Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Calligraphic, Calligraphical adjective , [ Greek .................................; prefix ...............- (fr. ............ beautiful) + ..................... to write; confer French calligraphique .] Of or pertaining to calligraphy.

Excellence in the calligraphic act.
T. Warton.

Calligraphist noun A calligrapher

Calligraphy noun [ Greek .................................: confer French calligraphie .] Fair or elegant penmanship.

Calling noun
1. The act of one who calls; a crying aloud, esp. in order to summon, or to attact the attention of, some one.

2. A summoning or convocation, as of Parliament.

The frequent calling and meeting of Parlaiment.
Macaulay.

3. A divine summons or invitation; also, the state of being divinely called.

Who hath . . . called us with an holy calling .
2 Tim. i. 9.

Give diligence to make yior calling . . . sure.
2 Pet. i. 10.

4. A naming, or inviting; a reading over or reciting in order, or a call of names with a view to obtaining an answer, as in legislative bodies.

5. One's usual occupation, or employment; vocation; business; trade.

The humble calling of ter female parent.
Thackeray.

6. The persons, collectively, engaged in any particular professions or employment.

To impose celibacy on wholy callings .
Hammond.

7. Title; appellation; name. [ Obsolete]

I am more proud to be Sir Rowland's son
His youngest son, and would not change that calling .
Shak.

Syn. -- Occupation; employment; business; trade; profession; office; engagement; vocation.

Calliope (kăl*lī"o*pe) noun [ Latin Calliope , Greek Kallio`ph , lit, the beautiful-voiced; prefix kalli- (from kalo`s beautiful) + 'o`ps , 'opo`s , voice.]
1. (Class. Myth.) The Muse that presides over eloquence and heroic poetry; mother of Orpheus, and chief of the nine Muses.

2. (Astron.) One of the asteroids. See Solar .

3. A musical instrument consisting of a series of steam whistles, toned to the notes of the scale, and played by keys arranged like those of an organ. It is sometimes attached to steamboat boilers.

4. (Zoology) A beautiful species of humming bird ( Stellula Calliope ) of California and adjacent regions.

Calliopsis noun [ New Latin , from Greek prefix kalli- (fr. kalo`s beautiful) + 'o`psis appearance.] (Botany) A popular name given to a few species of the genus Coreopsis , especially to C. tinctoria of Arkansas.

Callipash noun See Calipash .

Callipee noun See Calipee .

Callipers noun plural See Calipers.

Callisection noun [ Latin callere to be insensible + English section .] Painless vivisection; -- opposed to sentisection . B. G. Wilder.

Callisthenic adjective , Cal`lis*then"ics noun See Calisthenic , Calisthenics .

Callithump noun A somewhat riotous parade, accompanied with the blowing of tin horns, and other discordant noises; also, a burlesque serenade; a charivari. [ U. S.]

Callithumpian adjective Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a callithump. [ U. S.]

Callosan adjective (Anat.) Of the callosum.

Callose adjective [ See Callous .] (Botany) Furnished with protuberant or hardened spots.

Callosity noun ; plural Callosities . [ Latin callasitas ; confer French calosté .] A hard or thickened spot or protuberance; a hardening and thickening of the skin or bark of a part, eps. as a result of continued pressure or friction.

Callosum noun [ New Latin , from callosus callous, hard.] (Anat.) The great band commissural fibers which unites the two cerebral hemispheres. See corpus callosum , under Carpus .

Callot noun A plant coif or skullcap. Same as Calotte . B. Jonson.

Callous adjective [ Latin callosus callous hard, from callum , callus , callous skin: confer French calleux .]
1. Hardened; indurated. "A callous hand." Goldsmith. "A callous ulcer." Dunglison.

2. Hardened in mind; insensible; unfeeling; unsusceptible. "The callous diplomatist." Macaulay.

It is an immense blessing to be perfectly callous to ridicule.
T. Arnold.

Syn. -- Obdurate; hard; hardened; indurated; insensible; unfeeling; unsusceptible. See Obdurate .

-- Cal"lous*ly , adverb -- Cal"lous*ness , noun

A callousness and numbness of soul.
Bentley.

Callow adjective [ Middle English calewe , calu , bald, Anglo-Saxon calu ; akin to Dutch kaal , Old High German chalo , German Kuhl ; confer Latin calvus .]


1. Destitute of feathers; naked; unfledged.

An in the leafy summit, spied a nest,
Which, o'er the callow young, a sparrow pressed.
Dryden.

2. Immature; boyish; "green"; as, a callow youth.

I perceive by this, thou art but a callow maid.
Old Play [ 1675].

Callow noun (Zoology) [ Named from its note.] A kind of duck. See Old squaw .

Callus (kăl"lŭs) noun [ Latin See Callous .]
1. (Medicine) (a) Same as Callosity . (b The material of repair in fractures of bone; a substance exuded at the site of fracture, which is at first soft or cartilaginous in consistence, but is ultimately converted into true bone and unites the fragments into a single piece.

2. (Hort.) The new formation over the end of a cutting, before it puts out rootlets.

Calm (käm) noun [ Middle English calme , French calme , from Italian or Spanish calma (cf. Portuguese calma heat), probably from Late Latin cauma heat, from Greek kay^ma burning heat, from kai`ein to burn; either because during a great heat there is generally also a calm, or because the hot time of the day obliges us seek for shade and quiet; confer Caustic ] Freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; a cessation or absence of that which causes motion or disturbance, as of winds or waves; tranquility; stillness; quiet; serenity.

The wind ceased, and there was a great calm .
Mark. iv. 39.

A calm before a storm is commonly a peace of a man's own making.
South.

