Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Cammock noun [ Anglo-Saxon cammoc .] (Botany) A plant having long hard, crooked roots, the Ononis spinosa ; -- called also rest- harrow . The Scandix Pecten-Veneris is also called cammock .
Camomile, Chamomile noun
[ Late Latin camonilla
, corrupted from Greek ..., lit. earth apple, being so called from the smell of its flower. See Humble
, and Melon
.] (Botany) A genus of herbs ( Anthemis ) of the Composite family. The common camomile, A. nobilis , is used as a popular remedy. Its flowers have a strong and fragrant and a bitter, aromatic taste. They are tonic, febrifugal, and in large doses emetic, and the volatile oil is carminative.
Camonflet noun [ French] (Mil.) A small mine, sometimes formed in the wall or side of an enemy's gallery, to blow in the earth and cut off the retreat of the miners. Farrow.
Camorra noun [ Italian ] A secret organization formed at Naples, Italy, early in the 19th century, and used partly for political ends and partly for practicing extortion, violence, etc. -- Ca*mor"rist noun
Camous, Camoys adjective [ French camus (equiv. to camard ) flat-nosed, from Celtic Cam croked + suff. -us ; akin to Latin camur , camurus , croked.] Flat; depressed; crooked; -- said only of the nose. [ Obsolete]
[ From Camouse
] Depressed; flattened.
Though my nose be cammoused .
Camously adverb Awry. [ Obsolete] Skelton.
[ French camp
, Italian campo
, from Latin campus
plant, field; akin to Greek kh^pos
garden. Confer Campaign
] 1. The ground or spot on which tents, huts, etc., are erected for shelter, as for an army or for lumbermen, etc. Shak. 2. A collection of tents, huts, etc., for shelter, commonly arranged in an orderly manner.
Forming a camp in the neighborhood of Boston. 3. A single hut or shelter; as, a hunter's camp . 4. The company or body of persons encamped, as of soldiers, of surveyors, of lumbermen, etc.
The camp broke up with the confusion of a flight. 5. (Agriculture) A mound of earth in which potatoes and other vegetables are stored for protection against frost; -- called also burrow and pie .
[ Prov. Eng.] 6.
[ Confer Middle English & Anglo-Saxon camp
contest, battle. See champion
.] An ancient game of football, played in some parts of England. Halliwell. Camp bedstead
, a light bedstead that can be folded up onto a small space for easy transportation.
-- camp ceiling (Architecture)
, a kind ceiling often used in attics or garrets, in which the side walls are inclined inward at the top, following the slope of the rafters, to meet the plane surface of the upper ceiling.
-- Camp chair
, a light chair that can be folded up compactly for easy transportation; the seat and back are often made of strips or pieces of carpet.
-- Camp fever
, typhus fever.
-- Camp follower
, a civilian accompanying an army, as a sutler, servant, etc.
-- Camp meeting
, a religious gathering for open-air preaching, held in some retired spot, chiefly by Methodists. It usually last for several days, during which those present lodge in tents, temporary houses, or cottages.
-- Camp stool
, the same as camp chair , except that the stool has no back.
-- Flying camp (Mil.)
, a camp or body of troops formed for rapid motion from one place to another. Farrow.
-- To pitch (a) camp
, to set up the tents or huts of a camp.
-- To strike camp
, to take down the tents or huts of a camp.
(kămp) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Camped
(kămt; 215); present participle & vb noun Camping
.] To afford rest or lodging for, as an army or travelers.
Had our great palace the capacity
To camp this host, we all would sup together.
Camp intransitive verb 1. To pitch or prepare a camp; to encamp; to lodge in a camp; - - often with out .
They camped out at night, under the stars. 2.
[ See Camp
, 6] To play the game called camp.
[ Prov. Eng.] Tusser.
[ Italian See Campaigg
.] An open level tract of country; especially " Campagna di Roma." The extensive undulating plain which surrounds Rome.
» Its length is commonly stated to be about ninety miles, and its breadth from twenty-seven to forty miles. The ground is almost entirely volcanic, and vapors which arise from the district produce malaria.
Campagnol noun [ French , from campagne field.] (Zoology) A mouse ( Arvicala agrestis ), called also meadow mouse , which often does great damage in fields and gardens, by feeding on roots and seeds.
[ French campagne
, Italian campagna
, from Latin Campania
the level country about Naples, from campus
field. See Camp
, and confer Champaign
.] 1. An open field; a large, open plain without considerable hills. See Champaign . Grath. 2. (Mil.) A connected series of military operations forming a distinct stage in a war; the time during which an army keeps the field. Wilhelm. 3. Political operations preceding an election; a canvass.
[ Cant, U. S.] 4. (Metal.) The period during which a blast furnace is continuously in operation.
Campaign intransitive verb To serve in a campaign.
Campaigner noun One who has served in an army in several campaigns; an old soldier; a veteran.
[ Late Latin campana
bell. Confer Campanle
.] 1. (Eccl.) A church bell. 2. (Botany) The pasque flower. Drayton. 3. (Doric Arch.) Same as Gutta .
Campaned adjective (Her.) Furnished with, or bearing, campanes, or bells.
[ Spanish , a bellman.] (Zoology) The bellbird of South America. See Bellbird .
Campanes noun plural [ See Campana .] (Her.) Bells. [ R.]
