Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Cerium noun [ Named by Berzelius in 1803 from the asteroid Ceres , then just discovered (1801).] (Chemistry) A rare metallic element, occurring in the minerals cerite, allanite, monazite, etc. Symbol Ce. Atomic weight 141.5. It resembles iron in color and luster, but is soft, and both malleable and ductile. It tarnishes readily in the air.

Cernuous adjective [ Latin cernuus with the face turned toward the earth.] (Botany) Inclining or nodding downward; pendulous; drooping; -- said of a bud, flower, fruit, or the capsule of a moss.

Cero noun [ Corrupt. from Spanish sierra saw, sawfish, cero.] (Zoology) A large and valuable fish of the Mackerel family, of the genus Scomberomorus . Two species are found in the West Indies and less commonly on the Atlantic coast of the United States, -- the common cero ( Scomberomorus caballa ), called also kingfish , and spotted, or king, cero ( S. regalis ).

Cerograph noun [ Greek khro`s wax + -graph .] A writing on wax. Knight.

Cerographic, Cerographical adjective Of or pertaining to cerography.

Cerographist noun One who practices cerography.

Cerography noun [ Greek khro`s wax + -graphy .]


1. The art of making characters or designs in, or with, wax.

2. A method of making stereotype plates from inscribed sheets of wax.

Cerolite noun [ Greek khro`s wax + -lite .] (Min.) A hydrous silicate of magnesium, allied to serpentine, occurring in waxlike masses of a yellow or greenish color.

Ceroma noun [ Latin , from Greek ... ointment for wrestlers, the place for wrestling, from khroy^n to wax over, from khro`s wax.]
1. The unguent (a composition of oil and wax) with which wrestlers were anointed among the ancient Romans.

2. (Anc. Arch.) That part of the baths and gymnasia in which bathers and wrestlers anointed themselves.

3. (Zoology) The cere of birds.

Ceromancy noun [ Greek khro`s wax + -mancy .] Divination by dropping melted wax in water.

Ceroon noun [ See Seroon .] A bale or package. covered with hide, or with wood bound with hide; as, a ceroon of indigo, cochineal, etc.

Ceroplastic adjective [ Greek ... for modeling in wax; khro`s wax + ... to form, mold.] (Fine arts) (a) Relating to the art of modeling in wax. (b) Modeled in wax; as, a ceroplastic figure.

Ceroplastics, Ceroplasty noun [ Greek ... (sc. ... art): confer French céroplastique .] The art of modeling in wax.

Cerosin noun [ Latin cera wax.] (Chemistry) A waxy substance obtained from the bark of the sugar cane, and crystallizing in delicate white laminæ.

Cerote noun [ Obs .] See Cerate .

Cerotene noun [ Latin cerotum a pomade. See Cerate .] (Chemistry) A white waxy solid obtained from Chinese wax, and by the distillation of cerotin.

Cerotic adjective [ See Cerotene .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, beeswax or Chinese wax; as, cerotic acid or alcohol.

Cerotin noun [ See Cerotene .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline substance, C 27 H 55 .OH, obtained from Chinese wax, and regarded as an alcohol of the marsh gas series; -- called also cerotic alcohol , ceryl alcohol .

Cerotype noun [ Greek ... wax + - type .] A printing process of engraving on a surface of wax spread on a steel plate, for electrotyping.

Cerrial adjective [ Latin cerreus , from cerrus a kind of oak.] (Botany) Of or pertaining to the cerris.

Chaplets green of cerrial oak.
Dryden.

Cerris noun [ Latin cerrus .] (Botany) A species of oak ( Quercus cerris ) native in the Orient and southern Europe; -- called also bitter oak and Turkey oak .

Certain adjective [ French certain , from (assumed) Late Latin certanus , from Latin certus determined, fixed, certain, orig. past participle of cernere to perceive, decide, determine; akin to Greek ... to decide, separate, and to English concern , critic , crime , riddle a sieve, rinse , v.]
1. Assured in mind; having no doubts; free from suspicions concerning.

To make her certain of the sad event.
Dryden.

I myself am certain of you.
Wyclif.

2. Determined; resolved; -- used with an infinitive.

However, I with thee have fixed my lot,
Certain to undergo like doom.
Milton.

3. Not to be doubted or denied; established as a fact.

The dream is certain , and the interpretation thereof sure.
Dan. ii. 45.

4. Actually existing; sure to happen; inevitable.

Virtue that directs our ways
Through certain dangers to uncertain praise.
Dryden.

Death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all.
Shak.

5. Unfailing; infallible.

I have often wished that I knew as certain a remedy for any other distemper.
Mead.

6. Fixed or stated; regular; determinate.

The people go out and gather a certain rate every day.
Ex. xvi. 4.

7. Not specifically named; indeterminate; indefinite; one or some; -- sometimes used independenty as a noun, and meaning certain persons.

It came to pass when he was in a certain city.
Luke. v. 12.

About everything he wrote there was a certain natural grace und decorum.
Macaulay.

For certain , assuredly. -- Of a certain , certainly.

Syn. -- Bound; sure; true; undeniable; unquestionable; undoubted; plain; indubitable; indisputable; incontrovertible; unhesitating; undoubting; fixed; stated.

