Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Caper bush, Caper tree See Capper , a plant, 2.

Caperberry noun
1. The small olive-shaped berry of the European and Oriental caper, said to be used in pickles and as a condiment.

2. The currantlike fruit of the African and Arabian caper ( Capparis sodado ).

Capercailzie, Capercally noun [ Gael, capulcoile .] (Zoology) A species of grouse ( Tetrao uragallus ) of large size and fine flavor, found in northern Europe and formerly in Scotland; -- called also cock of the woods . [ Written also capercaillie , capercaili .]

Caperclaw transitive verb To treat with cruel playfulness, as a cat treats a mouse; to abuse. [ Obsolete] Birch.

Caperer noun One who capers, leaps, and skips about, or dances.

The nimble caperer on the cord.
Dryden.

Capful noun ; plural Capfuls As much as will fill a cap.

A capful of wind (Nautical) , a light puff of wind.

Capias noun [ Latin thou mayst take.] (Low) A writ or process commanding the officer to take the body of the person named in it, that is, to arrest him; -- also called writ of capias .

» One principal kind of capias is a writ by which actions at law are frequently commenced; another is a writ of execution issued after judgment to satisfy damages recovered; a capias in criminal law is the process to take a person charged on an indictment, when he is not in custody. Burrill. Wharton.

Capibara noun (Zoology) See Capybara .

Capillaceous adjective [ Latin capillaceus hairy, from capillus hair.] Having long filaments; resembling a hair; slender. See Capillary .

Capillaire noun [ French capillaire maiden-hair; sirop de capillaire capillaire; from Latin herba capillaris the maidenhair.]
1. A sirup prepared from the maiden-hair, formerly supposed to have medicinal properties.

2. Any simple sirup flavored with orange flowers.

Capillament noun [ Latin capillamentum , from capillus hair: confer French capillament .]
1. (Botany) A filament. [ R.]

2. (Anat.) Any villous or hairy covering; a fine fiber or filament, as of the nerves.

Capillariness noun The quality of being capillary.

Capillarity noun [ Confer French capillarité .]


1. The quality or condition of being capillary.

2. (Physics) The peculiar action by which the surface of a liquid, where it is in contact with a solid (as in a capillary tube), is elevated or depressed; capillary attraction.

» Capillarity depends upon the relative attaction of the modecules of the liquid for each other and for those of the solid, and is especially observable in capillary tubes, where it determines the ascent or descent of the liquid above or below the level of the liquid which the tube is dipped; -- hence the name.

Capillary (kăp"ĭl*la*rȳ or kȧ*pĭl"lȧ*rȳ; 277) adjective [ Latin capillaris , from capillus hair. Confer Capillaire .]
1. Resembling a hair; fine; minute; very slender; having minute tubes or interspaces; having very small bore; as, the capillary vessels of animals and plants.

2. Pertaining to capillary tubes or vessels; as, capillary action.

Capillary attraction , Capillary repulsion , the apparent attraction or repulsion between a solid and liquid caused by capillarity. See Capillarity , and Attraction . -- Capillarity tubes . See the Note under Capillarity .

Capillary noun ; plural Capillaries
1. A tube or vessel, extremely fine or minute.

2. (Anat.) A minute, thin-walled vessel; particularly one of the smallest blood vessels connecting arteries and veins, but used also for the smallest lymphatic and biliary vessels.

Capillation noun [ Latin capillatio the hair.] A capillary blood vessel. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Capillature noun [ Latin capillatura .] A bush of hair; frizzing of the hair. Clarke.

Capilliform adjective [ Latin capillus hair + -form .] In the shape or form of, a hair, or of hairs.

Capillose adjective [ Latin capillosus .] Having much hair; hairy. [ R.]

Capistrate adjective [ Latin capistratus , past participle of capistrare halter.] (Zoology) Hooded; cowled.

Capital adjective [ French capital , Latin capitalis capital (in senses 1 & 2), from caput head. See Chief , and confer Capital , noun ]
1. Of or pertaining to the head. [ Obsolete]

Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise
Expect with mortal pain.
Milton.

