Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Campylospermous adjective [ Greek ... curved + ... seed.] (Botany) Having seeds grooved lengthwise on the inner face, as in sweet cicely.

Campylotropous adjective [ Greek ... curved + ... a turning.] (Botany) Having the ovules and seeds so curved, or bent down upon themselves, that the ends of the embryo are brought close together.

Camus noun See Camis . [ Obsolete]

Camwood noun See Barwood .

Can an obs . form of began , imperfect & past participle of Begin , sometimes used in old poetry. [ See Gan .]

With gentle words he can faile gree.
Spenser.

Can noun [ Middle English & Anglo-Saxon canne ; akin to Dutch Kan , German Kanne , Old High German channa , Swedish Kanna , Danish kande .]
1. A drinking cup; a vessel for holding liquids. [ Shak. ]

Fill the cup and fill can ,
Have a rouse before the morn.
Tennyson.

2. A vessel or case of tinned iron or of sheet metal, of various forms, but usually cylindrical; as, a can of tomatoes; an oil can ; a milk can .

» A can may be a cylinder open at the top, as for receiving the sliver from a carding machine, or with a removable cover or stopper, as for holding tea, spices, milk, oysters, etc., or with handle and spout, as for holding oil, or hermetically sealed, in canning meats, fruits, etc. The name is also sometimes given to the small glass or earthenware jar used in canning.

Can transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Canned ; present participle &verbal noun Canning .] To preserve by putting in sealed cans [ U. S.] " Canned meats" W. D. Howells.

Canned goods , a general name for fruit, vegetables, meat, or fish, preserved in hermetically sealed cans.

Can transitive verb & i. [ The transitive use is obsolete.] [ imperfect Could .] [ Middle English cunnen , cannen (1st sing. present I can ), to know, know how, be able, Anglo-Saxon cunnan , 1st sing. present ic cann or can , plural cunnon , 1st sing. imperfect cūðe (for cunðe ); past participle cūð (for cunð ); akin to Old Saxon Kunnan , Dutch Kunnen , Old High German chunnan , German können , Icelandic kunna , Goth. Kunnan , and English ken to know. The present tense I can (AS. ic cann ) was originally a preterit, meaning I have known or Learned , and hence I know , know how . √45. See Ken , Know ; confer Con , Cunning , Uncouth .]
1. To know; to understand. [ Obsolete]

I can rimes of Rodin Hood.
Piers Plowman.

I can no Latin, quod she.
Piers Plowman.

Let the priest in surplice white,
That defunctive music can .
Shak.

2. To be able to do; to have power or influence. [ Obsolete]

The will of Him who all things can .
Milton.

For what, alas, can these my single arms?
Shak.

Mæcænas and Agrippa, who can most with Cæsar.
Beau. & Fl.

3. To be able; -- followed by an infinitive without to ; as, I can go, but do not wish to.

Syn. -- Can but , Can not but . It is an error to use the former of these phrases where the sens requires the latter. If we say, "I can but perish if I go," "But" means only , and denotes that this is all or the worst that can happen. When the apostle Peter said. "We can not but speak of the things which we have seen and heard." he referred to a moral constraint or necessety which rested upon him and his associates; and the meaning was, We cannot help speaking, We cannot refrain from speaking. This idea of a moral necessity or constraint is of frequent occurrence, and is also expressed in the phrase, "I can not help it." Thus we say. "I can not but hope," "I can not but believe," "I can not but think," "I can not but remark," etc., in cases in which it would be an error to use the phrase can but .

Yet he could not but acknowledge to himself that there was something calculated to impress awe, . . . in the sudden appearances and vanishings . . . of the masque
De Quincey.

Tom felt that this was a rebuff for him, and could not but understand it as a left-handed hit at his employer.
Dickens.

Can buoy See under Buoy , noun

Can hook A device consisting of a short rope with flat hooks at each end, for hoisting casks or barrels by the ends of the staves.

Canaanite noun
1. A descendant of Canaan, the son of Ham, and grandson of Noah.

