected with calenture. [ Poetic]

Hath fed on pageants floating through the air
Or calentures in depths of limpid flood.
Wordsworth.

Calescence noun [ Latin calescens , present participle of calescere , incho. of calere to be warm.] Growing warmth; increasing heat.

Calf noun ; plural Calves . [ Middle English calf , kelf , Anglo-Saxon cealf ; akin to Dutch kalf , German kalb , Icelandic kālfr , Swedish kalf , Danish kalv , Goth. kalbō ; confer Sanskrit garbha fetus, young, Greek ..............., Skr grabh to seize, conceive, Ir. colpa , colpach , a calf. √222.]
1. The young of the cow, or of the Bovine family of quadrupeds. Also, the young of some other mammals, as of the elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, and whale.

2. Leather made of the skin of the calf; especially, a fine, light-colored leather used in bookbinding; as, to bind books in calf .

3. An awkward or silly boy or young man; any silly person; a dolt. [ Colloq.]

Some silly, doting, brainless calf .
Drayton.

4. A small island near a larger; as, the Calf of Man.

5. A small mass of ice set free from the submerged part of a glacier or berg, and rising to the surface. Kane.

6. [ Confer Icelandic kālfi .] The fleshy hinder part of the leg below the knee.

Calf's-foot jelly , jelly made from the feet of calves. The gelatinous matter of the feet is extracted by boiling, and is flavored with sugar, essences, etc.

Calfskin noun The hide or skin of a calf; or leather made of the skin.

Cali noun (Hindoo Myth.) The tenth avatar or incarnation of the god Vishnu. [ Written also Kali .]

Caliber, Calibre noun [ French calibre , perhaps from Latin qualibra of what pound, of what weight; hence, of what size, applied first to a ball or bullet; confer also Arabic qālib model, mold. Confer Calipers , Calivere .]


1. (Gunnery) The diameter of the bore, as a cannon or other firearm, or of any tube; or the weight or size of the projectile which a firearm will carry; as, an 8 inch gun, a 12-pounder, a 44 caliber .

The caliber of empty tubes.
Reid.

A battery composed of three guns of small caliber .
Prescott.

» The caliber of firearms is expressed in various ways. Cannon are often designated by the weight of a solid spherical shot that will fit the bore; as, a 12-pounder; pieces of ordnance that project shell or hollow shot are designated by the diameter of their bore; as, a 12 inch mortar or a 14 inch shell gun; small arms are designated by hundredths of an inch expressed decimally; as, a rifle of .44 inch caliber .

2. The diameter of round or cylindrical body, as of a bullet or column.

3. Fig.: Capacity or compass of mind. Burke.

Caliber compasses . See Calipers . -- Caliber rule , a gunner's calipers, an instrument having two scales arranged to determine a ball's weight from its diameter, and conversely. -- A ship's caliber , the weight of her armament.

Calibrate intransitive verb To ascertain the caliber of, as of a thermometer tube; also, more generally, to determine or rectify the graduation of, as of the various standards or graduated instruments.

Calibration noun The process of estimating the caliber a tube, as of a thermometer tube, in order to graduate it to a scale of degrees; also, more generally, the determination of the true value of the spaces in any graduated instrument.

Calice noun [ See Calice .] See Chalice .