Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Cautery noun ; plural Cauteries . [ Latin cauterium , Greek .... See Cauter .]
1. (Medicine) A burning or searing, as of morbid flesh, with a hot iron, or by application of a caustic that will burn, corrode, or destroy animal tissue.

2. The iron of other agent in cauterizing.

Actual cautery , a substance or agent (as a hot iron) which cauterizes or sears by actual heat; or the burning so effected. -- Potential cautery , a substance which cauterizes by chemical action; as, lunar caustic ; also, the cauterizing produced by such substance.

Caution noun [ French caution a security, Latin cautio , from cavere (For scavere ) to be on one's guard, to take care (orig.) to be on the watch, see; akin to English show .]
1. A careful attention to the probable effects of an act, in order that failure or harm may be avoided; prudence in regard to danger; provident care; wariness.

2. Security; guaranty; bail. [ R.]

The Parliament would yet give his majesty sufficient caution that the war should be prosecuted.
Clarendon.

3. Precept or warning against evil of any kind; exhortation to wariness; advice; injunction.

In way of caution I must tell you.
Shak.

Caution money , money deposited by way of security or guaranty, as by a student at an English university.

Syn. -- Care; forethought; forecast; heed; prudence; watchfulness; vigilance; circumspection; anxiety; providence; counsel; advice; warning; admonition.

Caution transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cautioned ; present participle & verbal noun Cautioning .] To give notice of danger to; to warn; to exhort [ one] to take heed.

You cautioned me against their charms.
Swift.

Caution noun (Civil & Scots Law) A pledge, bond, or other security for the performance of an obligation either in or out of judicial proceedings; the promise or contract of one not for himself but another; security.

Cautionary adjective
1. Conveying a caution, or warning to avoid danger; as, cautionary signals.

2. Given as a pledge or as security.

He hated Barnevelt, for his getting the cautionary towns out of his hands.
Bp. Burnet.

3. Wary; cautious. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Cautionary block (Railroads) A block in which two or more trains are permitted to travel, under restrictions imposed by a caution card or the like.

Cautioner noun
1. One who cautions or advises.

2. (Scots Law) A surety or sponsor.

Cautionry noun (Scots Law) Suretyship.

Cautious adjective [ Confer Latin cautus , from caver . See Caution .] Attentive to examine probable effects and consequences of acts with a view to avoid danger or misfortune; prudent; circumspect; wary; watchful; as, a cautious general.

Cautious feeling for another's pain.
Byron.

Be swift to hear; but cautious of your tongue.
Watts.

Syn. -- Wary; watchful; vigilant; prudent; circumspect; discreet; heedful; thoughtful; scrupulous; anxious; careful. -- Cautious , Wary , Circumspect . A man is cautious who realizes the constant possibility of danger; one may be wary , and yet bold and active; a man who is circumspect habitually examines things on every side in order to weigh and deliberate. It is necessary to be cautious at all times; to be wary in cases of extraordinary danger; to be circumspect in matters of peculiar delicacy and difficulty.

Cautiously adverb In a cautious manner.

Cautiousness noun The quality of being cautious.

Cavalcade noun [ French cavalcade , from Italian cavalcata , from cavalcare to go on horseback, from Late Latin caballicare , from Latin caballus an inferior horse, Greek .... Confer Cavalier , Cavalry .] A procession of persons on horseback; a formal, pompous march of horsemen by way of parade.

He brought back war-worn cavalcade to the city.
Prescott.

Cavalero, Cavaliero (kăv`ȧ*lē"ro) noun [ Spanish caballero . See Cavalier .] A cavalier; a gallant; a libertine. Shak.

Cavalier (kăv`ȧ*lēr") noun [ French cavalier , Italian cavaliere , Late Latin caballarius , from Latin caballus . See Cavalcade , and confer Chevalier , Caballine .]
1. A military man serving on horseback; a knight.

2. A gay, sprightly, military man; hence, a gallant.

3. One of the court party in the time of king Charles I. as contrasted with a Roundhead or an adherent of Parliament. Clarendon.

