Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Carpophagous adjective [ Greek karpo`s fruit + ... to eat.] Living on fruits; fruit-consuming.

Carpophore noun [ Greek karpo`s fruit + ... to bear.] (Botany) A slender prolongation of the receptacle as an axis between the carpels, as in Geranium and many umbelliferous plants.

Carpophyll noun [ Greek karpo`s fruit + ... leaf.] (Botany) A leaf converted into a fruit or a constituent portion of a fruit; a carpel. [ See Illust. of Gymnospermous .]

Carpophyte (kär"po*līt) noun [ Greek karpo`s fruit + fyto`n plant.] (Botany) A flowerless plant which forms a true fruit as the result of fertilization, as the red seaweeds, the Ascomycetes , etc.

» The division of algæ and fungi into four classes called Carpophytes, Oöphytes, Protophytes, and Zygophytes (or Carposporeæ , Oösporeæ , Protophyta , and Zygosporeæ ) was proposed by Sachs about 1875.

Carpospore noun [ Greek karpo`s + -spore .] (Botany) A kind of spore formed in the conceptacles of red algæ. -- Car`po*spor"ic adjective

Carpus (kär"pŭs) noun ; plural Carpi (- pī). [ New Latin , from Greek karpo`s wrist.] (Anat.) The wrist; the bones or cartilages between the forearm, or antibrachium, and the hand or forefoot; in man, consisting of eight short bones disposed in two rows.

Carrack noun See Carack .

Carrageen, Carrigeen noun A small, purplish, branching, cartilaginous seaweed ( Chondrus crispus ), which, when bleached, is the Irish moss of commerce. [ Also written carragheen , carageen .]

Carrancha noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) The Brazilian kite ( Polyborus Brasiliensis ); -- so called in imitation of its notes.

Carraway noun See Caraway .

Carrel noun See Quarrel , an arrow.

Carrel noun (Architecture) Same as 4th Carol .

Carriable adjective Capable of being carried.

Carriage noun [ Old French cariage luggage, carriage, chariage carriage, cart, baggage, French charriage , cartage, wagoning, from Old French carier , charier , French charrier , to cart. See Carry .]
1. That which is carried; burden; baggage. [ Obsolete]

David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage .
1. Sam. xvii. 22.

And after those days we took up our carriages and went up to Jerusalem.
Acts. xxi. 15.

2. The act of carrying, transporting, or conveying.

Nine days employed in carriage .
Chapman.

3. The price or expense of carrying.

4. That which carries of conveys, as: (a) A wheeled vehicle for persons, esp. one designed for elegance and comfort. (b) A wheeled vehicle carrying a fixed burden, as a gun carriage . (c) A part of a machine which moves and carries of supports some other moving object or part. (d) A frame or cage in which something is carried or supported; as, a bell carriage .

5. The manner of carrying one's self; behavior; bearing; deportment; personal manners.

His gallant carriage all the rest did grace.
Stirling.

6. The act or manner of conducting measures or projects; management.

The passage and whole carriage of this action.
Shak.

Carriage horse , a horse kept for drawing a carriage. -- Carriage porch (Architecture) , a canopy or roofed pavilion covering the driveway at the entrance to any building. It is intended as a shelter for those who alight from vehicles at the door; -- sometimes erroneously called in the United States porte- cochère .

Carriageable adjective Passable by carriages; that can be conveyed in carriages. [ R.] Ruskin.

Carriboo noun See Caribou .

Carrick noun (Nautical) A carack. See Carack .

Carrick bend (Nautical) , a kind of knot, used for bending together hawsers or other ropes. -- Carrick bitts (Nautical) , the bitts which support the windlass. Totten.

Carrier noun [ From Carry .]
1. One who, or that which, carries or conveys; a messenger.

The air which is but . . . a carrier of the sounds.
Bacon.

2. One who is employed, or makes it his business, to carry goods for others for hire; a porter; a teamster.

The roads are crowded with carriers , laden with rich manufactures.
Swift.

