Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Middle English cabage
, from French cabus
headed (of cabbages), chou cabus
headed cabbage, cabbage head; confer Italian capuccio
a little head, cappuccio
cowl, hood, cabbage, from capo
head, Latin caput
, or from Italian cappa
cape. See Chief
.] (Botany) 1. An esculent vegetable of many varieties, derived from the wild Brassica oleracea of Europe. The common cabbage has a compact head of leaves. The cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, etc., are sometimes classed as cabbages. 2. The terminal bud of certain palm trees, used, like, cabbage, for food. See Cabbage tree , below. 3. The cabbage palmetto. See below. Cabbage aphis (Zoology)
, a green plant-louse ( Aphis brassicæ ) which lives upon the leaves of the cabbage.
-- Cabbage beetle (Zoology)
, a small, striped flea- beetle ( Phyllotreta vittata ) which lives, in the larval state, on the roots, and when adult, on the leaves, of cabbage and other cruciferous plants.
-- Cabbage butterfly (Zoology)
, a white butterfly ( Pieris rapæ of both Europe and America, and the allied P. oleracea , a native American species) which, in the larval state, devours the leaves of the cabbage and the turnip. See Cabbage worm , below.
-- Cabbage fly (Zoology)
, a small two-winged fly ( Anthomyia brassicæ ), which feeds, in the larval or maggot state, on the roots of the cabbage, often doing much damage to the crop.
-- Cabbage head
, the compact head formed by the leaves of a cabbage; -- contemptuously or humorously, and colloquially, a very stupid and silly person; a numskull.
-- Cabbage palmetto
, a species of palm tree ( Sabal Palmetto ) found along the coast from North Carolina to Florida.
-- Cabbage rose (Botany)
, a species of rose ( Rosa centifolia ) having large and heavy blossoms.
-- Cabbage tree
, Cabbage palm
, a name given to palms having a terminal bud called a cabbage , as the Sabal Palmetto of the United States, and the Euterpe oleracea and Oreodoxa oleracea of the West Indies.
-- Cabbage worm (Zoology)
, the larva of several species of moths and butterflies, which attacks cabbages. The most common is usually the larva of a white butterfly. See Cabbage butterfly , above. The cabbage cutworms, which eat off the stalks of young plants during the night, are the larvæ of several species of moths, of the genus Agrotis . See Cutworm .
-- Sea cabbage
. (Botany) (a) Sea kale (b)
. The original Plant ( Brassica oleracea ), from which the cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, etc., have been derived by cultivation.
-- Thousand-headed cabbage
. See Brussels sprouts .
Cabbage intransitive verb To form a head like that the cabbage; as, to make lettuce cabbage . Johnson.
Cabbage intransitive verb
[ imperfect & p. p Cabbaged
(-bajd); present participle & verbal noun Cabbaging
(-ba*jĭng).] [ French cabasser
, from Old French cabas
theft; confer French cabas
basket, and Old French cabuser
to cheat.] To purloin or embezzle, as the pieces of cloth remaining after cutting out a garment; to pilfer.
Your tailor . . . cabbages whole yards of cloth.
Cabbage noun Cloth or clippings cabbaged or purloined by one who cuts out garments.
Cabbler (kăb"blẽr) noun One who works at cabbling.
Cabbling (-blĭng) noun (Metal.) The process of breaking up the flat masses into which wrought iron is first hammered, in order that the pieces may be reheated and wrought into bar iron.
Cabeça (kȧ*ba"sȧ), Ca*besse" (kȧ*bĕs") noun [ Portuguese cabeça , French cabesse .] The finest kind of silk received from India.
Caber (kā"bẽr) noun [ Gael] A pole or beam used in Scottish games for tossing as a trial of strength.
Caber noun [ Gael. cabar .] A pole or beam, esp. one used in Gaelic games for tossing as a trial of strength.
[ Spanish , properly, big head. Confer Cavesson
.] (Zoology) A California fish ( Hemilepidotus spinosus ), allied to the sculpin.
[ Native South American name.] (Zoology) The capybara. See Capybara .
[ Old French caban
, from W. caban
booth, cabin, dim. of cab
cot, tent; or from French cabane
, Late Latin cabanna
, perhaps from the Celtic.] 1. A cottage or small house; a hut. Swift.
A hunting cabin in the west. 2. A small room; an inclosed place.
So long in secret cabin there he held 3. A room in ship for officers or passengers. Cabin boy
, a boy whose duty is to wait on the officers and passengers in the cabin of a ship.
Cabin intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cabined
(-ĭnd); present participle & verbal noun Cabining
.] To live in, or as in, a cabin; to lodge.
I'll make you . . . cabin in a cave.
Cabin transitive verb To confine in, or as in, a cabin.