[ See Campaig
.] Open country. Sir W. Temple.
Campaniform adjective [ Late Latin campana bell + -form : confer French companiforme .] Bell-shaped.
[ Italian campanile
bell tower, steeple, from Italian & Late Latin campana
bell.] (Architecture) A bell tower, esp. one built separate from a church.
Many of the campaniles of Italy are lofty and magnificent structures.
[ See Campaniform
.] Bell-shaped; campanulate; campaniform.
Campanologist noun One skilled in campanology; a bell ringer.
Campanology noun [ Late Latin campana bell + -logy .] The art of ringing bells, or a treatise on the art.
Campanula (kăm*păn"u*lȧ) noun [ Late Latin campanula a little bell; dim. of campana bell.] (Botany) A large genus of plants bearing bell-shaped flowers, often of great beauty; -- also called bellflower .
Campanulaceous (kăm*păn`u*lā"shŭs) adjective (Botany) Of pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants ( Campanulaceæ ) of which Campanula is the type, and which includes the Canterbury bell, the harebell, and the Venus's looking-glass.
Campanularian noun [ Latin campanula a bell.] (Zoology) A hydroid of the family Campanularidæ , characterized by having the polyps or zooids inclosed in bell-shaped calicles or hydrothecæ.
Campanulate adjective (Botany) Bell-shaped.
[ From Alexander Campbell
, of Virginia.] (Eccl.) A member of the denomination called Christians or Disciples of Christ. They themselves repudiate the term Campbellite as a nickname. See Christian , 3.
Campeachy Wood [ From the bay of Campeachy , in Mexico.] Logwood.
Camper noun One who lodges temporarily in a hut or camp.
Campestral, Campestrian adjective [ Latin campester , from campus field.] Relating to an open field; growing in a field, or open ground.
[ Confer Camp
, 6.] (O. Eng. Law.) A duel; the decision of a case by a duel.
Camphene (kăm"fēn or kăm*fēn") noun (Chemistry) One of a series of substances C 10 H 16 , resembling camphor, regarded as modified terpenes.
[ From Camphor
.] Rectified oil of turpentine, used for burning in lamps, and as a common solvent in varnishes.
» The name is also applied to a mixture of this substance with three times its volume of alcohol and sometimes a little ether, used as an illuminant.
(kăm"fīr) noun An old spelling of Camphor .
: -- formerly so called as derived from camphor: confer French camphogène
.] (Chemistry) See Cymene .
.] (Chemistry) See Borneol .
[ Middle English camfere
, French camphre
(cf. Italian canfora
, Spanish camfora
, Late Latin canfora
, NGr. kafoyra`
), from Arabic kāfūr
, probably from Sanskrit karpūra
.] 1. A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained from different species of the Laurus family, esp. from Cinnamomum camphora (the Laurus camphora of Linnæus.). Camphor, C 10 H 16 O, is volatile and fragrant, and is used in medicine as a diaphoretic, a stimulant, or sedative. 2. A gum resembling ordinary camphor, obtained from a tree ( Dryobalanops camphora ) growing in Sumatra and Borneo; -- called also Malay camphor , camphor of Borneo , or borneol . See Borneol .
» The name camphor
is also applied to a number of bodies of similar appearance and properties, as cedar camphor
, obtained from the red or pencil cedar ( Juniperus Virginiana
), and peppermint camphor
, or menthol
, obtained from the oil of peppermint. Camphor oil (Chemistry)
, name variously given to certain oil-like products, obtained especially from the camphor tree.
-- Camphor tree
, a large evergreen tree ( Cinnamomum Camphora ) with lax, smooth branches and shining triple-nerved lanceolate leaves, probably native in China, but now cultivated in most warm countries. Camphor is collected by a process of steaming the chips of the wood and subliming the product.
Camphor transitive verb To impregnate or wash with camphor; to camphorate. [ R.] Tatler.
Camphoraceous adjective Of the nature of camphor; containing camphor. Dunglison.
Camphorate transitive verb To impregnate or treat with camphor.
Camphorate noun [ Confer French camphorate .] (Chemistry) A salt of camphoric acid.
Camphorate, Camporated Combined or impregnated with camphor. Camphorated oil , an oleaginous preparation containing camphor, much used as an embrocation.
Camphoric adjective [ Confer French camphorique .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, camphor. Camphoric acid , a white crystallizable substance, C 10 H 16 O 4 , obtained from the oxidation of camphor. » Other acids of camphor are campholic acid , C 10 H 18 O 2 , and camphoronic acid , C 9 H 12 O 5 , white crystallizable substances.
[ rom Camphor
.] Pertaining to, or derived from camphor.
Camping noun 1. Lodging in a camp. 2.
[ See Camp
, 6] A game of football.
[ Prov. Eng.]
[ Prob. from Latin campus
field.] (Botany) A plant of the Pink family ( Cucubalus bacciferus ), bearing berries regarded as poisonous. Bladder campion
, a plant of the Pink family ( Cucubalus Behen or Silene inflata ), having a much inflated calyx. See Behen .
-- Rose campion
, a garden plant ( Lychnis coronaria ) with handsome crimson flowers.
Campus noun [ Latin , a field.] The principal grounds of a college or school, between the buildings or within the main inclosure; as, the college campus .