2. A Native or inhabitant of the land of Canaan, esp. a member of any of the tribes who inhabited Canaan at the time of the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt.

Canaanite noun [ From an Aramaic word signifying "zeal."] A zealot. "Simon the Canaanite ." Matt. x. 4.

» This was the "Simon called Zelotes" ( Luke vi. 15 ), i.e. , Simon the zealot. Kitto.

Canaanitish adjective Of or pertaining to Canaan or the Canaanites.

Canada noun A British province in North America, giving its name to various plants and animals.

Canada balsam . See under Balsam . -- Canada goose . (Zoology) See Wild goose . -- Canada jay . See Whisky Jack . -- Canada lynx . (Zoology) See Lynx . -- Canada porcupine (Zoology) See Porcupine , and Urson . -- Canada rice (Botany) See under Rick . -- Canada robin (Zoology) , the cedar bird.

Canadian adjective Of or pertaining to Canada. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Canada.

Canadian period (Geol.) , A subdivision of the American Lower Silurian system embracing the calciferous, Quebec, and Chazy epochs. This period immediately follows the primordial or Cambrian period, and is by many geologists regarded as the beginning of the Silurian age, See the Diagram, under Geology .

Canaille noun [ French canaille (cf. Italian canaglia ), prop. and orig. a pack of dogs, from Latin Canis dog.]


1. The lowest class of people; the rabble; the vulgar.

2. Shorts or inferior flour. [ Canadian]

Canakin noun [ Dim. of can .] A little can or cup. "And let me the canakin clink." Shak.

Canal noun [ French canal , from Latin canalis canal, channel; probably from a root signifying "to cut"; confer Dutch kanaal , from the French. Confer Channel , Kennel gutter.]


1. An artificial channel filled with water and designed for navigation, or for irrigating land, etc.

2. (Anat.) A tube or duct; as, the alimentary canal ; the semicircular canals of the ear.

Canal boat , a boat for use on a canal; esp. one of peculiar shape, carrying freight, and drawn by horses walking on the towpath beside the canal. -- Canal lock . See Lock .

Canal noun A long and relatively narrow arm of the sea, approximately uniform in width; -- used chiefly in proper names; as, Portland Canal ; Lynn Canal . [ Alaska]

Canal coal See Cannel coal .

Canaliculate, Canaliculated adjective [ Latin canaliculatus channeled, from canaliculus , dim. of canalis . See Canal .] Having a channel or groove, as in the leafstalks of most palms.

Canaliculus noun ; plural Canaliculi . [ Latin ] (Anat.) A minute canal.

Canalization noun Construction of, or furnishing with, a canal or canals. [ R.]

Canapé noun [ French, orig. a couch with mosquito curtains. See Canopy .]
1. A sofa or divan.

2. (Cookery) A slice or piece of bread fried in butter or oil, on which anchovies, mushrooms, etc., are served.

Canapé confident A sofa having a seat at each end at right angles to the main seats.

Canard noun [ French, properly, a duck.] An extravagant or absurd report or story; a fabricated sensational report or statement; esp. one set afloat in the newspapers to hoax the public.

Canarese adjective Pertaining to Canara, a district of British India.

Canary adjective [ French Canarie , Latin Canaria insula one of the Canary islands, said to be so called from its large dogs, from canis dog.]
1. Of or pertaining to the Canary Islands; as, canary wine; canary birds.

2. Of a pale yellowish color; as, Canary stone.

Canary grass , a grass of the genus Phalaris ( P. Canariensis ), producing the seed used as food for canary birds. -- Canary stone (Min.) , a yellow species of carnelian, named from its resemblance in color to the plumage of the canary bird. -- Canary wood , the beautiful wood of the trees Persea Indica and P. Canariensis , natives of Madeira and the Canary Islands. -- Canary vine . See Canary bird flower , under Canary bird .

Canary noun ; plural Canaries .
1. Wine made in the Canary Islands; sack. "A cup of canary ." Shak.