I am cabined , cribbed, confined, bound in
To saucy doubts and fears.
[ French, dim. of cabine
. See Cabin
] 1. A hut; a cottage; a small house.
Hearken a while from thy green cabinet , 2. A small room, or retired apartment; a closet. 3. A private room in which consultations are held.
The rural song of careful Colinet.
Philip passed some hours every day in his father's cabinet . 4. The advisory council of the chief executive officer of a nation; a cabinet council.
» In England, the cabinet
or cabinet council
consists of those privy councilors who actually transact the immediate business of the government. Mozley & W.
-- In the United States, the cabinet
is composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government, namely, the Secretary of State, of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and of Agiculture, the Postmaster-general, and the Attorney-general. 5. (a) A set of drawers or a cupboard intended to contain articles of value. Hence: (b) A decorative piece of furniture, whether open like an étagère or closed with doors. See Étagère . 6. Any building or room set apart for the safe keeping and exhibition of works of art, etc.; also, the collection itself. Cabinet council
. (a) Same as Cabinet , noun , 4 (of which body it was formerly the full title). (b) A meeting of the cabinet.
-- Cabinet councilor
, a member of a cabinet council.
-- Cabinet photograph
, a photograph of a size smaller than an imperial, though larger than a carte de visite .
-- Cabinet picture
, a small and generally highly finished picture, suitable for a small room and for close inspection.
Cabinet adjective Suitable for a cabinet; small.
He [ Varnhagen von Ense] is a walking cabinet edition of Goethe.
For. Quar. Rev.
Cabinet intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cabineted
; present participle & verbal noun Cabineting
.] To inclose
[ R.] Hewyt.
Cabinetmaker (-māk`ẽr) noun One whose occupation is to make cabinets or other choice articles of household furniture, as tables, bedsteads, bureaus, etc.
Cabinetmaking noun The art or occupation of making the finer articles of household furniture.
Cabinetwork (-wûrk`) noun The art or occupation of working upon wooden furniture requiring nice workmanship; also, such furniture.
Cabirean (kăb`ĭ*rē" a n) noun One of the Cabiri.
Cabiri (kȧ*bī"rī) noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek Ka`beiroi .] (Myth.) Certain deities originally worshiped with mystical rites by the Pelasgians in Lemnos and Samothrace and afterwards throughout Greece; -- also called sons of Hephæstus (or Vulcan), as being masters of the art of working metals. [ Written also Cabeiri .] Liddell & Scott.
n) adjective Same as Cabiric .
Cabiric (kȧ*bĭr"ĭk) adjective [ Confer French Cabirique ] Of or pertaining to the Cabiri, or to their mystical worship. [ Written also Cabiritic .]
[ French câble
, Late Latin capulum
, a rope, from Latin capere
to take; confer D., Dan., & German kabel
, from the French. See Capable
.] 1. A large, strong rope or chain, of considerable length, used to retain a vessel at anchor, and for other purposes. It is made of hemp, of steel wire, or of iron links. 2. A rope of steel wire, or copper wire, usually covered with some protecting or insulating substance; as, the cable of a suspension bridge; a telegraphic cable . 3. (Arch) A molding, shaft of a column, or any other member of convex, rounded section, made to resemble the spiral twist of a rope; -- called also cable molding . Bower cable
, the cable belonging to the bower anchor.
-- Cable road
, a railway on which the cars are moved by a continuously running endless rope operated by a stationary motor.
-- Cable's length
, the length of a ship's cable. Cables in the merchant service vary in length from 100 to 140 fathoms or more; but as a maritime measure, a cable's length is either 120 fathoms (720 feet), or about 100 fathoms (600 feet, an approximation to one tenth of a nautical mile).
-- Cable tier
. (a) That part of a vessel where the cables are stowed. (b) A coil of a cable.
-- Sheet cable
, the cable belonging to the sheet anchor.
-- Stream cable
, a hawser or rope, smaller than the bower cables, to moor a ship in a place sheltered from wind and heavy seas.
-- Submarine cable
. See Telegraph .
-- To pay out the cable
, To veer out the cable
, to slacken it, that it may run out of the ship; to let more cable run out of the hawse hole.
-- To serve the cable
, to bind it round with ropes, canvas, etc., to prevent its being, worn or galled in the hawse, et.
-- To slip the cable
, to let go the end on board and let it all run out and go overboard, as when there is not time to weigh anchor. Hence, in sailor's use, to die.
(kā"b'l) transitive verb 1. To fasten with a cable. 2. (Architecture) To ornament with cabling. See Cabling .