Certain noun
1. Certainty. [ Obsolete] Gower.

2. A certain number or quantity. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Certain adverb Certainly. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Certainly adverb Without doubt or question; unquestionably.

Certainness noun Certainty.

Certainty noun ; plural Certainties . [ Old French certaineté .]
1. The quality, state, or condition, of being certain.

The certainty of punishment is the truest security against crimes.
Fisher Ames.

2. A fact or truth unquestionable established.

Certainties are uninteresting and sating.
Landor.

3. (Law) Clearness; freedom from ambiguity; lucidity.

Of a certainty , certainly.

Certes adverb [ French certes , for à certes , from Latin certus . See Certain .] Certainly; in truth; verily. [ Archaic]

Certes it great pity was to see
Him his nobility so foul deface.
Spenser.

Certificate noun [ French certificat , from Late Latin certificatus made certain, past participle of certificare . See tify .]
1. A written testimony to the truth of any fact; as, certificate of good behavior.

2. A written declaration legally authenticated.

Trial by certificate , a trial which the testimony of the person certifying is the only proper criterion of the point in dispute; as, when the issue is whether a person was absent in the army, this is tried by the certificate of the proper officer in writing, under his seal. Blackstone.

Certificate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Certificated ; present participle & verbal noun Certificating .] [ See Certify .]


1. To verify or vouch for by certificate.

2. To furnish with a certificate; as, to certificate the captain of a vessel; a certificated teacher.

Certification noun [ Latin certificatio : confer French certification .] The act of certifying.

Certifier noun One who certifies or assures.

Certify transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Certified ; present participle & verbal noun Certifying .] [ French certifier , Late Latin certificare ; Latin certus certain + facere to make. See Certain , and confer Certificate , transitive verb ]
1. To give cetain information to; to assure; to make certain.

We certify the king, that . . . thou shalt have no portion on this side the river.
Ezra iv. 16.

2. To give certain information of; to make certain, as a fact; to verify. Hammond.

The industry of science at once certifies and greatly extends our knowledge of the vastness of the creation.
I. Taylor.

3. To testify to in writing; to make a declaration concerning, in writing, under hand, or hand and seal.

The judges shall certify their opinion to the chancellor, and upon such certificate the decree is usually founded.
Blackstone.

Certified check , A bank check, the validity of which is certified by the bank on which it is drawn.

Certiorari noun [ So named from the emphatic word certiorari in the Latin form of the writ, which read certiorar volumus we wish to be certified.] (Law) A writ issuing out of chancery, or a superior court, to call up the records of a inferior court, or remove a cause there depending, in order that the party may have more sure and speedy justice, or that errors and irregularities may be corrected. It is obtained upon complaint of a party that he has not received justice, or can not have an impartial trial in the inferior court.

» A certiorari is the correct process to remove the proceedings of a court in which cases are tried in a manner different from the course of the common law, as of county commissioners. It is also used as an auxiliary process in order to obtain a full return to some other process. Bouvier.

Certitude noun [ Late Latin certitudo , from Latin certus : confer F. certitude . See Certain .] Freedom from doubt; assurance; certainty. J. H. Newman.

Cerule adjective [ Latin caerulus , eguiv. to caeruleus .] Blue; cerulean. [ Obsolete] Dyer.

Cerulean adjective [ Latin caeruleus .] Sky-colored; blue; azure. Cowper.

Blue, blue, as if that sky let fall

A flower from its cerulean wall.
Bryant.

Cerulein noun [ Latin caeruleus sky-blue.] (Chemistry) A fast dyestuff, C 20 H 8 O 6 , made by heating gallein with strong sulphuric acid. It dyes mordanted fabrics green.

Ceruleous adjective Cerulean. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.

Cerulescent adjective [ Latin caeruleus sky-blue + -escent .] Tending to cerulean; light bluish.

Ceruleum noun [ New Latin ] A greenish blue pigment prepared in various ways, consisting essentially of cobalt stannate. Unlike other cobalt blues, it does not change color by gaslight.

Cerulific adjective [ Latin caerulus dark blue + facere to make.] Producing a blue or sky color. [ R.]

Cerumen noun [ New Latin , from Latin cera wax.] (Physiol.) The yellow, waxlike secretion from the glands of the external ear; the earwax.

Ceruminous adjective (Physiol.) Pertaining to, or secreting, cerumen; as, the ceruminous glands.

Ceruse noun [ French céruse , Latin cerussa .]
1. White lead, used as a pigment. See White lead , under White .

2. A cosmetic containing white lead.

To distinguish ceruse from natural bloom.
Macaulay.

3. (Min.) The native carbonate of lead.

Cerused adjective Washed with a preparation of white lead; as, cerused face. Beau. & Fl.

Cerusite, Cerussite noun (Min.) Native lead carbonate; a mineral occurring in colorless, white, or yellowish transparent crystals, with an adamantine, also massive and compact.

Cervantite noun [ Named from Cervantes a town in Spain.] (Min.) See under Antimony .

Cervelat noun [ French] (Mus.) An ancient wind instrument, resembling the bassoon in tone.

Cervical adjective [ Latin cervix , -icis , neck: confer French cervical .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the neck; as, the cervical vertebræ.