2. A canary bird.

3. A pale yellow color, like that of a canary bird.

4. A quick and lively dance. [ Obsolete]

Make you dance canary
With sprightly fire and motion.
Shak.

Canary intransitive verb To perform the canary dance; to move nimbly; to caper. [ Obsolete]

But to jig of a tune at the tongue's end, canary to it with your feet.
Shak.

Canary bird (Zoology) A small singing bird of the Finch family ( Serinus Canarius ), a native of the Canary Islands. It was brought to Europe in the 16th century, and made a household pet. It generally has a yellowish body with the wings and tail greenish, but in its wild state it is more frequently of gray or brown color. It is sometimes called canary finch .

Canary bird flower (Botany) , a climbing plant ( Tropæolum peregrinum ) with canary- colored flowers of peculiar form; -- called also canary vine .

Canaster noun [ Spanish canasta , canastro , basket, from Latin canistrum . See Canister .] A kind of tobacco for smoking, made of the dried leaves, coarsely broken; -- so called from the rush baskets in which it is packed in South America. McElrath.

Cancan noun [ French] A rollicking French dance, accompanied by indecorous or extravagant postures and gestures.

Cancel intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Canceled or Cancelled ; present participle & verbal noun Canceling or Cancelling .] [ Latin cancellare to make like a lattice, to strike or cross out (cf. Fr. canceller , Old French canceler ) from cancelli lattice, crossbars, dim. of cancer lattice; confer Greek ... latticed gate. Confer Chancel .]
1. To inclose or surround, as with a railing, or with latticework. [ Obsolete]

A little obscure place canceled in with iron work is the pillar or stump at which . . . our Savior was scourged.
Evelyn.

2. To shut out, as with a railing or with latticework; to exclude. [ Obsolete] " Canceled from heaven." Milton.

3. To cross and deface, as the lines of a writing, or as a word or figure; to mark out by a cross line; to blot out or obliterate.

A deed may be avoided by delivering it up to be cancelled ; that is, to have lines drawn over it in the form of latticework or cancelli ; though the phrase is now used figuratively for any manner of obliterating or defacing it.
Blackstone.

4. To annul or destroy; to revoke or recall.

The indentures were canceled .
Thackeray.

He was unwilling to cancel the interest created through former secret services, by being refractory on this occasion.
Sir W. Scott.

5. (Print.) To suppress or omit; to strike out, as matter in type.

Canceled figures (Print) , figures cast with a line across the face., as for use in arithmetics.

Syn. -- To blot out; obliterate; deface; erase; efface; expunge; annul; abolish; revoke; abrogate; repeal; destroy; do away; set aside. See Abolish .

Cancel noun [ See Cancel , intransitive verb , and confer Chancel .]


1. An inclosure; a boundary; a limit. [ Obsolete]

A prison is but a retirement, and opportunity of serious thoughts, to a person whose spirit . . . desires no enlargement beyond the cancels of the body.
Jer. Taylor.

2. (Print) (a) The suppression or striking out of matter in type, or of a printed page or pages. (b) The part thus suppressed.

Cancelier intransitive verb [ French chanceler , Old French canseler , to waver, orig. to cross the legs so as not to fall; from the same word as English cancel .] (Falconry) To turn in flight; -- said of a hawk. [ Obsolete] Nares.

He makes his stoop; but wanting breath, is forced
To cancelier .
Massinger.

Cancelier, Canceleer noun (Falconry) The turn of a hawk upon the wing to recover herself, when she misses her aim in the stoop. [ Obsolete]

The fierce and eager hawks, down thrilling from the skies,
Make sundry canceliers ere they the fowl can reach.
Drayton.

Cancellarean adjective Cancellarean. [ R.]

Cancellate adjective [ Latin cancellatus , past participle of cancellare , See Cancel , transitive verb ]
1. (Botany) Consisting of a network of veins, without intermediate parenchyma, as the leaves of certain plants; latticelike.

2. (Zoology) Having the surface coveres with raised lines, crossing at right angles.

