Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Can't A colloquial contraction for can not .

Cannula noun [ Latin cannula a small tube of dim. of canna a reed, tube.] (Surg.) A small tube of metal, wood, or India rubber, used for various purposes, esp. for injecting or withdrawing fluids. It is usually associated with a trocar. [ Written also canula .]

Cannular adjective Having the form of a tube; tubular. [ Written also canular .]

Cannulated adjective Hollow; affording a passage through its interior length for wire, thread, etc.; as, a cannulated (suture) needle. [ Written also canulated .]

Canny, Cannei adjective [ Confer Icelandic kenn skilled, learned, or English canny . Confer Kenn .] [ North of Eng. & Scot.]
1. Artful; cunning; shrewd; wary.

2. Skillful; knowing; capable. Sir W. Scott.

3. Cautious; prudent; safe.. Ramsay.

4. Having pleasing or useful qualities; gentle. Burns.

5. Reputed to have magical powers. Sir W. Scott.

No canny , not safe, not fortunate; unpropitious. [ Scot.]

Canoe noun ; plural Canoes . [ Spanish canoa , from Caribbean canáoa .]
1. A boat used by rude nations, formed of trunk of a tree, excavated, by cutting of burning, into a suitable shape. It is propelled by a paddle or paddles, or sometimes by sail, and has no rudder.

Others devised the boat of one tree, called the canoe .
Raleigh.

2. A boat made of bark or skins, used by savages.

A birch canoe , with paddles, rising, falling, on the water.
Longfellow.

3. A light pleasure boat, especially designed for use by one who goes alone upon long excursions, including portage. It it propelled by a paddle, or by a small sail attached to a temporary mast.

Canoe intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Canoed present participle & verbal noun Canoeing ] To manage a canoe, or voyage in a canoe.

Canoeing noun The act or art of using a canoe.

Canoeist noun A canoeman.

Canoeman noun ; plural Canoemen . One who uses a canoe; one who travels in a canoe.

Cabins and clearing greeted the eye of the passing canoeman .
Parkman.

Canon noun [ Middle English canon , canoun , Anglo-Saxon canon rule (cf. French canon , Late Latin canon , and, for sense 7, French chanoine , Late Latin canonicus ), from Latin canon a measuring line, rule, model, from Greek ... rule, rod, from ..., ..., red. See Cane , and confer Canonical .]
1. A law or rule.

Or that the Everlasting had not fixed
His canon 'gainst self-slaughter.
Shak.

2. (Eccl.) A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority.

Various canons which were made in councils held in the second centry.
Hock.

3. The collection of books received as genuine Holy Scriptures, called the sacred canon , or general rule of moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible; also, any one of the canonical Scriptures. See Canonical books , under Canonical , adjective

4. In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious order.

5. A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the Roman Catholic Church.

6. A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church.

7. (Mus.) A musical composition in which the voices begin one after another, at regular intervals, successively taking up the same subject. It either winds up with a coda (tailpiece), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew, thus forming a perpetual fugue or round. It is the strictest form of imitation. See Imitation .

8. (Print.) The largest size of type having a specific name; -- so called from having been used for printing the canons of the church.

9. The part of a bell by which it is suspended; -- called also ear and shank . [ See Illust. of Bell .] Knight.

10. (Billiards) See Carom .

Apostolical canons . See under Apostolical . -- Augustinian canons , Black canons . See under Augustinian . -- Canon capitular , Canon residentiary , a resident member of a cathedral chapter (during a part or the whole of the year). -- Canon law . See under Law . -- Canon of the Mass (R. C. Ch.) , that part of the mass, following the Sanctus, which never changes. -- Honorary canon , a canon who neither lived in a monastery, nor kept the canonical hours. -- Minor canon (Ch. of Eng.) , one who has been admitted to a chapter, but has not yet received a prebend. -- Regular canon (R. C. Ch.) , one who lived in a conventual community and follower the rule of St. Austin; a Black canon. -- Secular canon (R. C. Ch.) , one who did not live in a monastery, but kept the hours.

Canon bit [ French canon , from Latin canon a rule.] That part of a bit which is put in a horse's mouth.

Canon bone [ French canon , from Latin canon a rule. See canon .] (Anat.) The shank bone, or great bone above the fetlock, in the fore and hind legs of the horse and allied animals, corresponding to the middle metacarpal or metatarsal bone of most mammals. See Horse .

Canoness noun [ Confer Late Latin canonissa .] A woman who holds a canonry in a conventual chapter.

Regular canoness , one bound by the poverty, and observing a strict rule of life. -- Secular canoness , one allowed to hold private property, and bound only by vows of chastity and obedience so long as she chose to remain in the chapter.

Canonic, Cannonical adjective [ Latin cannonicus , Late Latin canonicalis , from Latin canon : confer French canonique . See canon .] Of or pertaining to a canon; established by, or according to a , canon or canons. "The oath of canonical obedience." Hallam.

