Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Carabine noun (Mil.) A carbine.

Carabineer noun A carbineer.

Caraboid adjective [ Carabus + -oid .] (Zoology) Like, or pertaining to the genus Carabus .

Carabus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a horned beetle.] (Zoology) A genus of ground beetles, including numerous species. They devour many injurious insects.

Carac noun See Carack .

Caracal noun [ French caracal , from Turk garahgootag ; garah black + goofag ear.] (Zoology) A lynx ( Felis, or Lynx, caracal.) It is a native of Africa and Asia. Its ears are black externally, and tipped with long black hairs.

Caracara (kä`rȧkä"rȧ) noun (Zoology) A south American bird of several species and genera, resembling both the eagles and the vultures. The caracaras act as scavengers, and are also called carrion buzzards .

» The black caracara is Ibycter ater ; the chimango is Milvago chimango ; the Brazilian is Polyborus Braziliensis .

Carack noun [ French caraque (cf. Spanish & Portuguese carraca , Italian caracca .), Late Latin carraca , from Latin carrus wagon; or perhaps from Arabic qorqūr (pl. qarāqir ) a carack.] (Nautical) A kind of large ship formerly used by the Spaniards and Portuguese in the East India trade; a galleon. [ Spelt also carrack .]

The bigger whale like some huge carrack lay.
Waller.

Caracole noun [ French caracole , caracol , from Spanish caracol snail, winding staircase, a wheeling about.]


1. (Man.) A half turn which a horseman makes, either to the right or the left.

2. (Architecture) A staircase in a spiral form.

Caracole intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Caracoled .] [ Confer French caracoler .] (Man.) To move in a caracole, or in caracoles; to wheel.

Prince John caracoled within the lists.
Sir W. Scott.

Caracoly noun An alloy of gold, silver, and copper, of which an inferior quality of jewelry is made.

Caracore, Caracora noun [ Malay kurakura .] A light vessel or proa used by the people of Borneo, etc., and by the Dutch in the East Indies.

Caracul noun Var. of Karakul , a kind of fur.

Carafe noun [ French] A glass water bottle for the table or toilet; -- called also croft .

Carageen, Caragheen noun See Carrageen .

Carambola noun (Botany) An East Indian tree ( Averrhoa Carambola ), and its acid, juicy fruit; called also Coromandel gooseberry .

Caramel noun [ French caramel (cf. Spanish caramelo ), Late Latin canna mellis , cannamella , canamella , calamellus mellitus , sugar cane, from or confused with Latin canna reed + mel , mellis , honey. See Cane .]
1. (Chemistry) Burnt sugar; a brown or black porous substance obtained by heating sugar. It is soluble in water, and is used for coloring spirits, gravies, etc.

2. A kind of confectionery, usually a small cube or square of tenacious paste, or candy, of varying composition and flavor.

Carangoid adjective [ Caranx + -oid .] (Zoology) Belonging to the Carangidæ , a family of fishes allied to the mackerels, and including the caranx, American bluefish, and the pilot fish.

Caranx (kā"rănks) noun (Zoology) A genus of fishes, common on the Atlantic coast, including the yellow or golden mackerel.

Carapace (kăr"ȧ*pās) noun [ French] (Zoology) The thick shell or shield which covers the back of the tortoise, or turtle, the crab, and other crustaceous animals.

Carapato (kä`rȧ*pä"to) noun [ Portuguese carrapato .] (Zoology) A south American tick of the genus Amblyomma . There are several species, very troublesome to man and beast.

Carapax noun (Zoology) See Carapace .

Carat (kăr"ăt) noun [ French carat (cf. Italian carato , OPg. quirate , Portuguese & Spanish quilate ), Arabic qīrāt bean or pea shell, a weight of four grains, a carat, from Greek kera`tion a little horn, the fruit of the carob tree, a weight, a carat. See Horn .]
1. The weight by which precious stones and pearls are weighed.