3. (Machinery) That which drives or carries; as: (a) A piece which communicates to an object in a lathe the motion of the face plate; a lathe dog. (b) A spool holder or bobbin holder in a braiding machine. (c) A movable piece in magazine guns which transfers the cartridge to a position from which it can be thrust into the barrel.

Carrier pigeon (Zoology) , a variety of the domestic pigeon used to convey letters from a distant point to to its home. -- Carrier shell (Zoology) , a univalve shell of the genus Phorus ; -- so called because it fastens bits of stones and broken shells to its own shell, to such an extent as almost to conceal it. -- Common carrier (Law.) See under Common , adjective

Carrion noun [ Middle English caroyne , Old French caroigne , French charogne , Late Latin caronia , from Latin caro flesh Confer Crone , Crony .]
1. The dead and putrefying body or flesh of an animal; flesh so corrupted as to be unfit for food.

They did eat the dead carrions .
Spenser.

2. A contemptible or worthless person; -- a term of reproach. [ Obsolete] "Old feeble carrions ." Shak.

Carrion adjective Of or pertaining to dead and putrefying carcasses; feeding on carrion.

A prey for carrion kites.
Shak.

Carrion beetle (Zoology) , any beetle that feeds habitually on dead animals; -- also called sexton beetle and burying beetle . There are many kinds, belonging mostly to the family Silphidæ . -- Carrion buzzard (Zoology) , a South American bird of several species and genera (as Ibycter , Milvago , and Polyborus ), which act as scavengers. See Caracara . -- Carrion crow , the common European crow ( Corvus corone ) which feeds on carrion, insects, fruits, and seeds.

Carrol noun (Architecture) See 4th Carol .

Carrom noun (Billiards) See Carom .

Carromata noun [ Spanish in Phil. I.] In the Philippines, a light, two-wheeled, boxlike vehicle usually drawn by a single native pony and used to convey passengers within city limits or for traveling. It is the common public carriage.

Carron oil A lotion of linseed oil and lime water, used as an application to burns and scalds; -- first used at the Carron iron works in Scotland.

Carronade noun [ From Carron , in Scotland where it was first made.] (Medicine) A kind of short cannon, formerly in use, designed to throw a large projectile with small velocity, used for the purpose of breaking or smashing in, rather than piercing, the object aimed at, as the side of a ship. It has no trunnions, but is supported on its carriage by a bolt passing through a loop on its under side.

Carrot noun [ French carotte , from Latin carota ; confer Greek ...]
1. (Botany) An umbelliferous biennial plant ( Daucus Carota ), of many varieties.

2. The esculent root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped, and of a reddish yellow color.

Carroty adjective Like a carrot in color or in taste; -- an epithet given to reddish yellow hair, etc.

Carrow noun [ Ir & Gael. carach cunning.] A strolling gamester. [ Ireland] Spenser.

Carry transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Carried ; present participle & verbal noun Carrying .] [ Old French carier , charier , French carrier , to cart, from Old French car , char , French car , car. See Car .]
1. To convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; to bear; -- often with away or off .

When he dieth he small carry nothing away.
Ps. xiix. 17.

Devout men carried Stephen to his burial.
Acts viii, 2.

Another carried the intelligence to Russell.
Macaulay.

The sound will be carried , at the least, twenty miles.
Bacon.

2. To have or hold as a burden, while moving from place to place; to have upon or about one's person; to bear; as, to carry a wound; to carry an unborn child.

If the ideas . . . were carried along with us in our minds.
Locke.

3. To move; to convey by force; to impel; to conduct; to lead or guide.

Go, carry Sir John Falstaff to the Fleet.
Shak.

He carried away all his cattle.
Gen. xxxi. 18.

Passion and revenge will carry them too far.
Locke.

4. To transfer from one place (as a country, book, or column) to another; as, to carry the war from Greece into Asia; to carry an account to the ledger; to carry a number in adding figures.

