caliph

[n] - the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state
Found on http://www.webdictionary.co.uk/definition.php?query=caliph

caliph

Title of civic and religious heads of the world of Islam. The first caliph was Abu Bakr. Nominally elective, the office became hereditary, held by the Umayyad dynasty 661-750 and then by the...
Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20688

Caliph

An Islamic title for a ruler. According to the Sunni doctrine, the Caliph was the successor to the Prophet Muhammad. Later Caliphs regarded themselves to be God's representative on Earth, and claimed to have comprehensive religious authority. The Ottoman sultans appropriated the title 'Caliph' when they conquered Iraq. Republican Turkey abolished t...
Found on http://www.virtualani.org/glossary/index.htm

Caliph

Ca'liph (kā'lĭf) noun [ Middle English caliphe , califfe , French calife (cf. Spanish califa ), from Arabic khalīfan successor, from khalafa to succed.] Successor or vicar; -- a title of the successors of Mohammed both as temporal and spir...
Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/webster/C/9

caliph

calif noun the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth; `many radical Muslims believe a Khalifah will unite all Islamic lands and people and subjugate the rest of the world`
Found on http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=caliph

Caliph

• (n.) Successor or vicar; -- a title of the successors of Mohammed both as temporal and spiritual rulers, now used by the sultans of Turkey.
Found on http://thinkexist.com/dictionary/meaning/caliph/

caliph

(`successor`), ruler of the Muslim community. When Muammad died (June 8, 632), Ab Bakr succeeded to his political and administrative functions as ... [12 related articles]
Found on http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/c/8

Caliph

Caliph, or calif or khalif (vicegerent) is the name assumed by the successors of Mohammed in the government of the faithful and in the high-priesthood. Caliphate is therefore the name given to the empire of these princes which the Arabs founded in Asia, and enlarged, within a few centuries, to a dominion exceeding even the Roman empire in extent. T...
Found on http://www.probertencyclopaedia.com/browse/CXC.HTM

caliph

Title of civic and religious heads of the world of Islam. The first caliph was Abu Bakr. Nominally elective, the office became hereditary, held by the Umayyad dynasty 661–750 and then by the Abbasid dynasty. After the death of the last Abbasid (1258), the title was claimed by a number of Muslim chieftains in Egypt, Turkey, and India. The most ......
Found on http://www.talktalk.co.uk/reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0000519.html

Caliph

The Caliph (خليفة ḫalīfah/khalīfah) is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the ruler of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Shari`ah. The word derives from the Arabic خليفة Khalīfa. Following Muhammad`s death in 632, the early leaders of the Muslim nation were called Khalifat Rasul Allah, the polit.....
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caliph
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