Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Celticism (sĕl"tĭ*sĭz'm) noun A custom of the Celts, or an idiom of their language. Warton.

Celticize transitive verb To render Celtic; to assimilate to the Celts.

Celtium noun [ New Latin ] (Chemistry) A supposed new element of the rare-earth group, accompanying lutecium and scandium in the gadolinite earths. Symbol, Ct (no period).

Cembalo noun [ Italian See Cymbal .] An old name for the harpsichord.

Cement (sĕ*mĕnt" or sĕm"ĕnt) noun [ Old French cement , ciment , French ciment , from Latin caementum a rough, unhewn stone, pieces or chips of marble, from which mortar was made, contr. from caedimentum , from caedere to cut, probably akin to scindere to cleave, and to English shed , transitive verb ]
1. Any substance used for making bodies adhere to each other, as mortar, glue, etc.

2. A kind of calcined limestone, or a calcined mixture of clay and lime, for making mortar which will harden under water.

3. The powder used in cementation. See Cementation , noun , 2.

4. Bond of union; that which unites firmly, as persons in friendship, or men in society. "The cement of our love."

5. (Anat.) The layer of bone investing the root and neck of a tooth; -- called also cementum .

Hydraulic cement . See under Hydraulic .

Cement transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cemented ; present participle & verbal noun Cementing .] [ Confer French cimenter . See Cement , noun ]
1. To unite or cause to adhere by means of a cement. Bp. Burnet.

2. To unite firmly or closely. Shak.

3. To overlay or coat with cement; as, to cement a cellar bottom.

Cement intransitive verb To become cemented or firmly united; to cohere. S. Sharp.

Cement steel Steel produced by cementation; blister steel.

Cemental adjective Of or pertaining to cement, as of a tooth; as, cemental tubes. R. Owen.

Cementation noun
1. The act or process of cementing.

2. (Chemistry) A process which consists in surrounding a solid body with the powder of other substances, and heating the whole to a degree not sufficient to cause fusion, the physical properties of the body being changed by chemical combination with powder; thus iron becomes steel by cementation with charcoal, and green glass becomes porcelain by cementation with sand.

Cementatory adjective Having the quality of cementing or uniting firmly.

Cementer noun A person or thing that cements.

Cementitious adjective [ Latin caementitius pertaining to quarry stones. See Cement , noun ] Of the nature of cement. [ R.] Forsyth.

Cemeterial adjective Of or pertaining to a cemetery. " Cemeterial cells." [ R.] Sir T. Browne.

Cemetery noun ; plural Cemeteries [ Latin cemeterium , Greek ... a sleeping chamber, burial place, from ... to put to sleep.] A place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; a graveyard; a churchyard; a necropolis.

Cenanthy noun [ Greek ... empty + ... a flower.] (Botany) The absence or suppression of the essential organs (stamens and pistil) in a flower.

Cenation noun [ Latin cenatio .] Meal-taking; dining or supping. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Cenatory adjective [ Latin cenatorius , from cenare to dine, sup, from cena , coena , dinner, supper.] Of or pertaining to dinner or supper. [ R.]

The Romans washed, were anointed, and wore a cenatory garment.
Sir T. Browne.

Cenobite noun [ Latin coenobita , from Greek koino`bios ; koino`s common + bi`os life: confer French cénobite .] One of a religious order, dwelling in a convent, or a community, in opposition to an anchoret, or hermit, who lives in solitude. Gibbon.

Cenobitic, Cenobitical adjective [ Confer French cénobitique .] Of or pertaining to a cenobite.

Cenobitism noun The state of being a cenobite; the belief or practice of a cenobite. Milman.

Cenogamy (se*nŏg"ȧ*mȳ) noun [ Greek koino`s common + ga`mos marriage.] The state of a community which permits promiscuous sexual intercourse among its members, as in certain societies practicing communism.

Cenotaph (sen"o*tȧf) noun [ Greek kenota`fion ; keno`s empty + ta`fos burial, tomb: confer French cénotaphe .] An empty tomb or a monument erected in honor of a person who is buried elsewhere. Dryden.

A cenotaph in Westminster Abbey.
Macaulay.

Cenotaphy noun A cenotaph. [ R.]

Lord Cobham honored him with a cenotaphy .
Macaulay.

Cenozoic adjective [ Greek ... recent + ... life.] (Geol.) Belonging to the most recent division of geological time, including the tertiary, or Age of mammals, and the Quaternary, or Age of man. [ Written also cænozoic , cainozoic , kainozoic .] See Geology .

» This word is used by many authors as synonymous with Tertiary , the Quaternary Age not being included.

Cense noun [ Old French cense , French cens , Latin census . See Census .]
1. A census; -- also, a public rate or tax. [ Obsolete] Howell. Bacon.

2. Condition; rank. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Cense transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Censed ; present participle & verbal noun Censing .] [ Abbrev. from incense .] To perfume with odors from burning gums and spices.

The Salii sing and cense his altars round.
Dryden.

Cense intransitive verb To burn or scatter incense.

Censer noun [ For incenser , from Old French encensier , French encensoir , from Late Latin incensarium , incensorium , from Latin incensum incense. See Incense , and confer Incensory .] A vessel for perfumes; esp. one in which incense is burned.

» The ecclesiastical censer is usually cup-shaped, has a cover pierced with holes, and is hung by chains. The censer bearer swings it to quicken the combustion.

