Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Canicula noun [ Latin canicula , lit., a little dog, a dim. of canis dog; confer French canicule .] (Astron.) The Dog Star; Sirius.

Canicular adjective [ Latin canicularis ; confer French caniculaire .] Pertaining to, or measured, by the rising of the Dog Star.

Canicular days , the dog days, See Dog days . -- Canicular year , the Egyptian year, computed from one heliacal rising of the Dog Star to another.

Canicule noun Canicula. Addison.

Caninal adjective See Canine , adjective

Canine adjective [ Latin caninus , from canis dog: confer French canin . See Hound .]
1. Of or pertaining to the family Canidæ , or dogs and wolves; having the nature or qualities of a dog; like that or those of a dog.

2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pointed tooth on each side the incisors.

Canine appetite , a morbidly voracious appetite; bulimia. -- Canine letter , the letter r. See R . -- Canine madness , hydrophobia. -- Canine tooth , a tooth situated between the incisor and bicuspid teeth, so called because well developed in dogs; usually, the third tooth from the front on each side of each jaw; an eyetooth, or the corresponding tooth in the lower jaw.

Canine noun (Anat.) A canine tooth.

Canis (kă"nĭs) noun ; plural Canes (- nēz). [ Latin , a dog.] (Zoology) A genus of carnivorous mammals, of the family Canidæ , including the dogs and wolves.

Canister (kăn"ĭs*tẽr) noun [ Latin canistrum a basket woven from reeds Greek ..., from ka`nh , ka`nna reed; confer French canistre . See Cane , and Canaster .]
1. A small basket of rushes, reeds, or willow twigs, etc.

2. A small box or case for holding tea, coffee, etc.

3. (Mil.) A kind of case shot for cannon, in which a number of lead or iron balls in layers are inclosed in a case fitting the gun; -- called also canister shot .

Canker (kăn"kẽr) noun [ Middle English canker , cancre , Anglo-Saxon cancer (akin to Dutch kanker , OHG chanchar .), from Latin cancer a cancer; or if a native word, confer Greek ... excrescence on tree, ... gangrene. Confer also Old French cancre , French chancere , from Latin cancer . See cancer , and confer Chancre .]


1. A corroding or sloughing ulcer; esp. a spreading gangrenous ulcer or collection of ulcers in or about the mouth; -- called also water canker , canker of the mouth , and noma .

2. Anything which corrodes, corrupts, or destroy.

The cankers of envy and faction.
Temple.

3. (Hort.) A disease incident to trees, causing the bark to rot and fall off.

4. (Far.) An obstinate and often incurable disease of a horse's foot, characterized by separation of the horny portion and the development of fungoid growths; -- usually resulting from neglected thrush.

5. A kind of wild, worthless rose; the dog-rose.

To put down Richard, that sweet lovely rose.
And plant this thorm, this canker , Bolingbroke.
Shak.

Black canker . See under Black .

Canker (kăn"kẽr) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cankered (- kẽrd); present participle & verbal noun Cankering .]
1. To affect as a canker; to eat away; to corrode; to consume.

No lapse of moons can canker Love.
Tennyson.

2. To infect or pollute; to corrupt. Addison.

A tithe purloined cankers the whole estate.
Herbert.

Canker intransitive verb
1. To waste away, grow rusty, or be oxidized, as a mineral. [ Obsolete]

Silvering will sully and canker more than gliding.
Bacom.

2. To be or become diseased, or as if diseased, with canker; to grow corrupt; to become venomous.

Deceit and cankered malice.
Dryden.

As with age his body uglier grows,
So his mind cankers .
Shak.

Canker bloom The bloom or blossom of the wild rose or dog-rose.

Canker blossom That which blasts a blossom as a canker does. [ Obsolete]

O me! you juggler! you canker blossom !
You thief of Love!
Shak.

Canker fly A fly that preys on fruit.

Canker rash (Medicine) A form of scarlet fever characterized by ulcerated or putrid sore throat.

Canker-bit adjective Eaten out by canker, or as by canker. [ Obsolete]

Cankered adjective
1. Affected with canker; as, a cankered mouth.

2. Affected mentally or morally as with canker; sore, envenomed; malignant; fretful; ill-natured. "A cankered grandam's will." Shak.

Cankeredly adverb Fretfully; spitefully.

Cankerous adjective Affecting like a canker. " Canrerous shackles." Thomson.

Misdeem it not a cankerous change.
Wordsworth.

Cankerworm noun (Zoology) The larva of two species of geometrid moths which are very injurious to fruit and shade trees by eating, and often entirely destroying, the foliage. Other similar larvæ are also called cankerworms.

» The autumnal species ( Anisopteryx pometaria ) becomes adult late in autumn (after frosts) and in winter. The spring species ( A. vernata ) remains in the ground through the winter, and matures in early spring. Both have winged males and wingless females. The larvæ are similar in appearance and habits, and belong to the family of measuring worms or spanworms. These larvæ hatch from the eggs when the leaves begin to expand in spring.

Cankery adjective
1. Like a canker; full of canker.

2. Surly; sore; malignant.

Canna noun [ Italian ] A measure of length in Italy, varying from six to seven feet. See Cane , 4.

Canna noun [ Latin , a reed. See Cane .] (Botany) A genus of tropical plants, with large leaves and often with showy flowers. The Indian shot ( C. Indica ) is found in gardens of the northern United States.

Cannabene noun [ From Cannabis .] (Chemistry) A colorless oil obtained from hemp by distillation, and possessing its intoxicating properties.

Cannabin noun (Chemistry) A poisonous resin extracted from hemp ( Cannabis sativa , variety Indica ). The narcotic effects of hasheesh are due to this resin.