Calm intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Calmed ; present participle & verbal noun Calming .] [ Confer French calmer . See Calm , noun ]
1. To make calm; to render still or quiet, as elements; as, to calm the winds.

To calm the tempest raised by Eolus.
Dryden.

2. To deliver from agitation or excitement; to still or soothe, as the mind or passions.

Passions which seem somewhat calmed .
Atterbury.

Syn. -- To still; quiet; appease; allay; pacify; tranquilize; soothe; compose; assuage; check; restrain.

Calm (käm) adjective [ Compar. Calmer (-ẽr); super. Calmest (-ĕst)]
1. Not stormy; without motion, as of winds or waves; still; quiet; serene; undisturbed. " Calm was the day." Spenser.

Now all is calm , and fresh, and still.
Bryant.

2. Undisturbed by passion or emotion; not agitated or excited; tranquil; quiet in act or speech. " Calm and sinless peace." Milton. "With calm attention." Pope.

Such calm old age as conscience pure
And self-commanding hearts ensure.
Keble.

Syn. -- Still; quiet; undisturbed; tranquil; peaceful; serene; composed; unruffled; sedate; collected; placid.

Calmer noun One who, or that which, makes calm.

Calmly adverb In a calm manner.

The gentle stream which calmly flows.
Denham.

Calmness noun The state of quality of being calm; quietness; tranquillity; self- repose.

The gentle calmness of the flood.
Denham.

Hes calmness was the repose of conscious power.
E. Everett.

Syn. -- Quietness; quietude; stillness; tranquillity; serenity; repose; composure; sedateness; placidity.

Calmucks noun plural ; sing. Calmuck . A branch of the Mongolian race inhabiting parts of the Russian and Chinese empires; also ( sing. ), the language of the Calmucks. [ Written also Kalmucks .]

Calmy adjective [ Fr. Calm , noun ] Tranquil; peaceful; calm. [ Poet.] "A still and calmy day" Spenser.

Calomel (kăl"o*mĕl) noun [ Greek kalo`s beautiful + me`las black. So called from its being white, though made from a black mixture of mercury and corrosive sublimate. Confer French calomélas .] (Chemistry) Mild chloride of mercury, Hg 2 Cl 2 , a heavy, white or yellowish white substance, insoluble and tasteless, much used in medicine as a mercurial and purgative; mercurous chloride. It occurs native as the mineral horn quicksilver.

Calorescence noun [ Latin calor heat.] (Physics) The conversion of obscure radiant heat into light; the transmutation of rays of heat into others of higher refrangibility. Tyndall.

Caloric noun [ Latin calor heat; confer French calorique .] (Physics) The principle of heat, or the agent to which the phenomena of heat and combustion were formerly ascribed; -- not now used in scientific nomenclature, but sometimes used as a general term for heat.

Caloric expands all bodies.
Henry.

Caloric adjective Of or pertaining to caloric.

Caloric engine , a kind of engine operated by heated air.

Caloricity noun (Physiol.) A faculty in animals of developing and preserving the heat necessary to life, that is, the animal heat.

Caloriduct noun [ Latin calor heat (fr. calere to warm) + English duct .] A tube or duct for conducting heat; a caliduct.

Calorie noun [ French, from Latin calor heat.] (Physics) The unit of heat according to the French standard; the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram (sometimes, one gram) of water one degree centigrade, or from 0° to 1°. Compare the English standard unit, Foot pound .

Calorifacient adjective (Physiol.) See Calorificient .

Calorifere noun [ French calorifère , from Latin calor heat + ferre to bear.] An apparatus for conveying and distributing heat, especially by means of hot water circulating in tubes.

Calorifiant adjective (Physiol.) See Calorificient .

Calorific adjective [ Latin calorificus ; calor heat + facere to make; confer French calorifique .] Possessing the quality of producing heat; heating.

Calorific rays , the invisible, heating rays which emanate from the sun, and from burning and heated bodies.

Calorification (kȧ*lŏr`ĭ*fĭ*kā"shŭn) noun [ Confer French calorification .] Production of heat, esp. animal heat.

Calorificient adjective (Physiol.) Having, or relating to the power of producing heat; -- applied to foods which, being rich in carbon, as the fats, are supposed to give rise to heat in the animal body by oxidation.

Calorimeter noun [ Latin calor heat + -meter ; confer French calorimètre .]
1. (Physiol.) An apparatus for measuring the amount of heat contained in bodies or developed by some mechanical or chemical process, as friction, chemical combination, combustion, etc.

2. (Engineering) An apparatus for measuring the proportion of unevaporated water contained in steam.

Calorimetric adjective Of or pertaining to the process of using the calorimeter.

Satisfactory calorimetric results.
Nichol.

Calorimetry noun (Physics) Measurement of the quantities of heat in bodies.

Calorimotor noun [ Latin calor heat + English motor .] (Physics) A voltaic battery, having a large surface of plate, and producing powerful heating effects.

Calorisator noun [ New Latin , heater, from Latin calor heat.] An apparatus used in beet-sugar factories to heat the juice in order to aid the diffusion.

Calotte, Callot noun [ French calotte , dim. of cale a sort of flat cap. Confer Caul .] A close cap without visor or brim. Especially: (a) Such a cap, worn by English serjeants at law. (b) Such a cap, worn by the French cavalry under their helmets. (c) Such a cap, worn by the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.

To assume the calotte , to become a priest.

Calotype noun [ Greek kalo`s beautiful + ty`pos type.] (Photog.) A method of taking photographic pictures, on paper sensitized with iodide of silver; -- also called Talbotype , from the inventor, Mr. Fox. Talbot .