Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Cerealia noun plural [ Latin See Cereal .]


1. (Antiq.) Public festivals in honor of Ceres.

2. The cereals. Crabb.

Cerealin noun (Chemistry) A nitrogenous substance closely resembling diastase, obtained from bran, and possessing the power of converting starch into dextrin, sugar, and lactic acid. Watts.

Cerebel noun The cerebellum. Derham.

Cerebellar, Cerebellous adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the cerebellum.

Cerebellum noun ; plural English Cerebellums Latin Cerebella [ Latin , dim. of cerebrum brain.] (Anat.) The large lobe of the hind brain in front of and above the medulla; the little brain. It controls combined muscular action. See Brain .

Cerebral adjective [ Latin cerebrum brain; akin to Greek ka`ra head: confer French cérébral . See Cheer .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the cerebrum.

Cerebral apoplexy . See under Apoplexy .

Cerebral noun [ A false translation of the Sanskrit mūrdhanya , lit., head-sounds.] One of a class of lingual consonants in the East Indian languages. See Lingual , noun

» Prof. W. D. Whitney calls these letters linguals , and this is their usual designation in the United States.

Cerebralism noun (Philos.) The doctrine or theory that psychical phenomena are functions or products of the brain only.

Cerebralist noun One who accepts cerebralism.

Cerebrate intransitive verb (Physiol.) To exhibit mental activity; to have the brain in action.

Cerebration noun Action of the brain, whether conscious or unconscious.

Cerebric adjective Of, pertaining to, or derived from, the brain.

Cerebric acid (Physiol. Chem.) , a name formerly sometimes given to cerebrin.

Cerebricity noun Brain power. [ R.]

Cerebriform adjective [ Cerebrum + -form .] Like the brain in form or substance.

Cerebrifugal adjective [ Cerebrum + Latin fugere to flee.] (Physiol.) Applied to those nerve fibers which go from the brain to the spinal cord, and so transfer cerebral impulses (centrifugal impressions) outwards.

Cerebrin noun [ From Cerebrum .] (Physiol. Chem.) A nonphosphorized, nitrogenous substance, obtained from brain and nerve tissue by extraction with boiling alcohol. It is uncertain whether it exists as such in nerve tissue, or is a product of the decomposition of some more complex substance.

Cerebripetal adjective [ Cerebrum + Latin petere to seek.] (Physiol.) Applied to those nerve fibers which go from the spinal cord to the brain and so transfer sensations (centripetal impressions) from the exterior inwards.

Cerebritis noun [ New Latin , from English cerebrum + -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the cerebrum.

Cerebro-spinal adjective [ Cerebrum + spinal .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the central nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

Cerebro-spinal fluid (Physiol.) , a serous fluid secreted by the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. -- Cerebro-spinal meningitis , Cerebro-spinal fever (Medicine) , a dangerous epidemic, and endemic, febrile disease, characterized by inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord, giving rise to severe headaches, tenderness of the back of the neck, paralysis of the ocular muscles, etc. It is sometimes marked by a cutaneous eruption, when it is often called spotted fever . It is not contagious.

Cerebroid adjective [ Cerebrum + -oid .] Resembling, or analogous to, the cerebrum or brain.

Cerebrology noun [ Cerebrum + -logy .] The science which treats of the cerebrum or brain.

Cerebropathy noun [ Cerebrum + Greek ... suffering.] (Medicine) A hypochondriacal condition verging upon insanity, occurring in those whose brains have been unduly taxed; -- called also brain fag .

Cerebroscopy noun [ Cerebrum + -scopy .] (Medicine) Examination of the brain for the diagnosis of disease; esp., the act or process of diagnosticating the condition of the brain by examination of the interior of the eye (as with an ophthalmoscope). Buck.

Cerebrose noun [ From Cerebrum .] (Physiol. Chem.) A sugarlike body obtained by the decomposition of the nitrogenous non-phosphorized principles of the brain.

Cerebrum noun ; plural English Cerebrums , Latin Cerebra . [ Latin , the brain.] (Anat.) The anterior, and in man the larger, division of the brain; the seat of the reasoning faculties and the will. See Brain .

Cerecloth noun [ Latin cera wax + English cloth .] A cloth smeared with melted wax, or with some gummy or glutinous matter.

Linen, besmeared with gums, in manner of cerecloth .
Bacon.

Cerement noun [ Latin cera wax: confer French cirement .] (a) A cerecloth used for the special purpose of enveloping a dead body when embalmed. (b) Any shroud or wrapping for the dead.

Ceremonial adjective [ Latin caerimonialis : confer French cérimonial . See Ceremony .]
1. Relating to ceremony, or external rite; ritual; according to the forms of established rites.

Ceremonial observances and outward show.
Hallam.

2. Observant of forms; ceremonious. [ In this sense ceremonious is now preferred.] Donne.

He moves in the dull ceremonial track.
Druden.

Ceremonial noun
1. A system of rules and ceremonies, enjoined by law, or established by custom, in religious worship, social intercourse, or the courts of princes; outward form.

The gorgeous ceremonial of the Burgundian court.
Prescott.

2. The order for rites and forms in the Roman Catholic church, or the book containing the rules prescribed to be observed on solemn occasions.