5. To convey by extension or continuance; to extend; as, to carry the chimney through the roof; to carry a road ten miles farther.

6. To bear or uphold successfully through conflict, as a leader or principle; hence, to succeed in, as in a contest; to bring to a successful issue; to win; as, to carry an election. "The greater part carries it." Shak.

The carrying of our main point.
Addison.

7. To get possession of by force; to capture.

The town would have been carried in the end.
Bacon.

8. To contain; to comprise; to bear the aspect of ; to show or exhibit; to imply.

He thought it carried something of argument in it.
Watts.

It carries too great an imputation of ignorance.
Lacke.

9. To bear (one's self); to behave, to conduct or demean; -- with the reflexive pronouns.

He carried himself so insolently in the house, and out of the house, to all persons, that he became odious.
Clarendon.

10. To bear the charges or burden of holding or having, as stocks, merchandise, etc., from one time to another; as, a merchant is carrying a large stock; a farm carries a mortgage; a broker carries stock for a customer; to carry a life insurance.

Carry arms (Mil. Drill) , a command of the Manual of Arms directing the soldier to hold his piece in the right hand, the barrel resting against the hollow of the shoulder in a nearly perpendicular position. In this position the soldier is said to stand, and the musket to be held, at carry . -- To carry all before one , to overcome all obstacles; to have uninterrupted success. -- To carry arms (a) To bear weapons. (b) To serve as a soldier. -- To carry away . (a) (Nautical) to break off; to lose; as, to carry away a fore-topmast. (b) To take possession of the mind; to charm; to delude; as, to be carried by music, or by temptation. -- To carry coals , to bear indignities tamely, a phrase used by early dramatists, perhaps from the mean nature of the occupation. Halliwell. -- To carry coals to Newcastle , to take things to a place where they already abound; to lose one's labor. - - To carry off (a) To remove to a distance. (b) To bear away as from the power or grasp of others. (c) To remove from life; as, the plague carried off thousands. -- To carry on (a) To carry farther; to advance, or help forward; to continue; as, to carry on a design. (b) To manage, conduct, or prosecute; as, to carry on husbandry or trade. -- To carry out . (a) To bear from within. (b) To put into execution; to bring to a successful issue. (c) To sustain to the end; to continue to the end. -- To carry through . (a) To convey through the midst of. (b) To support to the end; to sustain, or keep from falling, or being subdued. "Grace will carry us . . . through all difficulties." Hammond. (c) To complete; to bring to a successful issue; to succeed. -- To carry up , to convey or extend in an upward course or direction; to build. -- To carry weight . (a) To be handicapped; to have an extra burden, as when one rides or runs. "He carries weight , he rides a race" Cowper. (b) To have influence.

Carry intransitive verb
1. To act as a bearer; to convey anything; as, to fetch and carry .

2. To have propulsive power; to propel; as, a gun or mortar carries well.

3. To hold the head; -- said of a horse; as, to carry well i. e., to hold the head high, with arching neck.

4. (Hunting) To have earth or frost stick to the feet when running, as a hare. Johnson.

To carry on , to behave in a wild, rude, or romping manner. [ Colloq.]

Carry noun ; plural Carries . A tract of land, over which boats or goods are carried between two bodies of navigable water; a carrying place; a portage. [ U.S .]

Carryall noun [ Corrupted from cariole .] A light covered carriage, having four wheels and seats for four or more persons, usually drawn by one horse.

Carrying noun The act or business of transporting from one place to another.

Carrying place , a carry; a portage. -- Carrying trade , the business of transporting goods, etc., from one place or country to another by water or land; freighting.

We are rivals with them in . . . the carrying trade .
Jay.

Carryk noun A carack. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Carrytale noun A talebearer. [ R.] Shak.

Carse noun [ Of Celtic origin; confer W. cars bog, fen. carsen reed, Armor. kars , korsen , bog plant, reed.] Low, fertile land; a river valley. [ Scot.] Jomieson.

