Canker rash Can"ker rash` (Medicine) A form of scarlet fever characterized by ulcerated or putrid sore throat.
Canker-bit Can"ker-bit` adjective Eaten out by canker, or as by canker. [ Obsolete]
Cankered Can"kered adjective 1. Affected with canker; as, a cankered mouth. 2. Affected mentally or morally as with canker; sore, envenomed; malignant; fretful; ill-natured. "A cankered grandam's will." Shak.
Cankeredly Can"kered·ly adverb Fretfully; spitefully.
Cankerous Can"ker·ous adjective Affecting like a canker.
Misdeem it not a cankerous change.
Cankerworm Can"ker·worm` noun (Zoology) The larva of two species of geometrid moths which are very injurious to fruit and shade trees by eating, and often entirely destroying, the foliage. Other similar larvæ are also called cankerworms. » The autumnal species ( Anisopteryx pometaria ) becomes adult late in autumn (after frosts) and in winter. The spring species ( A. vernata ) remains in the ground through the winter, and matures in early spring. Both have winged males and wingless females. The larvæ are similar in appearance and habits, and belong to the family of measuring worms or spanworms. These larvæ hatch from the eggs when the leaves begin to expand in spring.
Cankery Can"ker·y adjective 1. Like a canker; full of canker. 2. Surly; sore; malignant.
Canna Can"na noun [ Italian ] A measure of length in Italy, varying from six to seven feet. See Cane , 4.
Canna Can"na noun [ Latin , a reed. See Cane .] (Botany) A genus of tropical plants, with large leaves and often with showy flowers. The Indian shot ( C. Indica ) is found in gardens of the northern United States.
Cannabene Can"na·bene noun [ From Cannabis .] (Chemistry) A colorless oil obtained from hemp by distillation, and possessing its intoxicating properties.
Cannabin Can"na·bin noun (Chemistry) A poisonous resin extracted from hemp ( Cannabis sativa , variety Indica ). The narcotic effects of hasheesh are due to this resin.
Cannabine Can"na·bine adjective [ Latin cannabinus .] Pertaining to hemp; hempen. [ R.]
Cannabis Can"na·bis noun [ Latin , hemp. See Canvas .] (Botany) A genus of a single species belonging to the order Uricaceæ ; hemp. Cannabis Indica the Indian hemp, a powerful narcotic, now considered a variety of the common hemp.
Cannel coal Can"nel coal` [ Corrupt. from candle coal .] A kind of mineral coal of a black color, sufficiently hard and solid to be cut and polished. It burns readily, with a clear, yellow flame, and on this account has been used as a substitute for candles.
Cannelé Can`ne·lé" noun [ French, pop., fluted.] (Textiles) A style of interweaving giving to fabrics a channeled or fluted effect; also, a fabric woven so as to have this effect; a rep.
Cannelure Can"ne·lure (kăn"ne*lur) noun [ French, from canneler to groove.] (Mil.) A groove in any cylinder; specif., a groove around the cylinder of an elongated bullet for small arms to contain a lubricant, or around the rotating band of a gun projectile to lessen the resistance offered to the rifling. Also, a groove around the base of a cartridge, where the extractor takes hold. -- Can"ne*lured adjective
Cannery Can"ner·y noun A place where the business of canning fruit, meat, etc., is carried on. [ U. S.]
Cannibal Can"ni·bal noun [ Confer French cannibale . Columbus, in a letter to the Spanish monarchs written in Oct., 1498, mentions that the people of Hayti lived in great fear of the Caribales (equivalent to English Caribbees .), the inhabitants of the smaller Antilles; which form of the name was afterward changed into New Latin Canibales , in order to express more forcibly their character by a word intelligible through a Latin root "propter rabiem caninam anthropophagorum gentis." The Caribbees call themselves, in their own language. Calinago , Carinago , Calliponam , and, abbreviated, Calina , signifying a brave, from which Columbus formed his Caribales .] A human being that eats human flesh; hence, any that devours its own kind. Darwin.
Cannibal Can"ni·bal adjective Relating to cannibals or cannibalism. " Cannibal terror." Burke.
Cannibalism Can"ni·bal·ism noun [ Confer French cannibalisme .] The act or practice of eating human flesh by mankind. Hence; Murderous cruelty; barbarity. Berke.
Cannibally Can"ni·bal·ly adverb In the manner of cannibal. "An he had been cannibally given." Shak.
Cannikin Can"ni·kin noun [ Can + -kin .] A small can or drinking vessel.
Cannily Can"ni·ly adverb In a canny manner. [ N. of Eng. & Scot.]
Canniness Can"ni·ness noun Caution; crafty management. [ N. of Eng. & Scot.]
Cannon Can"non noun
; plural Cannons
, collectively Cannon
. [ French cannon
, from Latin canna
reed, pipe, tube. See Cane
.] 1. A great gun; a piece of ordnance or artillery; a firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force.