Cannabine adjective [ Latin cannabinus .] Pertaining to hemp; hempen. [ R.]

Cannabis noun [ Latin , hemp. See Canvas .] (Botany) A genus of a single species belonging to the order Uricaceæ ; hemp.

Cannabis Indica the Indian hemp, a powerful narcotic, now considered a variety of the common hemp.

Cannel coal [ Corrupt. from candle coal .] A kind of mineral coal of a black color, sufficiently hard and solid to be cut and polished. It burns readily, with a clear, yellow flame, and on this account has been used as a substitute for candles.

Cannelé noun [ French, pop., fluted.] (Textiles) A style of interweaving giving to fabrics a channeled or fluted effect; also, a fabric woven so as to have this effect; a rep.

Cannelure (kăn"ne*lur) noun [ French, from canneler to groove.] (Mil.) A groove in any cylinder; specif., a groove around the cylinder of an elongated bullet for small arms to contain a lubricant, or around the rotating band of a gun projectile to lessen the resistance offered to the rifling. Also, a groove around the base of a cartridge, where the extractor takes hold. -- Can"ne*lured adjective

Cannery noun A place where the business of canning fruit, meat, etc., is carried on. [ U. S.]

Cannibal noun [ Confer French cannibale . Columbus, in a letter to the Spanish monarchs written in Oct., 1498, mentions that the people of Hayti lived in great fear of the Caribales (equivalent to English Caribbees .), the inhabitants of the smaller Antilles; which form of the name was afterward changed into New Latin Canibales , in order to express more forcibly their character by a word intelligible through a Latin root "propter rabiem caninam anthropophagorum gentis." The Caribbees call themselves, in their own language. Calinago , Carinago , Calliponam , and, abbreviated, Calina , signifying a brave, from which Columbus formed his Caribales .] A human being that eats human flesh; hence, any that devours its own kind. Darwin.

Cannibal adjective Relating to cannibals or cannibalism. " Cannibal terror." Burke.

Cannibalism noun [ Confer French cannibalisme .] The act or practice of eating human flesh by mankind. Hence; Murderous cruelty; barbarity. Berke.

Cannibally adverb In the manner of cannibal. "An he had been cannibally given." Shak.

Cannikin noun [ Can + -kin .] A small can or drinking vessel.

Cannily adverb In a canny manner. [ N. of Eng. & Scot.]

Canniness noun Caution; crafty management. [ N. of Eng. & Scot.]

Cannon noun ; plural Cannons , collectively Cannon . [ French cannon , from Latin canna reed, pipe, tube. See Cane .]
1. A great gun; a piece of ordnance or artillery; a firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force.

» Cannons are made of various materials, as iron, brass, bronze, and steel, and of various sizes and shapes with respect to the special service for which they are intended, as intended, as siege, seacoast, naval, field, or mountain, guns. They always aproach more or less nearly to a cylindrical from, being usually thicker toward the breech than at the muzzle. Formerly they were cast hollow, afterwards they were cast, solid, and bored out. The cannon now most in use for the armament of war vessels and for seacoast defense consists of a forged steel tube reinforced with massive steel rings shrunk upon it. Howitzers and mortars are sometimes called cannon. See Gun .

2. (Mech.) A hollow cylindrical piece carried by a revolving shaft, on which it may, however, revolve independently.

3. (Printing.) A kind of type. See Canon .

Cannon ball , strictly, a round solid missile of stone or iron made to be fired from a cannon, but now often applied to a missile of any shape, whether solid or hollow, made for cannon. Elongated and cylindrical missiles are sometimes called bolts ; hollow ones charged with explosives are properly called shells . -- Cannon bullet , a cannon ball . [ Obsolete] -- Cannon cracker , a fire cracker of large size. -- Cannon lock , a device for firing a cannon by a percussion primer. -- Cannon metal . See Gun Metal . -- Cannon pinion , the pinion on the minute hand arbor of a watch or clock, which drives the hand but permits it to be moved in setting. -- Cannon proof , impenetrable by cannon balls. -- Cannon shot . (a) A cannon ball. (b) The range of a cannon.

Cannon noun & v. (Billiards) See Carom . [ Eng.]

Cannon intransitive verb
1. To discharge cannon.

2. To collide or strike violently, esp. so as to glance off or rebound; to strike and rebound.

He heard the right-hand goal post crack as a pony cannoned into it -- crack, splinter, and fall like a mast.
Kipling.

Cannon bone (Anat.) See Canon Bone .

Cannonade noun [ French Canonnade ; confer Italian cannanata .]
1. The act of discharging cannon and throwing ball, shell, etc., for the purpose of destroying an army, or battering a town, ship, or fort; -- usually, an attack of some continuance.

A furious cannonade was kept up from the whole circle of batteries on the devoted towm.
Prescott.

2. Fig.; A loud noise like a cannonade; a booming.

Blue Walden rolls its cannonade .
Ewerson.

Cannonade transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cannonade ; present participle & verbal noun Cannonading .] To attack with heavy artillery; to batter with cannon shot.

Cannonade intransitive verb To discharge cannon; as, the army cannonaded all day.

Cannoned adjective Furnished with cannon. [ Poetic] "Gilbralter's cannoned steep." M. Arnold.

Cannoneer, Cannonier noun [ French canonnier .] A man who manages, or fires, cannon.

Cannonering noun The use of cannon. Burke.

Cannonry noun Cannon, collectively; artillery.

The ringing of bells and roaring of cannonry proclaimed his course through the country.
W. Irving.

Cannot [ Can to be able + -not .] Am, is, or are, not able; -- written either as one word or two.