2. Having reference to, or involving, the forfeiture of the head or life; affecting life; punishable with death; as, capital trials; capital punishment.

Many crimes that are capital among us.
Swift.

To put to death a capital offender.
Milton.

3. First in importance; chief; principal.

A capital article in religion
Atterbury.

Whatever is capital and essential in Christianity.
I. Taylor.

4. Chief, in a political sense, as being the seat of the general government of a state or nation; as, Washington and Paris are capital cities.

5. Of first rate quality; excellent; as, a capital speech or song. [ Colloq.]

Capital letter [ F, lettre capitale ] (Print.) , a leading or heading letter, used at the beginning of a sentence and as the first letter of certain words, distinguished, for the most part, both by different form and larger size, from the small ( lower-case ) letters, which form the greater part of common print or writing. -- Small capital letters have the form of capital letters and height of the body of the lower-case letters. -- Capital stock , money, property, or stock invested in any business, or the enterprise of any corporation or institution. Abbott.

Syn. -- Chief; leading; controlling; prominent.

Capital noun [ Confer Latin capitellum and Capitulum , a small head, the head, top, or capital of a column, dim. of caput head; French chapiteau , Old French capitel . See Chief , and confer Cattle , Chattel , Chapiter , Chapter .]
1. (Architecture) The head or uppermost member of a column, pilaster, etc. It consists generally of three parts, abacus , bell (or vase ), and necking . See these terms, and Column .

2. [ Confer French capilate , fem., sc. ville .] (Geology) The seat of government; the chief city or town in a country; a metropolis. "A busy and splendid capital " Macauly.

3. [ Confer French capital .] Money, property, or stock employed in trade, manufactures, etc.; the sum invested or lent, as distinguished from the income or interest. See Capital stock , under Capital , adjective

4. (Polit. Econ.) That portion of the produce of industry, which may be directly employed either to support human beings or to assist in production. M'Culloch.

» When wealth is used to assist production it is called capital . The capital of a civilized community includes fixed capital (i.e. buildings, machines, and roads used in the course of production and exchange) amd circulating capital (i.e., food, fuel, money, etc., spent in the course of production and exchange). T. Raleigh.

5. Anything which can be used to increase one's power or influence.

He tried to make capital out of his rival's discomfiture.
London Times.

6. (Fort.) An imaginary line dividing a bastion, ravelin, or other work, into two equal parts.

7. A chapter, or section, of a book. [ Obsolete]

Holy St. Bernard hath said in the 59th capital .
Sir W. Scott.

8. (Print.) See Capital letter , under Capital , adjective

Active capital . See under Active , -- Small capital (Print.) , a small capital letter. See under Capital , adjective -- To live on one's capital , to consume one's capital without producing or accumulating anything to replace it.

Capitalist noun [ Confer French capitaliste .] One who has capital; one who has money for investment, or money invested; esp. a person of large property, which is employed in business.

The expenditure of the capitalist .
Burke.

Capitalization noun The act or process of capitalizing.

Capitalize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Capitalized ; present participle & verbal noun Capitalizing .]
1. To convert into capital, or to use as capital.

2. To compute, appraise, or assess the capital value of (a patent right, an annuity, etc.)

3. To print in capital letters, or with an initial capital.

Capitally adverb
1. In a way involving the forfeiture of the head or life; as, to punish capitally .

2. In a capital manner; excellently. [ Colloq.]

Capitalness noun The quality of being capital; preeminence. [ R.]

Capitan Pasha, Pacha [ See capitan .] The chief admiral of the Turkish fleet.

Capitate adjective [ Latin capitatus from caput head.]
1. Headlike in form; also, having the distal end enlarged and rounded, as the stigmas of certain flowers.

2. (Botany) Having the flowers gathered into a head.

Capitatim adjective [ New Latin ] Of so much per head; as, a capitatim tax; a capitatim grant.

Capitation noun [ Latin capitatio a poll tax, from caput head; confer French capitation .]
1. A numbering of heads or individuals. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

2. A tax upon each head or person, without reference to property; a poll tax.

Capite noun [ Latin , abl. of caput head.] See under Tenant .