Canonical books , or Canonical Scriptures , those books which are declared by the canons of the church to be of divine inspiration; -- called collectively the canon . The Roman Catholic Church holds as canonical several books which Protestants reject as apocryphal. -- Canonical epistles , an appellation given to the epistles called also general or catholic . See Catholic epistles , under Canholic . -- Canonical form (Math.) , the simples or most symmetrical form to which all functions of the same class can be reduced without lose of generality. -- Canonical hours , certain stated times of the day, fixed by ecclesiastical laws, and appropriated to the offices of prayer and devotion; also, certain portions of the Breviary, to be used at stated hours of the day. In England, this name is also given to the hours from 8 adjective m. to 3 p. m. (formerly 8 adjective m. to 12 m. ) before and after which marriage can not be legally performed in any parish church. -- Canonical letters , letters of several kinds, formerly given by a bishop to traveling clergymen or laymen, to show that they were entitled to receive the communion, and to distinguish them from heretics. -- Canonical life , the method or rule of living prescribed by the ancient clergy who lived in community; a course of living prescribed for the clergy, less rigid than the monastic, and more restrained that the secular. -- Canonical obedience , submission to the canons of a church, especially the submission of the inferior clergy to their bishops, and of other religious orders to their superiors. - - Canonical punishments , such as the church may inflict, as excommunication, degradation, penance, etc. -- Canonical sins (Anc. Church.) , those for which capital punishment or public penance decreed by the canon was inflicted, as idolatry, murder, adultery, heresy.

Canonically adverb In a canonical manner; according to the canons.

Canonicalness noun The quality of being canonical; canonicity. Bp. Burnet.

Canonicals noun plural The dress prescribed by canon to be worn by a clergyman when officiating. Sometimes, any distinctive professional dress.

Full canonicals , the complete costume of an officiating clergyman or ecclesiastic.

i

Ca*non"i*cate noun [ Late Latin canonucatus canonical: confer French canonicat .] The office of a canon; a canonry.

Canonicity noun [ Confer French canonicité .] The state or quality of being canonical; agreement with the canon.

Canonist noun [ Confer French canoniste .] A professor of canon law; one skilled in the knowledge and practice of ecclesiastical law. South.

Canonistic adjective Of or pertaining to a canonist. "This canonistic exposition." Milton.

Canonization noun [ French canonisation .]


1. (R. C. Ch.) The final process or decree (following beatifacation) by which the name of a deceased person is placed in the catalogue (canon) of saints and commended to perpetual veneration and invocation.

Canonization of saints was not known to the Christian church titl toward the middle of the tenth century.
Hoock.

2. The state of being canonized or sainted.

Canonize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Canonized ; present participle & verbal noun Canonizing .] [ French canoniser or Late Latin canonizare , from Latin canon .. See Canon .]
1. (Eccl.) To declare (a deceased person) a saint; to put in the catalogue of saints; as, Thomas a Becket was canonized .

2. To glorify; to exalt to the highest honor.

Fame in time to come canonize us.
Shak.

2. To rate as inspired; to include in the canon. [ R.]

Canonry noun plural Canonries A benefice or prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church; a right to a place in chapter and to a portion of its revenues; the dignity or emoluments of a canon.

Canonship adjective Of or pertaining to Canopus in Egypt; as, the Canopic vases, used in embalming.

Canopus noun [ Latin Canopus , from Greek ..., town of Egypt.] (Astron.) A star of the first magnitude in the southern constellation Argo.

Canopy (kăn"o*pȳ) noun ; plural Canopies (- pĭz). [ Middle English canapie , French canapé sofa, Old French conopée , conopeu , conopieu , canopy, vail, pavilion (cf. Italian canopè canopy, sofa), Late Latin conopeum a bed with mosquito curtains, from Greek kwnwpei^on , from kw`nwps gnat, kw`nos cone + 'w`ps face. See Cone , and Optic .]
1. A covering fixed over a bed, dais, or the like, or carried on poles over an exalted personage or a sacred object, etc. chiefly as a mark of honor. "Golden canopies and beds of state." Dryden.

2. (Architecture) (a) An ornamental projection, over a door, window, niche, etc. (b) Also, a rooflike covering, supported on pillars over an altar, a statue, a fountain, etc.

Canopy transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Canopes ; present participle & verbal noun Canopying .] To cover with, or as with, a canopy. "A bank with ivy canopied ." Milton.

Canorous adjective [ Latin canorus , from nor melody, from canere to sing.] Melodious; musical. "Birds that are most canorous ." Sir T. Browne.

A long, lound, and canorous peal of laughter.
De Quincey.

Canorousness noun The quality of being musical.

He chooses his language for its rich canorousness .
Lowell.

Canstick noun Candlestick. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Cant noun [ Old French , edge, angle, prof. from Latin canthus the iron ring round a carriage wheel, a wheel, Greek ... the corner of the eye, the felly of a wheel; confer W. cant the stake or tire of a wheel. Confer Canthus , Canton , Cantle .]
1. A corner; angle; niche. [ Obsolete]

The first and principal person in the temple was Irene, or Peace; she was placed aloft in a cant .
B. Jonson.