Cable transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Cabled
(-b'ld); present participle & verbal noun Cabling
(-blŏng).] To telegraph by a submarine cable
Cabled (-b'ld) adjective
1. Fastened with, or attached to, a cable or rope. "The cabled stone." Dyer. 2. (Architecture) Adorned with cabling.
Cablegram (kā"b'l*grăm`) noun [ Cable , noun + Greek gra`mma a writing, a letter.] A message sent by a submarine telegraphic cable. [ A recent hybrid, sometimes found in the newspapers.]
Cablelaid (-lād`) adjective
1. (Nautical) Composed of three three- stranded ropes, or hawsers, twisted together to form a cable. 2. Twisted after the manner of a cable; as, a cable-laid gold chain. Simmonds.
Cablet noun [ Dim. of cable ; confer French câblot .] A little cable less than ten inches in circumference.
Cabling noun (Architecture) The decoration of a fluted shaft of a column or of a pilaster with reeds, or rounded moldings, which seem to be laid in the hollows of the fluting. These are limited in length to about one third of the height of the shaft.
; plural Cabmen The driver of a cab.
Cabob noun [ Hindi kabāb ]
1. A small piece of mutton or other meat roasted on a skewer; -- so called in Turkey and Persia. 2. A leg of mutton roasted, stuffed with white herrings and sweet herbs. Wright.
Cabob transitive verb To roast, as a cabob. Sir. T. Herbert.
[ French caboche
head. Confer 1st Cabbage
.] (Her.) Showing the full face, but nothing of the neck; -- said of the head of a beast in armorial bearing.
[ Written also caboshed
Cabochon (kȧ`bo`shôN") noun [ French] (Jewelry) A stone of convex form, highly polished, but not faceted; also, the style of cutting itself. Such stones are said to be cut en cabochon .
Caboodle (kȧ*bō"d'l) noun The whole collection; the entire quantity or number; -- usually in the phrase the whole caboodle . [ Slang, U.S.] Bartlett.
[ Confer Dutch kabuis
, Danish kabys
, Swedish kabysa
, German kabuse
a little room or hut. The First part of the word seems to be allied to W. cab
cabin, booth. Confer Cabin
.] [ Written also camboose
.] 1. (Nautical) A house on deck, where the cooking is done; -- commonly called the galley . 2. (Railroad) A car used on freight or construction trains for brakemen, workmen, etc.; a tool car.
[ U. S.]
Cabotage noun [ French cabotage , from caboter to sail along the coast; confer Spanish cabo cape.] (Nautical) Navigation along the coast; the details of coast pilotage.
Cabrée (kȧ*brée") noun [ French Canadian.] (Zoology) The pronghorn antelope. [ Also written cabrit , cabret .]
Cabrerite noun (Min.) An apple-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of nickel, cobalt, and magnesia; -- so named from the Sierra Cabrera , Spain.
Cabrilla noun [ Spanish , prawn.] (Zoöl) A name applied to various species of edible fishes of the genus Serranus , and related genera, inhabiting the Meditarranean, the coast of California, etc. In California, some of them are also called rock bass and kelp salmon .
[ French See Cabriolet
, and confer Capriole
.] (Man.) A curvet; a leap. See Capriole .
The cabrioles which his charger exhibited.
Sir W. Scott.
[ French, dim. of cabriole
a leap, caper, from Italian capriola
, from dim. of Latin caper
she-goat. This carriage is so called from its skipping lightness. Confer Cab
a leap.] A one-horse carriage with two seats and a calash top.
[ Confer Cable
] (Nautical) A small line made of spun yarn, to bind or worm cables, seize tackles, etc.
Cacaine noun (Chemistry) The essential principle of cacao; -- now called theobromine .
Cacajão noun [ Portuguese ] (Zoöl) A South American short-tailed monkey ( Pithecia melanocephala or Brachyurus melanocephala ). [ Written also cacajo .]
[ Spanish , from Mex. kakahuatl
. Confer Cocoa
] (Botany) A small evergreen tree ( Theobroma Cacao ) of South America and the West Indies. Its fruit contains an edible pulp, inclosing seeds about the size of an almond, from which cocoa, chocolate, and broma are prepared.
[ French cachalot
.] (Zoology) The sperm whale ( Physeter macrocephalus ). It has in the top of its head a large cavity, containing an oily fluid, which, after death, concretes into a whitish crystalline substance called spermaceti . See Sperm whale .
Cachæmia Ca*che"mi*a noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... bad + ... blood.] (Medicine) A degenerated or poisoned condition of the blood. -- Ca*chæ"mic , Ca*che"mic adjective
Cacæmia (kȧ*sē"mĭ*ȧ), Ca*chæ"mi*a (kȧ*ke"mĭ*ȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Greek kako`s bad+ a"i^ma blood.] (Medicine) A degenerated or poisoned condition of the blood.