Capitellate adjective [ Latin capitellum , dim. of caput head.] (Botany) Having a very small knoblike termination, or collected into minute capitula.

Capitibranchiata noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin caput , capitis , head + -branchiae gills.] (Zoology) A division of annelids in which the gills arise from or near the head. See Tubicola .

Capitol [ Latin capitolium , from caput head: confer French capitole . See Chief .]


1. The temple of Jupiter, at Rome, on the Mona Capitolinus, where the Senate met.

Comes Cæsar to the Capitol to- morrow?
Shak.

2. The edifice at Washington occupied by the Congress of the United States; also, the building in which the legislature of State holds its sessions; a statehouse.

Capitolian, Capitoline adjective [ Latin capitolinus : confer French capitolin .] Of or pertaining to the Capitol in Rome. " Capitolian Jove." Macaulay.

Capitoline games (Antiq.) , annual games instituted at Rome by Camillus, in honor of Jupter Capitolinus, on account of the preservation of the Capitol from the Gauls; when reinstituted by Domitian, arter a period of neglect, they were held every fifth year.

Capitula noun plural See Capitulum .

Capitular noun [ Late Latin capitulare , capitularium , from Latin capitulum a small head, a chapter, dim. of capit head, chapter.]
1. An act passed in a chapter.

2. A member of a chapter.

The chapter itself, and all its members or capitulars .
Ayliffe.

3. The head or prominent part.

Capitular adjective
1. (Eccl.) Of or pertaining to a chapter; capitulary.

From the pope to the member of the capitular body.
Milman.

2. (Botany) Growing in, or pertaining to, a capitulum.

3. (Anat.) Pertaining to a capitulum; as, the capitular process of a vertebra, the process which articulates with the capitulum of a rib.

Capitularly adverb In the manner or form of an ecclesiastical chapter. Sterne.

Capitulary noun ; plural Capitularies . [ See Capitular .]
1. A capitular.

2. The body of laws or statutes of a chapter, or of an ecclesiastical council.

3. A collection of laws or statutes, civil and ecclesiastical, esp. of the Frankish kings, in chapters or sections.

Several of Charlemagne's capitularies .
Hallam.

Capitulary adjective Relating to the chapter of a cathedral; capitular. " Capitulary acts." Warton.

Capitulate intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Capitulated ; present participle & verbal noun Capitulating .] [ Late Latin capitulatus , past participle of capitulare to capitulate: confer French capituler . See Capitular , noun ]
1. To settle or draw up the heads or terms of an agreement, as in chapters or articles; to agree. [ Obsolete]

There capitulates with the king . . . to take to wife his daughter Mary.
Heylin.

There is no reason why the reducing of any agreement to certain heads or capitula should not be called to capitulate .
Trench.

2. To surrender on terms agreed upon (usually, drawn up under several heads); as, an army or a garrison capitulates .

The Irish, after holding out a week, capitulated .
Macaulay.

Capitulate transitive verb To surrender or transfer, as an army or a fortress, on certain conditions. [ R.]

Capitulation noun [ Confer French capitulation , Late Latin capitulatio .]
1. A reducing to heads or articles; a formal agreement.

With special capitulation that neither the Scots nor the French shall refortify.
Bp. Burnet.

2. The act of capitulating or surrendering to an emeny upon stipulated terms.

3. The instrument containing the terms of an agreement or surrender.

Capitulator noun [ Late Latin ] One who capitulates.

Capitule noun [ Latin capitulum small head, chapter.] A summary. [ Obsolete]

Capitulum noun ; plural Capitula [ Latin , a small head.]
1. A thick head of flowers on a very short axis, as a clover top, or a dandelion; a composite flower. A capitulum may be either globular or flat. Gray.

2. (Anat.) A knoblike protuberance of any part, esp. at the end of a bone or cartilage. [ See Illust. of Artiodactyla .]

Capivi noun [ Confer Copaiba .] A balsam of the Spanish West Indies. See Copaiba .

Caple noun See Capel .