Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; plural Cavities
. [ Latin cavus
hollow: confer French cavité
.] 1. Hollowness.
The cavity or hollowness of the place. 2. A hollow place; a hollow; as, the abdominal cavity .
An instrument with a small cavity , like a small spoon
Abnormal spaces or excavations are frequently formed in the lungs, which are designated cavities or vomicæ. Body cavity
, the cœlum. See under Body .
Cavo-relievo noun Cavo- rilievo.
Cavo-rilievo noun [ Italian ] (Sculp.) Hollow relief; sculpture in relief within a sinking made for the purpose, so no part of it projects beyond the plain surface around.
Cavort intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cavorted
; present participle & verbal noun Cavorting
.] To prance ostentatiously; -- said of a horse or his rider.
[ Local slang, U. S.]
; plural Cavies
[ New Latin cavia
, from Brazilian cabiai
: confer French cabiai
.] (Zoology) A rodent of the genera Cavia and Dolichotis , as the guinea pig ( Cavia cobaya ). Cavies are natives of South America. Water cavy (Zoology)
, The capybara.
(ka) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cawed
(kad); present participle & verbal noun Cawing
.] [ Imitative. √22 Confer Chough
.] To cry like a crow, rook, or raven.
Rising and cawing at the gun's report.
Caw noun The cry made by the crow, rook, or raven.
[ Prov. English cauk
limestone. A doublet of chalk
.] (Min.) An opaque, compact variety of barite, or heavy spar.
[ Also written cauk
Cawky adjective Of or pertaining to cawk; like cawk.
Caxon noun A kind of wig. [ Obsolete] Lamb.
Caxton noun (Bibliog.) Any book printed by William Caxton , the first English printer. Hansard.
Cay noun See Key , a ledge.
Cayenne noun [ From Cayenne , a town and island in French Guiana, South America.] Cayenne pepper. Cayenne pepper . (a) (Botany) A species of Capsicum ( C. frutescens ) with small and intensely pungent fruit. (b) A very pungent spice made by drying and grinding the fruits or seeds of several species of the genus Capsicum , esp. C. annuum and C. Frutescens ; -- called also red pepper . It is used chiefly as a condiment.
[ From the language of Guiana: confer Spanish caiman
.] (Zoology) The south America alligator. See Alligator .
[ Sometimes written caiman
; plural - yos
. [ Spanish ] A small island or ledge of rock in the water; a key.
[ Spanish Am.]
Cayugas noun plural ; sing. Cayuga . (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians formerly inhabiting western New-York, forming part of the confederacy called the Five Nations.
Cayuse noun An Indian pony. [ Northw. U. S.]
Cazique, Cazic noun [ Spanish Cacique , from the language of Hayti.] A chief or petty king among some tribes of Indians in America.
(sēs) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ceased
; present participle & verbal noun Ceasing
.] [ Middle English cessen
, French cesser
, from Latin cessare
, v. intemsive from cedere
to withdraw. See Cede
, and confer Cessation
.] 1. To come to an end; to stop; to leave off or give over; to desist; as, the noise ceased .
from strife." Prov. xx. 3. 2. To be wanting; to fail; to pass away.
The poor shall never cease out of the land. Syn.
Deut. xv. 11.
-- To intermit; desist; stop; abstain; quit; discontinue; refrain; leave off; pause; end.
Cease transitive verb To put a stop to; to bring to an end.
But he, her fears to cease
Sent down the meek-eyed peace.
Cease , then, this impious rage.
Cease noun Extinction. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Ceaseless adjective Without pause or end; incessant.
Ceaseless adverb Without intermission or end.
[ Nl., from Greek khki`s
, ..., a gall nut + myi^a
a fly.] (Zoology) A genus of small dipterous files, including several very injurious species, as the Hessian fly. See Hessian fly .
Cecity noun [ Latin caecitas , from caecus blind: confer French cécité .] Blindness. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Cecutiency noun [ Latin caecutire to be blind, from caecus blind.] Partial blindness, or a tendency to blindness. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Cedar (sē"dẽr) noun [ Anglo-Saxon ceder , from Latin cedrus , Greek ke`dros .] (Botany) The name of several evergreen trees. The wood is remarkable for its durability and fragrant odor. » The cedar of Lebanon is the Cedrus Libani ; the white cedar ( Cupressus thyoides ) is now called Chamœcyparis sphæroidea ; American red cedar is the Juniperus Virginiana ; Spanish cedar, the West Indian Cedrela odorata . Many other trees with odoriferous wood are locally called cedar . Cedar bird (Zoology) , a species of chatterer ( Ampelis cedrorum ), so named from its frequenting cedar trees; -- called also cherry bird , Canada robin , and American waxwing .
Cedar adjective Of or pertaining to cedar.
Cedared adjective Covered, or furnished with, cedars.
Cedarn adjective Of or pertaining to the cedar or its wood. [ R.]