4. (Fort.) A work of more than ordinary height, rising from the level ground of a bastion, etc., and overlooking surrounding parts.

Cavalier adjective Gay; easy; offhand; frank.

The plodding, persevering scupulous accuracy of the one, and the easy, cavalier , verbal fluency of the other, form a complete contrast.
Hazlitt.

2. High-spirited. [ Obsolete] "The people are naturally not valiant, and not much cavalier ." Suckling.

3. Supercilious; haughty; disdainful; curt; brusque.

4. Of or pertaining to the party of King Charles I. "An old Cavalier family." Beaconsfield.

Cavalierish adjective Somewhat like a cavalier.

Cavalierism noun The practice or principles of cavaliers. Sir. W. Scott.

Cavalierly adverb In a supercilious, disdainful, or haughty manner; arrogantly. Junius.

Cavalierness noun A disdainful manner.

Cavally noun [ Confer Portuguese cavalla a kind of fish; Spanish caballa ; probably from Portuguese cavallo horse, Spanish caballa .] (Zoology) A carangoid fish of the Atlantic coast ( Caranx hippos ): -- called also horse crevallé . [ See Illust. under Carangoid .]

Cavalry noun [ French cavalerie , from Italian cavalleria . See Cavalier , and confer chivalry .] (Mil.) That part of military force which serves on horseback.

» Heavy cavalry and light cavalry are so distinguished by the character of their armament, and by the size of the men and horses.

Cavalryman noun ; plural Cavalrymen One of a body of cavalry.

Cavatina noun [ Italian ] (Mus.) Originally, a melody of simpler form than the aria ; a song without a second part and a da capo ; - - a term now variously and vaguely used.

Cave (kāv) noun [ French cave , Latin cavus hollow, whence cavea cavity. Confer Cage .]
1. A hollow place in the earth, either natural or artificial; a subterraneous cavity; a cavern; a den.

2. Any hollow place, or part; a cavity. [ Obsolete] "The cave of the ear." Bacon.

Cave bear (Zoology) , a very large fossil bear ( Ursus spelæus ) similar to the grizzly bear, but large; common in European caves. -- Cave dweller , a savage of prehistoric times whose dwelling place was a cave. Tylor. -- Cave hyena (Zoology) , a fossil hyena found abundanty in British caves, now usually regarded as a large variety of the living African spotted hyena. -- Cave lion (Zoology) , a fossil lion found in the caves of Europe, believed to be a large variety of the African lion. -- Bone cave . See under Bone .

Cave transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Caved ; present participle & verbal noun Caving .] [ Confer French caver . See Cave , noun ] To make hollow; to scoop out. [ Obsolete]

The mouldred earth cav'd the banke.
Spenser.

Cave intransitive verb
1. To dwell in a cave. [ Obsolete] Shak.

2. [ See To cave in , below.] To fall in or down; as, the sand bank caved . Hence (Slang), to retreat from a position; to give way; to yield in a disputed matter.

To cave in . [ Flem. inkalven .] (a) To fall in and leave a hollow, as earth on the side of a well or pit. (b) To submit; to yield. [ Slang] H. Kingsley.

Cave noun (Eng. Politics) A coalition or group of seceders from a political party, as from the Liberal party in England in 1866. See Adullam , Cave of , in the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.

Caveat noun [ Latin caved let him beware, present subjunctive of cavere to be on one's guard to, beware.]


1. (Law) A notice given by an interested party to some officer not to do a certain act until the party is heard in opposition; as, a caveat entered in a probate court to stop the proving of a will or the taking out of letters of administration, etc. Bouvier.

2. (U. S. Patent Laws) A description of some invention, designed to be patented, lodged in the patent office before the patent right is applied for, and operating as a bar to the issue of letters patent to any other person, respecting the same invention.

» A caveat is operative for one year only, but may be renewed.