» The carat equals three and one fifth grains Troy, and is divided into four grains, sometimes called carat grains . Diamonds and other precious stones are estimated by carats and fractions of carats, and pearls, usually, by carat grains. Tiffany.

2. A twenty-fourth part; -- a term used in estimating the proportionate fineness of gold.

» A mass of metal is said to be so many carats fine, according to the number of twenty-fourths of pure gold which it contains; as, 22 carats fine (goldsmith's standard) = 22 parts of gold, 1 of copper, and 1 of silver.

Caravan (kăr"ȧ*văn or kăr*ȧ*văn"; 277) noun [ French caravane (cf. Spanish caravana ), from Persian karwān a caravan (in sense 1). Confer Van a wagon.]
1. A company of travelers, pilgrims, or merchants, organized and equipped for a long journey, or marching or traveling together, esp. through deserts and countries infested by robbers or hostile tribes, as in Asia or Africa.

2. A large, covered wagon, or a train of such wagons, for conveying wild beasts, etc., for exhibition; an itinerant show, as of wild beasts.

3. A covered vehicle for carrying passengers or for moving furniture, etc.; -- sometimes shorted into van .

Caravaneer noun [ Confer French caravanier .] The leader or driver of the camels in caravan.

Caravansary noun ; plural Caravansaries . [ French caravansérai , from Persian karwānsarāï ; karwān caravan + -sarāï palace, large house, inn.] A kind of inn, in the East, where caravans rest at night, being a large, rude, unfurnished building, surrounding a court. [ Written also caravanserai and caravansera .]

Caravel (kăr"ȧ*vĕl) noun [ French caravelle (cf. Italian caravella , Spanish carabela ), from Spanish caraba a kind of vessel, from Latin carabus a kind of light boat, from Greek ka`rabos a kind of light ship, NGr. kara`bi ship, vessel.] [ written also carvel and caravelle .] (Nautical) A name given to several kinds of vessels. (a) The caravel of the 16th century was a small vessel with broad bows, high, narrow poop, four masts, and lateen sails. Columbus commanded three caravels on his great voyage. (b) A Portuguese vessel of 100 or 150 tons burden. (c) A small fishing boat used on the French coast. (d) A Turkish man-of- war.

Caraway (kăr"ȧ*wa) noun [ French carvi (cf. Spanish carvi and al-caravea , al-carahueya , Portuguese al-caravia ) from Arabic karawīā , karwīā from Greek ka`ron ; confer Latin careum .]
1. (Botany) A biennial plant of the Parsley family ( Carum Carui ). The seeds have an aromatic smell, and a warm, pungent taste. They are used in cookery and confectionery, and also in medicine as a carminative.

2. A cake or sweetmeat containing caraway seeds.

Caraways , or biscuits, or some other [ comfits].
Cogan.

Carbamic (kär*băm"ĭk) adjective [ Carb on + am ido.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to an acid so called.

Carbamic acid (Chemistry) , an amido acid, NH 2 .CO 2 H, not existing in the free state, but occurring as a salt of ammonium in commercial ammonium carbonate; -- called also amido formic acid .

Carbamide (kär*băm"ĭd or -īd) noun [ Carb onyl + amide .] (Chemistry) The technical name for urea.

Carbamine (kär*băm"ĭn or -ēd) noun (Chemistry) An isocyanide of a hydrocarbon radical. The carbamines are liquids, usually colorless, and of unendurable odor.

Carbanil noun [ Carb onyl + anil ine.] (Chemistry) A mobile liquid, CO.N.C 6 H 5 , of pungent odor. It is the phenyl salt of isocyanic acid.

Carbazol noun [ Carb on + azo + -ol .] (Chemistry) A white crystallized substance, C 12 H 8 NH, derived from aniline and other amines.

Carbazotate noun (Chemistry) A salt of carbazotic or picric acid; a picrate.