Cede transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ceded
; present participle & verbal noun Ceding
.] [ Latin cedere
to withdraw, yield; akin to cadere
to fall, and to English chance
; confer French céder
.] To yield or surrender; to give up; to resign; as, to cede a fortress, a province, or country, to another nation, by treaty.
The people must cede to the government some of their natural rights.
Cedilla noun [ Spanish cedilla , confer French cédille ; dim. of zeta , the Greek name of the letter z , because this letter was formerly written after the c , to give it the sound of s .] A mark placed under the letter c [ thus, ç], to show that it is to be sounded like s , as in façade .
[ Confer French cédrat
. See Cedar
.] (Botany) Properly the citron, a variety of Citrus medica , with large fruits, not acid, and having a high perfume.
Cedrene (sē"drēn) noun (Chemistry) A rich aromatic oil, C 15 H 24 , extracted from oil of red cedar, and regarded as a polymeric terpene; also any one of a class of similar substances, as the essential oils of cloves, cubebs, juniper, etc., of which cedrene proper is the type. [ Written also cedren .]
(sē"drĭn; 277) adjective
[ Latin cedrinus
, Greek .... See Cedar
.] Of or pertaining to cedar or the cedar tree.
Cedry adjective Of the nature of cedar. [ R.]
[ French cédule
, from Latin shedula
. See Shedule
.] A scroll; a writing; a schedule.
Ceduous adjective [ Latin caeduus , from caedere to cut down.] Fit to be felled. [ Obsolete] Eyelyn.
(sēl) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ceiled
(sēld); present participle & verbal noun Ceiling
.] [ From an older noun, from French ciel
heaven, canopy, from Latin caelum
heaven, vault, arch, covering; confer Greek koi^los
hollow.] 1. To overlay or cover the inner side of the roof of; to furnish with a ceiling; as, to ceil a room.
The greater house he ceiled with fir tree. 2. To line or finish a surface, as of a wall, with plaster, stucco, thin boards, or the like.
2 Chron. iii. 5
[ See Cell
, transitive verb
] 1. (Architecture) (a) The inside lining of a room overhead; the under side of the floor above; the upper surface opposite to the floor. (b) The lining or finishing of any wall or other surface, with plaster, thin boards, etc.; also, the work when done. 2. (Nautical) The inner planking of a vessel. Camp ceiling
. See under Camp .
-- Ceiling boards
, Thin narrow boards used to ceil with.
[ See Cincture
.] A girdle.
Ceinture noun [ French] A cincture, girdle, or belt; -- chiefly used in English as a dressmaking term.
Celadon noun [ French] A pale sea-green color; also, porcelain or fine pottery of this tint.
Celandine (sĕl"ăn*dīn) noun [ Middle English celidoine , Old French celidoine , French chélidoine , from Latin chelidonia (sc. herba ), from chelidonius pertaining to the swallow, Greek chelido`nios , from chelidw`n the swallow, akin to Latin hirundo a swallow.] (Botany) A perennial herbaceous plant ( Chelidonium majus ) of the poppy family, with yellow flowers. It is used as a medicine in jaundice, etc., and its acrid saffron-colored juice is used to cure warts and the itch; -- called also greater celandine and swallowwort . Lasser celandine , the pilewort ( Ranunculus Ficaria ).
Celature noun [ Latin caelatura , from caelare to engrave in relief.]
1. The act or art of engraving or embossing. 2. That which is engraved. [ Obsolete] Hakewill.
[ Latin celebrans
, present participle of celebrare
. See Celebrate
.] One who performs a public religious rite; -- applied particularly to an officiating priest in the Roman Catholic Church, as distinguished from his assistants.
Celebrate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Celebrated
; present participle & verbal noun Celebrating
.] [ Latin celebratus
, past participle of celebrare
to frequent, to celebrate, from celeber
famous.] 1. To extol or honor in a solemn manner; as, to celebrate the name of the Most High. 2. To honor by solemn rites, by ceremonies of joy and respect, or by refraining from ordinary business; to observe duly; to keep; as, to celebrate a birthday.
From even unto even shall ye celebrate your Sabbath. 3. To perform or participate in, as a sacrament or solemn rite; to solemnize; to perform with appropriate rites; as, to celebrate a marriage. Syn.
Lev. xxiii. 32.
-- To commemorate; distinguish; honor. -- To Celebrate
. We commemorate
events which we desire to keep in remembrance, when we recall them by some special observace; as, to commemorate
the death of our Savior. We celebrate
by demonstrations of joy or solemnity or by appropriate ceremonies; as, to celebrate
the birthday of our Independence.
We are called upon to commemorate a revolution as surprising in its manner as happy in its consequences.
Earth, water, air, and fire, with feeling glee,
Exult to celebrate thy festival.
Celebrated adjective Having celebrity; distinguished; renowned.
Celebrated for the politeness of his manners. Syn.
-- Distinguished; famous; noted; famed; renowned; illustrious. See Distinguished