Ceremonialism noun Adherence to external rites; fondness for ceremony.

Ceremonially adverb According to rites and ceremonies; as, a person ceremonially unclean.

Ceremonialness noun Quality of being ceremonial.

Ceremonious adjective [ Confer French cérémonieux , Latin Caerimoniosus .]
1. Consisting of outward forms and rites; ceremonial. [ In this sense ceremonial is now preferred.]

The ceremonious part of His worship.
South.

2. According to prescribed or customary rules and forms; devoted to forms and ceremonies; formally respectful; punctilious. " Ceremonious phrases." Addison.

Too ceremonious and traditional.
Shak.

Syn. -- Formal; precise; exact. See Formal .

Ceremoniously adverb In a ceremonious way.

Ceremoniousness noun The quality, or practice, of being ceremonious.

Ceremony noun ; plural Ceremonies . [ French cérémonie , Latin caerimonia ; perhaps akin to English create and from a root signifying to do or make .]
1. Ar act or series of acts, often of a symbolical character, prescribed by law, custom, or authority, in the conduct of important matters, as in the performance of religious duties, the transaction of affairs of state, and the celebration of notable events; as, the ceremony of crowning a sovereign; the ceremonies observed in consecrating a church; marriage and baptismal ceremonies .

According to all the rites of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof shall ye keep it [ the Passover].
Numb. ix. 3

Bring her up the high altar, that she may
The sacred ceremonies there partake.
Spenser.

[ The heralds] with awful ceremony
And trumpet's sound, throughout the host proclaim
A solemn council.
Milton.

2. Behavior regulated by strict etiquette; a formal method of performing acts of civility; forms of civility prescribed by custom or authority.

Ceremony was but devised at first
To set a gloss on . . . hollow welcomes . . .
But where there is true friendship there needs none.
Shak.

Al ceremonies are in themselves very silly things; but yet a man of the world should know them.
Chesterfield.

3. A ceremonial symbols; an emblem, as a crown, scepter, garland, etc. [ Obsolete]

Disrobe the images,
If you find them decked with ceremonies .
. . . Let no images
Be hung with Cæsar's trophies.
Shak.

4. A sign or prodigy; a portent. [ Obsolete]

Cæsar, I never stood on ceremonies ,
Yet, now they fright me.
Shak.

Master of ceremonies , an officer who determines the forms to be observed, or superintends their observance, on a public occasion. -- Not to stand on ceremony , not to be ceremonious; to be familiar, outspoken, or bold.

Cereous adjective [ Latin cereus , from cera was.] Waxen; like wax. [ Obsolete] Gayton.

Ceres noun [ Latin , Ceres, also corn, grain, akin to English create .]
1. (Class. Myth.) The daughter of Saturn and Ops or Rhea, the goddess of corn and tillage.

2. (Actron.) The first discovered asteroid.

Ceresin noun [ Latin cera wax.] (Chemistry) A white wax, made by bleaching and purifying ozocerite, and used as a substitute for beeswax.

Cereus noun [ Latin , a wax candle, from cera wax. So named from the resemblance of one species to the columnar shape of a wax candle.] (Botany) A genus of plants of the Cactus family. They are natives of America, from California to Chili.

» Although several species flower in the night, the name Night-blooming cereus is specially applied to the Cereus grandiflorus , which is cultivated for its beautiful, shortlived flowers. The Cereus giganteus , whose columnar trunk is sometimes sixty feet in height, is a striking feature of the scenery of New Mexico, Texas, etc.

Cerevis (sĕr"e*vĭs; G. tsĕr`ẽ*vēs") noun [ G., from Latin cerevisia , cervisia , beer.] A small visorless cap, worn by members of German student corps. It is made in the corps colors, and usually bears the insignia of the corps.

Ceria (sē"rĭ*ȧ) noun (Chemistry) Cerium oxide, CeO 2 , a white infusible substance constituting about one per cent of the material of the common incandescent mantle.

Cerial adjective Same as Cerrial . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Ceriferous adjective [ Latin ra wax + -ferous .] Producing wax.

Cerin noun [ Latin cera wax + -in : confer Latin cerinus wax-colored.]
1. (Chemistry) A waxy substance extracted by alcohol or ether from cork; sometimes applied also to the portion of beeswax which is soluble in alcohol. Watts.

2. (Min.) A variety of the mineral allanite .

Cerinthian noun (Eccl. Hist.) One of an ancient religious sect, so called from Cerinthus , a Jew, who attempted to unite the doctrines of Christ with the opinions of the Jews and Gnostics. Hook.

Ceriph noun (Type Founding) One of the fine lines of a letter, esp. one of the fine cross strokes at the top and bottom of letters. [ Spelt also seriph .] Savage.

Cerise adjective [ French, a cherry. See Cherry .] Cherry-colored; a light bright red; -- applied to textile fabrics, especially silk.

Cerite noun [ Greek ke`ras horn.] (Zoology) A gastropod shell belonging to the family Cerithiïdæ ; -- so called from its hornlike form.

Cerite noun [ From Cherium .] (Min.) A mineral of a brownish of cherry-red color, commonly massive. It is a hydrous silicate of cerium and allied metals.