Cancellated adjective
1. Crossbarred; marked with cross lines. Grew.

2. (Anat.) Open or spongy, as some porous bones.

Cancellation noun [ Latin cancellatio : confer French cancellation .]
1. The act, process, or result of canceling; as, the cansellation of certain words in a contract, or of the contract itself.

2. (Math.) The operation of striking out common factors, in both the dividend and divisor.

Cancelli noun plural [ Latin , a lattice. See Cancel , transitive verb ]
1. An interwoven or latticed wall or inclosure; latticework, rails, or crossbars, as around the bar of a court of justice, between the chancel and the nave of a church, or in a window.

2. (Anat.) The interlacing osseous plates constituting the elastic porous tissue of certain parts of the bones, esp. in their articular extremities.

Cancellous adjective [ Confer Latin cancellosus covered with bars.] (Anat.) Having a spongy or porous structure; made up of cancelli; cancellated; as, the cancellous texture of parts of many bones.

Cancer noun [ Latin cancer , cancri , crab, ulcer, a sign of the zodiac; akin to Greek karki`nos , Sanskrit karkata crab, and probably Sanskrit karkara hard, the crab being named from its hard shell. Confer Canner , Chancre .]
1. (Zoology) A genus of decapod Crustacea, including some of the most common shore crabs of Europe and North America, as the rock crab, Jonah crab, etc. See Crab .

2. (Astron.) (a) The fourth of the twelve signs of the zodiac. The first point is the northern limit of the sun's course in summer; hence, the sign of the summer solstice. See Tropic . (b) A northern constellation between Gemini and Leo.

3. (Medicine) Formerly, any malignant growth, esp. one attended with great pain and ulceration, with cachexia and progressive emaciation. It was so called, perhaps, from the great veins which surround it, compared by the ancients to the claws of a crab. The term is now restricted to such a growth made up of aggregations of epithelial cells, either without support or embedded in the meshes of a trabecular framework.

» Four kinds of cancers are recognized: (1) Epithelial cancer , or Epithelioma , in which there is no trabecular framework. See Epithelioma . (2) Scirrhous cancer , or Hard cancer , in which the framework predominates, and the tumor is of hard consistence and slow growth. (3) Encephaloid, Medullary, or Soft cancer , in which the cellular element predominates, and the tumor is soft, grows rapidy, and often ulcerates. (4) Colloid cancer , in which the cancerous structure becomes gelatinous. The last three varieties are also called carcinoma .

Cancer cells , cells once believed to be peculiar to cancers, but now know to be epithelial cells differing in no respect from those found elsewhere in the body, and distinguished only by peculiarity of location and grouping. -- Cancer root (Botany) , the name of several low plants, mostly parasitic on roots, as the beech drops, the squawroot, etc. -- Tropic of Cancer . See Tropic .

Cancerate intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cancerated .] [ Late Latin canceratus eaten by a cancer. See Cancer .] To grow into a cancer; to become cancerous. Boyle.

Canceration noun The act or state of becoming cancerous or growing into a cancer.

Cancerite noun [ Confer French cancéreux .] Like a cancer; having the qualities or virulence of a cancer; affected with cancer. " Cancerous vices." G. Eliot.

Cancerous adjective [ Confer French cancéreux ] Like a cancer; having the qualities or virulence of a cancer; affected with cancer. " cancerous vices" G. Eliot.
[ 1913 Webster]

-- Can"cer*ous*ly , adverb -- Can"cer*ous*ness , noun

Cancriform adjective [ Cancer + -form ; confer French cancriforme .]
1. Having the form of, or resembling, a crab; crab- shaped.

2. Like a cancer; cancerous.

Cancrine adjective [ From Cancer .] Having the qualities of a crab; crablike.

Cancrinite noun [ Named after Count Cancrin , a minister of finance in Russia.] (Min.) A mineral occurring in hexagonal crystals, also massive, generally of a yellow color, containing silica, alumina, lime, soda, and carbon dioxide.