Cart noun [ Anglo-Saxon cræt ; confer W. cart , Ir. & Gael. cairt , or Icelandic kartr . Confer Car .]
1. A common name for various kinds of vehicles, as a Scythian dwelling on wheels, or a chariot. "Phœbus' cart ." Shak.

2. A two-wheeled vehicle for the ordinary purposes of husbandry, or for transporting bulky and heavy articles.

Packing all his goods in one poor cart .
Dryden.

3. A light business wagon used by bakers, grocerymen, butchers, etc.

4. An open two-wheeled pleasure carriage.

Cart horse , a horse which draws a cart; a horse bred or used for drawing heavy loads. -- Cart load , or Cartload , as much as will fill or load a cart. In excavating and carting sand, gravel, earth, etc., one third of a cubic yard of the material before it is loosened is estimated to be a cart load. -- Cart rope , a stout rope for fastening a load on a cart; any strong rope. -- To put (or get or set) the cart before the horse , to invert the order of related facts or ideas, as by putting an effect for a cause.

Cart transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Carted ; present participle & verbal noun Carting .]
1. To carry or convey in a cart.

2. To expose in a cart by way of punishment.

She chuckled when a bawd was carted .
Prior.

Cart intransitive verb To carry burdens in a cart; to follow the business of a carter.

Cartage noun
1. The act of carrying in a cart.

2. The price paid for carting.

Cartbote noun [ Cart + bote .] (Old Eng. Law.) Wood to which a tenant is entitled for making and repairing carts and other instruments of husbandry.

Carte noun [ French See 1st Card .]
1. Bill of fare.

2. Short for Carte de visite .

Carte Quarte noun [ French quarte , prop., a fourth. Confer Quart .] (Fencing) A position in thrusting or parrying, with the inside of the hand turned upward and the point of the weapon toward the adversary's right breast.

Carte blanche [ French, from Old French carte paper + -blanc , blanche , white. See 1st Card .] A blank paper, with a person's signature, etc., at the bottom, given to another person, with permission to superscribe what conditions he pleases. Hence: Unconditional terms; unlimited authority.

Carte de visite plural Cartes de visite [ French]
1. A visiting card.

2. A photographic picture of the size formerly in use for a visiting card.

Cartel noun [ French, from Late Latin cartellus a little paper, dim. from Latin charta . See 1st Card .]


1. (Mil.) An agreement between belligerents for the exchange of prisoners. Wilhelm.

2. A letter of defiance or challenge; a challenge to single combat. [ Obsolete]

He is cowed at the very idea of a cartel .,
Sir W. Scott.

Cartel , or Cartel ship , a ship employed in the exchange of prisoners, or in carrying propositions to an enemy; a ship beating a flag of truce and privileged from capture.

Cartel transitive verb To defy or challenge. [ Obsolete]

You shall cartel him.
B. Jonson.

Carter noun
1. A charioteer. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. A man who drives a cart; a teamster.

3. (Zoology) (a) Any species of Phalangium ; -- also called harvestman . (b) A British fish; the whiff.

Cartesian adjective [ From Renatus Cartesius , Latinized from of René Descartes : confer French cartésien .] Of or pertaining to the French philosopher René Descartes, or his philosophy.

The Cartesion argument for reality of matter.
Sir W. Hamilton.

Cartesian coördinates (Geom) , distance of a point from lines or planes; -- used in a system of representing geometric quantities, invented by Descartes. -- Cartesian devil , a small hollow glass figure, used in connection with a jar of water having an elastic top, to illustrate the effect of the compression or expansion of air in changing the specific gravity of bodies. -- Cartesion oval (Geom.) , a curve such that, for any point of the curve mr + m′r′ = c , where r and r′ are the distances of the point from the two foci and m , m′ and c are constant; -- used by Descartes.

Cartesian noun An adherent of Descartes.