» Cannons are made of various materials, as iron, brass, bronze, and steel, and of various sizes and shapes with respect to the special service for which they are intended, as intended, as siege, seacoast, naval, field, or mountain, guns. They always aproach more or less nearly to a cylindrical from, being usually thicker toward the breech than at the muzzle. Formerly they were cast hollow, afterwards they were cast, solid, and bored out. The cannon now most in use for the armament of war vessels and for seacoast defense consists of a forged steel tube reinforced with massive steel rings shrunk upon it. Howitzers and mortars are sometimes called cannon. See Gun
. 2. (Mech.) A hollow cylindrical piece carried by a revolving shaft, on which it may, however, revolve independently. 3. (Printing.) A kind of type. See Canon . Cannon ball
, strictly, a round solid missile of stone or iron made to be fired from a cannon, but now often applied to a missile of any shape, whether solid or hollow, made for cannon. Elongated and cylindrical missiles are sometimes called bolts ; hollow ones charged with explosives are properly called shells .
-- Cannon bullet
, a cannon ball
. [ Obsolete] -- Cannon cracker
, a fire cracker of large size.
-- Cannon lock
, a device for firing a cannon by a percussion primer.
-- Cannon metal
. See Gun Metal .
-- Cannon pinion
, the pinion on the minute hand arbor of a watch or clock, which drives the hand but permits it to be moved in setting.
-- Cannon proof
, impenetrable by cannon balls.
-- Cannon shot
. (a) A cannon ball. (b) The range of a cannon.
Cannon Can"non noun & v. (Billiards) See Carom . [ Eng.]
Cannon Can"non intransitive verb 1. To discharge cannon. 2. To collide or strike violently, esp. so as to glance off or rebound; to strike and rebound.
He heard the right-hand goal post crack as a pony cannoned into it -- crack, splinter, and fall like a mast. Kipling.
Cannon bone Can"non bone (Anat.) See Canon Bone .
Cannonade Can`non·ade" noun
[ French Canonnade
; confer Italian cannanata
.] 1. The act of discharging cannon and throwing ball, shell, etc., for the purpose of destroying an army, or battering a town, ship, or fort; -- usually, an attack of some continuance.
A furious cannonade was kept up from the whole circle of batteries on the devoted towm. 2. Fig.; A loud noise like a cannonade; a booming.
Blue Walden rolls its cannonade .
Cannonade Can`non·ade" transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cannonade ; present participle & verbal noun Cannonading .] To attack with heavy artillery; to batter with cannon shot.
Cannonade Can`non·ade" intransitive verb To discharge cannon; as, the army cannonaded all day.
Cannoned Can"noned adjective Furnished with cannon. [ Poetic] "Gilbralter's cannoned steep." M. Arnold.
Cannoneer, Cannonier Can`non·eer", Can`non·ier" noun [ French canonnier .] A man who manages, or fires, cannon.
Cannonering Can`non·er"ing noun The use of cannon. Burke.
Cannonry Can"non·ry noun Cannon, collectively; artillery.
The ringing of bells and roaring of cannonry proclaimed his course through the country.
Cannot Can"not [ Can to be able + -not .] Am, is, or are, not able; -- written either as one word or two.
Cannula Can"nu·la noun [ Latin cannula a small tube of dim. of canna a reed, tube.] (Surg.) A small tube of metal, wood, or India rubber, used for various purposes, esp. for injecting or withdrawing fluids. It is usually associated with a trocar. [ Written also canula .]
Cannular Can"nu·lar adjective Having the form of a tube; tubular. [ Written also canular .]
Cannulated Can"nu·la`ted adjective Hollow; affording a passage through its interior length for wire, thread, etc.; as, a cannulated (suture) needle. [ Written also canulated .]
Canny, Cannei Can"ny, Can"nei adjective [ Confer Icelandic kenn skilled, learned, or English canny . Confer Kenn .] [ North of Eng. & Scot.] 1. Artful; cunning; shrewd; wary. 2. Skillful; knowing; capable. Sir W. Scott. 3. Cautious; prudent; safe.. Ramsay. 4. Having pleasing or useful qualities; gentle. Burns. 5. Reputed to have magical powers. Sir W. Scott. No canny , not safe, not fortunate; unpropitious. [ Scot.]
Canoe Ca·noe" noun
; plural Canoes
. [ Spanish canoa
, from Caribbean canáoa
.] 1. A boat used by rude nations, formed of trunk of a tree, excavated, by cutting of burning, into a suitable shape. It is propelled by a paddle or paddles, or sometimes by sail, and has no rudder.
Others devised the boat of one tree, called the canoe . 2. A boat made of bark or skins, used by savages.
A birch canoe , with paddles, rising, falling, on the water. 3. A light pleasure boat, especially designed for use by one who goes alone upon long excursions, including portage. It it propelled by a paddle, or by a small sail attached to a temporary mast.