3. Intimation of caution; warning; protest.

We think it right to enter our caveat against a conclusion.
Jeffrey.

Caveat emptor [ Latin ] (Law) , let the purchaser beware, i. e. , let him examine the article he is buying, and act on his own judgment.

Caveating noun (Fencing) Shifting the sword from one side of an adversary's sword to the other.

Caveator noun One who enters a caveat.

Cavendish noun Leaf tobacco softened, sweetened, and pressed into plugs or cakes.

Cut cavendish , the plugs cut into long shreds for smoking.

Cavern noun [ Latin caverna , from cavus hollow: confer French caverne .] A large, deep, hollow place in the earth; a large cave.

Caverned adjective
1. Containing caverns.

The wolves yelled on the caverned hill.
Byron.

2. Living in a cavern. " Caverned hermit." Pope.

Cavernous adjective [ Latin cavernosus : confer French caverneux .]
1. Full of caverns; resembling a cavern or large cavity; hollow.

2. Filled with small cavities or cells.

3. Having a sound caused by a cavity.

Cavernous body , a body of erectile tissue with large interspaces which may be distended with blood, as in the penis or clitoris. -- Cavernous respiration , a peculiar respiratory sound andible on auscultation, when the bronchial tubes communicate with morbid cavities in the lungs.

Cavernulous adjective [ Latin cavernula , dim. of caverna cavern.] Full of little cavities; as, cavernulous metal. Black.

Cavesson, Cavezon noun [ French caveçon , augm. from Late Latin capitium a head covering hood, from Latin caput head. Confer Caberzon .] (Man.) A kind of noseband used in breaking and training horses. [ Written also caveson , causson .] White.

Cavetto (kȧ*vĕt"to) noun [ Italian cavetto , from cavo hollow, Latin cavus .] (Architecture) A concave molding; -- used chiefly in classical architecture. See Illust. of Column .

Caviare, Caviar noun [ French caviar , from Italian caviale , from Turk. Havīār .] The roes of the sturgeon, prepared and salted; -- used as a relish, esp. in Russia.

» Caviare was considered a delicacy, by some, in Shakespeare's time, but was not relished by most. Hence Hamlet says of a certain play. "'T was caviare to the general," i. e. , above the taste of the common people.

Cavicorn (kăv"ĭ*kôrn) adjective [ Latin cavus hollow + cornu horn.] (Zoology) Having hollow horns.

Cavicornia (kăv`ĭ*kôr"nĭ*ȧ) noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A group of ruminants whose horns are hollow, and planted on a bony process of the front, as the ox.

Cavil (kăv"ĭl) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Caviled or Cavilled ; present participle & verbal noun Caviling or Cavilling .] [ Latin cavillari to practice jesting, to censure, from cavilla bantering jests, sophistry: confer Old French caviller .] To raise captious and frivolous objections; to find fault without good reason.

You do not well in obstinacy
To cavil in the course of this contract.
Shak.

Cavil transitive verb To cavil at. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Cavil noun A captious or frivolous objection.

All the cavils of prejudice and unbelief.
Shak.

Caviler or Cav"il*ler (- ẽr) noun One who cavils.

Cavilers at the style of the Scriptures.
Boyle.

Caviling adjective Disposed to cavil; finding fault without good reason. See Captious .

His depreciatory and caviling criticism.
Lewis.

Cavilingly adverb In a caviling manner.

Cavillation (-lā"shŭn) noun [ French cavillation , Latin cavillatio .] Frivolous or sophistical objection. [ Obsolete] Hooker.

Cavilous, Cavillous adjective [ Latin cavillosus .] Characterized by caviling, or disposed to cavil; quibbing. [ R.]

-- Cav"il*ous*ly , adverb [ R.] -- Cav"il*ous*ness , noun [ R.]

Cavin noun [ French See Cave .] (Mil.) A hollow way, adapted to cover troops, and facilitate their aproach to a place. Farrow.

Cavitary adjective (Zoology) Containing a body cavity; as, the cavitary or nematoid worms.