2. An outer or external angle.

3. An inclination from a horizontal or vertical line; a slope or bevel; a titl. Totten.

4. A sudden thrust, push, kick, or other impulse, producing a bias or change of direction; also, the bias or turn so give; as, to give a ball a cant .

5. (Coopering) A segment forming a side piece in the head of a cask. Knight.

6. (Mech.) A segment of he rim of a wooden cogwheel. Knight.

7. (Nautical) A piece of wood laid upon the deck of a vessel to support the bulkheads.

Cant frames , Cant timbers (Nautical) , timber at the two ends of a ship, rising obliquely from the keel.

Cant transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Canted ; present participle & verbal noun Canting .]
1. To incline; to set at an angle; to tilt over; to tip upon the edge; as, to cant a cask; to cant a ship.

2. To give a sudden turn or new direction to; as, to cant round a stick of timber; to cant a football.

3. To cut off an angle from, as from a square piece of timber, or from the head of a bolt.

Cant noun [ Prob. from Old French cant , French chant , singing, in allusion to the singing or whining tine of voice used by beggars, from Latin cantus . See Chant .]
1. An affected, singsong mode of speaking.

2. The idioms and peculiarities of speech in any sect, class, or occupation. Goldsmith.

The cant of any profession.
Dryden.

3. The use of religious phraseology without understanding or sincerity; empty, solemn speech, implying what is not felt; hypocrisy.

They shall hear no cant from me.
F. W. Robertson

4. Vulgar jargon; slang; the secret language spoker by gipsies, thieves, tramps, or beggars.

Cant adjective Of the nature of cant; affected; vulgar.

To introduce and multiply cant words in the most ruinous corruption in any language.
Swift.

Cant intransitive verb
1. To speak in a whining voice, or an affected, singsong tone.

2. To make whining pretensions to goodness; to talk with an affectation of religion, philanthropy, etc.; to practice hypocrisy; as, a canting fanatic.

The rankest rogue that ever canted .
Beau. & Fl.

3. To use pretentious language, barbarous jargon, or technical terms; to talk with an affectation of learning.

The doctor here,
When he discourseth of dissection,
Of vena cava and of vena porta,
The meseræum and the mesentericum,
What does he else but cant .
B. Jonson

That uncouth affected garb of speech, or canting language, if I may so call it.
Bp. Sanderson.

Cant transitive verb to sell by auction, or bid a price at a sale by auction. [ Archaic] Swift.

Cant hook A wooden lever with a movable iron hook. hear the end; -- used for canting or turning over heavy logs, etc. [ U. S.] Bartlett.

Cantab noun [ Abbreviated from Cantabrigian .] A Cantabrigian. [ Colloq.] Sir W. Scott.

Cantabile adjective [ Italian , cantare to sing.] (Mus.) In a melodious, flowing style; in a singing style, as opposed to bravura , recitativo , or parlando .

Cantabile noun (Mus.) A piece or passage, whether vocal or instrumental, peculiarly adapted to singing; -- sometimes called cantilena .

Cantabrian adjective Of or pertaining to Cantabria on the Bay of Biscay in Spain.

Cantabrigian noun A native or resident of Cambridge; esp. a student or graduate of the university of Cambridge, England.

Cantalever noun [ Cant an external angle + lever a supporter of the roof timber of a house.] [ Written also cantaliver and cantilever .]
1. (Architecture) A bracket to support a balcony, a cornice, or the like.

2. (Engineering) A projecting beam, truss, or bridge unsupported at the outer end; one which overhangs.

Cantalever bridge , a bridge in which the principle of the cantalever is applied. It is usually a trussed bridge, composed of two portions reaching out from opposite banks, and supported near the middle of their own length on piers which they overhang, thus forming cantalevers which meet over the space to be spanned or sustain a third portion, to complete the connection.

Cantaloupe noun [ French cantaloup , Italian cantalupo , so called from the caste of Cantalupo , in the Marca d'Ancona, in Italy, where they were first grown in Europe, from seed said to have been imported from Armenia.] A muskmelon of several varieties, having when mature, a yellowish skin, and flesh of a reddish orange color. [ Written also cantaleup .]

Cantankerous adjective Perverse; contentious; ugly; malicious. [ Colloq.] -- Can*tan"ker*ous*ly , adverb -- Can*tan"ker*ous*ness , noun

The cantankerous old maiden aunt.
Thackeray.

Cantar Can*tar"ro noun [ Italian cantaro (in sense 1), Spanish cantaro (in sense 2).]


1. A weight used in southern Europe and East for heavy articles. It varies in different localities; thus, at Rome it is nearly 75 pounds, in Sardinia nearly 94 pounds, in Cairo it is 95 pounds, in Syria about 503 pounds.

2. A liquid measure in Spain, ranging from two and a half to four gallons. Simmonds.

Cantata noun [ Italian , from cantare to sing, from Latin cantare intens of canere to sing.] (Mus.) A poem set to music; a musical composition comprising choruses, solos, interludes, etc., arranged in a somewhat dramatic manner; originally, a composition for a single noise, consisting of both recitative and melody.

Cantation noun [ Latin cantatio .] A singing. [ Obsolete] Blount.