Her thoughts are like the fume of frankincense
Which from a golden censer forth doth rise.
Spenser.

Censor noun [ Latin censor , from censere to value, tax.]
1. (Antiq.) One of two magistrates of Rome who took a register of the number and property of citizens, and who also exercised the office of inspector of morals and conduct.

2. One who is empowered to examine manuscripts before they are committed to the press, and to forbid their publication if they contain anything obnoxious; -- an official in some European countries.

3. One given to fault-finding; a censurer.

Nor can the most circumspect attention, or steady rectitude, escape blame from censors who have no inclination to approve.
Rambler.

4. A critic; a reviewer.

Received with caution by the censors of the press.
W. Irving.

Censorial adjective
1. Belonging to a censor, or to the correction of public morals. Junius.

2. Full of censure; censorious.

The censorial declamation of Juvenal.
T. Warton.

Censorian adjective Censorial. [ R.] Bacon.

Censorious adjective [ Latin censorius pertaining to the censor. See Censor .]
1. Addicted to censure; apt to blame or condemn; severe in making remarks on others, or on their writings or manners.

A dogmatical spirit inclines a man to be consorious of his neighbors.
Watts.

2. Implying or expressing censure; as, censorious remarks.

Syn. -- Fault-finding; carping; caviling; captious; severe; condemnatory; hypercritical.

-- Cen*so"ri*ous*ly , adverb -- Cen*so"ri*ous*ness , noun

Censorship noun The office or power of a censor; as, to stand for a censorship . Holland.

The press was not indeed at that moment under a general censorship .
Macaulay.

Censual adjective [ Latin censualis , from census .] Relating to, or containing, a census.

He caused the whole realm to be described in a censual roll.
Sir R. Baker.

Censurable adjective Deserving of censure; blamable; culpable; reprehensible; as, a censurable person, or censurable conduct.

-- Cen"sur*a*bleness , noun -- Cen"sur*a*bly , adverb

Censure noun [ Latin censura from censere : confer French censure . Confer Censor .]
1. Judgment either favorable or unfavorable; opinion. [ Obsolete]

Take each man's censure , but reserve thy judgment.
Shak.

2. The act of blaming or finding fault with and condemning as wrong; reprehension; blame.

Both the censure and the praise were merited.
Macaulay.

3. Judicial or ecclesiastical sentence or reprimand; condemnatory judgment.

Excommunication or other censure of the church.
Bp. Burnet.

Syn. -- Blame; reproof; condemnation; reprobation; disapproval; disapprobation; reprehension; animadversion; reprimand; reflection; dispraise; abuse.

Censure intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Censured ; present participle & verbal noun Censuring .] [ Confer French ensurer .]
1. To form or express a judgment in regard to; to estimate; to judge. [ Obsolete] "Should I say more, you might well censure me a flatterer." Beau. & Fl.

2. To find fault with and condemn as wrong; to blame; to express disapprobation of.

I may be censured that nature thus gives way to loyalty.
Shak.

3. To condemn or reprimand by a judicial or ecclesiastical sentence. Shak.

Syn. -- To blame; reprove; rebuke; condemn; reprehend; reprimand.

Censure intransitive verb To judge. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Censurer noun One who censures. Sha.

Census noun [ Latin census , from censere . See Censor .]
1. (Bot. Antiq.) A numbering of the people, and valuation of their estate, for the purpose of imposing taxes, etc.; -- usually made once in five years.

2. An official registration of the number of the people, the value of their estates, and other general statistics of a country.

» A general census of the United States was first taken in 1790, and one has been taken at the end of every ten years since.

Cent noun [ French cent hundred, Latin centum . See Hundred .]
1. A hundred; as, ten per cent , the proportion of ten parts in a hundred.

2. A United States coin, the hundredth part of a dollar, formerly made of copper, now of copper, tin, and zinc.

3. An old game at cards, supposed to be like piquet; -- so called because 100 points won the game. Nares.

Centage noun Rate by the hundred; percentage.

Cental noun [ Latin centum a hundred.] A weight of one hundred pounds avoirdupois; -- called in many parts of the United States a Hundredweight .

Cental noun Relating to a hundred.

Cental system , the method of buying and selling by the cental, or hundredweight.

Centare noun [ French centiare ; centi- (L. centum ) + -are .] A measure of area, the hundredth part of an are; one square meter, or about 1⅕ square yards.

Centaur (sĕn"tar) noun [ Latin centaurus , Greek Ke`ntayros .]


1. (Class. Myth.) A fabulous being, represented as half man and half horse.

2. (Astron.) A constellation in the southern heavens between Hydra and the Southern Cross.

Centaurea noun [ New Latin See Centaury .] (Botany) A large genus of composite plants, related to the thistles and including the cornflower or bluebottle ( Centaurea Cyanus ) and the star thistle ( C. Calcitrapa ).

Centauromachy noun [ Greek ...; ... centaur + ... battle.] (Ancient Art) A fight in which centaurs take part, -- a common theme for relief sculpture, as in the Parthenon metopes.

Centaury (sĕn"ta*rȳ) noun [ Latin centaureum and centauria , Greek kentay`rion , kentay`reion , and kentayri`h , from the Centaur Chiron.] (Botany) A gentianaceous plant not fully identified. The name is usually given to the Erytheræa Centaurium and the Chlora perfoliata of Europe, but is also extended to the whole genus Sabbatia , and even to the unrelated Centaurea .