Canoe Ca·noe" intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Canoed present participle & verbal noun Canoeing ] To manage a canoe, or voyage in a canoe.
Canoeing Ca·noe"ing noun The act or art of using a canoe.
Canoeist Ca·noe"ist noun A canoeman.
Canoeman Ca·noe"man noun
; plural Canoemen
. One who uses a canoe; one who travels in a canoe.
Cabins and clearing greeted the eye of the passing canoeman .
Canon Can"on noun
[ Middle English canon
, Anglo-Saxon canon
rule (cf. French canon
, Late Latin canon
, and, for sense 7, French chanoine
, Late Latin canonicus
), from Latin canon
a measuring line, rule, model, from Greek ... rule, rod, from ..., ..., red. See Cane
, and confer Canonical
.] 1. A law or rule.
Or that the Everlasting had not fixed 2. (Eccl.) A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority.
His canon 'gainst self-slaughter.
Various canons which were made in councils held in the second centry. 3. The collection of books received as genuine Holy Scriptures, called the sacred canon , or general rule of moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible; also, any one of the canonical Scriptures. See Canonical books , under Canonical , adjective 4. In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious order. 5. A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the Roman Catholic Church. 6. A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church. 7. (Mus.) A musical composition in which the voices begin one after another, at regular intervals, successively taking up the same subject. It either winds up with a coda (tailpiece), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew, thus forming a perpetual fugue or round. It is the strictest form of imitation. See Imitation . 8. (Print.) The largest size of type having a specific name; -- so called from having been used for printing the canons of the church. 9. The part of a bell by which it is suspended; -- called also ear and shank .
[ See Illust.
.] Knight. 10. (Billiards) See Carom . Apostolical canons
. See under Apostolical .
-- Augustinian canons
, Black canons
. See under Augustinian .
-- Canon capitular
, Canon residentiary
, a resident member of a cathedral chapter (during a part or the whole of the year).
-- Canon law
. See under Law .
-- Canon of the Mass (R. C. Ch.)
, that part of the mass, following the Sanctus, which never changes.
-- Honorary canon
, a canon who neither lived in a monastery, nor kept the canonical hours.
-- Minor canon (Ch. of Eng.)
, one who has been admitted to a chapter, but has not yet received a prebend.
-- Regular canon (R. C. Ch.)
, one who lived in a conventual community and follower the rule of St. Austin; a Black canon.
-- Secular canon (R. C. Ch.)
, one who did not live in a monastery, but kept the hours.
Canon bit Can"on bit` [ French canon , from Latin canon a rule.] That part of a bit which is put in a horse's mouth.
Canon bone Can"on bone` [ French canon , from Latin canon a rule. See canon .] (Anat.) The shank bone, or great bone above the fetlock, in the fore and hind legs of the horse and allied animals, corresponding to the middle metacarpal or metatarsal bone of most mammals. See Horse .
Canoness Can"on·ess noun [ Confer Late Latin canonissa .] A woman who holds a canonry in a conventual chapter. Regular canoness , one bound by the poverty, and observing a strict rule of life. -- Secular canoness , one allowed to hold private property, and bound only by vows of chastity and obedience so long as she chose to remain in the chapter.
Canonic, Cannonical Ca·non"ic, Can·non"ic·al adjective [ Latin cannonicus , Late Latin canonicalis , from Latin canon : confer French canonique . See canon .] Of or pertaining to a canon; established by, or according to a , canon or canons. "The oath of canonical obedience." Hallam. Canonical books , or Canonical Scriptures , those books which are declared by the canons of the church to be of divine inspiration; -- called collectively the canon . The Roman Catholic Church holds as canonical several books which Protestants reject as apocryphal. -- Canonical epistles , an appellation given to the epistles called also general or catholic . See Catholic epistles , under Canholic . -- Canonical form (Math.) , the simples or most symmetrical form to which all functions of the same class can be reduced without lose of generality. -- Canonical hours , certain stated times of the day, fixed by ecclesiastical laws, and appropriated to the offices of prayer and devotion; also, certain portions of the Breviary, to be used at stated hours of the day. In England, this name is also given to the hours from 8 adjective m. to 3 p. m. (formerly 8 adjective m. to 12 m. ) before and after which marriage can not be legally performed in any parish church. -- Canonical letters , letters of several kinds, formerly given by a bishop to traveling clergymen or laymen, to show that they were entitled to receive the communion, and to distinguish them from heretics. -- Canonical life , the method or rule of living prescribed by the ancient clergy who lived in community; a course of living prescribed for the clergy, less rigid than the monastic, and more restrained that the secular. -- Canonical obedience , submission to the canons of a church, especially the submission of the inferior clergy to their bishops, and of other religious orders to their superiors. - - Canonical punishments , such as the church may inflict, as excommunication, degradation, penance, etc. -- Canonical sins (Anc. Church.) , those for which capital punishment or public penance decreed by the canon was inflicted, as idolatry, murder, adultery, heresy.
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