Carbazotic adjective [ Carb on + azole.] Containing, or derived from, carbon and nitrogen.

Carbazotic acid (Chemistry) , picric acid. See under Picric .

Carbide noun [ Carb on + -ide .] (Chemistry) A binary compound of carbon with some other element or radical, in which the carbon plays the part of a negative; -- formerly termed carburet .

Carbimide noun [ Carbon + imide ] (Chemistry) The technical name for isocyanic acid. See under Isocyanic .

Carbine noun [ French carbine , Old French calabrin carabineer (cf. Ot. calabrina a policeman), from OF & Pr. calabre , Old French cable , chable , an engine of war used in besieging, from Late Latin chadabula , cabulus , a kind of projectile machine, from Greek ... a throwing down, from ... to throw; ... down + ... to throw. Confer Parable .] (Mil.) A short, light musket or rifle, esp. one used by mounted soldiers or cavalry.

Carbineer noun [ French carabinier .] (Mil.) A soldier armed with a carbine.

Carbinol noun [ Carbin (Kolbe's name for the radical) + -ol .] (Chemistry) Methyl alcohol, CH 3 OH; -- also, by extension, any one in the homologous series of paraffine alcohols of which methyl alcohol is the type.

Carbohydrate noun [ Carbon + hydrate .] (Physiol. Chem.) One of a group of compounds including the sugars, starches, and gums, which contain six (or some multiple of six) carbon atoms, united with a variable number of hydrogen and oxygen atoms, but with the two latter always in proportion as to form water; as dextrose, C 6 H 12 O 6 .

Carbohydride noun [ Carbon + hydrogen .] (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon.

Carbolic (kär*bŏl"ĭk) adjective [ Latin carbo coal + oleum oil.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid derived from coal tar and other sources; as, carbolic acid (called also phenic acid , and phenol ). See Phenol .

Carbolize (kär"bo*līz) transitive verb (Medicine) To apply carbolic acid to; to wash or treat with carbolic acid.

Carbon (kär"bŏn) noun [ French carbone , from Latin carbo coal; confer Sanskrit çrā to cook.] (Chemistry) An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare Diamond , and Graphite .

Carbon compounds , Compounds of carbon (Chemistry) , those compounds consisting largely of carbon, commonly produced by animals and plants, and hence called organic compounds , though their synthesis may be effected in many cases in the laboratory.

The formation of the compounds of carbon is not dependent upon the life process.
I. Remsen

-- Carbon dioxide , Carbon monoxide . (Chemistry) See under Carbonic . -- Carbon light (Electricity) , an extremely brilliant electric light produced by passing a galvanic current through two carbon points kept constantly with their apexes neary in contact. -- Carbon point (Electricity) , a small cylinder or bit of gas carbon moved forward by clockwork so that, as it is burned away by the electric current, it shall constantly maintain its proper relation to the opposing point. -- Carbon tissue , paper coated with gelatine and pigment, used in the autotype process of photography. Abney. -- Gas carbon , a compact variety of carbon obtained as an incrustation on the interior of gas retorts, and used for the manufacture of the carbon rods of pencils for the voltaic, arc, and for the plates of voltaic batteries, etc.

Carbon noun (Electricity) A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp; also, a plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic battery.

Carbon process (Photog.) A printing process depending on the effect of light on bichromatized gelatin. Paper coated with a mixture of the gelatin and a pigment is called carbon paper or carbon tissue . This is exposed under a negative and the film is transferred from the paper to some other support and developed by washing (the unexposed portions being dissolved away). If the process stops here it is called single transfer ; if the image is afterward transferred in order to give an unreversed print, the method is called double transfer .

Carbon steel Steel deriving its qualities from carbon chiefly, without the presence of other alloying elements; -- opposed to alloy steel .

Carbon transmitter A telephone transmitter in which a carbon contact is used.

Carbonaceous adjective Pertaining to, containing, or composed of, carbon.